Hare of the rabbit podcast

Welcome to the Hare of the Rabbit Podcast where we explore everything that is rabbit. We look at the different rabbit breeds, history, superstitions, pop culture, news and more. I would like to thank you for joining me and listening, I am your host, Jeff Hittinger. I am not an expert, I am just curious about learning more about rabbits just like you.
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Now displaying: 2017
Dec 23, 2017

Today we are going to discuss several items that relate to rabbits and Christmas. The first item is a short story by Beatrix Potter that has accompanied illustrations in the show notes. A news article about The rabbits of Christmas past: A present that backfired for Australia. A nice set of treats you can make for your rabbit. We cover the topic of your Bunny and the Holidays. A Narragansett Legend of how Rabbit wishes for snow, which we have covered once before, but it is a fun story, and finally A Time for Giving.
by Beatrix Potter
The rabbits arrive for the party.
The rabbits arrive for the party. Click for bigger picture.
On a wet December day, the rabbits gathered for a Christmas party. Rabbits don't like rain, so they wore raincoats. One rabbit brought an umbrella.
The room was decorated for Christmas with holly on the walls. When the rabbits sat down to eat, there were not enough chairs. So some rabbits sat on baskets.

The rabbits sit down to eat. Click for bigger picture.
The rabbits sit down to eat. The rabbits dance a country jig.
After dinner, the table was pushed aside, and the rabbits danced in a circle. One rabbit provided music by playing the pipe.

The rabbits dance a country jig. Click for bigger picture.
When the piper became tired, the rabbits started a game of "Blind Man's Bluff." One rabbit would be blindfolded. Then that rabbit would try to tag the other rabbits.
When a rabbit was tagged, he or she would be blindfolded and the game would start again. The rabbits play 'Blind Man's Bluff'.

The rabbits play 'Blind Man's Bluff'. Click for bigger picture.

The rabbits roast apples for dessert.
For dessert, the rabbits roasted apples. They tied apples to strings and hung them by the fire. The rabbit who watched them used a cabbage leaf to keep her face from getting too hot.

The rabbits roast apples for dessert. Click for bigger picture.
After all of the food and exercise, some of the rabbits had trouble staying awake around the warm fireplace.
After dessert, it was time to go. The rabbits found their coats by candlelight. Then they said goodbye all around before they set out.

Time to Go. Click for bigger picture.

Time to Go.
Now this story and information came from a website called family Christmas online, which we have a link to in the show notes.
Beatrix Potter was born to a wealthy family in London, England in 1866. Supposedly tutored (but largely ignored) by her governess, she had many long hours to spend alone with a growing menagerie of pets, which she taught herself to draw in startlingly accurate detail and proportion. Her innate intelligence and ability to observe and document minute details of nature should have given her a scientific career, but Victorian England didn't even think women should have "their own" money or property, much less a career in a "man's world."
In 1890, she began illustrating greeting cards, using her pet rabbits as models more often than not. In 1893, she began writing and illustrating her own children's books. In 1902 the first - Peter Rabbit - was published.
The real history of the paintings is not clear, but they were never published in her lifetime. Perhaps that helped to preserve them, because in those days, the original paintings were often discarded (or taken home by employees) once they had guided the printers' efforts to make the color separations needed for printing. Four of the paintings are in a museum today, but the other two are in a private collection.
When the US copyrights on most of Potter's work expired, a few book printers started including these six paintings in titles like "The Complete Peter Rabbit Collection," etc. Potter's original publisher then released images of the paintings in a "frieze", a long strip of paper you could unfold to view them all at once. Unfortunately it went out of print almost immediately and hasn't been reprinted. On the other hand, the images in the frieze look like they've been adapted for four-color printing the same way Potters' paintings adapted over a century ago - a process that reduced details and subtleties of shade.
We are free to publish these paintings in this format in the United States because they are in public domain here. However, they are still be under copyright in other countries. If you live outside of the United States, please check the copyright laws of your country before downloading these images.

Now when I was researching Rabbits and Christmas, I came across an article about rabbits from Christmas past.
The rabbits of Christmas past: a present that backfired for Australia
On Christmas Day 1859, the Victoria Acclimatization Society released 24 rabbits for hunting, to help settlers feel more at home.
Given the millions of dollars in damage to agricultural productivity that ensued, as well as the impacts on biodiversity as the rabbits bred and spread to cover 70% of the continent, this could be seen as Australia’s worst Christmas present.
Rabbits are well known for their ability to strip grasslands bare and destroy the seedlings of woody shrubs and trees. Even in low numbers, rabbits can completely prevent some important woody species from regenerating.
Mulga woodlands, for example, cover vast tracts of inland Australia, and mulga trees are likely to be a very important carbon store in these areas. However, rabbit numbers as low as one animal per hectare can effectively stop the replacement of old trees by destroying seedlings.
Importantly, much of the damage that rabbits cause to the environment can be reversed.
Rabbit treats at Christmas
Flex your creative skills and share the Christmas cheer with your furry friend this year. I will explain how to make three nutritious and delicious homemade bunny treats, perfect for the festive season.
Like us, rabbits can become overweight and suffer from dental disease if they have too many treats. Excess sugars and starchy foods can also wreak havoc with the sensitive population of bacteria in their gut. Although we commonly think of rabbits munching on carrots, root vegetables like these have a high sugar content and, along with pieces of fruit, should only be given as an occasional treat – Christmas is just such a time!
As Christmas approaches, why not involve your bunny in the season’s fun – homemade treats and presents are the perfect way to spread the festive spirit! And because they’re homemade you’ll know you’re giving him the healthiest treats possible.
There seems to be bright lights and sparkly things everywhere, anyone would think it was almost Christmas or something! If it’s snuck up on you and the idea of braving the shops for last minute presents sends you into a panic, this is for you…
The first one is a Hanging biscuit decoration
These festive biscuits are delicious for your bunny. Take a handful of pellets, a handful of rolled oats, half a banana, half a courgette (which is also known as a zucchini) and half a small carrot. Finely grate the carrot and courgette/zucchini, chop up the banana, crush the pellets and mix it all together with the oats. Roll out the mix with a rolling pin and then cut out Christmas shapes with biscuit cutters. Poke a hole in the top of each – don’t forget this step if you want to hang them up – and bake on a low heat for a couple of hours until they are completely dry. Please remember to remove the ribbon, or swap it for something more bunny safe like sisal before letting your bun lose on them!
Bunny crackers
A quick, simple toy to occupy your bunny and make sure he eats his greens. Simply stuff a toilet roll tube with a few mixed handfuls of fresh hay and leafy greens, like spinach, sprout-tops or kale. Make sure the hay and greens are poking out of the ends, fluff them out and presto, a bunny cracker! Your rabbit will love rolling it around and poking out every last bit of goodness to eat. As well as meeting their basic nutritional requirements, nibbling hay keeps bunnies busy, chewing strengthens their teeth and jaws and it keeps their gut healthy, too. Giving a variety of greens every day also mimics the many different plants rabbits graze on in the wild.
A mini Christmas tree
With your tree out of bounds, give your bunny his own Christmas tree made of twigs of apple wood or willow, with ‘baubles’ made from chunks of apple or orange (not the peel) and small berries like blueberries. Bind the twigs together with string, stick the ‘trunk’ through a hole in a shoebox to keep it steady and thread the fruits onto the tree for your rabbit to find and enjoy. Once he’s eaten the fruit, your bunny can have hours of fun nibbling the twigs, which keep his teeth in good health,
Remember that these are easy and inexpensive to make, healthier than most shop bought treats and make wonderfully tasty Christmas presents for your rabbit. Just take these instructions for making homemade rabbit treats and adjust the flavor to your rabbits taste.

Your Bunny and the Holidays
It's that time of the year again when the humans go a bit crazy, otherwise known as Christmas. We are going to make the most of the festive season, rabbit style...
The festive season is perfect for spending time with your pet and providing him with some well-deserved treats and attention. To keep the holidays fun and trouble-free, keep plants out of your bunny’s reach; some can be toxic to rabbits. And if you have a house rabbit, remember to supervise him around the Christmas tree, wrappings and ribbons, low-lying human snacks and candles or open fires – these can all be hazardous to pets.
We are going to find out how to stop your Christmas tree being chewed, how to manage guests unfamiliar with house bunnies, what foods should be kept out of reach and learn how to make sure you and your rabbit enjoy this special time together.
It's holiday season again, a time of year that can be both fun and stressful for you and your rabbit. In the midst of all your holiday preparations, here a few tips to keep your bunny safe and happy over the holiday season.
Christmas can be a time of mixed blessings for a house rabbit. On the one hand, there is the likelihood of more treats, attention and excitement; on the other hand, there is the risk of interruption to our sacred routine, naptimes and so on.
Your home can change quite a bit during the Christmas holidays with the putting up of decorations and it’s likely you rabbit will want to explore these new things, typically by nibbling them. Unfortunately most Christmas decorations aren’t made with house rabbits in mind, so it’s important to add a little bit of bunny proofing to them to stop them being damages and make them safe.
Plants & Christmas Trees
Christmas trees are so great rabbit's don't understand why the humans don't have them all year round. What could be better for a house rabbit than a tree in your living room? Anyway, a rabbit gets the amusement of watching the humans trying to put the lights on (and try to protect the cables from your bunny friend). Here's the chance to have a helpful house bunny that nibbles on any branches within reach and generally tidying up the tree.
Be aware of seasonal plants that are brought into the home.
Christmas trees can be a real temptation for you rabbit. Make sure the tree is placed away from any object that can be climbed on to stop you rabbit reaching over to the tree. Check to see your tree is firmly secured and can’t be knocked or pulled over. It can often be best to fence off your tree with a pet pen to keep your bunny away from low hanging branches and present underneath. As well as the risk of knocking the tree over real fir trees can also be bad for rabbits if eaten. If you water your tree make sure the tree water is covered over as this can also dangerous as it may contain fertilizer and even aspirin used to keep the tree looking fresh.
If your Christmas tree has not been treated (with fire retardant, pesticides, etc) or painted, then it should be safe to chew. Note that natural chemical compounds in some evergreens may cause the bunny's urine to turn more orange than usual, but this is not a health concern. Fir tree oils can irritate to the mouth and the tree needles can also cause digested problems.
Plastic trees can also be a problem if eaten as the man made non-digestible materials can cause tummy upsets. Find a nice spot where you can all enjoy the tree but out of reach from a curious rabbit.
Despite common perception, Poinsettia plants are not poisonous. That's not to say your bunny should eat them, since they can cause mild intestinal discomfort in some sensitive individuals. But they should not cause serious illness.
Some holiday plants, such as holly, mistletoe and certain types of ivy, can be toxic. To be especially safe, keep ALL plants and fresh green decorations up and out of your bunny's reach. Put them in a room where your bunny doesn't usually romp, or place them high enough to be out of reach of little teeth. Make sure falling berry’s and leaves are in areas where they can’t fall in your bunnies path.
Pinecones are generally safe distractions, and make festive bunny chew and throw toys at this time of year.
Take a critical look at your tree before placing the ornaments and lights. Low hanging decorations could be inviting toys. On lower limbs, use safe plastic or wooden ornaments a rabbit can safely nibble, tug, or steal. Always supervise closely when bunny is loose around the tree. With pets in the past we have hung bells and jingling things down low on the tree as a first alert to trouble.
Lights, Cords, Decorations
Those of you who have Christmas trees also may also have extra electrical cords and lights, which bunnies can and will chew. If possible, put your Christmas tree in a room where Bunny doesn't play. If this isn't possible, you can make your tree "off limits" to your rabbit by placing a puppy pen around it, or you can use the pen to section off the part of the room where the tree is, keeping bunny safely away. This will help keep you and your rabbit safe from chewed electrical cords and preserve your favorite Christmas ornaments, as well.
If you put up electrical decorations during this season, make sure the cords are well out of Bunny's reach. Plastic wire protectors may help slow down a curious bunny. However, the wire wrap will not necessarily prevent a determined rabbit from chewing through the plastic to the wires. So after wrapping the cords in the wire wrap, you should still tuck them out of rabbit reach. If you can’t hide the power cords you can cover them with something tough like plastic pipe, this can be split along its length and slipped over the cable so you don’t need to take the plug off.
We have several tips for bunny proofing a house in the episode about house rabbits.
I came across two news stories about rabbits eating lights for wires.
WAKEFIELD, Mass. (WHDH) – A Wakefield family caught a rabbit chewing through his Christmas lights on his home surveillance video.
Greg DiGiorgio said he spent 12 hours putting up his Christmas lights on Monday, only to find the wire had been clipped. Thinking he was being vandalized, DiGiorgio set up a surveillance camera to find out who put the lights out. Turns out, it was a hungry rabbit.
“I was actually relieved. I was hoping there wasn’t some vandal going around Wakefield,” said Rachel DiGiorgio.
The family has since moved the lights out of the rabbit’s reach.

NORTHWEST HARRIS COUNTY, Texas - A hidden camera sting caught more than a Cypress homeowner expected when he hoped to catch the vandal that kept cutting his Christmas lights. "We put up our Christmas lights right after Thanksgiving. After they were up a few days, we woke up and noticed they were cut," said Brett Mosser.
For days, Mosser was under the impression that a grinch had made its way to his home and was cutting his Christmas lights. The homeowner even showed the local news pictures of his wife holding one of the snipped wires -- from the family's elaborate outdoor holiday display.
"I repaired them, thinking it was a one time deal. But it kept happening. It happened five times in a week," said Mosser. Upset that someone could do something this ungodly, the church pastor enlisted the help of a friend because, he said, he was determined to catch the culprit. "We were setting up cameras and we weren't watching 20 or 30 minutes and we noticed something scurrying on the ground," said Mosser.
The so-called vandal: a furry rabbit.
"The best part of it, was this was, 'Oh good, this wasn't a human.' I had been thinking, 'Who could be this mean?'" said Mosser. A lesson, Mosser said, he didn't take for granted, especially because he knows that it's never good to make assumptions. "We were all determined to catch this person. and I think God has a sense of humor," said Mosser.

Now back to our tips about Lights, Cords, Decorations
Be alert about synthetic tinsel and garland which, if ingested, could cause tummy trouble or impactions. And be conscious of potpourri. Some rabbits enjoy nibbling on it, and there's no telling what potentially harmful chemicals or preservatives might have been used in the potpourri you're using.
If your rabbit starts taking an interest in your Christmas decorations or ornaments its best to move these out of reach. They are often made of materials that can be easily ingested which can cause gastrointestinal problems. Even some of the more natural looking materials can be harmful as they can be treated with fire retardant materials.
Place them on a shelf out of reach or on a table able before. Once your rabbits curiosity is sparked its likely they will keep returning no matter how many times you say NO!
While wrapping and opening gifts, keep in mind that tape and ribbon are not good things for rabbits to eat, but they seem to be especially attractive playthings to some bunnies. As a substitute, give white tissue paper and you'll enjoy watching some happy playtime.
'Tis the season for candles and fireplaces. Keep the first high out of reach and the other enclosed so your bunny can't investigate too closely. Don’t place candles on anything that can be knocked over or on something that can be tugged at by your rabbit resulting in the candle toppling over. Even cold ashes can be harmful, as they are very caustic if combined with water (including saliva!).
Be aware of low-lying candy, snack bowls, and gingerbread homes, or your buns will have a (potentially dangerous) feast on holiday treats. Coffee tables and end tables are usually low enough for a healthy bunny to easily hop up and partake of your festive offerings. Salty snacks are particularly risky, since a rabbit can actually ingest a fatal overdose of salt if she eats too much (e.g., chips, salted nuts, etc.)
Company and the Hubbub of the Holidays
Many families have friends and family members for short or long visits around this time of year. This will inevitably interrupt your rabbit's customary routine and atmosphere. If you have family members who don't understand house rabbits, make sure you take the time to prepare both your company and your rabbit for what to expect. This could be a great opportunity to educate your friends and family about rabbits and rabbit behavior.
To reduce your rabbit's stress, try to stick as close as possible to her routine. Make sure you remember to give her plenty of attention and reassurance. If your bunny is particularly sensitive to noise and activity, you may even want to move her to a quieter room while your company is visiting.
A big changes at Christmas can be people visiting your home who may not be used to house rabbits. It may be best to ask guests to take their shoes off as they may not be used to how rabbits tend to get under food and can easily be stepped on. If you have children staying, encourage them not to race around where your rabbit can roam. Don't be shy about laying down some ground rules for your company, especially if they include children. Never leave your rabbit unsupervised with a child. Small visitors may be tempted to chase, pick up, or inadvertently mishandle your bunny. It could take only a second for a potentially crippling or even fatal accident to occur at the hands of a well-meaning, but overly affectionate child.
Uninitiated guests may not be used to how good rabbits are at chewing things so it’s important to give them somewhere to leave shoes, coats or handbags where they can’t be got at. Be careful to keep an eye on laptop or phone charger leads that may appear.
It’s also worth re-enforcing to guests that may not be used to rabbits that it’s unlikely that your rabbit will want to play with them or their children. Help them understand rabbits are shy prey animals, which means they can be timid and skittish in some situations. Rabbits also have fragile bones and can be injured easily if handled improperly. Introduce the rabbit calmly and go through some simple rules at the start.
Simple rules for rabbit safety:
⦁ Don’t shout or scream as loud noises can distress rabbits as they have sensitive ears.
⦁ Take their shoes off to the risk of stepping on your rabbit.
⦁ Only give your rabbit it’s normal food, don’t feed it sweets or chocolate.
⦁ Remember rabbits can scratch and bite when stressed so be careful.
⦁ Let your rabbit come to you, it may not like being picked up stroked or cuddled
If you have guests who are particularly interested in visiting your rabbit, don't allow them to handle the bunny without first properly instructing them about safe handling. Let visitors know that a rabbit's digestive system is very delicate, and though she may be adorable when she sits up and begs for treats, that giving in and overfeeding her could be killing her with kindness.
Many of the foods that we associate with Christmas can also be harmful if you rabbit eats them and special attention needs to be given to snacks left out by guests that are in reach. Sweets and chocolate that may be discarded by children could easily be stolen by your rabbit and many of the foods can be harmful to an unsuspecting bunny.
Chocolate and sweets
It’s important to keep chocolate out of reach of your rabbit. If your rabbit only eats a small piece then you could be lucky and no harm may come of it. But if your rabbit eats a large amount of chocolate, then this could be quite serious and result in an emergency visit to the vets. Sugary sweets are also bad for rabbits and if left out may cause harm, alongside this if the wrappers are eaten they can cause issues.
Remember, what the humans fail to realize is that the best bit of presents for rabbits is helping them unwrap theirs. Acres and acres of wrapping paper to play with... Rabbits get excited just thinking about it. If your people parents tell you they can manage on their own, ignore them - we all know there's no better present opener than a set of rabbit teeth. Watch out for the sellotape though, that stuff can mess rabbit fur for days.
With these precautions in mind, we wish you and your bunnies a fun-filled, joyous Holiday Season!
(A Narragansett Legend)
Long in the way time past time, rabbits had very short ears. They had very long tails. They had long, straight arms and long, straight legs. Very different than the way rabbits look today.
One day, Rabbit was out. It was spring-time. Looking for something to do, and something to eat, as rabbits are always looking for something to eat, he came upon a willow tree that had fresh little shoots in it. It made him so hungry. He wanted to go and taste some of those shoots but it was high up in the willow tree and you know yourselves that rabbits are not good tree climbers!
So Rabbit decided to eat some of the grass and play around. But he thought to himself, “I would like to play in the snow.” He remembered that his grandmother told him that if you can wish for something hard enough it can happen. So Rabbit started to wish for it to snow and he started to dance. And he started singing his song, “Oh how I wish it would snow; Oh how I wish it would snow.” And as Rabbit danced and prayed and sung his song, it started to snow a little bit. Oh, this made Rabbit so happy that he sung his song stronger and harder. “Oh how I wish it would snow; Oh how I wish it would snow.” And the snow started to come down. And Rabbit was so excited to see that snow coming down that he sung his song stronger. “Oh how I wish it would snow; Oh how I wish it would snow.” And it started to snow so much.
And because he wished for it to snow so much, the snow rose higher and higher until it rose high into that willow tree. And now Rabbit played in the snow, and now it was so high he could eat some of those fresh shoots that were in the willow tree. He filled his stomach.
And now he wanted to go home, tired from all that dancing and eating. But when he looked, he saw that his home was covered with all that snow. Well, he decided he would rest in the crotch of the tree. And he fell asleep.
He awoke the next morning and the sun had come out and melted all that snow away. Now, Rabbit was high up in that willow tree, wondering how he was ever going to get down. Because as you know yourselves, rabbits are not good tree climbers!
So as he was holding onto those branches and looking and wondering how could he get down, how could he sing his song again, how could he make it snow? As he was leaning over, SNAP! His tail broke! And when his tail broke he went tumbling down out of that tree. And as he tumbled down out of that tree, his little short ears would get caught in the branches and stretch and stretch and pull and pull until they were as long as they are today!
And when Rabbit fell out of that willow tree, he hit that ground so hard his long, straight arms shot into his body and became little, short arms just like they are today.
And when that Rabbit fell out of that tree, he hit that ground so hard his long, straight legs broke and bent just like they are today.
And when that Rabbit fell out of that tree, he hit that ground so hard, he split his lip. Now, you know that this is a true lesson. Because if ever you were to look at that Rabbit today, or any of his grandchildren, you would see that they all have long ears, little short arms, bent rear legs, a split lip, no tail, and they have to hop everywhere they go.
Any springtime, you can go out into the park or into the woods and look up in that willow tree. And when you look up into that willow tree, you will see where Rabbit has left his tail. Because that willow tree has a very special look. And today that willow tree and Rabbit both look different.
A Time for Giving
I know your bunnies are a luckily lot, I’m sure they are treated and cuddled all year around. Sadly, there are many bunnies that don’t have someone to spoil them this Christmas, so if you have spare treats, have time to make some bunny toys, or have odds and ends like bottles, bowls, bin bags, brushes, towels, unwanted toys, even a bag of spare bunny food then please pop them along to your local rescue and make their day with something for the not so luckily bunnies.

© Copyrighted

Dec 18, 2017

Fee De Marbourg

On this episode I am going to cover the Fee de Marbourg. Now online there is not a lot of information about this breed, for example from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia;
"The Fee de Marbourg rabbit (or Marburger) is a medium sized rabbit which originates from Germany, with Havana heritage, which is lilac in color."
Now much of this history I was able to get from Domestic Rabbits and their Histories by Bob Whitman, which we will have a link to in the show notes.

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Germany is the original home of the Fee De Marbourg, also know as the Marburger. It was created by Miss Marie Sandemann. In 1912 she was given a rabbit from Mr. L. Peter, who was the caretaker of the school that her nephew attended. Miss Sandemann also raised Havanas, and she was delighted with the unusual color of this particular specimen, which was a doe, that had been breed from Mr. Peter's Havanas. She mated the doe with a silver colored buck, and all the offspring were black. The doe from Mr. Peter died when the litter was 10 weeks old, so she selected a Black doe and mated back to a Havana. In the subsequent litter they were mostly Blacks and Havanas except for one which was thew beautiful grey coloration of the original doe, although this one was a buck. Marie Sandemann quickly set out to fix the color, and showed the breed first as "Feh" in 1915. There was tremendous excitement from fellow fanciers when they first saw the little grey rabbits which carried a light reddish cast to the fur, which is similar to some of the lilacs of today. A rabbit judge by the name of Kemp became excited about the breed and dedicated himself to having them recognized. The breed was given a standard and approved by the Reichsverband Deutscher Kiminchenzuchter in 1924 under the name of Feh De Marbourg. The term "Feh" has been chosen by German furriers to indicate the color, which greatly resembled the Siberian Squirrel. Although the breed is actually a Lilac, the Germans have bred for a deeper color, which sets this breed apart. The breed is recognized in a number of European countries and weigh in at 2 to 3.5 kg or 4lb 6oz to 7lb 11 oz.
A second history I found online was from a website called Omlet, which we will have a link to in our show notes.
This breed was developed in Germany in 1916. Marburgers were created by crossing Vienna Blues with Havanas. The offspring created were then crossed with light colored black Silvers to create the Marburger breed. This breed was important in the development of the Lux breed.
The Marburger breed was officially recognized in Germany in 1920. This breed is only popular and well known on mainland Europe with it being almost unheard of elsewhere. These rabbits weigh between 2 and 3.5kg. Marburger rabbits are friendly, with a lively nature. This breed only comes in the one blue color, and their Status is Rare
Sometimes the Fee De Marbourg is mistaken for a Lilac.
The Lilac is recognized by both the BRC (British Rabbit Council) and the ARBA (American Rabbit Breeders Association).
The Lilac has been called the Essex Lavender and then the Cambridge Blue in the past.
It is also known as 'Gouda' and the Dutch Gouwenaar in Norway, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, France and Germany.
With many of the Lilacs' being crossed with Havana's such as the cross of the Blue Imperial and a Havana and called it the Essex Lavender, or the cross of a Havana with a Blue Beveran and calling it a Cambridge Blue, it is easy to see how the Fee De Marbourg could be mistaken for a lilac, but the Marburger, which is darker and more bluish than the Lilac, is recognized in Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, and Finland. As we covered, this breed has been breed to be a bit darker and a reddish tone to the "Lilac".;sl=de&amp;u=;prev=search

I would like to thank those that purchased through the Amazon link at the Hare of the Rabbit web site, some of those purchases are:

Cultures of the World! Brazil, Argentina &amp; Costa Rica - Culture for Kids - Children's Cultural Studies Books

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My Awesome Japan Adventure: A Diary about the Best 4 Months Ever!

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Gin and Tonic 4 Spices Kit Gin Flavoring Spices Carmencita Gin Botanicals

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Donatina Visits Brazil

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Sara Sushi Visits Japan

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<p style="text-align: center;">This weeks item is A 2018 Rabbit Easel Calendar!</p>
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Beautiful art calendar featuring full-color illustrations throughout
Monthly calendars note US national holidays
Ample space provided for writing down appointments and special occasions

Rabbit Calls a Truce
In the long ago when Glooscap ruled over the Wabanaki, there lived two lively animals, Keoonik the Otter, and Ableegumooch the Rabbit, who were forever playing tricks on each other.

One day, when Keoonik was in swimming, Ableegumooch ran off with a string of eels he had left on the shore. Keoonik rushed out of the water and went in angry pursuit. He had no difficulty in tracking the rabbit, for the mark of the fish, touching the ground between jumps, clearly showed the way. He was astonished, however, when the trail ended at a clearing in the woods where a withered old woman sat by a small fire.

"Kwah-ee, Noogumee," said Keoonik, using the formal address for an elderly female. "Did you see a rabbit hopping this way, dragging a string of eels?"

"Rabbit? Rabbit?" muttered the old woman. "What kind of animal is that?"

The otter explained that it was a small brown jumping creature with long ears and a short tail.

"I saw no such animal," the old woman grumbled, "but I'm glad you came along, for I'm cold and sick. Do please gather a little wood for my fire."

Obligingly, Keoonik went off to do so. Returning with the wood, he stared around in surprise. The old woman was gone. On the spot where she had sat, he saw the mark of a rabbit's haunches, and familiar paw-prints leading away in to the woods. Then he remembered that Ableegumooch was very clever at changing his appearance and fooling people.

"Oh, that miserable rabbit!" cried Keoonik and set off again on the trail. This time the tracks led straight to a village of the Penobscot people, where Keoonik could see the rabbit in conversation with a thin sad man wearing the feather of a Chief in his hair string. The wily otter cut himself a stout stick and waited behind a tree. Presently, Ableegumooch came strolling down the path, his face creased in an absent-minded frown.

Keoonik was ready for him. He brought the stick down on the rabbit's head with a thud, and Ableegumooch collapsed on the grass.

"That should teach him," thought Keoonik, with satisfaction, and he sat down to wait for the rabbit to recover. Presently Ableegumooch came to his senses and staggered to his feet with a dazed expression. "What did you do with my eels?" demanded Keoonik. "I gave them to the people," muttered the rabbit, exploring the bump on his head with a groan. "What did you do that for, you silly creature?"

"Those Penobscots are starving, Keoonik," said the rabbit. "For many moons someone has been stealing their food." "Just the same," grumbled Keoonik, "those were my eels."

The rabbit thumped his hind legs on the ground with an air of great determination.

"Keoonik, we must find the robbers and punish them!" "We?" asked Keoonik in astonishment. "Yes, you and I," said his companion firmly. "Let there be a truce between us until we discover the thieves."

Keoonik thought to himself that Ableegumooch was a fine one to complain of people stealing other people's food! However, he too felt sorry for the Penobscots.

"All right," he agreed. "We'll have a truce," and they shook hands solemnly. Then they started back to the village to ask the Chief what they might do to help, but when they were still some way off they saw two other animals talking to him. These were Uskoos the Weasel and Abukcheech the Mouse, two animals so troublesome even their own families would have nothing to do with them.

"Let's listen," whispered Ableegumooch, drawing Keoonik behind a tree. "We will find those robbers for you, Chief," they heard Uskoos say. "Don't you worry about a thing." "You can depend on us," chimed in Abukcheech. Ableegumooch nudged the otter.

"Did you hear that?" "I heard," said Keoonik. "So the people don't need our help after all." "I wonder," said the rabbit thoughtfully. "What do you wonder? And why are we whispering?" "Shhh! Let's think about it a little, Keoonik. Have you any idea how those two get their living? They sleep all day and go hunting only after dark." "Some of us like to hunt after dark," Keoonik said fairly. "Well, but listen," said the rabbit. "All the fur robes in the camp have been chewed and scratched and spoiled. What animals chew and scratch wherever they go?"

"Weasels and mice," answered Keoonik promptly. "Very well. Let's follow them and see what happens."

So Keoonik and Ableegumooch, keeping out of sight themselves, followed the weasel and the mouse a very long way, to a large burrow in the side of a hill where a number of other weasels and mice of bad reputation were gathered. All greeted Uskoos and Abukcheech and listened to what they had to say, while the rabbit and otter, hidden behind a blueberry bush, listened too.

"We were very sympathetic," smirked Uskoos, "and said we would help them." "So now they won't suspect us," said Abukcheech, and all the mice and weasels chortled gleefully. "It is time now," said Uskoos, "to call all the animals together and plan the conquest of the Penobscots. For we are smarter than the people and deserve to have all the food for ourselves." "Very true!" all shouted. "How will we get the rest to join us?" asked Abukcheech. "The smaller ones will be afraid to say no to us," declared Uskoos. "We will use trickery on the others. We will tell them the Penobscots plan to destroy all the animals in the land, and we must unite in order to defend ourselves."

"Then, with Wolf and Bear and Moose to help us," cried Abukcheech, "we'll soon have all the people at our mercy!" The otter and the rabbit could hardly believe their ears. Someone must warn the people. "Come on," whispered Keoonik, but the rabbit only crouched where he was, tense and unmoving. The fact is, he wanted to sneeze! Ableegumooch wanted to sneeze more than he ever wanted to sneeze in his life before, but he mustn't sneeze--the sound would give them away. So he tried and he tried to hold that sneeze back. He pressed his upper lip, he grew red in the face, and his eyes watered-- but nothing was any good.

"Ahhhhhh-ahhhhhh-choo!" Instantly, the weasels and mice pounced on Keoonik and Ableegumooch and dragged them out of hiding. "Spies!" growled Uskoos. "Kill them, kill them!" screamed Abukcheech.

"I have a better plan," said Uskoos. "These two will be our first recruits." Then he told the prisoners they must become members of his band, or be killed.

Poor Ableegumooch. Poor Keoonik. They did not wish to die, yet they could never do as the thieves wished, for the Penobscots were their friends. Ableegumooch opened his mouth, meaning to defy the villains no matter what the consequences, and then his mouth snapped shut. He had heard a strange sound, the sound of a flute piping far away, and he knew what it was. It was the magic flute of Glooscap, and the Great Chief was sending him a message.

Into the rabbit's head popped the memory of something Glooscap had said to him once long ago, half in fun, half in earnest. "Ableegumooch," he seemed to hear the words again, "the best way to catch a snake is to think like a snake!" At once the rabbit understood. He set himself to think like the mice and the weasels, feeling the greed and selfishness that was in them. Then he had a plan.

"Very well," he said, "we will join you. Those people are certainly very cruel and dishonest. They deserve the worst that can happen to them. Why, only yesterday"--and here he gave Keoonik a secret nudge--"my friend and I saw them hide away a great store of food in a secret place. Didn't we, Keoonik?" "Oh, yes, certainly," stammered Keoonik, wondering what trick the rabbit was up to now. The weasels and mice jumped about in mad excitement. "Where? Where? Where is this place?" "Take us there at once!" cried Uskoos, licking his lips. "Certainly," said Ableegumooch, starting old towards the woods. "Just follow us."

Abukcheech the Mouse was right at their heels, but Uskoos soon shouldered him aside. Then each animal fought to be in front, and in this way all rushed through the forest, across the meadows, down into the valleys and over the hills, until at last--pushing and panting and grunting, they all reached the bottom of a grassy hill. Ableegumooch pointed to a pile of rocks at the top.

"You will find the wealth you seek up there," he cried. "Hurry, hurry! The best will go to those who get there first." Away they all went, each struggling to be first. The rabbit and the otter stood aside and watched as the wild mob scrambled up the hill--up and up until suddenly, too late to stop, they found themselves teetering on the edge of a cliff, with nothing in front of them but space, and the sea far below. Those who were first tried to stop but were pushed over by those crowding behind and so, screaming with terror, down they all went, headlong into the sea.

"Well," said Keoonik, peering over the edge of the cliff with a shiver, "their nations are well rid of them." "So are the Penobscots," said the rabbit. "And now that together we have saved our friends from the mice and the weasels, Keoonik, let us go home together in peace as good neighbours should." "I'm willing," said the otter, but he had no sooner taken a step than he sprawled on the ground. Ableegumooch had tripped him. "That's for the knock on the head!" the rabbit laughed, and made for the woods. Picking himself up furiously, Keoonik was after him, shouting, "Just wait till I catch you, I'll teach you to play tricks!" Their truce was over.

And Glooscap, looking down from Blomidon, laughed at their antics, for he knew that with all their mischief there was no greed or spite in the hearts of Keoonik and Ableegumooch, against the people or against each other.

Word of the week: Hospital



© Copyrighted

Dec 11, 2017

What do you think of a smart rabbit at collage?  Many colleges allow students to keep fish in small tanks in their dorm rooms. It’s a lot more uncommon to find a college that allows more interactive pets to live with student owners. For students who feel they need a four-legged companion while they’re away at school, we have a link in the show notes to 15 pet friendly colleges.
There are five reasons why you should own a rabbit:
1) The cost. Are you aware that the cost of owning a rabbit is less than owning a cat or a dog? To own a dog or a cat costs roughly $2,000 a year! That's a lot of bones. A rabbit, depending on how much you spoil it, costs roughly $400 a year. So having a rabbit even works within the most meager of college student budgets, and you still get your "warm and fuzzy" cuddle fix.
2) Their cuteness level. How can you say no to a fuzzy, cute little rabbit face? When you look up cute animals on Google, rabbits heavily dominate the internet cuteness category. Everything they do is cute no matter what. Rabbits are pretty kawaii!
3) Their social and friendly personalities. Not only are they great with people, they love hanging out with animal buddies.
4) The variety of the breeds. From the biggest Flemish Giant to smallest Netherland Dwarf, rabbits come in all shapes, colors and sizes.
5) Last but not least, you have a friend for life! Rabbits live up to 14 years and will be your buddy through all those years
College students leaving the comfort and familiarity of home for the first time can experience a lonely and stressful transition, but a small number of schools across the nation are making this potentially difficult period easier by allowing students to bring their beloved pets to reside with them on campus. Schools such as MIT, Eckerd College, University of Washington and Stephens College have designated pet-friendly dorms where students can cohabitate with their furry family members.
Upon seeing the success of these programs, the University of Northern Colorado (UNC) in Greeley launched a pet-friendly housing program in the fall of 2014. For UNC, the stakes for success are high. Enrollment is down, the university has lost 1,000 students in the past five years, and the university is looking for new ways to attract and retain students. Jenni Brundage, assistant director of Apartment Life and Operations, expects the program to be a great recruitment and retention tool: There is already a waiting list, and the university may add additional floors next year.
Americans have not only embraced the Shultz dictum that happiness is a warm puppy: They’re applying it to warm rabbits, kangaroo rats, pot-bellied pigs, cockatiels and ferrets. And for that matter, to decidedly tepid ball pythons, Cuban rock iguanas and Chilean rose hair tarantulas. The issue here isn’t the type of beastie; it’s that animals equate to happiness, whether you’re at home, in the workplace, or in the stressful milieu that is the modern academy. An increasing number of students believe they benefit from having pets for emotional support or comfort. And those with diagnosed mental health problems—including anxiety, panic attacks and depression—are asserting their right to keep them in university residences at campuses such as UC Berkeley.
Although counseling or psychiatric care may be necessary to address these real and growing needs, pets can be a valuable adjunct for restoring the emotional equilibrium of troubled students. Some of the evidence for this is simply empirical: Who hasn’t felt better stroking a furry cat or feeding a carrot to an equable equine? Though still relatively scant, there is scientific evidence for the positive effects of animal propinquity. A recent article in the journal Frontiers in Psychology, for instance, concluded that “animal-assisted intervention” may prove a good complementary therapy option for trauma.
Nobody claims the dorms are evolving into petting zoos. But animals are gaining a toehold (clawhold?) in Cal residences.
Which is all well and good if you’re cool with critters in general—but what if you’re afraid of dogs, allergic to cat dander, or freaked out by snakes, even the benign non-venomous kind? Is the French lop rabbit down the hall just the camel’s nose under the tent, a harbinger that the residences will soon teem with—well, camels?
Probably not. Berkeley allow animals in the residences under guidelines established by two laws, the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Fair Housing Act. But the criteria for each are fairly explicit.
“The Americans with Disabilities Act covers people with psychological disabilities, and only authorizes dogs and in some cases, miniature horses,” says Aaron Cohen, a staff psychologist for Berkeley’s residential and student service programs. “And the animals must also be trained to respond to specific patient needs. For example, they can alert patients who’ve missed their medications. Or a dog could be trained to put its head in the lap of a patient with bipolar disorder who’s on the verge of a manic episode.”
By contrast, emotional support animals, covered by the Fair Housing Act, can be any species, says Cohen.
“You’d require a diagnosis (from a qualified professional) of your condition and documentation establishing that it would be difficult for you to live in a stable and comfortable fashion in the residences without your animal,” says Cohen. “But the animal doesn’t have to be trained to perform a specific task.”
That doesn’t mean the animals are accorded carte blanche to act like utter animals, however. They are expected to conform to the same rules applied to human residents: No biting or mauling, spitting venom or defecating in hallways, let alone blasting music at 3:00 am in accompaniment to a beer pong tournament.
Adam Ratliff, Cal’s critical communications manager, emailed California that “If the animal’s and owner’s behavior becomes a nuisance or danger to other community members (e.g., noise, lack of waste pick-up etc.) then we do contact students to help mitigate the community impact.”
One freshman at Washington State University was allowed to bring a 95-pound pig into her dorm—and, because the pig refused to use the stairs and was stressed out by the freight elevator, wound up staying in the second-floor dorm room and using a litter box. “The other students thought the pig was kind of cool, “ Hannah Mitchell, the dorm’s residential director at the time, told The New York Times, “but less cool when it began to smell.”
It’s easy to poke fun at the idea of housing swine or alpacas or Komodo dragons in the dorms, but as Ratliff indicates, requests are generally for more compact pets—felines, small dogs, and perhaps rabbits, guinea pigs or white rats.
Since the beginning of this school year, he continued, the university has approved all documented requests for both service and emotional support animals: 33 so far. All are either dogs or cats, wrote Ratliff, adding, “The type of animal does not impact our process or review.”
For some students, the university can be a bleak and lonely place, and that seems especially the case for top, highly competitive institutions. According to the American College Health Association, almost a third of students found themselves so depressed at some point during 2014 that they couldn’t function. Around 15 percent of Cal students used campus counseling services last year, up from 10 percent five years ago; at UCLA, that figure has spiked to 20 percent.
Throughout the UC system, student demand for mental health services has jumped 37 percent in the last six years.
As a way to reduce overall student stress, Berkeley’s University Health Services has partnered with Tony LaRussa’s Animal Rescue Foundation (ARF) to bring pups to Sproul Plaza once a month, with bonus visits during finals. These “Pet Hugs” events are open to all passersby, and very popular. “Cal is a highly competitive campus of 37,000 students and we at UHS are always looking for ways to help students manage their stress levels,” the health services website explains. “Petting an ARF dog offers instant stress relief.”
Cohen says he first heard of emotional support animals in 2004, “so that’s a long time to have a conversation about the subject.” And even now, he says, evaluation guidelines are not deeply detailed. “It’s easier to determine (qualifications) if you’re looking at psychological disability rather than emotional support,” he says.
So is there potential for abuse? Can someone who is in every way well-adjusted and anxiety-free bring a kitty cat to the dorms just because he or she really, really likes cats? Of course, says Cohen.
“But there’s the potential for abuse in many areas, and I really haven’t seen much of it in our system,” he says. “Emotional support animals are gaining acceptance. Even on the airlines, anyone can bring an emotional support animal for a fee, though I recall an incident where a guy with a huge pig was walked off a plane. It’s a balancing act. We need to maintain guidelines, but we also want to support students. Further, it’s the law. Under the Americans with Disabilities and Fair Housing Acts, service and support animals must be accommodated if there is documentation of need.”
In Berkeley’s dorms, no one seems to be getting in much of a lather about the issue. The general attitude seems to be: As long as no roommate is allergic or otherwise severely stressed by our four-footed (or six-or-eight-footed), winged, finned or scaled planetary associates, bring ‘em on. Some students told California that a good alternative might be a separate floor for animal owners, or a “pet place” where the animals could be housed and visited regularly.
“I think (students) should be able to have emotional support animals because Berkeley is a stressful place,” says Danny Chera, a freshman majoring in microbial biology. “Animals are a way of getting away from reality and kind of having something close to them. I have tons of pets at home, dogs, fish, birds. They keep me sane. I would love to have them here. I think it would help me a lot.”
Even undergrads who aren’t wildly enthusiastic about the emotional support concept generally are supportive.
“I personally would not want to have a pet,” says Hosefa Basrai, a freshman in pre-business. “Woofing would make me uncomfortable, especially at night. (But) I think if they need it, they should have them.”
As for critics who complain that comfort animals are infantilizing students? Dorm residents apparently beg to differ.
“You could be 30 years old and still want the support of animals,” says Chera, “because the bond you can share with animals you can’t really get with people. Everybody deserves whatever they need to cope.”
How Pets Came to the University of Northern Colorado
Exactly why did UNC create the program? “We allow our live-in staff members to have pets, and a lot of students asked for pets themselves,” Brundage says. “We were getting an increasing number of applications for students to live with emotional support or therapy pets. There is a lot of off-campus housing that allows pets, and piloting this program opens the door for more students with pets to live on campus.” My practice, Sheep Draw Veterinary Hospital, serves as veterinary advisor for the program. In essence, we are the first line of care if the university has concerns about the care of the students’ pets. The hospital also provides education to students and staff about pet wellness and cares for many of the pets as patients. As a veterinarian, I was particularly curious about how this would work once the program began.
Student with cat
Student Sarah Hammer finds her cat, Robin, to be a great support.
When Dr. Merideth Early, a colleague at Sheep Draw who is also president of the Weld County Veterinary Medical Association, sat on an advisory panel for the program at its inception, she says she was impressed with the level of care and responsibility demonstrated by the university. “The staff and students were interested in my input about making this a good experience for everybody. They really thought about everything, including not using the elevators so that students who have allergies won’t be affected by pet hair or dander in the elevator.” (Another way the school protects students with allergies: Laundry facilities have designated certain washers and dryers for the pet community. Everybody is free to use them, but the signs help pet-allergic students avoid contaminated machines.)
Putting the Program Into Action
The pet program encompasses the second and third floors of Lawrenson Hall, an imposing 16-story building in the middle of UNC’s campus. Students live in two-bedroom, apartment-style suites; there is a maximum of two animals per apartment. Each apartment has a sign outside the door with a picture of a dog or a cat and a number indicating how many of each pet is in the apartment. (This signage helps the UNC police department, facilities and maintenance staff know the type and number of critters to expect if they need to enter the premises.)
For now, the only pets in the program are cats and small dogs, none of whom weigh more than 40 pounds. The pets must stay in the apartments at all times, unless they’re coming or going from the dorm. It’s recommended — but not required— that pets be housebroken or litterbox trained. What’s more, all pets must be spayed or neutered, vaccinated against rabies, be registered in Weld County and be on a leash when out on campus. Finally, students are required to buy liability insurance, which costs about $15 a month.
Lawrenson Hall
UNC's Lawrenson Hall has two floors that are pet friendly.
A Tour of the Pet-Friendly Residences
To see how the program is progressing, we took a midsemester tour with Corey Friend, director of Lawrenson Hall.Friendis a pet lover himself and lives in the dorm with his dog, Kirby, a tiny, happy,fluff ball mix of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Bichon Frise.
Our first impression was that the pet-friendly hallways smelled clean — kind of like cranberries. Not one stray animal hair or piece of poo was spotted: Even the gated gravel outdoor dog run and elimination area was spotless. “Some of the other hall directors are jealous because they think the pet-friendly floors smell better than the pet-free ones,” Friend says about the cleanliness. “The students are very good about cleaning up after their dogs: They know that if there is a problem, they could be asked to leave the program. Our custodial staff cleans this area as well.”
What Students Are Saying
On the tour, we met Lawrenson resident senior Sarah Hammer and her rescue cat, Robin. Hammer is studying English with a minor in history, and her story is interesting in that it highlights the unconventional way this program is helping people succeed. She considers Robin a therapy cat. “Back in 2013 I was having a really hard time, so I got a cat, and she really helped me, made me feel like life was worth living again.”
Overall, the program is going very well, according to Hammer. “The only time I heard a bunch of dogs barking and freaking out was during the fire drill, which is understandable. I think there is more community because we have to work together to make it successful.”
Student with cat at UNC
Morgan Monroe was thrilled that she could take her 17-year-old family cat, Bootsie, to school with her.
Colorado native Morgan Monroe is another cat-loving participant in the program. She lived in Lawrenson last year. When she first went away to college, her parents cared for her 17-year-old feline, Bootsie, who experienced depression without Monroe and the cat had to go on medication. So when Monroe heard about the program, she signed up right away. “I am so happy to have Bootsie with me. I love him,” she says as she fusses over the furry senior citizen. “Everybody makes fun of me because I talk about my cat on a regular basis,” she says with a laugh. “He is like a family member. He is the unofficial mascot of my sorority, because on Tuesday nights we have dinner in the apartment and he hangs out with everyone.”
So Far, So Good
As far as dealing with issues with aggression or house-training, Brundage says, “We honestly haven’t had to cross that bridge yet, but the plan is to deal with issues on a case-by-case basis. The students are taking this privilege very seriously and are active advocates for this community.”
When asked how they ensure that the pets aren’t abandoned at the end of a semester or left unattended for an unreasonable amount of time in the dorms, she explains, “We do have an overnight policy: If a student is going to be absent overnight, we require a pet sitter, which could be a roommate, and we require that all pets are taken home for winter break. Most of the pets come from home and are family pets, so this hasn’t been an issue yet. Again, part of the purpose of this community is teaching students how to be responsible pet owners, and responsibility doesn’t stop with the end of the term.”
UNC will promote the groundbreaking program at the regional college housing conference in November. If the enthusiasm of the staff and student participants and those on the waiting list is any indication, this program will continue to grow in popularity, and we may see similar programs extend to other universities.
If you’re in the market for an untraditional pet that’s still dorm-sized, here are some things that you should know about bunnies before you adopt.
1. Energizer Bunny
You can’t just keep bunnies in a cage all day long. If they’re in a confined space for too long, they’ll get super wiry and start to act out. If you have an open cage, they may even attempt (and eventually succeed) to escape and get into things they shouldn’t.
If you’re not home most of the day, I would recommend getting a cage with a playpen area on it, so the bunny is able to have more space. But when you are home, make sure to let them have some free roaming and exploring time.
2. Everything’s a Chew Toy
Bunnies have super sharp teeth, and they need to keep them filed down, so they’ll chew on whatever they come across. Some bunnies are better than others, but when the hoppy child is exploring the house, make sure to hide all of your chargers and wires, because they’ll snap them in half with one bite.
They’ll also chew on carpeting, wood and blinds, so I recommend having them confined to areas of the house where they’ll cause the least destruction, or, if that is unavoidable, keep a close eye on them while they’re out of their cage.
3. Vet Problems
Yes, just like cats and dogs, bunnies need to go to the vet regularly, but many vets lack experience with rabbits. The carrot crunchers are super prone to getting cancers, especially reproductive ones, so make sure you get them fixed ASAP if they aren’t already, as doing so can extend their lives by years.
If you choose not to get them fixed, don’t anticipate your rabbit living for more than three-to-five years. If you do get your furry friend snipped, they can have the life expectancy of cats and dogs, sometimes even longer, depending on the breed.
4. Tricks Are for Rabbits
Rabbits can be trained to do almost anything. Litter training can be difficult before they’re fixed, but with some work, it can be done, to the point where they’ll do their business in the same corner of their cage/litter box each time.
Aside from litter training, you can teach your two-eared friend commands just like you would a dog. Some respond to her name and “no,” and she can beg and “stay” for a short amount of time. They’re pretty smart animals.
5. Hidden Figures
Bunnies can take a while to adjust and open up to you. Don’t be surprised if they hide in their cage for the first few days after bringing them home. If you end up moving at some point, do not be surprised if they repeat the behavior again. The bewhiskered breeders feel vulnerable in unfamiliar areas, and they’ll take a while to realize it’s safe and that they can start exploring their new area.
Same goes for their owners. They’ll typically warm up to one or two people rather than the whole family. If there are younger kids in the house, they’ll typically stay away from them as well.
6. Territorial by Nature
Rabbits can be very territorial and temperamental. If they’re in their space chilling and don’t want to be bothered, they’ll let you know. If you approach them, don’t be surprised if they growl and charge at you. If you ignore that, don’t be surprised if you get bit.
Their moods can change instantly—one minute you can be petting them and giving them all your love, and the next they’ll want to be left alone. Don’t be surprised if they growl and charge you while you’re trying to feed them as well; if you try to remove their food bowl, they get super mad, and if you reach into their space, they may think you’re trying to pick them up (which they hate, FYI), so they’ll try to defend themselves.
Eventually, they’ll know you’re not trying to hurt them, but to avoid such violent behavior, try to make sure the same people interact and feed them on a regular basis. If a stranger tries to care for them, the bunny will flip out and possibly attack, which will stress everyone out. If you go on a vacation, make sure the caretaker is introduced to your pet beforehand.
7. Eat Like a Rabbit
These Easter mascots eat more than carrots. A typical diet is a small amount of rabbit feed each day, along with plenty of hay. Most foods have dried veggies in them, which are crucial to their health and make a nice snack. Fresh fruits and veggies also make great treats. Avoid iceberg lettuce though, because too much can be harmful to their diet, whereas blueberries, bananas, apples (minus the core and skin), yogurt and basil make great treats.
8. Bone Up on Bunnies
Though this is general information, there are many different rabbit breeds, and they come in all shapes and sizes, so it’s best to know which breeds will work best for you.
Some rabbits will grow to be the size of cats, while others will only grow to be a few pounds. Get to know a little bit about each breed before you visit the shelter, so you know you won’t be bringing home the wrong rabbit. Though bunnies take a lot of work, with some of your time, patience and love, they can become your best friend and an amazing pet.

College Pets
Rabbits, the College Girl's Best Friend: 5 Reasons Why You Should Own a Rabbit
Pet Therapy: Students Increasingly Bringing “Emotional Support” Animals to College
Are Pet-Friendly Dorms Working?
Why Rabbits May Be the Perfect College Pet

Word of the Week: Romp!

The Young Man who was Saved by a Rabbit and a Fox.

There dwelt a couple in the woods, far away from other people,--a man and his wife. They had one boy, who grew up strong and clever. One day he said, "Father and mother, let me go and see other men and women." They grieved, but let him go.

He went afar. All night he lay on the ground. In the morning he heard something coming. He rose and saw it was a Rabbit, who said, "Ha, friend, where go you?" The boy answered, "To find people." "That is what I want," replied the Rabbit. "Let us go together."

So they went on for a long time, till they heard voices far off, and walking quietly came to a village. "Now," said the Rabbit, "steal up unseen, and listen to them!" The boy did so, and heard the people saying that a kewahqu', a cannibal monster, was to come the next day to devour the daughter of their sagamore. And having returned and reported this to the Rabbit, the latter said to the boy, "Have no fear; go to the people and tell them that you can save her." He did so, but it was long before they would listen to him. Yet at last it came to the ears of the old chief that a strange young man insisted that he could save the girl; so the chief sent for him, and said, "They tell me that you think you can deliver my daughter from death. Do so, and she shall be yours."
Then he returned to the Rabbit, who said, "They did not send the girl far away because they know that the demon can follow any track. But I hope to make a track which he cannot follow. Now do you, as soon as it shall be dark, bring her to this place." The young man did so, and the Rabbit was there with a sled, and in his hand he had two squirrels. These he smoothed down, and as he did so they grew to be as large as the largest sled-dogs. Then all three went headlong, like the wind, till they came to another village.
The Rabbit looked about till he found a certain wigwam, and then peered through a crevice into it. "This is the place," he said. "Enter." They did so; then the Rabbit ran away. They found in the cabin an old woman, who was very kind, but who, on seeing them, burst into tears. "Ah, my dear grandchildren," she cried, "your death is following you rapidly, for the kewahqu' is on your track, and will soon be here. But run down to the river, where you will find your grandfather camping."

They went, and were joined by the Rabbit, who had spent the time in making many divergent tracks in the ground. The kewahqu' came. The tracks delayed him a long time, but at last he found the right one. Meanwhile the young couple went on, and found an old man by the river. He said, "Truly you are in great danger, for the kewahqu' is coming. But I will help you." Saying this, he threw himself into the water, where he floated with outstretched limbs, and said, "Now, my children, get on me." The girl feared lest she should fall off, but being reassured mounted, when he turned into a canoe, which carried them safely across. But when they turned to look at him, he was no longer a canoe, but an old Duck. "Now, my dear children," he said, "hasten to the top of yonder old mountain, high among the gray rocks. There you will find your friend." They fled to the old gray mountain. The kewahqu' came raging and roaring in a fury, but however he pursued they were at the foot of the precipice before him.

There stood the Rabbit. He was holding up a very long pole; no pine was ever longer. "Climb this," he said. And, as they climbed, it lengthened, till they left it for the hill, and then scrambled up the rocks. Then the kewahqu' came yelling and howling horribly. Seeing the fugitives far above, he swarmed up the pole. With him, too, it grew, and grew rapidly, till it seemed to be half a mile high. Now the kewahqu' was no such sorcerer that he could fly; neither had he wings; he must remain on the pole; and when he came to the top the young man pushed it afar. It fell, and the monster was killed by the fall thereof.
They went with the squirrel-sledge; they flew through the woods on the snow by the moonlight; they were very glad. And at last they came to the girl's village, when the Rabbit said, "Now, friend, good-by. Yet there is more trouble coming, and when it is with you I and mine will aid you. So farewell." And when they were home again it all appeared like a dream. Then the wedding feast was held, and all seemed well.
But the young men of the village hated the youth, and desired to kill him, that they might take his wife. They persuaded him to go with them fishing on the sea. Then they raised a cry, and said, "A whale is chasing us! he is under the canoe!" and suddenly they knocked him overboard, and paddled away like an arrow in flight.
The young man called for help. A Crow came, and said, "Swim or float as long as you can. I will bring you aid." He floated a long time. The Crow returned with a strong cord; the Crow made himself very large; he threw one end of the cord to the youth; by the other he towed him to a small island. "I can do no more," he said; "but there is another friend." So as the youth sat there, starving and freezing, there came to him a Fox. "Ha, friend," he said, "are you here?" "Yes," replied the youth, "and dying of hunger." The Fox reflected an instant, and said, Truly I have no meat; and yet there is a way." So he picked from the ground a blade of dry grass, and bade the youth eat it. He did so, and found himself a moose (or a horse). Then he fed richly on the young grass till he had enough, when the Fox gave him a second straw, and he became a man again. "Friend," said the Fox, "there is an Indian village on the main-land, where there is to be a great feast, a grand dance. Would you like to be there?" "Indeed I would," replied the youth. "Then wait till dark, and I will take you there," said the Fox. And when night came he bade the youth close his eyes and enter the river, and take hold of the end of his tail, while he should draw. So in the tossing sea they, went on for hours. Thought the youth, "We shall never get there." Said the Fox, "Yes, we will, but keep your eyes shut." So it went on for another hour, when the youth thought again, "We shall never reach land." Said the Fox, "Yes, we shall." However, after a time he opened his eyes, when they were only ten feet from the shore, and this cost them more time and trouble than all the previous swim even they had the beach under foot.
It was his own village. The festival was for the marriage of his own wife to one of the young men who had pushed him overboard. Great was his magic power, great was his anger; he became strong as death. Then he went to his own wigwam, and his wife, seeing him, cried aloud for joy, and kissed him and wept all at once. He said, "Be glad, but the hour of punishment for the men who made these tears is come." So he went to the sagamore and told him all.
The old chief called for the young men. "Slay them all as you choose," he said to his son-in-law; "scalp them." But the youth refused. He called to the Fox, and got the straws which gave the power to transform men to beasts. He changed his enemies into bad animals,--one into a porcupine, one into a hog,--and they were driven into the woods. Thus it was that the first hog and the first porcupine came into the world.

This story, narrated by Tomah Josephs, is partly old Indian and partly European, but whether the latter element was derived from a French Canadian or a Norse source I cannot tell, since it is common to both. The mention of the horse and the bog, or of cattle, does not prove that a story is not pre-Columbian. The Norsemen had brought cattle of various descriptions even to New England. It is to be very much regretted that the first settlers in New England took no pains to ascertain what the Indians knew of the white men who had preceded them. But modern material may have easily been added to an old legend.
The terms grandchildren, grandmother, etc., do not here signify actual relationship, but only friendship between elderly and young people.

© Copyrighted

Dec 4, 2017

Husumer Rabbit breed

They were created in Germany from Dutch Rabbits by H.Zeumer. It is a white rabbit with blue eyes and is also known as the ‘Patterned Rabbit with blue eyes’. It was considered extinct but has now resurfaced and there are rare species around today. It was also know as the "patterned rabbit with blue eyes", because it existed long ago, and had a butterfly pattern. Mr. Zeumer, who was also a well know judge, had to give up his rabbits and experiments on the outbreak of the great war.

Now I know that most gardeners dread having a rabbit in the garden. Rabbits are know to mow down veggies, burrow holes and generally not a friend to our gardens. BUT they can be. NO, I am not suggesting that you allow some bunnies to run willy nilly through your garden….but rabbit poop fertilizer should.
Anyone who comes to the rabbitry and my homestead will see our gardens. I have been asked many times what is your secret. You have to use miracle grow they say. I just chuckle, thinking they just opened up a can of worms, and worms love rabbit manure! Now I get to discuss all about rabbits and there purpose on the homestead, the conversation will start about the many benefits and uses of rabbit manure. I am determined to spread the word of raising rabbits, and all the many benefits that go with it .
Rabbit poop fertilizer can truly change a garden; and if you have rabbits you have an endless supply of droppings at your disposal. Why not make that waste into something you can use for an amazing garden? Rabbit manure can also be found in prepackaged bags or obtained from rabbit farmers.
There are two schools of thought on applying rabbit manure to the garden. Some gardeners are cautious about potential pathogens and prefer to toss them onto the compost pile as a precaution. For some, adding poop to your veggie garden sounds (on some level) suspect.
I'll be honest, I haven't heard of there ever being a problem - but it's worth mentioning especially if you're adding them to a vegetable garden. Then there are those gardeners that apply the rabbit pellets directly to the garden without a second thought. This is one of my practices; but I'm daring like that.
Rabbit manure is one of the best manures for your organic gardens! It will increase poor soil by improving soil structure and also improving the life cycle of the beneficial microorganisms in the soil. Rabbits are very good at producing an excellent source of manure. It is rich in many nutrients and very simple to use. One doe and her offspring will produce over one ton of manure in a year.
Give Transplants a Boost
When you are digging a new hole for a transplant to your garden, add a little rabbit poop into the whole before putting the plant in. This give the roots and instant fertilizer to tap into.
Rabbit manure is packed with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and many minerals, lots of micro-nutrients, plus many other beneficial trace elements such as calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, manganese, sulfur, copper, and cobalt just to name a few.
Rabbit manure has four times more nutrients than cow or horse manure and is twice as rich as chicken manure. Cow, horse and chicken manure are considered “hot” and need to be composted (well-rotted) to use as fertilizers.
N – P – K VALUES –
Rabbit= N- 2.4 P- 1.4 K- .60, Chicken=N- 1.1 P-.80 K- .50, Sheep=N- .70 P- .30 K-.60, Horse=N- .70 P-.30 K- .60, Steer=N- .70 P-.30 K-.40, Dairy Cow=N- .25 P-.15 K-.25 As you can see by the nutrient values of farm manures and how they measure up and rabbit manure really shines! Rabbit manure also doesn’t smell as strong as other manures making it easy to use.
Nitrogen(N)- Rabbit manure is higher in nitrogen than sheep, goat, pig, chicken, cow or horse manure. Plants need nitrogen to produce a lush green growth. Nitrogen helps plants grow greener and stronger helping the plant reach its full potential. This is great for all those quick growing salad greens! Great for the early growth of tomatoes, corn, and many other vegetables.
Phosphorus(P)- Rabbit manure is also higher in phosphorus than the other manures. It helps with the transformation of solar energy to chemical energy. Which in turn helps with proper plant growth. Phosphorus also helps plants to withstand stress. Phosphorus in the soil encourages more and bigger blossoms helping with flowering and fruiting also great for root growth.
Potassium(K)- Potassium helps with fruit quality and reduction of disease plants will not grow without it. Plants use potassium as an enzyme to produce proteins and sugars.They also uses potassium to control water content.
More than just the awsome NPK values of rabbit manure it is loaded with a host of micro-nutrients as well as organic matter that improves soil structure, drainage, and moisture retention. Vegetable gardens, pastures, and flower gardens all will benefit from using rabbit manure. It helps retain soil moisture and soil structure.
Rabbit manure is one of the few fertilizers that will not burn your plants when added directly to the garden and can be safely used on food plants. Use it fresh, straight from under the hutch. It does not burn plants. Use the pellets to topdress your lawn, mulch roses, vegetables, flower beds and ornamental plantings, or supercharge your compost pile and create an earthworm heaven.
Grab a handful from under the hutch and use it as is, or work it into the topsoil. Rabbit manure at first glance many seem to be less powerful than commercial fertilizers but in reality they are better and healthier for your garden providing food and nourishment for your plants as well as earthworms and other beneficial animals and microorganisms in your soil. So why use chemical additives that are know to kill all soil life. Some manures have to be aged so they do not harm your garden, Bunny Berries can be used fresh as is. This is also a very organic way to add nutrients back to you soil.
Use It As Is – “Bunny Berries” – Because rabbit manure is dry,odorless,and in pellet form makes it suitable for direct use in the garden. It can be applied any time of the year and helps give your plants a boost during the growing season or as a storehouse of nutrients when applied in the late fall and winter. Because it is considered a cold manure there is no threat of burning plants and roots. So use it as a top- dressing, mulch around plants, bury in the ground under transplants or just working it into the soil right from the rabbit. This is the easiest way to use your Super fertilizer! Grab a handful and add it to your garden today. The Berries are a time release capsule of goodness for your soil. This is the way i use it the most in my gardens, so the next time you find yourself knee deep in rabbit poop just add it to your garden!

Compost It – Composting rabbit manure is an easy process and the end result will be ideal fertilizer for gardens plants and crops. Simply add to your compost bin or pile and add in equal amounts of dry straw or shaving to the manure. you can also mix in your usally composted materials grass clippings, leaves ,kitchen scraps. Mix with a pitchfork and keep the pile moist not saturated you may have to cover it with a tarp. It will take any were from a few months to a year depending on how often you turn it. I have heard some of my composting friends complaining that their compost pile will not heat up. The poop/urine/shaving mix is the best compost activator i have seen. Add it, turn it, and it will heat up! If you can get your hands on even a small bucket of this mix every now and then you and your compost pile will be in nitrogen heaven as far as composting rabbit manure goes rabbit manure is nitrogen on steroids it will get your pile hot and breaking down at accelerated rates. If you can get your hands on even a small pail of rabbit poop every once in a while, you'll be in nitrogen heaven as far as composting goes. Bunny gold is nitrogen on steroids; it really gets a pile going. If you have rabbits, you'll never be at a loss for a green (nitrogen) source for your compost pile.
Manure Tea – “Bunny Brew” – Rabbit manure tea is the colored water that manure has been steeped in and is full of nutrients making a concentrated liquid organic garden fertilizer! The nutrients from the manure dissolve easily into the water were it can be added to sprayers or watering cans. To make the tea, put a heaping shovel full of rabbit manure in a burlap bag or porous cloth with the four corners tied together. Put the bag in a 5 gallon bucket and fill with water. Allow it to seep in the warm sunshine for a week. Remove the bag and suspend it above the bucket until it stops dripping. You can speed up the process by putting manure directly into the bucket with the water and let it sit for 3 days, stirring daily. Then put some burlap over the top of another empty bucket (making a strainer) and pour thru the cloth to strain out the solids. Suspend the solids in the makeshift strainer above the bucket until it stops dripping. In both processes the solids will not have released all their nutrients to the tea, and they will still be a beneficial soil amendment (put into the garden or compost pile). Rabbit poop compost tea is another fantastic option for that super rabbit poop fertilizer. To make it you’ll want to soak 2 cups of rabbit droppings in a 5 gallon bucket full of water. Keep that tea covered and only uncover once a day for stirring. Make sure you keep your brew as far away from the house as possible because the flies love this stuff! It will take about 3 – 5 days for the poo to completely breakdown, settling at the bottom (it won’t dissolve completely). But keep the brewing tea in a warm, sunny, spot for best results. If you have many plants, you may want to use a big barrel by using the ratio of 1 part manure to 5 parts water. To use the Tea, dilute it until it is about the color of kitchen tea, which should be about one cup of the concentrated manure tea to a gallon of water. Use it to dip every new plant before you transplant them. Dip only the root ball, until bubbles stop coming to the surface (also do this to trees and shrubs before transplanting). Also wet furrows before planting, and fill holes with it before you plant trees or shrubs. Wait until it is all absorbed into the soil allowing all the nutrients to permeate the nearby soil of the plant you are planting. Making and using manure tea is a great way to give your garden crops the extra boost they need for optimal health and growth. Give once a week as a fertilizer and throw out your miracle grow! Experience will tell how often to use and how much. Now that you know how to make bunny brew, you can use it all the time to give your plants that extra boost!
Growing worms- Although fresh rabbit manure is considered one of the best organic garden fertilizers it is also the best worm feed and bedding. You can grow and raise worms directly in the rabbit droppings under cages, or hutches, or making boxes and adding the manure to those. Rabbit manure along with wasted feed makes some of the best worm feed there is. When properly cared for red worms eliminate unsightly manure piles, odor and fly problems. The best worm to use is the red worm or red wiggler(Eisenia fetida). You should have about 200 to 400 worms per square foot of surface area. To start off add bedding material to the bed. Bedding could be any combination of carbon material-shredded paper,decomposing leaves, hay, straw, peat moss, ect. Remember that worms cannot eat dry rabbit manure so maintain moisture level so the bedding is damp. Worms do not like salt and rabbit urine contains salt so you must remember to remove wet urine spots regularly adding them to the compost or directly to the garden. Keep adding a thin layer of your carbon material of choice to cover the surface of the bedding and loosen the bedding occasionally with a fork do not use a shovel(worms do not like being cut in half).The rabbits and worms will do the rest. You can remove and harvest worms and replace bedding every 3 to 4 months, if the worms are doing their job. The Benefits Of Raising Worms With Rabbits For Sustainability will be a good one! If you have an outside worm or vermicompost bin you can add your rabbit poop into worm farms; red wigglers especially love rabbit poo. You’ll want to combine the droppings with materials like straw, newspaper and coconut coir.
Making Methane- This is something you can experimenting with a 55 and 30 gallon barrel the 30 gallon nesting inside the 55 gallon barrel with a slurry of rabbit manure, shavings and urine mix being anaerobic composted to make methane.

Traditional tale tells how buzzards got 'scraggly'

Local residents gathered around to listen to old tribal tales Wednesday, as Janelle Adair from Cherokee Nation Cultural Tourism recounted some of her favorite stories during Stories on the Square in Tahlequah.

Adair likes to call her tales "creation stories," because they tell how something came to be the way it is.

One creature that's easily noticed for being different is the buzzard. But according to Adair, it wasn't always as "scraggly-looking" as it appears today.

"The old people will tell you that before the humans were here, the animals were here. Well, there was this one bird, named Suli," Adair said. "And he didn't look the way he does today. A long time ago, that buzzard was beautiful. He had jet-black feathers all over his body. On the top of his head, he had this long, beautiful plume of black feathers and he knew he was so good-looking."

Just like how humans have responsibilities today, a "beautiful buzzard" like Suli had his own duties to perform. The job for large birds like the raven, crow, eagle and buzzard was to eat dead animals.

"Now they would eat dead things, because even back then, if something died, you can't just leave it out there, because it gets all stinky," Adair said. "So they had to go out and eat it. That buzzard, though, he was so good-looking that he felt like that was such a nasty job, he shouldn't have to do it."

Adair added that humans don't really like to clean up after other people.

"Those other birds don't like it, either," she said.

So one day, all of the other birds were up in their tree, with nothing nice to say about their fellow bird, Suli. They talked about how lazy he was and how he was never around when there was work to be done.

"Underneath that tree was our trickster, Jistu the rabbit," Adair said. "Now the rabbit, he's not mean-hearted, but he often times gets himself into trouble. That rabbit tries to set things into balance, and when he sees something that he doesn't like, he'll just fix it, not even thinking about the consequences."

After listening to all of the birds complain about how lazy Suli was, Jistu decided that he agreed with them, and that something should be done to put the buzzard back in his place. The rabbit then hatched a plan, but couldn't pull it off without the help of another animal: a bison.

After thinking about it all day, the bison reluctantly agreed to help Jistu with his plan.

"The next day, the sun is coming up and it's a hot, hot day," Adair said. "All the birds are sitting up in their tree and they're all hanging out. Surprisingly, Suli is up there with them. All of a sudden, they see that bison come up over the hill and he's walking really slow."

Up in their tree, the birds didn't even notice the bison walking toward him, until he began acting strangely.

"All of a sudden, he almost falls down, kicking up a bunch of dust in the air," said Adair. "He catches himself, though, and he starts walking slower and slower. As [the birds] are looking at him, he's swaying back and forth and lets out this deep bellow that vibrates across the area."

In that moment, the bison fell to the ground, dead.

"Now all of the birds start talking to each other, 'Oh my gosh, I can't believe I just saw that,'" Adair said. "'That bison died. I just talked to him yesterday.'"

After some discussion among the birds in their tree, the eagle -- who was the leader -- told Suli not to go anywhere, because of all the work that had to be done.

"That buzzard knows that talk about him," said Adair. "And he knows it's true, because he knows he doesn't work. He doesn't like to. But, he also knows that if helps them today with that big bison, they'll get off his back."

Suli ended up making a deal with the other birds. In return for staying and eating the bison, he got the first bite. Suli was excited about the bison, because he knew it was fresh meat.

'While all of this is happening, that bison isn't really dead," said Adair. "This bison is just playing dead and he can hear them talking about who's going to eat him first. Well, that bison can't stand it anymore. He lifts his huge head up, opens his mouth and slams it down on whatever he can get ahold of."

What the bison managed to grab ahold of was Suli's head. After dragging around the buzzard by its head for a few minutes, Suli finally freed himself. After examining himself for a brief moment, he realized that every feather on the top of his head had been ripped off by the bison.

"Just 10 minutes ago, he was probably the most beautiful animal he had ever seen," Adair said. "Now look at him. To this day, when you see that buzzard, he doesn't hang around with those other birds anymore. It's pretty much just him and the other buzzards. And also to this day, that buzzard will never eat fresh meat, because he remembers what that bison did to him."

Adair said that today, humans have acquired some of the traits of animals, including the buzzard.

"We have people that act like that buzzard, but we also have people that act like that rabbit," she said. "So you better be careful, because you might come across a rabbit and they'll put you right back in your place."



© Copyrighted

Nov 27, 2017

Laughing Orange Studio

[caption id="attachment_330" align="aligncenter" width="259"] Front of Laughing Orange House[/caption]


I was introduced to the wonderful pottery of Laughing Orange Studio two years ago at the Annual Virginia Clay festival in Stanardsville Virginia.

At the festival I purchased a pair of orange bowls that have a rabbit in the bottom of the bowl with outlines of the rabbits bones. She called it the rabbit skeleton or pirate bowls.
Now this story is from the Artisan’s Center of Virginia where she was their featured artist to tell, not just her story, but to tell the story of the artists in Virginia and the importance of their work on the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Connecting the Dots, Susie’s Story!

The first dot in Susie Wilburn’s artisan journey was in college where she was introduced to the potter’s wheel as an apprentice in the school’s ceramics program. She spent two years mixing clay and perfecting her ceramic production skills. While she loved what she was doing, the demands were heavy on top of a busy class load, so she decided to drop the apprenticeship in order to complete her degree.
After graduation, she began a 25 year career journey in the printing industry, all the while feeling a nagging regret about leaving the ceramics program. She longed to get her hands back into the clay. Three decades later, in 2010 she was given a used potter’s wheel as a gift, and the dream of returning to the craft she had missed for so long, became a closer reality. Her throwing skills quickly returned and the artisan passion she had in college was reignited. The following year, when she was laid off from her print job, so she decided to embark on a new path and become an entrepreneurial potter….start a business.
Not long after making this decision, Susie was introduced to the Artisans Center of Virginia during an Artisan Trail development meeting in her county. The dots began to connect. She went home excited, feeling she had found her “peeps” and she joined and became committed to helping to bring her community’s artisan trail to life. Additionally inspired by a fellow artisan who had just become an ACV Juried Artisan, Susie challenged herself to do the same. Influenced by her graphic skills and the natural world around her, she invented a new and playful style with her clay forms. She applied to the ACV Jury that following September and was accepted.
“Without the ACV and their encouragement, I wouldn’t have had the opportunity I now have of fulfilling my dream of being a potter. Their efforts to educate, provide resources and promote Virginia artisans, both craft & agri‐artisan is extensive and I certainly appreciate all that they do and the potential they see for other artisans, like myself.” ~ Susie Wilburn, Laughing Orange Studio ~
An ACV Juried Artisan and on the O Shenandoah Artisan Trail, Susie is growing her business and developing her clientele. Her work is ever‐evolving. She takes advantage of all of the tools and assistance the Artisans Center of Virginia provides throughout her community and beyond. The dots of her artisan journey continue to connect as her career as a successfully artist emerges.


How was your Thanksgiving?
Did you travel?
What was your favorite dish?
Tell me a little about yourself... where are you from?
Where did you grow up?
How long have you been making pottery?
Do you think your work should be put on a shelf to be admired, or do you make pottery for everyday use?
Can you explain the process for making pottery?
How did you come up with the name for the studio?
Have you always made pottery with rabbits?
How did you and Tang meet?
How old is Tang?
Do you know what breed of rabbit Tang is?
What is the most challenging pottery?
Anything else you'd like to mention that I didn't ask?

Holiday Open Studio Tour December 2, 2017 – December 3, 2017 Laughing Orange Studio, 3397 Hillcrest Dr, Toms Brook, VA 22660, United States

Mountain Courier Ad 2015R6_


FolkTale:  The Farmer and the Tanuki
The Tanuki is an animal that is unfamiliar to the west. Usually it is translated as "raccoon dog" as it looks a bit like a cross between those two animals. In Japanese folklore, tanuki play a role similar to the fox in European folktales. They are clever and play mean tricks on people, and also have the ability to shapeshift.

Tanuki By Iwanafish- Cropped.jpg

Mukashi mukashi ... (once upon a time) deep in the mountains, there lived an honest old farmer and his wife. Their closest neighbor was a mischievous tanuki, who would run out at night and spoil their fields. At least, he did so much damage to the farm that the farmer could take no more. He set many traps for the animal and one day was finally rewarded. The farmer bound the tanuki tightly with many ropes and brought him home, where he said to his wife, "At last I have caught the bad tanuki. You must watch him during the day while I work in the fields, and do not let him escape, because I want to make him into soup tonight!" And he hung up the tanuki from the rafters and went out to work.

The tanuki, of course, did not relish the idea of being made into soup, so he thought hard, trying to come up with a plan. Finally, as he watched the farmer's wife pounding barley, he had an idea.

"Grandmother," said the cunning beast, "you must be weary doing so much work. My arms are very strong. Let me work for a little while while you take a rest."

"I thank you for your kindness," replied the old lady, "but I must not untie you, because you might escape if I did, and then my husband would be very angry."

The tanuki said in a gentle voice, "You are unkind. I am so tired and sore tied up like this. I swear to you that I will not try to escape. Let me pound the barley, and when I am finished, you may tie me up again, and your husband will be none the wiser. Please let me down, if only for a few minutes!"

The old woman had a soft heart and a simple nature and could not think badly of anyone. So she cut down the tanuki and gave him the wooden pestle so that he could begin pounding the barley. But instead, the evil tanuki hit the old woman on the head and killed her. Then he cut her up and made soup out of her, and waited for the farmer to return home after assuming the old woman's appearance.

As the farmer entered his house, the tanuki said, "There you are, husband! I have made the soup and have been waiting a long time." He served a bowl to the old man, and then suddenly transformed back into his real shape. "You wife-eating old man!" cried the tanuki. "Look for the bones in the kitchen!" And with that, the evil animal fled back into the hills, laughing.

The poor farmer was heartbroken at what had happened. He wailed aloud. "Oh my wife! I cannot believe that I nearly ate you!" He cried and sobbed so loudly and for so long that his neighbor, a good-natured and wise old rabbit, came to see what was wrong. When the rabbit heard the story of what had happened, he said, "The tanuki has caused enough trouble. It's time to put an end to his evil ways." And he vowed to avenge the farmer's wife's death.

The next day was sunny and fine, and the rabbit went out to find the tanuki. When the rabbit finally spotted him, he called out, "Come out with me and we will cut grass on the hills together!" Because of this, the tanuki believed that the rabbit was unaware of what he had done to the farmer's wife, and he came out willingly. The rabbit led them miles away to the hills where the grass grew thick and sweet. When each of them had cut a full bundle, they tied their bundles onto their backs and set off home.

The path was narrow and the rabbit made the tanuki go first. The rabbit took out flint and steel and set the tanuki's bundle of grass on fire. The tanuki heard the noise and asked, "What is that noise that goes crack-crack?"

The rabbit said, "Oh, that is nothing. I said crack, crack because this mountain is called Crackling Mountain."

As the fire spread in the tanuki's bundle, he asked, "Now what is that?"

"We have come to Burning Mountain," answered the rabbit.

By this time the whole bundle was nearly burned away and had burned a fair bit of the tanuki's fur as well. Screaming with pain, the tanuki ran back to his hole. The rabbit found him there, moaning and groaning miserably.

"Oh dear," said that rabbit, "you are quite unlucky. I can't imagine what happened. I will bring you some medicine to heal your back quickly!"

The rabbit went home and mixed up an ointment that contained a good deal of red pepper. He returned to the tanuki's home and said, "Here I am. This is a wonderful paste that will make you feel better in no time!" He spread it all over the tanuki's burned backside. As the tanuki howled in agony, the rabbit began to feel that the farmer's wife was beginning to be avenged.

Unfortunately, the tanuki did recover from his burns, so about a month later, the rabbit invited the tanuki to go fishing with him on the ocean. He had built two boats, one of wood and another of clay. The rabbit gave the clay boat to the tanuki, who did not know any better. When they reached the ocean, the rabbit proposed a race. Both animals got into their boats and rowed as fast as they could. But sure enough, the tanuki's clay boat soon began to soften and fall apart.

"Help me!" the tanuki cried, "My boat is sinking!"

"You evil animal," replied the rabbit, "this is only what you deserve for so cruelly murdering the farmer's wife. Begone and plague us no more!" And he hit the tanuki over the head with his oar until the tanuki disappeared under the waves.

When the rabbit returned to the old farmer and told him what had happened, the old man wept tears of thankfulness. He begged the rabbit to stay with him and so they lived together as the best of friends until the end of their days.

Word of the Week: Learning

© Copyrighted

Nov 22, 2017

One of the newest rabbit breeds, named for the mane of long hair standing up in a fringe around the head. They are small rabbits, lively and energetic but good-natured. The Lionhead is a fairly short-furred little rabbit, with the exception of a mane of long wool around the face, neck, and possibly low on the flanks. They do look a like little lions.
The Lionhead gene is the first major mutation in rabbits since the Satin in 1932, and unlike other fur gene mutations it is dominant. This means that a Lionhead rabbit crossed with a normal rabbit will still pass on the 'mane' gene to some offspring, producing more Lionheads.
We are going to explore the origins of the LionHead rabbit.
There are differing accounts of where the Lionhead mutation first occured; some sources say it originated in Belgium, as a result of crossing Swiss Fox with Belgian Dwarf rabbits to create a long-coated dwarf rabbit, with the progeny then bred with the Dwarf Angora.
Introduction to the Lionhead Breed
Over in Europe...
There has been a lot of speculation on how the Lionhead rabbit began. Bob Whitman, who was a very knowledgeable rabbit history buff and enthusiast, spent many hours researching the beginnings of this breed. He believed that the precursor of the Lionhead dated back decades earlier than first thought. Another widely held belief holds that they originated in Belgium in a litter of bunnies that was the result of the crossbreeding of the Swiss Fox and a Belgian Dwarf in which a genetic mutation produced an early version of the mane we have come to recognize on today's' Lionhead. Other crosses to a smaller wool type breed may have also been included in the crossbreeding. Some sources list the Jersey Wooly, although more accurately it would be the European Dwarf Angora (in the USA we have no Dwarf Angora so the name Jersey Wooly was added here).
In the early 1960's the Lionhead rabbit appeared as a genetic mutation in a litter of rabbits in France and in crossbred litters in Belgium. The breeders were actually trying to produce a long-coated Dwarf. The parents of the crossbred litter was a Swiss Fox and a Belgian Dwarf.
The exact trail of their development has been lost, however rabbits with "beards" were present in France in the mid-1960's. Ms. Meg Brown, renowned rabbit expert of Scotland, reported that these "bearded rabbits" closely resembled today's lionheads.
Many experts believe that the lionhead rabbit originates from a crossing between a Swiss Fox and a Netherland dwarf rabbit, there is however no scientific evidence. Others state that the lionhead is a crossing between a Jersey Wooly and a Netherland dwarf but they can’t support their hypothesis with evidence. Although it is not likely that we will ever find out their true origination we can assume it is one of the mentioned theories.
An undesirable trait in the Dwarf Angora, attempts were made to set the gene in a new breed, 'Téte de Lion'. Whatever its origins, the Lionhead certainly originated in Europe, and the Dwarf Angora played an important role in its early development.
Belgian breeder Mr. Ronny de Clerq began breeding Lionheads in 1970. Through in-breeding and cross-breeding, he is credited with stabilizing and enhancing the breed as it is known today. At first weighing 3 kg (6.6 pounds) or so, he crossed his Lionhead bunnies with smaller dwarf breeds. This reduced the size of the breed, and it also introduced multiple color genes into the gene pool.
Later, the breed was imported into England where continued crossbreeding of small breed rabbits and additional wool breeds were done. These cross-breedings made in Europe and in England created the current EUROPEAN LIONHEAD RABBIT. The one thing that we know for sure is that the result of the Lionhead, however they came about, was the first true gene mutation since the 1930's.
Here in America...
The first Lionheads that were used as a basis for any concentrated breeding programs in the United States were imported in 2000 by the late JoAnne Statler of Minnesota. In the following years, other breeders brought additional stock into this country. Tom Coats of Maryland, Theresa Mueller and Cheryl Rafoth of Washington State, Toni Tubbs, also of Washington and the late Bob Whitman of Rare Bits & Pieces in Texas also imported Lionheads from Europe. These imports, along with hybridizations made throughout the United States have produced the American version of the Lionhead Rabbit as we know it today.
The five Lionheads that were first brought into Northern Minnesota were of very different varieties: a Silver Tipped Steel doe, a dark Siamese Sable buck(carrier of the Harlequin and Steel), a Harlequin (Black/Orange) doe, a Broken Chestnut Agouti buck and a Black sport buck (with a Dutch blaze, a carrier of the Vienna/BEW gene). In an attempt to broaden the gene pool, several Minnesota breeders began crossing the Lionheads to various other small breeds such as Netherland Dwarf, Britannia Petite, Polish, and Florida White. Holland Lops have also been used by some in the Lionhead breeding program.
The North American Lionhead Rabbit Club was born...
The North American Lionhead Rabbit Club (NALRC) was founded on September 29th, 2001 at the Minnesota State Rabbit Breeders Association State Show held in Elk River, Minnesota. Since then, I have grown to a club of over 300 members. The NALRC hosts a National Lionhead Rabbit show the first weekend in May in Columbus, Ohio each year. The club publishes an information packed quarterly Newsletter called the Mane Musings, and all new members receive a Guidebook and membership card. Each calendar year, the NALRC sponsors a Lionhead Sweepstakes contest.
The first NALRC National Exhibition Show was held...
The first NALRC National Lionhead Exhibition Show was held in May of 2003 in Columbus Ohio. The show was judged by Eric Bengtson. The show had an overwhelming entry of 204 Lionheads. At that first show, Lionheads were shown the same way as the Netherland Dwarf breed with varieties judged first, followed by selection of best in each group.
This type of judging was used in hopes of persuading the ARBA to revisit the question of allowing the Lionhead Breed to enter the ARBA Standard Book as a breed shown in groups and not varieties. When the ARBA Standards Committee met during the 2003 ARBA Convention, a formal request made by Bob Whitman to make that change was denied.
Every year since the first show in 2003, the NALRC continued to hold an annual National Lionhead Exhibition Show on the first Saturday in May, in Columbus, OH in conjunction with the Ohio State Rabbit Breeders Association (OSRBA) annual show. Varieties on COD were judged individually, and all competed for Best of Breed. NALRC will continue to hold a national breed show in the Spring every year, but with the recognition of the breed came the ability for ARBA chartered clubs to bid to host the specialty in other areas of the country.
The Lionhead is one of the newest rabbit breeds and has been developed following a genetic mutation that causes the growth of a longer 'mane' of hair around the head. In nature, mutations occur quite frequently, and many breeds result from a mutation that is fixed through a selective breeding programme.
Rabbits with the 'mane' gene were imported to Britain and bred with other small wool breeds and Dwarf breeds, to develop the Lionhead breed as we know it today. The Netherland Dwarf has had a particularly strong influence in establishing the compact body shape and small ears of the breed standard, and also introducing a wide variety of colors.
Some people refer to this breed as Lionhaired, which is not an official name but generally understood to be a collective term referring to the hair type, the miniature version and the lop eared version, the mini-lion lop or dwarf lionhead.
Sometimes the Lionhead rabbit is referred to as the 'Teddy Bear' rabbit, but this is also incorrect, as this name was initially linked to the Angora breed.
Chronological History of the Lionhead Rabbit for the BRC
1995 Derek Medlock and Joyce Taylor were in Bruges for a rabbit show. A friend was collecting 12 Lionheads and Derek and Joyce, having already been introduced to the Lionhead at the Cambridge show by Mary Page went with him. When they arrived there were 21 rabbits and Joyce said that she would like the ones that their friend did not want. She was given the choice of color and chose Sooty Fawn, the rest as they say, is history.
Recognition in UK
It took more than 4 years to complete the process. Already in 1998 the Breeds Standards Committee (BSC) had a meeting where they spoke about the Lionhead breed. A year later a standard was proposed to the BSC to which they agreed. In the following years the working standard was accepted and an official lionhead club was founded. This club became part of the much broader rare varieties club.
1999 A proposed standard was put to the Breed Standards Committee and agreed provisionally. Mr and Mrs Gaunt were to be secretaries of the Lionhead Club under the umbrella of the Rare Varieties Club. Clarinette Stud were Best Unstandardised with a Harlequin buck at Bradford
As from the year 2000 several presentations were held at the Bradfrord Championship Show in different colors.
In 2000 The Working Standard was agreed by the Breed Standards Committee with the ring size to be 'C'. First Presentation of the Harlequin Lionhead at Bradford Championship show. You may be interested to know that the Judge was Mrs. Pam Honour, she was obviously impressed as she is now breeding and showing Lionheads. Clarinette Stud went Best Unstandardised with a Blue Lionhead.
London Championship show - 1st presentation by Dee Millen of Agouti, Chin, Opal, Magpie and in partnership with Carmill Stud - Red Eyed White.
2001 The 2nd Presentation of the Harlequin Lionhead at Bradford Championship Show.
1st Presentation of the Blue Lionhead at Bradford.
2nd Presentation of Agouti, Opal, Magpie and REW, The Chinchilla had, with permission from BRC, changed homes to Sandoval Stud.
2002 Schlegel and Davies were Best Unstandardised with a Chocolate Lionhead
The third and final Presentation of the Harlequin Lionhead. (Harley, the rabbit that won Best Unstandardised in 1999 was in this Presentation)
2nd Presentation of Blue Lionhead at Bradford
The major breakthrough was at the first of may in 2002. Just several days after the latest Bradford show ended the British Rabbit Council (BRC) decided to officially recognize the Lionhead rabbit breed. The BRC standardized the Lionhead rabbit in all of its available colors.
A week after Bradford the BRC Management Committee agreed to standardize the Lionhead in all recognized colors from May 1st. Therefore there are no restrictions for showing your lionhead in the UK, all colors can compete for best of breed and best in show
March 23rd - National Lionhead Rabbit Club granted official recognition as the National Club for the breed.
May 5th - First stock show at Southern Championship show at Bognor Regis.

Recognition in US
I will circle back on some of the history we already covered to explain how the recognition developed.
Bob Whitman, whom we have discussed on other episodes, was a highly respected rabbit enthusiast, breeder and author on all things rabbit and particularly enjoyed the more unusual breeds.
He passionately researched rabbit history on his favorite breeds and spent many hours researching the beginnings of the Lionhead breed. He also held a COD for this breed. He believed the Belgian dwarf and Silver fox cross theory and also that other crosses to a smaller wool type breed may have also been included in the crossbreeding. Bob wrote a very good book called 'Domestic Rabbits and their Histories' which includes descriptions about the Lionhead rabbit breed, which we will have a link to in the show notes.
Further development involved European Dwarf Angora also known as a Jersey Wooly in the USA. Later, the breed was imported into England where continued crossbreeding of small breed rabbits and additional wool breeds were done.
This crossbreeding made in Europe and in England created the current European Lionhead rabbit we know today.

In contrast with their relatively late arrival in the United States the Lionhead Rabbit was already very popular in Europe during the late eighties. The first Lionheads that were used as a basis for any concentrated breeding programs in the United States were imported in 2000 by the late JoAnne Statler of Minnesota. In the following years, other breeders brought in additional stock of which Bob Whitman was one, who also imported Lionheads from Europe. These imports, along with hybrids made throughout the United States, have produced the American version of the Lionhead that we see today.
The first lionhead rabbit was imported in 2000, it would however take more than 14 years before the standard committee of the American Rabbit Breeders Association would stand (ARBA) would officially recognize the lionhead rabbit breed.
The five Lionheads that were first taken into Northern Minnesota were of very different varieties:
Silver Tipped Steel doe
Dark Siamese Sable buck (carrier of the Harlequin and Steel)
Harlequin (Black/Orange) doe
Broken Chestnut Agouti buck
Black sport buck (with a Dutch blaze, a carrier of the Vienna/BEW gene)
In an attempt to broaden the gene pool, several Minnesota breeders began crossing the Lionheads to various other small breeds such as Netherland Dwarf, Britannia Petite, Polish, and Florida White. Holland Lops have also been used by some in the Lionhead breeding program which went on to produce lop eared mini lions.
The North American Lionhead Rabbit Club was founded on September 29th, 2001 at the Minnesota State Rabbit Breeders Association State Show held in Elk River, Minnesota. The first NALRC National Lionhead Exhibition Show was held in May of 2003 in Columbus Ohio. The show had an overwhelming entry of 204 Lionheads. At that first show, Lionheads were shown the same way as the Netherland Dwarf breed with varieties judged first, followed by selection of best in each group.
The first attempt to get the breed recognized in the United States was made by Arden Wetzel of Minnesota who held the first COD for the breed. He made his first presentation attempt in 2004 during the ARBA Convention held in Rhode Island. The attempt in 2004 failed in all five colors. He then made a second attempt in 2005 at the ARBA Convention in Indiana. Arden was successful in Tortoise in 2005 which meant the breed moved forward in Tortoise only.
As of 1 February 2014 the ARBA officially recognized the breed in the varieties Tortoise and Ruby Eyed White (REW).
hope of persuading the ARBA to revisit the question of allowing the Lionhead breed to enter the ARBA Standard Book as a breed shown in groups and not varieties.
When the ARBA Standards Committee met during the 2003 ARBA Convention, a formal request made by Bob Whitman to make that change was denied.

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COD "Certificate of Development"
The COD process involves presenting the breed to the ARBA Standards committee at the organization's annual convention and show. This process requires that there be three successful presentations within five years in order for the breed to become recognized, and included in the ARBA Standard of Perfection.
At this time there are several Certification of Development (COD) holders that try to get their variety officially recognized. In order to achieve this they must have 3 successful show presentations, this has to happen within 5 years.
The current breed COD presenter is Theresa Mueller of Seattle, Washington. She made her first successful presentation at the 2010 ARBA Convention in Minneapolis, MN in November, 2010 in the varieties of REW, Black Tortoiseshell and Black.
In November 2011, at the 88th ARBA Convention in Indianapolis, Indiana, the Mueller Lionhead presentation was assessed one fail in each variety (REW, Black Tortoiseshell and Black) due to disqualification of one junior animal in each variety having transitional wool on the flanks that exceeded the allowable maximum length. The ARBA Standards Committee then allowed Mueller to make a few changes to her proposed working breed standard, and also allowed the grouping all four varieties of Tortoiseshell (black, blue, chocolate and lilac) for her 2012 presentation.
In October 2012, at the ARBA Convention in Wichita, Kansas, the Ruby-Eyed White (REW) and Black Tortoiseshell passed their next attempt at second presentation, therefore both varieties needed one more successful presentation at the ARBA Convention in October 2013 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania for the breed to become recognized. The black variety did not pass, which ended Mueller's presentation process for that variety.
In October 2013 the lionheads passed the evaluation by the standards committee in the colors of Ruby Eyed White and Tortoise. Those colors will are the only recognized colors, for now.
Beginning with the 2014 ARBA convention in Ft.Worth, Texas other colors will begin the presentation process and attempt to also become accepted, show-able colors.
As of February 1st, 2014 they have been eligible to show for Best in Show and receive legs of Grand Champion like any other of the accepted breeds.
Despite the growing number of Lionhead breeders and excellent Lionheads crossing the unofficial show tables every year, the new breed turned out to be a hard sell to the ARBA. Eventually, however, certificates of development were issued.
Lionheads finally passed their third showing at the 2013 ARBA convention, and have been eligible for competition at ARBA shows since February 2014.
As of February 1, 2014, Lionheads have become officially recognized in the United States as the 48th rabbit breed of the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) in the varieties of Tortoise (all 4 colors) and REW.
This means that Lionheads in those varieties will be eligible to win legs of Grand Champion and compete with other breeds for Best In Show at ARBA sanctioned shows. They are also able to be registered with ARBA in REW and Tort, and receive certificates of Grand Champion. As of December 1, 2016 Chocolate and Seal were added to the list of recognized ARBA varieties.
Per ARBA rules, show secretaries are not obligated to accept entries in any other variety except Tortoise, REW, Chocolate and Seal; however, most varieties on COD will most likely be allowed to be shown for exhibition, as may other colors that are not on COD. This means that they will be allowed to compete for Best of Variety (BOV) and Best Opposite Sex of Variety (BOSV), but will not be allowed to compete for legs of Grand Champion, Best of Breed (BOB), Best Opposite Sex (BOS) or Best In Show (BIS).
Congratulations on the acceptance of the following new breed varieties at the 2016 ARBA National Convention in Del Mar, California: Lilac Havana, Chocolate & Seal Lionheads, Himalayan & Squirrel Mini Satins, and Blue New Zealand.
Current Variety CODs: Chocolate, and Seal HAVE SUCCESSFULLY PASSED THE PRESENTATION PROCESS AND WILL BE ADDED TO THE BREED STANDARD AS RECOGNIZED VARIETIES EFFECTIVE DECEMBER 1, 2016. Sable Point and Siamese Sable will make their attempts at successful 3rd Presentation in Indy in 2017. BEW (Blue-eyed White) will be eligible to present in 2017. Black has recently been awarded a COD and will be eligible to begin the presentation process in 2018.
Recognition in Europe?
Strangely, the Lionhead rabbit is not a recognized breed in Europe nor has it been standardized anywhere. However there is an International Breeds Standard Confederation, otherwise known as The European Confederation of Rabbits, Pigeons and Poultry. (EE)
Just like the BRC and the ARBA, the EE will oversee any new European breed and it must be breeding true to the original progenitor for at least four to five years before initial acceptance.
Understanding how the hair genes work, will shed more light on their probable creation.
The gene that gives the lionhead its distinctive 'lion's mane' characteristic is a dominant gene, so breeding a pure-bred Lionhead with another rabbit will produce an animal with a the obvious mane and bib.
This gene mutation phenomena is the most recent major gene mutation to happen in rabbits since the Satin gene occurred in 1932.
From this mutation, breeders in Europe went on to develop this longer-haired breed of rabbit because of its striking mane and bib. Only a few Lionhead rabbit breeders have been given the official Certificate of Development, (COD).

The Lionhead is a small rabbit, weighing around 1.3-1.7kg (3-3¾lbs).
Lionhead rabbits have a compact, medium build with a short, broad and well-rounded body. The head is broad, slightly rounded and close-set on the body, with short, upright ears.
The Lionhead rabbit is a cobby, well rounded breed - Ring size C
Adult Weight: Ideal 2.5 lbs to 3.5lbs
Maximum 3.12 lbs
The Lionhead rabbit has a small, compact body, short, cobby and well rounded, the shoulders and chest broad and well filled. The head should be bold, with good width between the eyes but not quite round from all sides, with a well-developed muzzle. There should be no visible neck.
The hindquarters broad, deep and well rounded. Their legs are of medium length and they are of medium bone, not too fine with a stance to be high enough to show the full chest and mane.
The Lionhead ears are not to exceed 3 inches (7.5cm) long. They are upright open ears, well covered, of good substance, but not furnished as an Angora. The ears should be balanced with the head and body.
The Lionhead rabbit should have bold and bright, eyes. The white coated lionheads should have red or blue eyes (the BEW not accepted by the ARBA). The eyes of any other color should be as per color standard.
Self Varieties
Ruby Eyed White Lionhead

REW or Ruby Eyed White (Red Eyes)
Pure white coat and undercoat.

Notes: If the eyes are blue the rabbit is a BEW (Blue Eyed White).
black lionhead rabbit
Black (Brown Eyes)
Rich uniform black color over entire body. Undercoat is dark slate blue. Lionheads may have a slight diffusion of the black color in their wool due to the nature of the wool itself.
Newborns will be black on their entire body including belly and insides of the ears.

Lionhead Rabbit Varieties
The ARBA recognise the Lionhead breed in the following varieties:
Tortoise -

Ruby Eyed White - REW
The BRC recognize all colors as long as they conform to a recognized color and pattern.
The following color descriptions are based on the current breed standards, not all from the ARBA but will offer some guidance to the Lionhead colors and the way they can be seen on the breed, both in the adult rabbit and the kits.
Included below are notes on how the colors can be faulted, i.e. if a rabbit does not meet certain color guidelines for that color variety then they are faulted or disqualified from show.

Notes: Animals are faulted for having faded color, scattered white hairs, or a light under-color.
blue lionhead rabbit

Blue (Dark Blue/Grey Eyes)
Rich uniform blue color over entire body. Undercoat is also blue. Lionheads may have a slight diffusion of the blue color in their wool due to the nature of the wool itself.
Newborns will be blue on their entire body including belly and insides of the ears.

Notes: Animals are faulted for having faded color, scattered white hairs, or a light under-color.
Shaded Varieties
sable point lionhead

Sable Point (Brown Eyes)
The nose, ears, feet, and tail are to be a rich sepia brown. The color of the points is to fade rapidly to a rich creamy body surface color, which has a creamy white under-color. Darker shading is permissible around the eyes.
Newborns will almost look like REWs. Their points take a little bit to develop. Cold weather does affect their points and will make the points darker.

Notes: Animals are faulted for having streaks, blotches, or smut on the body. Point color that is so light as to lose the contrast with the body color is to be faulted. Scattered white hairs are also a fault. Animals having a white underside of tail are disqualified.

Siamese Sable (Brown Eyes)
The surface color is to be a rich sepia brown on the head, ears, back, outside of legs, and top of the tail. The surface color will fade to a lighter sepia on the sides, chest, belly, inside of legs, and underside of the tail. The dark face color is to fade from the eyes to the jaws and all blending of color is to be gradual and free from blotched or streaks. The under-color will be slightly lighter than the surface color.
Newborns will NOT be the dark rich color of the adults. They will be a light brown mocha color. Almost a silvery color with a brown tinge.

Notes: Animals are faulted that have streaks, blotched, or poor color blending. Scattered white hairs, or lack of darker color in the loin area is a fault.

Tortoise (Brown Eyes)
On adults the points (ears and face) will be very visible in a dark brown. The undercoat will be lighter than the surface.
Newborns will be orange on their back and head with dark flanks and dark insides and outsides of the ears. With the exception of the dark ears they will look like orange babies.

Notes: Animals with a white belly or underside of tail are disqualified.
Agouti Varieties

The Agouti variety has banded hair shafts. The best way to tell is if you can see the rings caused by the banded hair shaft when you blow into the fur.

Chestnut (Brown Eyes)
The surface color on the top and sides of the body is to be a light brown, ticked with jet black. The intermediate band is to be a well defined orange over a dark slate-blue under-color. The chest is to be a light brown over a dark slate-blue under-color. The under-color of the belly is to be slate-blue. The top of the tail is to be black, sparsely ticked with light brown, over a dark slate-blue under-color. The nape of the neck is to be orange, with the ears laced in black.
Newborns will have very dark bodies and will look similar to black newborns. The insides of the ears will be cream colored (black babies have dark ears inside and out). The first few days they will have pink underbellies. A week or so later they will have pearl white underbellies and tops of the feet.

Notes: Faults are given to animals that are too light or too dark in surface color, or too light in the color of the intermediary band or under=color. White toenails are a disqualification.

Chinchilla or Silver Agouti (Grey, Blue or Light Brown/Grey Eyes)
The fur should look silver with black ticking. Blue undercoat. The ears should be black laced. When you blow into the fur you should see prominent rings. This is caused by the banded hair shaft of an agouti. The rings should be off white and slate gray. Inside of the ears, feet, ring around eyes and nose should be pearl white. Underside of the tail and belly should be white or silver.
Notes: Animals are disqualified with extreme dark or light color, brown patches of color, or extreme brownish tinge in ring color. Animals without black lacing on ears are also disqualified.

Opal (Dark Blue/Grey Eyes)
The surface color on the top and sides of the body is to be blue mingled with fawn. The intermediary band is to be fawn over a medium slate-blue under-color. The chest is to be fawn over a medium slate-blue under-color. The under-color of the belly is to be slate blue. The top of the tail is to be blue, sparsely ticked with fawn, over a medium slate-blue under-color. The nape of the neck is to be fawn.
Newborns will be mostly blue expect for their bellies and the inside of the ears which will be a pearl white.

Notes: Animals that have light color on the surface will be faulted, in the intermediary band, or in the under-color.
Other Color Varieties
Orange Lionhead rabbit

Orange (Brown Eyes)
Orange coat with cream undercoat. Back of the ears should also be the same color orange. Inside of the ears, ring around the eyes and nose, belly and chest should be cream. Underside of tail and around genitals should be white.
Newborns will be orange on their back and head with dark flanks - they will look similar to a tortoise at birth. The insides of the ears will be white and outsides of the ears will be orange - not dark colored.

Notes: Faults include any smut (darker hairs) in the coat.
UK Colors

All colors found in other rabbit breeds are recognized in the UK, commonly;

Agouti, Black, Blue, Butterfly, Chestnut, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Fawn, Fox, Lilac, Lynx, Opal, Orange, Otter, Sable Marten, Sable Point, Siamese Sable, Siamese Smoke Pearl, Silver Martin, Squirrel, Smoke Pearl Marten, Steel, Tan, Tortoiseshell, White (red or blue-eyed)

Bi colors (white and one other color), Tri colors (white and 2 other colors) and various other shadings also apply.
Fur Type / Coat

Lionheads have a normal rollback, dense coat of medium length over the saddle, and some have "transitional wool" on their flanks. The coat should be even all over yet some Lionheads have noticeably longer wool on the cheeks and chest, often with a finer flank line of slightly longer fur running down the length of the rabbit to the tail extending in a line to the groin.
A small amount of extended fur around the flanks is permissible on under five months exhibits.

Lionheads have soft, medium length hair on their body, with a 'mane' of soft wool, 5-7cm (2-3inch) long, standing up in a fringe around the head and extending to a 'bib' on the chest.
The mane of the Lionhead rabbit is of soft wool thick, with a crimping effect and at least 2"-3" (5cm-7.5cm) in length, forming a full circle around the head, standing up in a fringe around the head and extending to a 'bib' on the chest running into a "V" at the back of the neck.
The mane should be between 5.0cm – 7.5cm (2-3in) in length extending to a ‘V’ at the back of the neck, falling into a fringe around the head, creating a "wool cap", with longer fur on the chest to form a bib.
The quality of mane between Lionhead Rabbits varies a great deal.
At the present time it makes no difference if they are purebred or crossbred. Some will have very dense manes, while others will carry a very long mane but it very thin in density. Some adults are loosing all but a wispy mane. Some adults loose their mane when they molt but then grow them back.

Mane Genes
The mane gene is dominant, therefore, both parents do not need a mane to pass it on to offspring; however, one parent must have a mane. It cannot be "carried". There are two genes involved – 'M' and 'm'.
The mane seems to be a simple dominate gene with 100% of the offspring from maned rabbits (carrying two mane gene -2XM) bred with non-maned rabbits having a mane. These offspring are referred to as F1 generation crosses. It is impossible to tell the difference between purebred and hybrid bunnies as both type- those carrying heavy angora type wool all over their bodies or those with manes only – occur in both purebred and hybrid litters, and often as siblings.

Mane Types
Typically, the mane is thick, woolly and soft with evident "crimping". Depending on the pair of genes a Lionhead rabbit gets (one from each parent), it can have a double mane (two mane genes) or a single mane (one mane gene).
A Lionhead rabbit can have a maximum of two mane genes. The only way to tell if a rabbit is single mane or double mane is when they are first born, past that many things contribute to how much mane they actually end up having including chewing on the mane by themselves or others and mats.
single maned lionhead rabbit

Single Maned
Single mane Lionhead rabbits only have one copy of the gene responsible for creating a mane on a rabbit, called the mane gene.

Single mane Lionheads typically do not hold a mane for their entire lifetime. They have a mane that can be around its head, ears, chin and sometimes on the chest and rump. The mane may be wispy and thin and may disappear on some rabbits altogether as they mature.
The genotype for the single mane is Mm.

Typically their mane wool diminishes as they get older. Single maned Lionheads are usually the product of a purebred double mane Lionhead being bred to a rabbit of another breed (process called hybridization), in order to strengthen a particular characteristic or introduce a particular color into the Lionhead breeding program.

Kits born from single manes or hybridization with double manes that do not have manes are called "no maned" because they did not get a copy of the mane gene. Without a mane gene, a rabbit will not have a mane nor will they be able to produce a kit with a mane, unless bred to a rabbit with either a single or double mane.
Double maned lionhead rabbit

Double Maned
Double maned Lionheads have two copies of the mane gene. They typically have a thick mane of wool encircling the head and sometimes have wool on their flanks that some refer to as a "skirt".
The geno-type for a double maned Lionhead is MM.
A double maned Lionhead is the product of either two single maned Lionheads (will have single manes in the litter) or two double maned Lionheads.
Two double maned Lionheads will only be able to produce double maned Lionheads when bred together.
Many double-maned Lionheads have excessive fur on the flanks and some can develop tufts on the tips of the ears, these are considered a fault in the show standard.
Double-maned lionhead kits are easily recognizable. They are sometimes informally referred to as "gremlins", because of their appearance. Compared to a single maned kit, there is a large difference. "Gremlins" tend to have a V shape on the back, where the fur starts to grow.

LIONHEAD RABBITS seem to be very easy to breed and most do not appear to have any difficulty kindling. Doe's have about 3-9 kits per litter (Litter size seems to be tied to overall size of the doe with small does under 3 pounds having smaller litters). Most are very good mothers with abundant milk supplies.
Breeding Lionheads true to the breed standard is not simple. As double-maned rabbits often develop too much fur, and single-maned rabbits usually lose some of their mane in adulthood, breeding the ideal Lionhead is complex.
Babies: Baby Lionheads tend to have longer fur in the vent area, similar to some lop-eared breeds. Therefore they tend to paste up more than other breeds. It is important to check babies that are 2-5 weeks old on a regular basis to prevent infection due to pasting up. If they do paste up, wash the vent area by putting under a light stream of lukewarm water until all material can be loosened and removed. You may also want to put some antibiotic ointment in the area.
Many carry wool all over their bodies at first, with most starting to shed it out at about 6-7 weeks, until only a skirt remains. In most young Lionheads, somewhere near 10 weeks this wool will also begin to disappear and should be gone by 16 weeks of age. Some bunnies are born with so much wool on their bodies that they resemble a baby Angora. Some Lionheads never shed out the underwool in the coat to degree that will allow them to shown under the American Standard. Some Lionhead Rabbits carry the wool/mane down their face between their eyes (which is very undesirable under the Purposed Working Standard), and they all seem to have wool on their cheeks (which is allowed under the Purposed Working Standard.)

Average lifespan of the Lionhead rabbit is 7 to 9 years but as with any of the domestic rabbit breeds, the age is dependent on their care and more importantly, their diet.


The Lionhead rabbit is a breed that is relatively new and still in the development process. Their temperaments can differ between breeders depending on the parent breeds used to produce each line.
Lionheads are generally good-natured rabbits, although lively and often timid. Gentleness and understanding are needed to win their trust and bring out the best in their personality. They can be quite outgoing and sociable and will thrive on attention. They are usually energetic, active and playful, and despite their small size, need plenty of space to run and play.
They are quite timid when you compare them with some of the other small breeds like the Netherland dwarf but with all rabbits giving them the right king of gentle attention, along with gentleness and understanding will help them gain your trust.
Lionheads need experienced handling since they can easily be frightened and because of this, may become aggressive. For these reasons they are not generally recommended with children.
Some Lionheads may have a more skittish, or even aggressive nature. The Lionhead is a recent breed and still under development in many countries, temperament can vary quite a bit depending on the breeds used to develop each line.
If you intend to buy a Lionhead rabbit, buy from a reputable breeder or rescue centre and observe the rabbit's temperament.
When buying a Lionhead rabbit, also enquire as to any hereditary dental concerns.

Generally Lionheads are easy to train as they are very smart creatures. They can comprehend certain orders like come, and play, eat etc and will respond to their own name. They are also very easy to litter box train and for that reason make very good house rabbits and home companions.

The Lionhead rabbit was originally created as a show breed but has become a very popular domestic pet rabbit.

Breed Status
The Lionhead rabbit received official breed status with the ARBA in February 2014. Because it is still a relatively new breed there are still some colours and varieties that have yet to be officially approved and are still under development.
It has been a recognised breed with the BRC in the UK since 2002.
The Lionhead rabbit is overall, a relatively new breed and there will be certain differences in some varieties for some time until the breed develops a 'true' breed status.
Lionheads have also been put to Dwarf Lops to create a Dwarf Lion Lops or mini lion lops.
Rabbit Care & Handling
The longer wool of the Lionhead's 'mane' needs to be combed once a week to prevent matting and daily grooming is necessary during moult.
Young rabbits (2-4 months old) : Young Lionhead Rabbits have a little extra fur/wool on their bodies, particularly on the lower hindquarters area. This body wool will molt out by about 4 months old, and it is important to make sure they have adequate fiber in their dies as they molt this out to prevent wool block. Regular grooming at this stage is important so the Lionhead doesn't ingest to much of their own shedding wool causing a wood block in the intestines.
Once they reach adulthood they do not require extensive grooming in the way that other wool breeds do.
Older rabbits (4 months and up) : If your Lionhead Rabbit carries excess wool/fur on their body, particularly on the lower hindquarters area, most likely it is a double mane gene Lionhead. These require you to maintain extra fiber in their diet to prevent wool block. Some people feel the double mane gene Lionhead Rabbit will not be showable as adults due to the excess fur/wool, regardless they play an important roll in breeding.
Grooming the mane (all ages); The Lionhead Rabbit mane can become felted similar to other wooled breeds, so it needs to be carefully brushed out periodically. Since the wool of the mane is similar to the English Angora wool, it can be pulled out if combed or brushed too vigorously, so it is important to be both patient and gentle.
Top Tip
The odd chunk of fresh pineapple in their diet, especially during shedding, is a great solution to possible hairball problems, as the acidic nature and other compounds in the pineapple helps to break down any hair that might be caught in the gut. (It acts a bit like drain unblocker!)
Like all rabbits, the Lionhead can develop dental problems and this breed may be more prone to dental disease than other breeds and have more risk of developing hairballs, leading to digestive problems, both of which can be potentially fatal conditions.
Their teeth should be checked regularly for signs of overgrowth and their diet should include fibrous vegetables that will help keep their teeth down. Enamel spurs and overgrown molars can prevent them from eating properly and can cause abscess injuries in the mouth so it’s vital that the teeth are kept in good order.

Avoid overfeeding. An overweight bunny can find it difficult to groom themselves and if fur is allowed to become soiled with urine or faeces it can attract flies. These flies lay eggs in the fur and the maggots can burrow into the rabbit’s flesh, causing painful open wounds that will require veterinary attention.

Disease Vaccines
All rabbits should be vaccinated against Viral Haemorrhagic Disease and Myxomatosis and should be treated regularly for fleas, ticks and worms. It’s also worth considering spaying any non-breeding females in order to prevent uterine cancer, which is common in all female rabbits.

If your rabbit is going to live outdoors their house must be large enough for them to hop at least 3 decent sized hops (surprisingly this can be up to 6 foot for this breed) and be tall enough for them to stand upright on their hind legs. It should be completely weather and waterproof and positioned out of direct sun and wind. The hutch should have shavings and straw on the floor and should also provide a covered area where the rabbit can nest. The hutch must be cleaned out completely once a week and droppings must be taken out every day. A hutch or house should not be the ONLY area where they live.
Regardless of whether your Lionhead is going to live indoors or outside, They should have access to a LARGE exercise area when they are at their most active - early morning and late evening. A very large run or secure area of garden will allow them the opportunity to stretch their legs and indulge in their love of exploration.
If they are to live inside, and Lionheads are very suited to indoor life, they can be easily taught how to use a litter tray. They must be provided with an area where they can retire to, hide away and relax completely.
A dog crate or indoor cage is ideal but if they are given free run of the house (like cats and dogs are afforded the luxury of, so why not rabbits?) then they will usually find their favourite place, usually under a bed or behind a sofa etc.

Just make sure all wires, cables and anything precious are out of the way and off the floor. Be aware that the rabbit could be near your feet, as they love being close to you, and take care not to step on them when you are moving around.

This should include good quality hay, rabbit pellets and lots of fibrous green leaves and vegetables like kale, cabbage, carrot tops and dandelions with constant access to fresh, clean drinking water.

It’s also worth making sure you know how to pick up and hold your rabbit correctly. Rabbits can struggle and panic if they’re held incorrectly. They’re stronger than they look and can injure their backs if they fall incorrectly or can give you a nasty scratch in their efforts to escape.
Clubs & Organizations
NLRC - National Lionhead Rabbit club is an organisation for all Lionhead rabbits enthusiasts within the UK. Its prime objective is to encourage the keeping, breeding, exhibiting and development of the Lionhead Rabbit through out the United Kingdom.
NALRC - The North American Lionhead Rabbit Club is the official ARBA Chartered National Breed club for the Lionhead rabbit. A place where all people interested in every aspect of the Lionhead rabbit could come together to share information regarding the breeding, keeping and showing of this breed. - Is an online Lionhead rabbit community that brings together people who have a large interest in this special rabbit. It is free to join and they have a popular Facebook page.

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Cuter than cute, softer than soft, these twelve bouncing bunnies are pictures of pure innocence and charm. Twelve bright and detailed photographs celebrate the world of "bunny hood". The large format features big daily grids with ample room for jotting appointments, reminders, and birthdays. Also included are six bonus months of July through December 2017, moon phases, and U.S. and international holidays.

How the Wolf, the Fox and the Rabbit Committed a Crime

When an evil man gets mad at his enemy, he beats his horse on the head.
Tibetan Proverb.

ONCE upon a time a wolf, a fox and a rabbit were walking along the road together when they met a wizard carrying a pack on his back. The rabbit said to the rest of them, "I'll go limping along in front of this fellow and he will put his load down and try to catch me, and you two slip around behind him, and when he puts his things down, you get them."

Sure enough, the man put his pack down, picked up some rocks and started after the rabbit in hot haste, while the wolf and the fox got his load and ran off with it. He came back pretty soon, when he found he couldn't catch the rabbit, and found his things were all gone. In great grief he started down the road, wondering what he would do and how he was going to live.

Meanwhile the wolf, the fox and the rabbit met in a chosen place and opened the pack to see what was in it. There were a pair of Tibetan boots with many layers in the soles, which made them very heavy, a cymbal with a tongue or clapper, an idol of tsamba and some bread.

The rabbit acted as divider and said to the wolf, "You have to walk a lot, so you take the heavy boots." And the wolf took the boots. To the fox he said, "You have a lot of children; you take the bell for them to play with, and I'll take the food."

The wolf put on the boots and started out to hunt a sheep. The boots were so heavy he fell on the ice and couldn't get up, and the shepherd found him and killed him.

The fox took the bell and went in to his children ringing it, Da lang, da lang, da lang, and thought it would please them, but instead it scared them all to death.

So the rabbit ate up the idol of tsamba and all the bread and got the best of that bargain.

Word of the week: Harem

© Copyrighted

Oct 17, 2017

News for Mid-October

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Busy bunny bussing around London causes commuter commotion
Have you heard the one about the London Overground and the hare?

One fluffy bunny is going viral after hopping aboard a London bus and casually going for a ride, without an owner in sight.

Twitter user Matt Hepburn captured the Petter Cottontail (or Cottontransit, perhaps? Cottontrain?) aboard the bus with a single photo and the only caption that could possibly describe the seriousness and serendipity of the situation: “There’s a rabbit on my bus.”

Naturally, the internet wanted to know, where did he come from? And where did he go? Where did he come from, this Cottontail Joe?

Well, apparently this li’l bun gets around and was spotted on the Overground once before.

Perhaps the bus bunny was bugging out over being a tad bit tardy for a seemingly momentous occasion?

Could it have been related to at least one of these bunnies in Manchester?

It’s OK though—Hepburn was able to talk to the bunny’s owner, and as it turns out, this is like, a normal day for it.

“Apparently he does this often,” Hepburn wrote, stating the owner was sitting a few seats away. However, though it’s not completely clear if the hare is the one who “does this” and rides the bus often, or if the owner rides the bus with the bunny often, but just gives it space.

In fact, this “laid back space hippy” of an owner has sparked more questions than answers: If he rides with the rabbit, does he wait for the rabbit’s signal to hop off the bus? If the rabbit rides alone, how does it reach the buttons letting the driver know it would like to get off at the last stop? What circumstances in this world have brought together a bus-riding rabbit and a space hippy?

The world may never know.


Steampunk Alice in Wonderland coming to Bristol

Rehearsals are gathering pace for a production of Alice in Wonderland... with a twist!

The young actors at ITV WEST Television Workshop are bringing a steampunk-themed family version of the classic tale to Bristol next week.

The show will be performed by a cast of more than 30 actors aged from 9 to 59.

It is suitable for all ages.

Alice is bored. Sitting on the riverbank with her Sister who has her head stuck in a book. Again.

Nothing exciting ever happens to Alice. Ever.

That is, until a sarcastic and frenetic White Rabbit appears with a waistcoat and a pocket watch, obsessing over how late he is. I mean, have you seen a rabbit with a watch before? Alice hasn't!

Then he rudely disappears down a rabbit hole...

Should Alice stay on the riverbank, bored out of her mind? Or follow him down into a utopia of Steampunk madness - with grinning cats, chaotic twins, mad tea parties and a crazy Queen who's lost some tarts?

Boredom loses. Curiosity wins. Welcome to Wonderland.

– ITV Television Workshop

Alice in Wonderland is being performed at the Redgrave Theatre in Clifton from Tuesday 3rd to Thursday 5th October @ 7.30pm.

Tickets are priced at£10/£12 and are available by calling the box office on 0117 3157800 or from the Redgrave website at


Fish and Game to take ownership of New England cottontail habitat
MANCHESTER — The endangered New England cottontail has found a friend in the state Fish and Game Department, which soon is expected to own a prime piece of the rabbit’s habitat.

The Fish and Game Department said it is glad to take over ownership of 57 acres of conservation land near the Manchester-Boston Regional Airport, saving the airport about $30,000 a year.

“We’re happy to take it,” said Glenn Normandeau, executive director of the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department. “We’re actively doing management at the property to help with the rabbit situation.”

The endangered cottontail needs thick shrub cover, which can be found on the site, to avoid predators, which is “pretty much everything,” he said.

Airport officials are working to transfer ownership to Fish and Game. Deputy Airport Director Tom Malafronte said the airport was spending $30,000 annually in recent years to maintain the site, including picking up discarded tires and construction materials.

In 2001, the airport purchased the property in Manchester and Londonderry for $1.1 million to offset filling in 13 acres of wetlands as part of expanding the southern portion of the airport’s north-south runway more than a decade ago.

“Preserving the New England cottontail habitat was an important consideration for NH Fish and Game, and one of the reasons that we felt strongly that they would be best suited to own and manage the property,” Malafronte said.

To protect the endangered species, the state has closed off areas of the Merrimack Valley area from Concord south as well as a section of Rochester south to near Exeter from hunting any cottontail rabbit year-round to avoid any confusion.

“Just because it’s difficult to tell them apart” from other more populated rabbit species, Normandeau said.

The protection means people can’t harm, harass, injure or kill the rabbits, which run 15 to 17 inches long with brown and gray coats. Humans sometimes confuse them with Eastern cottontails.

“I’m not aware we’ve ever prosecuted anyone for the taking of a listed species, but we certainly try to discourage it,” said Normandeau, who’s been to the property several times.

He called the parcel southwest of the airport “a good wildlife spot in the middle of what’s become a pretty significantly developed area.”

The Londonderry-Merrimack area “is definitely one of the hot spots of their existing populations,” Normandeau said.

A notice in the Federal Register last week said Fish and Game would “continue to maintain the property in its natural state as a wildlife corridor in perpetuity.” Had homes or businesses been built on that land, it “would probably eliminate the rabbit’s habitat, which in effect means they’re going to disappear, leave the area,” Normandeau said.



The innocent reason Hefner named Playboy girls ‘bunnies’
Hugh Hefner’s Playboy empire was as famous for its “Bunnies” as it was for its saucy centerfolds.
The stunning waitresses, dressed in skin-tight bodices with rabbit ears and tails, became an iconic part of the mogul’s brand — serving at his parties, his clubs and even on his private jet.
But have you ever wondered why they were called “Bunnies” in the first place?
According to the magazine mogul — who died Wednesday at the age of 91 — the real inspiration behind the Playboy Bunny was a student bar from his college days.
When Hefner was a student at Illinois University, in the 1940s, his favorite hangout was a bar called Bunny’s Tavern named after its original owner, Bernard “Bunny” Fitzsimmons.
The bar, which opened in 1936, was a favorite for poverty-stricken students because of its 35-cent daily food specials and draft beer for 10 cents a glass.
When Hefner set up his Playboy empire, in the 1950s, he came up with his rabbit logo and consequently the Bunny girls as a tribute, which he revealed in a letter to the bar which now hangs on its wall.
However, he also admitted that the Bunny costume was a saucy reference to the sexual reputation of rabbits.
The iconic costume was designed by Zelda Wynn Valdes and made its formal debut at the opening of the first Playboy Club in Chicago in 1960.
Bunnies, who were chosen after a series of auditions, were given designated roles — so they could be a Door Bunny, a Cigarette Bunny, a Floor Bunny or a Playmate Bunny.
There were also trained flight attendants, known as Jet Bunnies, who served on the Playboy Big Bunny Jet.
Every Bunny went through a strict training regimen and had to be able to identify 143 brands of liquor and know how to garnish 20 cocktails.
They also had to master the “Bunny stance” — with legs together, back arched and hips tucked under — as well as the “Bunny perch” for sitting on the back of a chair and the “Bunny dip,” which required them to bend their knees to serve drinks elegantly.
Dating customers was forbidden and clients were banned from touching the girls in the clubs.



Giant rabbit, moon sculptures welcome coming Mid-Autumn Festival in Jinan, East China’s Shandong

Inflatable sculptures of a moon and rabbit are displayed on Baihuazhou lake in Jinan, East China’s Shandong Province on September 27, 2017. The illuminated moon model measures six meters tall, while the rabbit stands at a respectable four meters.


Ikea’s Latest Acquisition Will Help Assemble Your Ikea Furniture
One of the most popular jobs on TaskRabbit, a service that lets you hire workers for quick gigs, is assembling Ikea furniture. So perhaps it's no surprise that the Swedish retail giant has reportedly acquired the startup for an undisclosed price.
TaskRabbit has only a few dozen full-time employees, but it is a platform for a large number of independent contractors who help customers with all sorts of errands, handymen tasks and, of course, furniture assembly.
According to tech news site Recode, Ikea will treat TaskRabbit, which is reportedly profitable, as an independent subsidiary and keep on its CEO Stacy Brown-Philpot. Recode sees the deal as a strategic acquisition at a time of rapid change in the world of retail and home delivery:
The purchase of TaskRabbit was fueled by Ikea’s need to further bolster its digital customer service capabilities to better compete with rivals likes Amazon, which has stepped up its home goods and installation offerings. The purchase is Ikea’s first step into the on-demand platform space.
TaskRabbit had already struck a pilot partnership with Ikea around furniture assembly in the United Kingdom and also had marketed its workers ability to put together Ikea items in the U.S. and elsewhere.
TaskRabbit has received investments from a number of prominent venture capital firms, including Shasta Ventures, Lightspeed Venture Partners and Founders Fund.
Currently, customers are able to hire "rabbits" in around 40 U.S. cities.
TaskRabbit is one of the most high profile of the so-called "gig economy" companies, which connect customers with workers on an independent contractor basis. Other such companies include home cleaning service Handy, and the car-hailing services Uber and lyft.
The "gig" business model is popular with investors because it can grow quickly, and allows companies to try to avoid the costs and legal entanglements of hiring staff. In recent years, however, workers on such services have won several court challenges claiming they are not contractors, but are instead employees.
Ikea did not immediately respond to a request for comment about the acquisition.



The Peter Rabbit film trailer has been released - and it looks incredible

The new trailer for the forthcoming Peter Rabbit movie has been released.
The jaw-dropping trailer ahead of the CGI/live-action film has left viewers stunned - and fans ready to see it.
The film is being shot in Cumbria and takes in the stunning scenery of Windermere and Ambleside that inspired Beatrix Potter to write her stories.
Billed by Sony Pictures Animation as a 'contemporary comedy with attitude', it follows the story of Peter Rabbit, the mischievous and adventurous hero who has captivated generations of readers.
Starring James Corden as the voice of the titular bunny, Peter Rabbit promises thrills, spills and badgers playing darts with hedgehogs.
The film features voice roles played by Corden, Margot Robbie, Daisy Ridley and Elizabeth Debicki, and live-action roles played by Domhnall Gleeson, Rose Byrne and Sam Neill.
The film is scheduled to be released on February 9, 2018.


5 Rabbit Cervecería Papi Chulo Bottle Release Details
(Bedford Park, IL) – At 8.5% abv, Papi Chulo was produced using the Solera method by incorporating 3 vintages blended over 4 years. It is aggressively sour. Acerola, also known as Barbados cherry, is native to Central and South America and is considered a superfood due to its nutritive value and antioxidant powers. If you love sour beers, you do not want to miss this release!

5 Rabbit Papi Chulo

The bottle release will take place at our brewery in Bedford Park, on Saturday 10/7/17 at 2pm. These bottles are limited and we will do our best to spread them out as much as possible. We are anticipating to offer 2 bottles per person, however if turnout is larger than expected this number may change. Thank you in advance for understanding.



Short Film Friday: ‘Rabbit’s Blood’ Is The Best Kind Of Weird

Read more at Film School Rejects:

Lynchian” doesn’t really begin to describe it.
A stark, darkly funny animation whose styles evoke those of Japan and Eastern Europe, Rabbit’s Blood creates an odd world at the intersection of cartoonishness and realism. The fluctuating colors filling in the clothes combined with the jarringly natural sound design make for an uneasy viewing experience that can create moments of fear and humor as easily as it puts us on edge.
Animator Sarina Nihei finds a bit of Don Hertzfeldt and David Lynch, then jostles them together with a repugnant cuteness that’s almost too much to watch.




After the latest supermarket chicken scandal, is it time to reappraise the humble bunny?

In 1947 the Government came up with a cunning way of measuring inflation. The Retail Price Index took a typical British shopping basket and measured the average cost of its contents. This exercise, carried out annually, allowed statisticians to work out inflation and its effect on the public.

Alongside the corned beef, herrings, boiled sweets and cauliflower that typified the diet of the day was wild rabbit. Since the 12 Century, when bunnies were introduced to this country to be raised in managed warrens, they had been a staple of the British diet, particularly in rural areas.

We may refer to modern times as “austerity Britain” but with a gourmet burger joint on every corner and supermarket shelves groaning I think the levels of austerity in this country pale into insignificance compared to the post war era, when rabbit would have provided a welcome and tasty protein hit.

I’m not sure why rabbit fell out of favor. The deliberate introduction of myxomatosis in an attempt to control burgeoning bunny populations probably had something to do with it, even though this horrible disease apparently doesn’t affect the meat.

The introduction of battery farming made the price of poultry tumble, and steadily chicken has replaced rabbit on the nation’s dinner table.

With the latest story about dodgy practices at one of the country’s largest processing plants I wonder if it’s time to reappraise the humble bunny. Trendy chefs tell us we’re supposed to eat lean, sustainable, local, organic produce, something our grandparents were doing decades ago when they tucked into a rabbit stew.

I was going to describe the Guardian’s revelations about 2 Sisters as shocking, but really only the naive can be even surprised at their undercover reporter’s findings. We all know that cheap meat involves an “ask no questions” pact between producer and consumer. When Aldi sells you a kilo of chicken for £1.79, it’s with a nudge and a wink – we’re getting ridiculously cheap meat – just so long as we don’t glimpse behind the plastic curtains of the processing plants it uses.
Evacuee Teddy Neale, 14, with a catch of rabbits on August 10,1944.

And the real shame is that while chickens live out pointless and short lives in unpleasant conditions, farmers are obliged by law (The Pests Act 1954 if you’re interested) to kill the rabbits that run wild in the fields next to the battery sheds. There are between 35m and 45m in this country and they breed like, well, rabbits. Yet because there is no longer a market for these animals most will end up buried and rotting – it’s an incredible and epic waste of a natural resource and I think something of a national scandal.
So next time you pass a proper butcher why not invest a couple of quid in an animal which has led a wild and free life in a field close to your home?



TOKiMONSTA puts forth her beat-making savvy on ‘Lune Rouge’ after nearly losing it all
TOKiMONSTA is back — and doing better than ever.
The seasoned Los Angeles producer, real name Jennifer Lee, has reemerged with her third full-length record after a tumultuous time in her life — she had two surgeries for a rare brain disorder called Moyamoya she was diagnosed with in 2015.
Lee penned an essay detailing her experience regaining the ability to speak as well as comprehend and make music after the surgeries, the first time she publicly addressed her health scare.
The artist, whose name translates to rabbit monster (toki means rabbit in Korean), caught up with the Daily News at Panorama over the summer to talk about her love of making beats and “Lune Rouge,” which officially drops Friday.
“In a generation where everyone is very playlist-focused, I would say that this album is a playlist of songs for one person,” Lee said. “It represents who I am right now as an artist, how I’ve progressed over the many years that have passed since the last one … I just set the intentions to make the kind of music that makes me happy.”
The new music will likely make listeners happy, too. “Lune Rouge” offers 11 hypnotizing tracks suited for the likes of hip-hop and R&B collaborators Yuna, Joey Purp and Isaiah Rashad.

MAD creates inflatable pavilion shaped like a rabbit's head
For this year's Beijing Design Week, architecture studio MAD has created an inflatable pavilion with two big floppy ears.

Beijing-based MAD created the giant-rabbit-shaped pavilion in a hutong – one of the city's old courtyard-house neighbourhoods – near Lama Temple.

Titled Wonderland, it is designed to provide a public space where children in the area can meet and play with each other.
Beijing Design Week pavilion by MAD architects.

The inflatable structure is white and its two lop ears protrude at a jaunty angle.

"Through the form of a rabbit, Wonderland brings a carefree spirit and sense of whimsy to this old Beijing neighbourhood," said MAD. "Its playful attitude provides an escape from reality."
Beijing Design Week pavilion by MAD architects.

At night, the interior of a structure is illuminated with a white light that provides a safe environment for children to socialise.

"Surrounded by its soft walls, under the blue sky and green trees, children can play, daydream and drift off into their own fantasy wonderland, in pursuit of happiness," added MAD.
Beijing Design Week pavilion by MAD architects.

Led by architect Ma Yansong, MAD is best known for projects including the undulating Harbin Opera House, the horseshoe-shaped Sheraton Huzhou Hot Spring Resort and the twisted Absolute Towers.

The firm – which ranked at number 61 on the inaugural Dezeen Hot List – is currently working on a variety of projects in California, including the Lucas Museum of Narrative Art, which recently gained approval from Los Angeles city officials.

Let sleeping dogs – and their masters – lie
President John F. Kennedy’s family had several dogs that cuddled with Caroline and John-John (as well as a beer-swilling rabbit that was a gift from a magician) while they were in Washington. Calvin Coolidge had nine canines lodged in the White House’s family quarters. And the Obamas’ Portuguese water dog, Bo, was allowed to sleep on the bed with the first lady when the president was out of town.

Meet the People Rescuing Cuban Cuisine
Even if you’ve never been here, you probably know that only 20 years ago the people on this island just 90 miles from Florida were starving. When the 37-year-old Soto was growing up, during the “special period” when resources vanished after the collapse of the Soviet Union, he and his parents, both government employees, lived on little more than bread, rice, and occasionally beans. Sometimes a meal was simply sugar water. “Cuba has the most complicated relationship with food,” Soto says. “People will tell you there’s no food in Cuba. Or there are no traditions anymore; we lost all our traditions”—of hearty lunches of Caribbean staples like roasted suckling pork or rich gumbos. As food became increasingly scarce, cooking techniques and recipes were forgotten. “And I thought, Even the absence of food is a story about food.”

But when he started work on the film two years ago, Soto discovered a new turn in Cuba’s culinary evolution: Young entrepreneurs have picked up the mantle from Nuñez del Valle to open dynamic, pulsating restaurants like O’Reilly 304 and Otramanera that serve lamb burgers and sous vide lobster and innovative takes on standards like pressed pork sandwiches. As the regime has loosened restrictions on private businesses, and as tourists come flooding in from around the world, Cuban cuisine is in the midst of a remarkable renaissance. The question is whether this ambitious new generation of restaurant rookies will chase gastronomic trendiness or help restore and reinterpret all that was lost—the kind of deeply satisfying simplicity that travelers are hungering for today.
The difference today is that some can—and that travelers are coming here to eat it, too.
“Enrique is the godfather of the new paladares,” says Soto, the Havana-born producer-director of the forthcoming documentary Cuban Food Stories and an expert on the island’s cooking. Back when Nuñez del Valle opened one of the country’s first paladares, or privately owned restaurants, they’d just been legalized by the regime and were limited to 12 seats. Now, La Guarida (“the Animal Den”) has expanded to 100, with an elegant shaded patio that’s drawn the likes of Prince Albert II, Jack Nicholson, and Julian Schnabel—plus today’s young crowd in cool summer garb. After a lunch of lobster ceviche, roasted rabbit with caponata sauce, and pavé of suckling pig with crispy skin, Nuñez del Valle sits down with us for coffee and a selection of Montecristos and Cohibas. His own fat cigar in hand and a glass of Havana Club Selección de Maestros close by, the godfather settles into his chair but doesn’t want to take too much credit for what he’s started. “It’s the new generation that’s trying to do gastronomy differently,” he says in Spanish as Soto translates. “They’re doing a great job of rescuing Cuban cuisine.
Like thousands of others, Cano jumped at the chance to list his place on Airbnb, which started operating in Cuba in 2015, and which suddenly turned his relatively modest farm into an ecotourism destination, on the radar of people worldwide. (During my visit, a German-Australian couple happens to be staying in Cano’s $33-a-night one-bedroom cabin. “We love it,” they tell us before setting out on a hike, “though it’s very rustic.”) Cano also puts on epic lunch spreads, given enough notice through Airbnb, centered around a young pig rubbed with garlic and salt and roasted over a wood fire until the skin crackles. As Soto and I watch, Cano plops the cooked pig onto a wooden table and swiftly hacks the meat into hand-size pieces with a machete. His wife, who goes by “China,” then lays out a plastic tablecloth and platters of avocado, black beans, cucumber-and-tomato salad, rice, taro chips, and yucca. We eat overlooking the fields, the thatched tobacco-curing hutch, and chickens pecking at the dirt. It’s a fabulous country spread, made all the more remarkable in that Cano grew all of the food himself—and raised the pig. After our meal, we have coffee from beans he grew, lightened with milk he collected at 5 a.m. Cano then pulls out a white plastic bag filled with tobacco leaves he cultivated and cured, and he rolls us each a cigar. Considering the surroundings and the straight-from-the-field leaf, it rates as the best I’ve ever smoked.


Will the Bunny Park become a housing complex?
The park will keep at least 50 sterilised rabbits.

More than 2 000 rabbits were donated from Benoni Bunny Park to Johannesburg Zoo as food for carnivores.

Fifty rabbits were, however, left behind at the bunny park so that visitors could enjoy still enjoy them, but they are not happy with current small number of bunnies, Benoni City Times reports.

One of the visitors John Priestley wrote to the media as follows:

It saddens me greatly to read about the ongoing saga of our beloved Bunny Park.

For a facility that has given joy and happiness for decades to so many children, to be limited to 50 sterilised rabbits in an enclosure, is a travesty.

A child might as well sit at home and look at pictures of bunnies and farm animals on a computer screen.

The fun was when a child could spend a day outdoors running around clutching a carrot trying to feed the ever-elusive rabbit and seeing farm animals up close.

The outing, costing no more than a few vegetables, made it accessible to all.

Well done to the council for spending money on the park and making it more attractive, but please don’t let the whole concept of a bunny park be destroyed by the ‘experts’.

You cannot but wonder if all these changes means authorities have an ulterior motive planned for the future.

Perhaps a housing complex?


Age before beauty – Grants bring attention to need for ‘young forests’ in N.H. is the name of a website created by the institute and a number of other organizations to help convince people that healthy forests in New Hampshire and other locations need trees with a mix of ages – even if that requires cutting down a lot of trees now and then so that new ones can grow.

“We don’t have a lot of age diversity in our forests,” said Scott Hall, a senior bird conservation biologist for the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, noting that most of New England’s forest were cut a century ago for logging or farmland and have since grown back. “We have a resilience problem when all the trees you have are 60 to 100 years old. You need more diversity.”

The topic came up last week when the NFWF said it was giving about $1.2 million to 10 environmental projects in New England, combined with $1.4 million in contributions from private partners including Eversource.

Several projects focused on the effects of successional forests. In ecological circles, “succession” refers to the gradual replacement of one type of ecological community by another in the same area – in this case, that means trees growing up in areas that had been cleared by human activity, fire, flooding from beavers or other causes.

Young forests, defined loosely as those with most trees less than two decades old, are valuable for a number of species that depend on the plants, insects and animals drawn to them.

Those species include the New England cottontail, a small rabbit that is the target of restoration efforts in southeastern New Hampshire, a project that received $175,000 in NFWF grants. The grants will help UNH researchers study how best to estimate the population of this elusive rabbit in 28,800 acres of restored habitat, using capture-recapture methods and “pellet surveys,” in which piles of rabbit fecal pellets are collected or counted.

Getting $103,000 is an ongoing UNH project studying songbird populations in rights of way for power lines, to see how they can function as long, skinny strips of young forest.

A summer’s worth of counting and banding songbirds caught in nets underneath Eversource transmission towers in Strafford found at least 68 species in the brushy, tangled growth, according to UNH graduate student Erica Holm, working with professor Matt Tarr.

“It seems that the rights of way contribute as many species as a clearcut,” she noted.

The counter-intuitive idea of the environmental benefits from huge power-line towers reflects the complexity of creating and maintaining young forests. For one thing, they don’t stay young very long – when the trees get too big, the environmental benefits change.

Williamson said the Wildlife Management Institute’s goal is to have 10 percent of forestland in the region be young forest – the best they’ve done so far is 6 percent in some areas.

“In 10 or 15 years, it’s going to be gone. This is not something we can do once and stop,” Williamson said. “We’re always thinking, “Where can we go next so I have a constant supply of this habitat?’ ”

In New England, that requires dealing with private landowners, convincing them to cut down the mature trees and put up with scrubby, bramble-filled properties that don’t have obvious value.

“It’s tough to sell the first three years after a clear cut,” Williamson said.

“Commercial forestry has to be the driver on this,” he added, noting the effect of commercial firewood prices on woodlot owners’ decision whether to cut mature trees.

“When the firewood market goes down, we just sit on our heels,” he said.

But he argued that education can change people’s views about the value of even the ugliest of scrubland.

“There was a time when people were afraid of wetlands,” Williamson noted. “Old-growth forests were once regarded as a waste of the value of the forest. Native grasslands – another area that we didn’t use to think had any value.”
The grants were awarded through the New England Forests and Rivers Fund, a public-private partnership.

Kung fu rabbit game Overgrowth adds story mode in final beta version
More than nine years after it was announced, Overgrowth’s surreal mix of wild animals, fast-paced martial arts, stealth, and gore is nearly upon us. The last beta version before a proper release arrived this week, bringing with it the game’s full story mode.

Those who have purchased the game early will be able to play through the full campaign now, which sees our rabbit hero Turner fight to protect the island of Lugaru from slavers. Expect hand-to-hand combat that relies upon timing and counters, segments where you sneak through shrubbery, and lots of blood.

The amount of gore in the game is emphasized by another tweak in this beta: you can now be impaled by spikes. That means some pretty gory clips of Turner’s limp body sliding down a wooden spear, blood spurting.

Other changes will make the game’s different animals more distinct. Cat enemies, for example, can now throw smaller weapons such as daggers, while rats can attach bits of the environment to their head as camouflage.

Developer Wolfire Games has fixed lots of bugs, too, and added new settings options including a brightness slider. The full change log is here.

Overgrowth is currently £22.99/$29.99 on Steam and the Humble Store. There’s no word on a final release date, but it shouldn’t be too long.


One-Of-A-Kind Rabbit Brings $18,000
At Alderfer Auction


HATFIELD, PENN. —Alderfer Auction conducted a two-day auction of dolls on October 3 – 4 both online and at its auction gallery. On October 4 a bisque-headed rabbit with no ears came to the block with a $500/750 estimate—it went on to sell for $18,000 including premium. “This is a wonderful piece—fashioned after the 1920s ‘Jack Rabbit’ series of books by ‘Uncle Dave,’ David Cory, and published by Grosset & Dunlap,” according to Ranae Gabel of Alderfer Auction.

The 18-inch tall, rabbit has big stationary brown eyes and an open smiling mouth. It sports a curly gray wig, cloth body with white leather arms, and individual fingers on its hands.

It sports a curly gray wig, cloth body with white leather arms, individual fingers on hands. Dressed in cotton plaid dress, red petticoat, white pantaloons and bonnet, the rabbit has on brown oilcloth heeled shoes. The winning bidder said it was a “one-of-a-kind.”

Inclusive art studio hides 200 rabbit sculptures in Rochester parks
Sarah Beren is a licensed creative art therapist and owns Spotted Rabbit, a studio with art classes, art therapy and an apprenticeship program for a population within the disability community she saw was underserved.
"I went to a training about job development for them. And I started asking, 'Well, what about these people that need staff with them or are nonverbal who can’t be left alone in the community?' "

What she found was hardly anything. To fill this void, Beren created the program, which she says gives people who are highly functional yet can’t quite work independently a purpose, a structured schedule and a job - artists sell their work around Rochester.
Ellie Anolik is one of those artists; she said her favorite medium is clay.
"I like how you can get mad at it, and you can take it all out on the clay.”
Beren said they would like to do more shows and participate in galleries, but many art spaces in the city are more “do it yourself”-type spaces presenting a number of challenges to their artists. Allergies are an issue, or how maintained the buildings are; whether or not snow is plowed in the winter.

"A lot of the galleries are on the second floor with no wheelchair accessibility. So we've had a lot of potential partnerships with folks, but then it’s like well, our artist can’t come to her own show opening.”
The latest project to come out of the studio, with the help of a Livingston Arts grant, is 200 rabbit sculptures. For seven months, artists molded and glazed and baked 200 rabbits, giving them names and hiding them in 41 parks around Rochester.

"The idea was that we would have individuals who don’t normally have an opportunity to make public art, make public art. And then also people who may not have an opportunity to go see art or own a piece of artwork actually be able to find it in their local park, pick it up, and take it home."

Beren says they have heard back from only 45 owners who have found rabbits, meaning there are many more out there waiting for a new home.

Word of the Week: Sterile
Plant of the Week: Bread

© Copyrighted

Oct 10, 2017

Scottish Mountain Hare

There is a special place high up in the Cairngorms where the mountain hares hide.
Andy Howard knows it well, as only a person can who has spent up to five hours at a time lying in snow waiting for a moment such as this.
It is winter in Scotland, some 2500 miles from the Arctic, and a cold like no other is sinking into his bones.
He dare not move, not even one inch, or he risks startling the animal barely a few feet from him.
She's fast, he's seen her run before. If she wants to, she can take off like a silver bullet, leaping into the mountain mist like a salmon into a river.
He takes a shallow breath - in-two-three and out-two-three.
She moves. He freezes.
Her paws pad softly over the rocks, graceful as ever in her silence.
She sits herself down beside him, oblivious or deliberating ignoring the loud thumping of his heart, and delicately nibbles at the heather.
She's beautiful, her pearl grey coat soft as down and the tips of her ears dark, as though dipped in coal dust.
"I call her Mrs Grey," he says. "She's really quite special."
Mrs Grey is his most recent subject and the images he is able to take of her are captivating.
Andy often goes out in the middle of winter,
Andy describes these moments as addictive as a drug - being close enough to wild animals like hares when they trust you enough to relax and behave as though you aren't there.
"There is no fear, no worry, they're just carrying away on their own," he says.
"That's a real privilege, for a wild animal to trust you that much."
Andy is an award-winning wildlife photographer who has sat in more snow drifts and bogs than most.
The wild creatures almost seem to deliberately pose for him and he has become adept at capturing their fleeting expressions and personalities, as he has with other wildlife.
His ethos is always stay quiet and don't interfere.
"You cannot harm them or disturb them," he says. "You must respect them and know when to leave them in peace."
"I've been photographing her since September and I want to head up there and photograph her every month so I can get a full cycle," he says.
Andy is trying to capture a full year in the life of his own Mrs Grey.
Many professionals wait for weather windows and can plan shots years, even decades, in advance.
"Sometimes, you have to wait a full year for the exact conditions to come again," explains Andy.
Hares are herbivorous mammals closely related to rabbits. Two species are found in Scotland - the brown hare and the mountain hare.
Mountain hares are smaller than brown hares and have shorter ears. They molt their grey coat in early winter, turning white to blend in with the snow on the uplands. They are very timid and mainly nocturnal, although they can be active during the day if undisturbed by humans. If danger is near, they crouch motionless with their ears down and at the last minute, can dart uphill at high speed. After about 50m, they stop to stand up on their hind legs and look back at what startled them. They are mainly solitary animals, especially when resting, but often graze in groups, feeding along well-trampled trails through long vegetation.
On this episode we are going to explore the Scottish Mountain Hare.
The mountain hare has grey/brown fur often with a slightly blueish tinge in summer and a white tail. In winter it molts to a white coat, although some animals do not become completely white. The mountain hare also has black tips to its ears.
In Britain, hares are animals of open ground, relying on their good eyesight, camouflage and high speed to avoid predators. Only the mountain hare is native and is the only truly arctic mammal.
Mountain hares are most likely to be seen on heather moorland that is actively managed for red grouse. The mountain hare often uses patches of woodland including conifer plantations, on the margins heather moorland.
Sometimes called the 'blue' hare because of the tinge of its fur in spring and autumn, you can see mountain hares on the middle and upper levels of heathery hills and some other places besides.
A mountain hare in its winter coat has a mix of white, blue-grey and black (on the ears) fur. The summer coat is much greyer, but still paler than the brown hare of lowland farmland. Be alert for the outline of large ears above heather, or for hares in winter whites that show-up against snow-free areas on hillsides.
A mountain hare’s broad feet act like snowshoes (it’s North American cousins are called 'snowshoe hares'), spreading the animal’s weight over snow. Mountain hares thrive on healthy young heather, so can be abundant on the middle slopes of hills managed as grouse moors.
There are mountain hares in some unusual places, such as the boggy flatlands of Flanders Moss between Stirling and Aberfoyle. They can be quite easy to see on moorland in Shetland (where the local animals don’t turn white in winter). Strongholds are in grouse-moor areas such as the hills of Deeside in the Cairngorms. Travel the A939 road from Cock Bridge to Tomintoul (traditionally, one of the first to get blocked by snow) to journey across mountain-hare-rich moors.
Mountain hare bones between 114,000 and 131,000 years old have been found in the Joint Mitnor cave in Devon and in the Thames Valley. Today, the mountain hare is confined to Scotland where it is indigenous and the Isle of Man and the Peak District of Derbyshire where it was re-introduced. Mountain hares were also introduced to the Snowdonia district of Wales, but died out.
Mountain hares are smaller and have a more compact shape than brown hares, but vary geographically depending upon habitat and altitude. In Britain they are only found above 500m. However, eventual weakening of the Gulf Stream could make Britain colder and increase habitat for mountain hares.
Mountain hares have a very wide, virtually circumpolar distribution extending throughout the tundra regions of eastern and northern Europe, with the closely related Arctic hare (Lepus articus) in Canada and Alaska. In the Old World their habitat extends southward throughout the boreal zone to the fringes of agricultural land or open grassland. In North America the Arctic hare is restricted by the boreal forest, which is inhabited by the snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus). This world-wide pattern of restriction by both habitat and other species of hare explains the distribution of the mountain hare within Britain.
After the introduction of the brown hare to England in Roman times, mountain hares became restricted to upland regions where they were able to hold their own, feeding on heather and other moorland plants, while the brown hares fed on lowland grasses and agricultural crops. By the early 19th century mountain hares were found only in the Scottish Highlands. Towards the middle and end of the 19th century - accompanying the development of grouse shooting and the management of heather for grouse - some landowners released mountain hares across the remaining British uplands. Many of these re-introduced populations have died out, leaving the large core population in the Scottish Highlands, a well established population in the Southern Uplands and a small one in the Peak District, while that in northern Wales has probably died out in the last two decades.
Mountain Hares live in Scotland and the North. They graze on vegetation and nibble bark from young trees and bushes. Hares shelter in a 'form', which is simply a shallow depression in the ground or heather, but when disturbed, can be seen bounding across the moors using their powerful hind legs to propel them forwards, often in a zigzag pattern. Mountain Hares live in upland areas and are most common on heathland; they are at their most visible in spring, when the snow has melted but the Hares are still white.
Total body length ranges between 430 and 610 mm. and the black tipped ears from 60 to 80 mm. Unlike brown hares the ears of mountain hares would not reach the tip of the nose if pulled forward. Like brown hares, males are slightly smaller than females. There are three moults and during the second from October to January the coat changes from russet brown to white or grey and back to brown from February to May. Both tail surfaces remain white. Mountain hares can become very conspicuous if still in their winter coats when the snow melts or if there is unseasonable snowfall.
The current number of mountain hares in Scotland is unclear but the latest annual research published in 2013 by the BTO has indicated a disturbing decline of 43 per cent since 1995. Population densities are known to vary at least ten fold, reaching a peak approximately every ten years. The reasons for these fluctuations are unclear, but may possibly be related to parasite burdens. Mating begins at the end of January and pregnancy lasts about 50 days. Most leverets are born between March to August inclusive.
Mountain hares are less fussy than brown hares regarding the quality of their forage and this is a major reason why mountain hares have the competitive edge at high altitudes. On Scottish moors they prefer short, young heather, but will resort to older woody plants if necessary. They will also feed on gorse, willow, birch, rowan and juniper. But in spite of their adaptable diet they prefer to eat grasses when available during the summer months.
Females typically have three litters per year between March and August. 1- 4 young (leverets) are born in each litter, fully furred and with their eyes open. The mother suckles them for about four weeks until they become independent.
The most recent estimate suggests that there are approximately 350,000 hares across this range. As recent GWCT research shows, this is a relatively high density of hares compared to mountain hare populations anywhere else in Europe. As well as having affected the distribution of mountain hares through historical introductions, upland game management still affects their abundance as mountain hares seem to do best in areas managed for red grouse. Indeed it is probably the intensive fox control combined with rotational burning that benefits grouse and hares. However, where grouse suffer from tick and the tick-borne louping-ill virus, hares can sustain high levels of these parasites and help perpetuate the disease. As there is no alternative form of treatment, in these cases hare numbers may need to be temporarily reduced to suppress the disease. Mountain hare are also affected by a gut parasite, Trichostrongylosis retortaeformis, which causes similar cyclical effects on population numbers as strongyle worms in red grouse.
On some grouse moors, hare shooting is a popular sport and provides additional income, supports keeper employment and moorland management. However, such sporting bags and other culls may be substantial and it is important to demonstrate that modern practices are sustainable and in line with good management. This should be a research and subsequently conservation objective as it is a requirement under the European Habitats Directive.
There is increasing concern about the status of the mountain hare with reports of it being virtually extinct in some parts of Scotland where it was previously abundant. In some areas excessive grazing by deer, sheep and cattle have depleted the heather so that less food and cover is available for the hares. However, they have also declined on moorland devoid of deer and sheep, leading to the conclusion that human interference is responsible for the decline in hares.
How are they protected?
Both hare species are protected by the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981 (as amended). This law makes it illegal to intentionally or recklessly kill, injure or take either hare species during their close seasons or to poach these species (and rabbit) at any time.
Also, the mountain hare is a species of Community interest listed on Annex V the Habitats Directive . The taking of these animals and their exploitation may be subject to management measures to ensure their conservation status is favorable. The mountain hare is listed in Annex 5 of the EC Habitats Directive (1992) as a species: "of community interest whose taking in the wild and exploitation may be subject to management measures." This means that certain methods of capture such as snaring are prohibited, except under license. Mountain hares have historically been considered as "small game" but shooting is becoming increasingly commercialized. In one case a refrigerated van had been brought over by a party of Italian guns who intended to shoot 1,000 mountain hares and sell them in Italy to pay for the shooting holiday.
Local mountain hare population sizes can fluctuate widely. Both species of hare are quarry species and may be legally controlled. In the case of mountain hares, control usually takes place on managed grouse moors to reduce tick numbers, or to protect young trees, but the impact of culling on mountain hare populations is not well understood. Whilst reviewing the management of mountain hares we have agreed an interim position external site on this issue with the Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) and Scottish Land & Estates. Research is also underway in partnership with GWCT and the James Hutton Institute to trial methods of assessing mountain hare numbers to provide population density estimates. With this knowledge we can then improve our understanding of the overall status of mountain hares and the sustainability of hare management measures.
It is an offense to intentionally or recklessly:
kill, injure or take a brown or mountain hare in its close season.
kill, injure or take a brown or mountain hare without a legal right to do so.
The close season for the mountain hare is 1st March to 31 July.
It is also an offense to:
possess or control, sell or offer for sale or transport for the purpose of sale any live or dead hare (or rabbit), or any derivative of such an animal, which has been killed without a legal right to do so.

Licensing and hares
Licenses are available to allow specified people to carry out actions that could otherwise constitute an offense. Licenses can only be issued for specific purposes that are set out in the legislation. If you are planning any activities that could affect hares, you should make sure that you stay within the law.

While the mountain hare is persecuted directly for sport it is also snared and shot in large numbers because it allegedly carries a tick borne virus which kills grouse chicks and is therefore seen as a threat to the grouse shooting industry. The Habitats Directive requires member states to ensure exploitation of Annex 5 species is: "compatible with their being maintained at a favorable conservation status." Since there are no official records of the number of hares being killed it is difficult to see how this requirement can be met. But anecdotal evidence of culling levels strongly suggests that EC wildlife law is being broken in Scotland.
Now with that, we have an article titled:
Culling of Scotland's mountain hares should be banned, says charity
Unregulated culling of Scotland’s mountain hares should be banned and the species protected, according to a report that says shooting the animals for sport is inhumane and uncontrolled.
Landowners can shoot the hares without a license from August to February and claim culls are necessary to protect game, especially red grouse, from disease.
Campaigners say death rates of hares, which are native to the Highlands and thrive on grouse moors, are not monitored. The charity OneKind, in a report published on Monday, said: “Population data is sparse but suggests mountain hares are in decline. Yet they are widely persecuted for sport and as part of organized culls.”
At least 25 game estates were currently offering the opportunity to shoot mountain hares for sport, it said, with no guarantees this was not driving decline. It estimates about 40% of hares killed were for shot for sport, while about 50% died as part of organized culls.
It was impossible to know how many were killed as mountain hare killing was secretive and carried out in remote locations, the charity said. One estimate was that 25,000 were killed in 2006-07 – a figure now 10 years old, OneKind said.
The report highlights three culls that it claims took place on grouse moors, including two carried out last year on the Balmoral estate in Royal Deeside.
The Scottish government has called for voluntary restraint on the issue. A spokesman said: “We have been very clear that we will not tolerate large-scale culls of mountain hares but we recognize that numbers need to be controlled in some specific circumstances.”
It is setting up an independent review to examine the sustainability of grouse moor management, including hare-culling.
Data on hare populations is widely disputed. The last estimate was made in 1995 when 350,000 mountain hares were thought to exist.
OneKind states the population could be between 175,000 and 500,000 hares, fluctuating year-on-year, but said monitoring by the British Trust of Ornithology – albeit for a limited sample size – suggested an overall decline of 34% between 1996 and 2014.
Harry Huyton, OneKind’s director, said: “Mountain hares are an iconic species in Scotland that should be protected. Our report shows that instead they are persecuted in enormous numbers for entertainment. The killing is unregulated, and there are no guarantees that it is not further driving the decline of these species or causing unacceptable suffering.
“Today, the day before the open season begins, OneKind is calling on the Scottish government to take urgent action and introduce a moratorium on large-scale hunts and culls before the season gets into full swing.”
Hares can be killed under license from Scottish National Heritage. But, in addition to organized culls there are driven and walked-up shooting of the hares offered as one of many “country sports” by Scottish estates, the charity said. Its research found 25 companies offering mountain hare hunting online, eight of which were promoted by the Scottish Country Sports Tourism Group, which listed SNH and Visit Scotland as partner organizations.
The report states: “For almost half the year, from March to July inclusive, mountain hares are protected and any persecution without a license from SNH is illegal. But, for the remainder of the year, they can be killed freely with no permissions and no transparency, and as such are persecuted on a large scale.”
Driven hunts involved flushing hares towards a line of waiting guns. But hares were “notoriously challenging to shoot” as they were small and fast and the risk of causing injury rather than clean kills was heightened, it added.
OneKind calls for a ban on hare killing, except under license, and complete protection within national parks.

Now news from this past winter:
UK's white mountain hares at risk from predators due to worst snowfall in 10 years
Britain's mountain hares are at greater risk from predators because of a lack of snow caused by the mild winter, conservationists have warned.
White mountain hares are being made an easy target as they have nowhere to hide in the Scottish Highlands after the worst snowfall in 10 years.
It means the creatures, which may have been here since the Ice Age, are now particularly vulnerable to predators such as golden eagles, foxes and stoats.
Rob Raynor, Scottish Natural Heritage's mammal specialist, said: "This year we have less snow in Scotland than usual.
"Every spring, while their fur is still mainly white, mountain hares have to deal with difficulties evading predators as the snow disappears and they're more visible against brown heather before they moult back to grey/brown.
"You can sometimes even see them among the brown heather when snow is nearby. But with less snow this year, the risk to hares of predators could begin earlier and be higher than normal."

First mountain hare reared by Scottish SPCA released
1 August 2017

The Scottish SPCA has released a mountain hare back into the wild after he was found at less than a week old.
We were alerted after the hare was discovered by a member of the public in Balblair in Ross-shire on 23 May.
The adorable little hare was rehabilitated at the charity’s National Wildlife Rescue Center in Fishcross, where he was named Nevis.
Center Manager Colin Seddon said, “Nevis was the first mountain hare we’ve ever hand reared at our center in Fishcross so it was exciting.
“He was hand reared by Nicola Turnbull, one of our wildlife assistants.
“Their natural habitat is In the mountains and hills so they’re rarely picked up.”
“Nevis was successfully released back into the wild at a carefully selected site. Sadly mountain hares are still heavily persecuted so we’ve ensured he’s in an area where there is no form of control or culling.”
Anyone who discovers an injured or distressed wild animal should call the Scottish SPCA animal helpline on 03000 999 999.

Rabbit Wool Socks

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Now occasionally I like bring you an item on Amazon that I personally use or has been purchased by many members of the audience, and I have researched enough to recommend.
A few years ago I received rabbit wool socks for a Christmas. Out of the package I noticed how soft and fuzzy they were. They are a thick sock. You can call them plush, but they are not like plush material. They are very soft thick socks. My feet have been warm and comfortable wearing them. They are very fine outside, but they are a thick sock, so they may not fit into tight shoe. They can be too warm for wearing all day indoors in a shoe. They wash well and have not lost their shape. The elastic top was just right holding up the socks without being too tight. I have no complaint about the fit. My wife likes to wear them as slippers inside do to how warm they keep your feet. These are amazing socks, they are very soft and not itchy at all!
We will have a link to the socks in the show notes.

Word of the week: Risk

The Rabbit Herd
Once upon a time there was a king who had a daughter that would not laugh. His jugglers, clowns, and jesters performed their utmost for her, but she could not, or would not, even break a smile. Finally the king proclaimed that whatever man -- rich or poor, young or old, strong or frail -- could break his daughter's spell should take her to wife, and receive half the kingdom as well. Men and boys came from every direction to try their luck but no one was successful, until....
The news finally reached a remote corner of the kingdom where a poor peasant lived with his three sons. The youngest -- we'll call him Hans (although some say that his name was Jack, or Ivan, or Juan) -- decided that he too would try his luck at winning the hand of the princess. He was a droll sort -- some called him silly, others just plain stupid -- whose capers often brought the villagers to laughter. Yes, he would give it a try. And he set forth, pursued by the jeers of his older and wiser brothers, on the path that led to the king's palace.
At midday he was looking for a shady spot where he could rest and eat the crust of bread he had brought, when suddenly he came upon an old man by the side of the road.
"Would you share your bread with a weary traveler?" asked the stranger.
"Half a dry crust is quite as good as a whole one," replied Hans, and broke off a piece for the old man.
"Bless you, my son," responded the stranger. "I cannot reward you with gold, but this whistle will lead you to that, and more." So saying, he offered Hans a tiny silver flute.
Hans put the flute to his lips, and it began to play, first a marching tune, then a cheerful air, and then a pensive hymn. Before he knew it, Hans had arrived at the palace, and the guards, charmed by his tuneful music, let him pass. His heart leapt for joy, and the flute broke into a lusty jig. The princess, hearing the tune, opened her window and looked out. She nodded her head to the beat, then gave a cautious grin, and then an open smile. She chuckled softly to herself, then broke into a happy laugh.
The king, hearing her joyful laughter, was beside himself with glee, until -- that is -- until he saw the lad who was playing the flute. Hans, you see, did have the look of a peasant and of a simpleton, and the king, in spite of his promise, was hoping for a finer man.
"That is all well and good," said the king to Hans, "but before you can receive the princess, there is yet another task that you must fulfill." He then had one hundred wild rabbits set loose in a nearby forest. "Keep these animals together in a herd," said the king, and in three days the princess and half the kingdom shall be yours. But if you lose a single rabbit, you shall forfeit everything.
Even as they spoke the rabbits ran to the four winds, but Hans did not despair. He blew a few notes into the silver flute, and as if by magic, the hundred rabbits assembled at his feet. Reassured, he made himself comfortable in the shade of a large tree, and waited for the three days to pass.
The king, seeing how easily Hans kept the herd together was filled with worry and anger. No other solution presented itself, so finally he sent his daughter into the woods, telling her to do whatever was necessary to get a rabbit away from the peasant herdsman.
The princess presented herself to Hans, and asked him ever so politely if she might not purchase one of his rabbits. His answer made her blush. "You don't mean that I would have to ...," she said, and didn't know whether to pout or to smile.
No, he would accept no other offer, said Hans. "Take it, or leave it."
And so she took it.
The princess left the woods carrying a rabbit in her basket. But well before she arrived home, Hans put the magic flute to his lips, and in an instant the rabbit jumped from her basket and raced back to the herd.
The next day the king, ever more desperate, sent his own wife into the woods with instructions to bring home a rabbit, whatever the cost. When Hans named his price, the queen, like the princess before her, first pouted, then smiled, and then gave in. But she too lost her rabbit when Hans called it back with his magic flute.
On the third day the king himself went into the woods to bargain for a rabbit. Hans, as before, was willing to trade, but this time the price -- no, I cannot bring myself to say more than that it involved a mare that was grazing in a nearby clearing. Red with shame, the king took his rabbit and started off for home, but again the flute called the rabbit back into the herd.
The three days had passed, and the rabbit herd was still intact, but now the king found yet another task that Hans would have to fulfill before he could claim the princess and half the kingdom. "A trifle," explained the king. "Just sing three bags full."
"I can manage that," said Hans. "Bring me three empty bags, and I'll sing them full to the top, but only in the presence of the finest lords and ladies of the kingdom.
The king, believing that at last he would be rid of the peasant lad, assembled the lords and ladies in a great hall, then brought in Hans and three empty bags. Hans picked up a bag and started to sing:
Our princess went into the woods;
She thought she'd try her luck,
"Stop!" called out the princess. That bag is full!" Hans obligingly stopped singing, tied a string around the mouth of the bag, picked up the next one, and started a new song:
Our queen she went into the woods;
She thought she'd try her luck,
"Stop!" shouted the queen. That bag is full!" Hans stopped, tied this bag shut, picked up the last one, and commenced singing:
Our king he went into the woods;
He thought he'd try his luck,
"Stop!" bellowed the king. The last bag is full!" With that, the king proclaimed that Hans had won the princess's hand in marriage and half the kingdom.
The wedding was celebrated that same day. All the lords and ladies attended the great feast that followed. I too was invited, but I lost my way in the woods and arrived only as the last toast was being drunk.
This tale, recorded with varying degrees of raciness, is found throughout Europe.

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© Copyrighted

Oct 2, 2017

Halloween and Rabbits

With fall here in the Northern Hemisphere, and temperatures dropping and leaves falling we have Halloween fast approaching.

You hear tales of ghosts, witches, vampires, monsters, and other assorted scary icons, but none can be more terrifying than bunny rabbits!

Gargoyle Rabbit
We cover this in a previous episode, but it is worth a revisit.
This terrifying gargoyle is known as the Vampire Rabbit of Newcastle. He perches above a solicitor's office behind St. Nicholas' Cathedral in Newcastle, England. No one knows why he is there, or what makes him glare with such evil.
With its crazed bulging eyes, huge fangs and claws, The Vampire Rabbit of Newcastle is a mysterious grotesque that has perched above the ornate rear door of the historic Cathedral Buildings, facing the rear of St Nicholas Cathedral for over a hundred years but no one is quite sure why the blood-sucking Lepus was created.
Erected with the rest of the building in 1901, locals tell a tale of grave robbers who were running rampant in the area until one dark night the fanged beastie rose on the door opposite the graveyard as if to scare off future robbers. Less superstitiously, it has also been theorized that the vampire rabbit is in fact a hare whose ears were mistakenly put on backwards. If this were the case the bloody little creature could have been installed to reference Sir George Hare Phipson, a local doctor, Freemason, and friend of the cathedral’s architect. Most basically the rabbit could simply be meant to represent the coming of spring, invoking the same symbolic association that created the Easter Bunny.
While the vampire rabbit of Newcastle was originally the same sandy color of the surrounding stonework, in modern times it has been painted a menacing black with droplets of blood staining its teeth and claws.

A decade ago the Vampire Rabbit enjoyed a brief moment in the limelight when it formed part of a light festival.
During a winter Glow event in 2006, the carving was illuminated in pink, making it look even more weird and wonderful, and there were projections of it across the city.
But the rabbit, which has had a few licks of paint over the years, including being turned black with its teeth, eyes and claws picked out in red, still retains its air of mystery.

Swamp Rabbit

Not all killer rabbits are fictional. In April of 1979, president Jimmy Carter was fishing near his home in Plains, Georgia when he was attacked by a swamp rabbit! The rabbit swam toward the president's boat and tried to board. Carter had to fend it off with an oar. Press secretary Jody Powell is quoted from his 1986 book The Other Side of the Story:
The animal was clearly in distress, or perhaps berserk. The President confessed to having had limited experience with enraged rabbits. He was unable to reach a definite conclusion about its state of mind. What was obvious, however, was that this large, wet animal, making strange hissing noises and gnashing its teeth, was intent upon climbing into the Presidential boat.
After some objected that rabbits can't swim, a picture of the incident was produced, clearly showing the rabbit swimming. The rabbit's political affiliation is still unknown.
3. The Haunted Warren:
It’s a rare reminder of a time when the warrens that carved a honeycomb under the Brecks were a rich source of income for landowners.

Thetford Warren Lodge was built around the 1400s a few miles west of Thetford – probably at the bequest of the prior of Our Lady’s Priory who had Royal approval to hunt small game and was keen to protect his livelihood by constructing a defensive lodge which could repel poachers.
It was big enough to accommodate hunting parties and the prior’s warrener, who protected, farmed and sold the rabbits which were prized for their meat and their fur, and strong enough to deal with those who came prepared with bows, arrows and sharpened sticks with a view to rabbit poaching.
Warreners, who lived in the highest part of the warren on the second floor, would bore holes to make burrows and provide food such as groundsel, dandelions and thistles, spreading gorse and tree boughs as shelter and food in colder months. On the ground floor of the building was a storeroom for traps, nets and racks to dry skins and hang salted meats.
At one point, the lodge was acquired by the Maharajah Duleep Singh – the Indian prince exiled to Norfolk in the 19th century – on a 99-year lease.
A few warreners are still working in Breckland, trapping rabbits and moving them to other warrens in a bid to control the population.
As with many medieval buildings, the lodge – which is now maintained by English Heritage - has its fair share of spooky stories attached to it.
One ominous tale harks back to the building’s warrening history: it is said that a large – even huge – ghostly white rabbit with flaming red eyes guards the doorway to the lodge and is an omen of death to anyone who lays eyes on it.
A further two strange stories appear to be rooted in the nearby Leper Hospital of St Margaret where poor souls suffering from this highly-contagious disease were kept away from the rest of society on the edge of town: the building was ransacked by thieves in 1304 who stole silver, linen and cloth and then set fire to the building.
It is said that a figure with a strange, two-dimensional face can be seen gibbering horribly and terrifying witnesses as it wanders the area close to the lodge and an eerie face has been reported looking out from the first floor window of the building, even though it no longer has any floors. In 2011, a man was seen peering from a second floor window wearing blue and white clothing and boasting gaping black holes where his eyes and mouth should have been.

Movies and Shows:

The strange history of terrifying bunny rabbits in film
Despite being among the softest and least threatening of woodland creatures, rabbits rarely get portrayed as such in movies. While most of us would be content to watch one nibble on a carrot for 90 minutes, filmmakers have routinely sought to capitalize and subvert the rabbit’s image, either by brutally murdering them or turning them creepy and cannibalistic.

Killer Rabbit
Now I think the most famous movie rabbit is in Monty Python and the Wholly Grail:
Monty Python and the Holy Grail, 1975

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The bunnies bite back in Terry Gilliam’s and Terry Jones’ riotously funny Monty Python and the Holy Grail, when King Arthur (Graham Chapman) and his knights of the round table get more than they bargained for from a seemingly innocuous, fluffy white scamp. “That’s no ordinary rabbit, that’s the most foul, cruel and bad-tempered rodent you ever set eyes on… it’s got a vicious streak a mile wide,” warns their Scottish guide. Unconvinced, the ensuing carnage is hysterical. “Run away, run away!”
The Killer Rabbit of Caerbannog guards the entrance to the cave of Caerbannog in the movie Monty Python and the Holy Grail. Yes, he may look like a innocent little fluffball, but he can bite your head off before you even realize it, as he did Bors, Gawain, and Ector in the movie. Run away! Run away!

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The Killer Rabbit also appears in the musical Spamalot.

Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, 2005

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Cheese lover Wallace and his faithful pooch Gromit returned in DreamWorks Animation’s second Oscar-winning feature to date, The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, written and directed by Steve Box and Nick Park and featuring the vocal talents of Ralph Fiennes and Helena Bonham Carter. In this gorgeously pun-tastic affair, the stop-animated clay duo take on a mentally enhanced bunny following an invention mishap, but it’s not the enormous beastie with a penchant for demolishing oversized veggies that’s terrorising the village – it’s actually a mutated Wallace.
In the 2005 claymation film Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit, a mysterious nocturnal rabbit is raiding a community's vegetable gardens, threatening the annual vegetable contest. It turns out that the hero of the story is suffering from a curse (brought on by his own machinery) that causes him to turn into a giant rabbit when he is exposed to moonlight!

Vampire Rabbit

Bunnicula, the Vampire Rabbit was a 1982 animated ABC Weekend Special based on a series of children's books by James Howe.

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Now I remember reading this book series as a child. My Wife will comment "Bunnys are evil - Remember Bunicula?". Bunnicula was a family pet who sucked the juices out of vegetables. Not all that frightening in reality -unless you're a vegetable. Nevertheless, Bunnicula can sprout bat wings, fly, and move things with the power of his mind.

Imaginary Rabbit - Donnie Darko, 2001

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Writer/director Richard Kelly’s dimension-bending feature debut delivered one of cinema’s most memorable bunnies in the towering, dead-eyed frame of Frank, who may or may not be an evil time-travelling demon intent on destroying the planet. Or possibly saving it. We’re still not entirely sure, and that’s the genius of it. With Jake Gyllenhaal the only person able to see Frank, and the only one aware of impending doom, it’s a refreshingly bizarre take on the end of the world that set up Jake and his sister Maggie for big things, but it’s Frank who haunts our fevered dreams.
Evil rabbits can even invade our thoughts! The 2001 movie Donnie Darko left many with nightmares of imaginary human-size rabbits, and not the benign imaginary friend we met in the movie Harvey. The apparition of a 6-foot rabbit named Frank saves Donnie Darko's life and tells him the world will end in 28 days. Frank incites Donnie into committing criminal acts -and why not, if the world is going to end anyway?

Fatal Attraction, 1987

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Speaking of lust and murder, while Adrian Lyne’s Fatal Attraction technically scrapes a pass, in this pot-boiler thriller that spawned the term ‘bunny boiler’. Glenn Close’s Alex has an affair with and becomes obsessed by Michael Douglas’ Dan, who goes on to reject her in favour of his good wife, leading to the unfortunate end of his family’s pet bunny. Vengeance is meted when Close ends up both drowned and shot in the bath in the film’s seriously dodgy, if ludicrously entertaining, finale.

Watership Down, 1978

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Quite possibly the most evilly terrifying film ever inflicted upon unsuspecting children, Martin Rosen’s animated adaptation of Richard Adams’ classic novel, Watership Down. Responsible for scarring the psyche of an entire generation, it’s a sort of rabbit-led Game of Thrones, where woe first befalls the bunnies (voiced by John Hurt and Richard Briers, amongst others) when heavy duty digging machines destroy their warren, forcing them to go on the run. It’s all downhill from there, with paws trapped in snares, insane rabbit dictators, nasty cats, dangerous dogs and eye-bleeding death by myxomatosis.

Akira, 1988

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Sticking with scary animated rabbits, Japanese dystopian classic Akira, by writer/director Katsuhiro Ohtomo, features a disturbingly oversized example during psychic patient Tetsuo’s (Nozomu Sasaki) fevered nightmare scene. What starts off with a teensy cutesy red car riding bunny and his teddy bear mate is soon replaced by hulking monstrosities that destroy all before them, Godzilla-style, before being scared off by the blood gushing from Tetsuo’s feet after he steps on broken glass in his bid to escape. If ever you needed a reason not to eat cheese (or carrots) before bed, this is it.

Harvey, 1950

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Long before Jake Gyllenhall cornered the market in giant invisible bunny besties, James Stewart (It’s a Wonderful Life, Vertigo) starred as eccentric boozehound Elwood P. Dowd in Henry Koster’s Harvey (adapted from the play by Mary Chase by herself and Oscar Brodney). The rabbit in question shares Frank’s ability to stop time in Donnie Darko, though this is less creepy sci-fi and more silly whimsy with a comedy of errors, like when Elwood’s sister gets locked up in a sanatorium in his stead. Just like It’s a Wonderful Life, events are far from bleak; it’ll leave you with a fuzzy glow.

Belenggu, 2012

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Men in rabbit suits are rarely good, kids. Indonesian writer/director Upi Avianto’s highly stylised thriller/horror flick Belenggu hammers home the message with a knife-wielding dude in a white and pink get up in this enthralling slice of nutty noir. Elang (Abimana Aryasatya) thinks he’s met the love of his life in Jingga (Imelda Therinne) but the course certainly doesn’t run smooth any more than the narrative does here.

Night of the Lepus, 1972

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Janet Leigh (Psycho, The Manchurian Candidate) stars alongside Stuart Whitman (The Mark, The Comancheros) in this schlocky horror B-movie directed by William F. Claxton of Little House on the Prairie and Bonanza fame. Based on the novel The Year of the Angry Rabbits by Sydneysider Russell Braddon, Don Holliday and Gene R. Kearney handle the hokey screenplay about enormous killer rabbits running amuck in small town US. Firmly in the so bad it’s good territory, most of the ‘giant’ critters are obviously household pets romping around in miniature sets.
The 1972 film Night of the Lepus is the definitive monster bunny movie. Plagued by too many rabbits, a community turns to scientists who experiment on the rabbits to keep them from reproducing. An escaped rabbit reproduces anyway, and the results are huge carnivorous mutants that eat anything in their way, including humans!

STP video

AFI miss murder

Versatile Rabbits

- “Mythology has caught on to the duality of the rabbit, making them figures of both light and darkness, a bridge between the otherworld and the heavens, the ideal beast to plague your subconscious.”
Bunnies can portray any evil character,
This may be true, but the evil cinematic rabbit has yet to reach its final form. Obviously, bunny rabbits are out to get us. Beware!
Weird Norfolk: The Phantom Rabbit of Thetford Warren Lodge
15 Weird and Wonderful Rabbits in Movies


Beastly Haunted Trail
Skeletons, spiders, coffins, clowns and other things that go bump in the night are scary but fun at the outdoor Halloween fundraiser at the Beaver County Humane Society, 3394 Brodhead Road, Center.

The wooded, winding Beastly Haunted Trail takes a good 30 minutes to navigate. See props and displays that volunteers have built over hundreds of hours in the last year. Volunteers are also on hand to jump out and scare visitors.

Because of the fright factor, children 12 years old and younger must be accompanied by an adult.

Since 2014 word-of-mouth and social media have attracted visitors from Allegheny and other counties and from as far away as West Virginia. The Beastly Haunted Trail is open Friday and Saturday nights, 7-10 p.m., from Sept. 29 through Oct. 28. Cost is $12 per person.

Alien Bunnies Attack in the ‘Cute Little Buggers’ Trailer
Gremlins meet Hot Fuzz in Cute Little Buggers, premiering on VOD November 7th from Uncork’d Entertainment.

Tony Jopia’s highly anticipated comedy-horror hybrid sees locals of a peaceful English village, enjoying their annual summer festival when they are suddenly attacked by mutated killer rabbits!

“Somewhere in the depths of space, aliens are watching the earth and planning their attack. Unaware of the impending danger, the locals of a sleepy English village are preparing for their summer festival. The aliens launch their offensive by mutating the local rabbit population, and when the furry demons are released, the body count starts to pile up as blood, guts, and fur flies in all directions as the humans fight off the alien threat.”

The film features genre icon Caroline Munro (Maniac, The Spy Who Loved Me).

Bunny Man!
The legend has circulated for years in several forms. A version naming a suspect and specific location was posted to a website in the late 1990s by a "Timothy C. Forbes". This version states that in 1904, an asylum prison in Clifton, Virginia was shut down by successful petition of the growing population of residents in Fairfax County. During the transfer of inmates to a new facility, one of the fifteen transports crashed; most, including the driver, were killed, ten escaped. A search party found all but one of them.

During this time, locals allegedly began to find hundreds of cleanly skinned, half-eaten carcasses of rabbits hanging from the trees in the surrounding areas. Another search of the area was ordered, and the police located the remains of Marcus Wallster, left in a similar fashion to the rabbit carcasses hanging in a nearby tree or under a bridge overpass—also known as the "Bunny Man Bridge"—along the railroad tracks at Colchester Road. Officials name the last missing inmate, Douglas J. Grifon, as their suspect and call him "the bunny man".

In this version, officials finally manage to locate Grifon but, during their attempt to apprehend him at the overpass, he nearly escapes before being hit by an oncoming train where the original transport crashed. They say after the train passed, the police heard laughter coming from the site. It is eventually revealed that Grifon was institutionalized for killing his family and children on Easter Sunday.
For years after the "Bunny Man's" death, in the time approaching Halloween, carcasses are said to be found hanging from the overpass and surrounding areas. A figure is reportedly seen by passersby making their way through the one lane bridge tunnel.

Fairfax County Public Library Historian-Archivist Brian A. Conley extensively researched the Bunny Man legend. He has located two incidents of a man in a rabbit costume threatening people with an axe. The vandalism reports occurred a week apart in 1970 in Burke, Virginia.

The first incident was reported the evening of October 19, 1970 by U.S. Air Force Academy Cadet Robert Bennett and his fiancée, who were visiting relatives on Guinea Road in Burke. Around midnight, while returning from a football game, they reportedly parked their car in a field on Guinea Road to "visit an Uncle who lived across the street from where the car was parked". As they sat in the front seat with the motor running, they noticed something moving outside the rear window. Moments later, the front passenger window was smashed, and there was a white-clad figure standing near the broken window. Bennett turned the car around while the man screamed at them about trespassing, including: "You're on private property, and I have your tag number." As they drove down the road, the couple discovered a hatchet on the car floor.

When the police requested a description of the man, Bennett insisted he was wearing a white suit with long bunny ears. However, Bennett's fiancée contested their assailant did not have bunny ears on his head, but was wearing a white capirote of some sort. They both remembered seeing his face clearly, but in the darkness, they could not determine his race. The police returned the hatchet to Bennett after examination. Bennett was required to report the incident upon his return to the Air Force Academy.

The second reported sighting occurred on the evening of October 29, 1970, when construction security guard Paul Phillips approached a man standing on the porch of an unfinished home, in Kings Park West on Guinea Road. Phillips said the man was wearing a gray, black, and white bunny costume, and was about 20 years old, 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m) tall, and weighed about 175 pounds (79 kg). The man began chopping at a porch post with a long-handled axe, saying: "All you people trespass around here. If you don't get out of here, I'm going to bust you on the head."

The Fairfax County Police opened investigations into both incidents, but both were eventually closed for lack of evidence. In the weeks following the incidents, more than 50 people contacted the police claiming to have seen the "Bunny Man". Several newspapers reported the incident of the "Bunny Man" eating a man's runaway cat, including the following articles in The Washington Post:

"Man in Bunny costume Sought in Fairfax" (October 22, 1970)
"The 'Rabbit' Reappears" (October 31, 1970)
"Bunny Man Seen" (November 4, 1970)
"Bunny Reports Are Multiplying" (November 6, 1970)


© Copyrighted

Sep 29, 2017

News 9-28-17

Security camera to help police ID rabbit thieves
Summary: "The two thieves took some time to select fully-grown rabbits , the largest in the enclosure," the officer said. "There may have been someone else involved who sent the juveniles to steal the animals and took them from the thieves. "The culprits walked into the research unit and pulled the rabbits out of their unlocked enclosures," an investigating officer said. "After the research assistant reported that the rabbits were missing, the head of the institution, Prof H Gopi, lodged a complaint with the Guduvancherry police. "They may have been involved in similar thefts earlier, perhaps the stealing of pet animals whose owners did not contact police. Police said a security camera near the enclosure had captured two juveniles as they stealthily filched 11 Russian Chinchilla rabbits and five New Zealand white rabbits from the research lab.

Midwest BunFest: Rabbit fundraiser keeps growing

Midwest BunFest has found a home.

The annual event for a nonprofit organization that seeks to find homes for abandoned pet rabbits will return Oct. 14 to the Northland Performing Arts Center, 4411 Tamarack Blvd.

Midwest BunFest hopped from venue to venue for a while, but Ohio House Rabbit Rescue founder Beverly May said she’s pleased to see the event, which is vital to the organization’s survival, has hit on the perfect location.

“Our biggest fundraiser is Midwest BunFest,” said May, whose organization is headquartered at 5485 N. High St. in Clintonville.

She said the Northland Performing Arts Center probably is the permanent home for the annual celebration of all things rabbit.

“They’ve just got the manpower to make it happen,” May said. “We’re very thrilled that we can be stationary for quite a few years.”

Kent Stuckey, Northland Performing Arts Center board chairman, said the nonprofit is grateful to organizations such as Ohio House Rabbit Rescue for helping to pay for operating expenses at the building that is home to Vaud-Villities and Imagine Productions.
“The center was founded with a mission to, while serving primarily central Ohio community arts organizations, to also be a community center,” Stuckey said. “We’ve got many community organizations that are dependent upon the facility for their operations, their meetings, their big, major events.”

Along with fundraising efforts like a bowling event and an annual road race, Midwest BunFest helps raise awareness about Ohio House Rabbit Rescue, said May, who founded the organization in 2009. Ohio House Rabbit Rescue provides shelter for pet bunnies given up by their owners, as well as offering services to rabbit owners.

This year’s Midwest BunFest will continue traditions set in previous years, said Ohio House Rabbit Rescue volunteer Adrienne Lang of Powell.

“I think we’re kind of a well-oiled machine now,” she said. “We know what works and what doesn’t.”

BunFest topped 1,000 in attendance for the first time last year, Lang said, and 250 bunnies also were on hand.

“The growth we’ve seen in the past few years is incredible,” said Shanleigh Brown, marketing coordinator for Midwest BunFest. “It’s great people-watching and you get to see the bunnies.”

Rosie Wendt of Upper Arlington, another rescue organization volunteer, said she attended the first Midwest BunFest shortly after getting her pet rabbit in 2013.

“It was good to hear people who know much more than I did, and probably still more than I do, talk about what typical behaviors should be,” Wendt said.

The Northland Performing Arts Center provides space to community organizations based on their ability to pay rent, Stuckey said.

“There are a number of recurring events that we really depend on that are particularly productive so we need to prioritize the recurring events that help us keep the doors open and keep the lights on,” he said.

“I would emphasize from a business perspective, this is only to meet operating needs. We don’t need to pay a mortgage. We don’t need to pay a lease. We’re just striving to cover operating costs. Essentially, this is a community asset.”

The Midwest BunFest will be held from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission is $6 for adults, $3 for children younger than 12. Children younger than 5 are admitted free.


Pet events: Haunted trail, goat yoga and wine and rabbits
Wine and Rabbits
Meet rescue rabbits looking for a home and enjoy wine, cheese and fruit from 6-10 p.m. Sept. 30 at The Pump House, 880 E. Waterfront Drive, Homestead (15120).
Tickets are $50 for a Night of Wine and Rabbits to benefit the Rabbit Wranglers rescue. The theme is Rockabilly, and the event will include a silent auction of works by artists living in the Rust Belt. Creative cocktail attire is encouraged.
Reservations, information: or 412-580-6068; or or 412-953-1770.


Bini the basketball bunny sets slam dunk world record
A basketball-playing bunny in California showed off its hops on its way to setting a world record for slam dunks in a minute.

Bini, the Holland Lop rabbit, claimed the Guinness World Record for most basketball slam dunks in one minute by a rabbit by dropping a tiny ball through a miniature hoop seven times within the time limit.

"Having Bini become part of the Guinness World Records family is an incredible feeling, especially since I used to read the annual books when I was a kid," owner Shai Asor said.

Asor said he passed his love of basketball onto the 5-year-old rabbit after watching Bini repeatedly push a ball into a box.

He then realized he could train Bini to place the ball in a hoop and helped the rabbit practice his dunks every night before bed.

In addition to his athletic talent, Asor said Bini is a talented painter that can also style hair.


Rabbit breeders urged to hop online for welfare survey
Anonymous survey from the universities of Nottingham and Winchester aims to establish the methods used to care for the UK's 1.5 million pet rabbits.
The Rabbit Breeder Project aims to shed light on how the lagomorphs are bred for sale into the UK pet trade.
‘Keen to know more’

Launched by researchers from The University of Nottingham School’s vet school and the University of Winchester, the project aims to paint a picture of animal welfare in the UK rabbit breeding industry by asking breeders to fill in an anonymous questionnaire regarding the methods they use.

Nottingham vet school master’s degree student and project lead Emma Gurney said: “I have a personal interest in this subject as I love rabbits and have four of my own at home. They are increasingly popular as pets, particularly with the new trend of house rabbits that can even be trained to use litter trays.

“We are very keen to know more about the extent of breeding for sale in the UK as it is pretty unregulated.”
Question time

The survey asks breeders basic questions such as:

the numbers of breeding rabbits they look after
how many ‘does’ and ‘bucks’ they keep
what daily feeding routines are
how many rabbits – and what breeds – they breed and sell
the type of housing environments they are kept in

No regulation

According to PDSA, rabbits are the third most popular pet in the country, with an estimated population of 1.5 million rabbits, yet very little is known about how they are bred for sale into the pet trade.

Zoologist and supervisor on the project Naomi Harvey said: “There are laws about the breeding and housing conditions of laboratory rabbits in scientific research, but our investigation so far has found no legislative guidelines or regulation in rabbit breeding for the pet industry.”

The online questionnaire will be available until 31 January, with the project results submitted to Royal Society Open Science.


Frightened Rabbit have released a new video for ‘Roadless’
Posted On September 22, 2017 Words: Sam Taylor
Last week, Frightened Rabbit surprise-dropped a new EP called ‘Recorded Songs’ – and today they’ve shared a video for one of the tracks.

‘Roadless’ features on the new three-track effort alongside a duet with Julien Baker called ‘How It Gets In’, and fellow new song ‘Rained On’.

Scott Hutchison explains: “We’re proud to present the video for ‘Roadless’ to you all today. For the film we teamed up with one of Scotland’s most talented young animators, Ross Hogg. Ross has managed to unlock a layer of beauty with this, painstakingly etching into found footage to create a delicate and poignant animated film. We hope you enjoy watching and listening.”

The EP follows on from latest album ‘Painting Of A Panic Attack’, released just last year, and a standalone track called ‘Fields of Wheat’ which they (unsurprisingly) released around the time of the general election.

Stanislaus State Announces Rare Rabbit Joins National Geographic Photo Ark of Endangered Species

A tiny cottontail on the edge of extinction has gained a foothold on forever, thanks to the Endangered Species Recovery Program (ESRP) of Stanislaus State and the National Geographic Photo Ark project.

The riparian brush rabbit, whose numbers had dwindled to perhaps a few dozen, has been spotted worldwide since Sept. 7 on a National Geographic video post that has received more than 1 million views on Instagram. Photographer Joel Sartore’s images of the light gray bunny, with its distinctive pouchy cheeks, have joined 7,000 species captured for posterity.

Sartore founded the Photo Ark so “that people will look these creatures in the eyes, and be inspired to care, while there is still time.” More than an effort to document the planet’s biodiversity, he and National Geographic seek to spur innovative efforts to save threatened species and raise funds for conservation, including through the #SaveTogether campaign.

The suddenly famous brush bunny, tagged #0956 after the photo shoot, modeled for Sartore after being coaxed from underbrush on a scorching summer weekend by Patrick Kelly, ESRP coordinator and zoology professor, and Stan State students Celia Tarcha and Rachael Devaughn. “He only weighs about 1 pound, and lots of other critters would like to eat him. That’s why they have the name brush rabbit. They hide out in dense brush,” Kelly noted.

The little lagomorph rarely strays more than a few feet from cover. It was once common in parts of the Central Valley, but farming and suburban sprawl reduced its habitat, and predators, including feral cats, decimated its numbers. In cooperation with private land owners and state and federal agencies, Stan State’s Endangered Species Recovery Program successfully bred captive rabbits from 2001 to 2013 and reintroduced those furry families into the wild.

Today their descendants live in growing colonies on San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge and conservation partner lands, including the Faith Ranch. The effort got a helping hand from the largest contiguous riparian habitat restoration program in California, which introduced thickets of willow, wild rose and blackberry favored by the diminutive mammal.

“When I was a small child reading National Geographic at my granduncle’s house in Galway City in the west of Ireland, I never dreamed that someday I would be working with a National Geographic photographer on a project,” Kelly said. Now he looks forward to doing so again.

“ESRP biologists and students have worked to save many species over the past 25 years. I am hoping that Joel Sartore will return to California in the not-too-distant future to photograph some of our other threatened and endangered species: the riparian woodrat, San Joaquin kit fox, San Joaquin kangaroo rat, Mohave ground squirrel, blunt-nosed leopard lizard and many more,” Kelly said. “We need all the help we can get. As Joel says, we need people ‘to look these creatures in the eyes, to be inspired to care, while there is still time.’ ”



© Copyrighted

Sep 26, 2017

Show Rabbit Training.

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Can bunnies be trained? Can they learn? Can they be taught?
Yes, yes and yes!... They can. In fact they are quite clever little things and are quick to learn. They enjoy the interaction and stimulation too.
First we are going to look at the psychology behind training a rabbit.
Why is a Rabbit Not Like a Dog?
Let's compare a rabbit to a dog, that quintessential model of (potential) obedience. The ancestral dog was a cooperative pack animal. He was utterly submissive to his alpha dog: the chief of the pack. Humans took that characteristic and bred domestic dogs to have a very strong desire to please their *new* alpha, the Human Master. Most dogs have a puppy-like desire to please their perceived alpha, and this is what makes them so easy to train (at least in the hands of an experienced dog trainer who understands the way a dog's mind works).
Now consider the rabbit. The wild rabbits from which our domestic friends are descended are indeed social creatures--but they are herbivores who have not had the evolutionary pressure to be highly cooperative. The family group lives in a series of excavated tunnels (the warren) in the earth. There is a social hierarchy, but it is generally based on which rabbit is the strongest and toughest. Rabbits cooperate only in the sense their evolutionary programmed alarm systems benefit the entire warren. Rabbits can certainly be extremely affectionate with one another, but they also have distinct likes and dislikes of other rabbits. It's often impossible for a human to guess which rabbits will fall in love, and which ones will hate each other from the start and never learn to get along. Surprisingly, it's often easier for a rabbit to get along with a human, cat, dog, guinea pig or other animal than with an unfamiliar member of his/her own species.
Unlike dogs, rabbits have no innate desire to please an alpha. If the human caregiver becomes so frustrated with the apparent disobedience of the rabbit that s/he becomes physically abusive, the rabbit will begin to consider the human as an enemy, and never forget the physical punishment. Hitting a rabbit is not only dangerous to the animal (the skeleton is extremely fragile), but unproductive. The rabbit subjected to physical punishment may become extremely aggressive, hopelessly fearful or--believe it or not--vindictive. With love and patience, the human caregiver can teach the bunny what is acceptable and what is not. The only effective way to train a rabbit away from undesirable behaviors is with positive reinforcement and very gentle negative reinforcement, such as a squirt with a water bottle and a firm "No!" when the bunny is being naughty.
Rabbits are very clever and actually enjoy learning new things.
Learning through play is the best way to teach your bunny, and if you add some of their favorite treats as a reward, it makes the whole process much easier and rabbits will look forward to 'rabbit training time'!
People Pleasers
As more people are realizing that rabbits are social creatures and love the company of their owners, lucky bunnies everywhere are being brought inside the family home, to live, sleep, play and socialize. In turn, they are learning new habits, routines and games.
Rabbits are enjoying the freedoms other pets, like cats and dogs, have long since been a part of, rather than suffering the confinement of an outside, dingy, damp, lonely hutch at the bottom of the garden. And about time too!
Rabbit training can be for practical reasons of course, but certain types of training can be helpful and rewarding in other ways too. Let's take a more in-depth look at rabbit training and it's uses:
⦁ Litter Box Training - Learn the basic steps to successful rabbit toilet training, important for indoor rabbits but also can benefit outdoor bunnies too.
⦁ Clicker Training - Rabbits are very reward-based when it comes to doing as they are told. Sound association is an excellent way to get them to remember!
⦁ Harness Training - There's lots of reasons why harness rabbit training is a good idea and your bunnies will take to it, or they won't, but there are ways to help them get used to .
⦁ Agility Training - Agility courses for rabbits are becoming more popular worldwide. Rabbits and owners enjoy the exercise but there are a few things to follow before you get your rabbits running through tunnels!
⦁ Show Jumping Rabbit Training - Much like agility training but more competitive, especially in Scandinavia where it all started. But seeing a rabbit jump over hurdles like a little horse is amazing & rabbits love it too!
⦁ Show Rabbit Training - If you are breeding beautiful, pictures of perfection or even rare rabbits, you'll want to show them off, but the correct behavior on the show table is important to their success and adds to the overall winning formula.
On this episode we are going to specifically cover Rabbit Show Training for the show rabbit
For more than 150 years, people have been exhibiting rabbits at shows. The showing of different breeds and varieties of rabbits at exhibitions and competitions has been around since the late 1800s and more people enjoy the fellowship of these events every day.
Associations & Councils
The BRC (British Rabbit Council) in the UK and the ARBA (American Rabbit Breeders Association) are two of the largest and most influential of the organizations. They have quite a strict standard of entry and list of regulations, but with the right rabbit training techniques and know-how, you too could have a prize-wining rabbit on your hands.
All recognized breeds and varieties of rabbits can be shown and shows range from small club shows and county fairs to huge state and national events. This variety provides a wide range of competition for rabbit raisers, breeders and owners.
Each show will have slightly different rules but the basics principals of showing rabbits are more or less the same worldwide.
Lets take a look at a few things you and your rabbit will need to learn:
Posing Your Rabbit
Posing the rabbit on the table for the showmanship contest can be done in several ways (for example, sideways, facing the contestant, or facing the judge). However, the usual posing position is to have the rabbit face the judge.
Posing the rabbit is done in such a way that the animal is neither stretched out too much nor tucked in too much depending on breed description. By properly posing your animal, you can give a good impression of the "type" of the breed.
Some rabbit breeds are posed in a specific way, while some are not judged in a posed position. It is important that you know the proper pose for your rabbit and set the rabbit in this pose during the judge's evaluation. Practicing posing with your rabbits will help keep the animals calm while the judge is handling them. A rabbit that has not been handled will be scared or aggressive and will make it difficult for the judge to evaluate it. This could hinder your placing because it will not allow the judge to see your rabbits best qualities. The Domestic Rabbit book has a tutorial that states the pose and handling of various rabbit breeds.

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Practice Posing
Practice makes perfect! You should practice posing your rabbits properly and going through the routine that the judges will use to check your rabbits for disqualifications and placings. This is also great practice if you will compete in rabbit showmanship. If you plan to compete in rabbit showmanship, you should say aloud each step as you practice checking and posing your rabbit. This will help you build your confidence since you will need to do so during showmanship in order to demonstrate to the judge that you know your rabbit stuff!
When practicing posing your rabbit, make sure you have a table and a rug or a piece of carpet upon which to set the animal.
Never try to set up the animal on a smooth surface since it may slip and will not get a good grip, and this action would affect the pose negatively.
Steps to Good Posing
Follow these rabbit training steps if you want to pose your rabbit effectively and correctly
⦁ Cover the rabbit's eyes with the palm of your hand so that it will sit calmly rather than struggle.
⦁ With your other hand, set the forelegs in alignment with the eyes and the hind legs in alignment with the hips.
⦁ Gently stroke the rabbit on the back when the positioning is finished so that the animal will sit calmly in the posing position.
⦁ Keep your movements to a minimum; the less you have to do to secure the proper response from your animal, the better your performance will be judged.
⦁ It is important to pose the rabbit to the front facing the judge, because several people will be working side-by-side behind the table and the rabbits will be positioned close together.
⦁ If they are posed sideways, a rabbit (especially a buck) may be tempted to mount an adjacent rabbit. Posing straight ahead should diminish this problem and that the rabbits are posed at least two feet apart.
⦁ When the judge gives the command "pose," you will have two to three minutes to place the animal in the proper pose.
⦁ You should then take a step back and stand at attention.
Examining Your Rabbit
rabbit show handling
In the showmanship part of the rabbit contest, the judge attempts to determine each participant's practical knowledge by checking the rabbit for defects and disqualifications.
You will need to demonstrate your practical skill at examination, and the judge will evaluate you on how smoothly, systematically, and confidently you perform each of the examination sections.
The examination can be broken down into the following steps:
⦁ Start with the head area. Squeeze the base of each ear to determine whether the animal has any ear mites. If the animal struggles, you can suspect it has ear mites.
⦁ Open and examine each ear to ascertain that the rabbit does not have ear mites.
⦁ Check the rabbit's eyes by pointing your index finger at each eye to make sure the animal is not blind. Also check each eye to make sure that the rabbit does not have weepy-eye, a disease problem.
⦁ Turn your rabbit smoothly on its back. This is a very important step. Judges will be closely observing whether the rabbit is under your control.
⦁ Make sure you provide enough support on the table for the rabbit when you turn it around. Don't allow the animal to struggle or kick you in the face. Try to accomplish the turn in your initial attempt. The turning should be done in a very smooth way.
⦁ Practice turning the rabbit on its back by getting a firm hold of the shoulder skin over the ears (as you do when beginning to handle your animal).
⦁ Keep the hindquarters resting on the table and use your right hand to make a swing to the right so that the animal is completely on it back.
⦁ Keep a firm grip with your right hand while supporting the weight of the animal on the table.
⦁ Point your left index finger to the rabbit's nose area and look for any white discharge (a sign of a cold).
⦁ With your left thumb and index finger, pull back the animal's lips (first the upper and the lower) to check the condition of the teeth.
⦁ Carefully check for any problems with buck teeth, a hereditary condition which is a disqualification.
⦁ Pull each front leg toward you to see if the legs are straight, crooked, or bowed.
⦁ Press the palm of each foreleg to examine the color of the toenails and to look for missing toenails.
⦁ Run your left hand over the chest and abdomen areas to check for any abscesses, tumors, or other abnormalities.
⦁ As you come to the end of the abdomen area, grasp the thigh area of the hind legs and push it straight downward with the palm of your left hand to determine the straightness of the hind legs. Note whether or not they are parallel.
⦁ Release your hand from the high area and check the hock areas to any sign of sore hock. If a scab is visible, press it to see whether it is an old scab or if it is fresh. If it is fresh, it will bleed and the animal may struggle. This would then mean an elimination.
⦁ Examine the color of the toenails on the hind legs; also check for missing nails.
⦁ Check the sex area of the animal to determine the sex and locate any obvious disease problem.
⦁ To check the sex, hold the tail between your left index and middle fingers and press down on the sex area with your thumb. Apply a slight pressure.
⦁ Feel the tail to see whether it is broken.
⦁ Turn the rabbit back to the original position (its head facing your left).
⦁ Check the balance of the tail to see whether the rabbit has a wry tail or any other tail deformity.
⦁ Set the ears of the rabbit properly. Check to see if they are carried in a position which is normal for its breed.
⦁ Check the meat quality of the animal by feeling the meat on the shoulders, ribs, loins, rump, etc.
⦁ Examine the fur quality by running your hand from the tail to the head and back. Look at the guard hairs. You may also blow on the fur to examine the density of the fur.
Selecting and Grooming Rabbit Training
Class Determination
You must be sure of the sex of any rabbits you are going to show, because sex is one of the things that determines the class in which you will enter your rabbits.
The other factors that determine class are the age, weight, variety, and breed of your rabbits. You should check the necessary standards for your breed.
rabbit grooming
You will also need to begin grooming your rabbits that you have selected for show at least 6 weeks before the show date.
Daily grooming not only improves the appearance of your rabbits, it also tames them and makes them easier to handle at the show.
Good Tip
It is also a good idea to play a radio near your rabbit house to get them used to voices and the extra noise they will certainly encounter at shows.
How to Prepare for a Rabbit Show
Choosing rabbit(s) and completing show entries
First and foremost you have to choose the animals that you believe will be of show quality and will do well at the show. Some shows, such as county fair shows and 4-H shows, also require that participants carry out additional activities as part of their rabbit competition. These additional entries should not be seen as a daunting task, but instead as a more opportunities to excel in your rabbit project and be rewarded for your hard work. You should complete these entries well in advance.
Nutrition and Conditioning
Months prior to the show you should be conditioning your rabbit for the show. Make sure that your animal is getting the proper nutrition. If you choose to feed your rabbit supplements, first contact your veterinarian or use a knowledgeable, reputable source, then follow the instructions given. ALWAYS make sure that your rabbit has water available.
You should groom your rabbit often. Grooming will help your rabbit’s temperament by allowing the animal to get used to being handled. It will also greatly improve the condition, luster, body and texture of your rabbit’s coat. It will also help you establish a trust relationship with your rabbit. The rabbit will learn to trust you and hence not become as stressed when handled. This will also help you to learn your rabbit’s habits. Also remember to cut your rabbit’s nails prior to the show.
Register for the show
Some shows require that you register in advance and may require that an entry fee be paid. Make sure that you complete the registration in advance and whatever additional requirements there may be in order to participate. If your entry is submitted late, you may not be allowed to participate in the show.
Transporting the animals to and from the show should be done as comfortably for the animal as possible. Exposing the rabbit to extreme heat or cold can be damaging to both the animals condition and health. Make sure that you take water bottles, feeders, feed and water to rabbit shows the rabbit show. If the rabbit it traveling in an air-conditioned car, make sure that the A/C vent is not directly blowing air at the rabbit as this can make them sick.
Be on time
It is your responsibility at a rabbit show to make sure your animals reach the judging table at the appropriate time. In order to accomplish this, one must pay attention to the order of judging, which judge will be handling your breed, and which variety and class is to be brought up for judging next.

Now we discussed some breeds needing to be posed differently, and one of those is the Belgian Hare.

Training Belgian Hares to pose
Training and Showing
By Frank Zaloudek
When you look at the picture of the Belgian Hare in the ARBA Standard of Perfection, your attention is immediately drawn to its pose, standing on the toes of its fully extended front legs, ears erect, body carried high above the floor and with a wild look in its eye. If you have been around Belgians for a while, you will learn that this is the pose it takes only when excited, startled or when it is eagerly anticipating food or drink. It is not a pose that it would take in a relaxed, non threatening situation or in the intimidating surroundings of the showroom. How do you get you Belgians to pose as it the picture? The simple answer is that they have to be trained!
The problem is that there are many ways an exhibitor can train a Hare to pose, and there are just as many ways that judges use to pose a Hare. If the Hare's training and the judges set-up technique "click", then it might be successfully posed; otherwise, the judging can degrade to a "wrestling match" ("acrobatics at a Halloween party" as characterized by the late Dr. Terry Reed) between the judge and the Hare during which time is wasted and the Hare, no matter how deserving, will be at a disadvantage to Hares that pose easily.
How can these "wrestling matches" be avoided? Is it the responsibility of the judges, of the breeder/exhibitor, or both? Perhaps we can get some answers to these questions if we look at techniques used and advocated by some judges and breeder/exhibitors.
There seems to be a number of basic methods in use at the present time. These methods can be characterized in the following descriptive terms:
The "natural pose" method
The "shoulder pressure" method
"Ear lift" method
"Head lift" method
"Body stretch" method
and combinations of the above. Lets look at a description of each of these methods and comments on some of them as presented in past issues of the ABHC "Spotlight" and the ABHC Guidebook.
Natural Pose Method
In the "Natural Pose" method, no attempt is made by the judge to set up the Hare; instead, it is allowed to move about naturally in a judging coop. John C. Fehr wrote in the 1975 ABHC Guidebook, "Many a fine Belgian Hare loses out because of not being properly handled. You need not wrestle a Belgian Hare around nor stretch his limbs out like a chiropractor would do; he will show you in the coop where he is weak and where he stands out. Mr. Fehr described his judging technique as follows: "You must have a wire coop large enough so that your rabbit can run around and stand up, one for each entry. After you have taken them out to examine for disqualifications, they are placed back into the coop. Judging is then done in the coop. A good idea is to place one which looks good at the head of the class, the next best and so on. Now is the time to go along the line and study their action, moving them back or forward from coop to coop. Don't make snap judgments. After you eliminate your class down to the five winners, your job really begins all over again. Here the experienced Belgian Hare exhibitor has the advantage. He has worked with his Hares to the point that they are really proud to show off."
By allowing the Hares to pose naturally takes the pressure off the judge to make the animals all assume a, more or less, identical pose. However, it requires the breeder/exhibitor to "condition" his hares so that they will move about the judging coop in a manner to show off their best attributes. A Hare cowering in the corner of the coop because of the intimidating surroundings and crowds will certainly will not show off his best stuff to the judge! What can the breeder do to prepare his animals? It's important that a breeder frequently handle his Hares so that they will be accustomed to being handled and examined. Placing them on the judging table before the show starts can get them familiar with the surroundings and placing them on your grooming table prior to judging can prepare them for the presence of spectators (a Hare on display seems to always be able to attract a crowd).
Shoulder Pressure Method
In an article written for the ABHC Spotlight, Dr. Terry Reed recommended that Belgian Hare enthusiasts attempt to train their animals using a method similar to the following:
1. Position the hind legs in a manner such that the animal is sitting squarely on the hind legs in a natural position.
2. With one hand between the forelegs, the front portion of the Hare is gently raised and at the same time very gently pushed backwards until the animal extends its front legs.
3. During the extension of the front legs, a light amount of pressure is placed on the shoulders with the opposing hand.
4. As the Hare rests the tip of the toes on the extended limbs, the hand is removed from between the legs.
5. Slight alternating pressure is maintained on the top of the shoulders until it can be removed and the animal maintains its stance. (The Hare will tend to rise up to resist the pressure, there by extending its front leg and raising its head.)
6. Stepping back from the table, it is anticipated that the animal will maintain position and look about alertly.
7. After the animal has been completely evaluated in the posed position, one can allow the animal to move back and forth on the table to evaluate the extension of limbs and other characteristics. Caution should be utilized not to "wear the animal out" on the table.
Dr. Reed advised, " The posing position will not "just happen" with regularity and it is anticipated that the younger the animal and the more frequent it is handled and posed, the more natural it will become for the Belgian Hare to pose on the table. However, with noise, strange environment, and other peculiarities, the position must be adjusted from time to time to accomplish the correct pose."
He also advised that, "Due to the extremely long legs, long body, fine bone, and fragile ears, it is extremely important that when handling the Hare, one is very gentle and uses extreme caution in protecting the animal to the best of their ability. Due to the temperament of the Belgian Hare, one must be firm, but not aggressive in the handling procedure or the animal will become extremely excited and there is a possibility of self trauma to these beautiful creatures." Most Belgian Hare breeders will agree that their animals are most certainly more robust than they appear and a judge should not be afraid of handling them in a normal manner. A Hare should, of course, not be abused, but neither should any other breed of rabbit.
Ear Lift Method
Ted Gordon described the "ear lift" method in the 1975 ABHC Guidebook. He noted, "Posing for show seems to be a matter of the Hare's confidence in the handler, much training so that the Belgian knows what is wanted, and the inborn proud attitude of the "King of the Fancy." "The system of training that seems to work for us begins at about weaning age. Time is spent every day even if it is just a minute apiece to get the animals used to being handled. I try not to "pet" them -- that is, stroke them from the shoulders to hips -- because then they tend to flatten out or crouch down (though they do enjoy being petted). Running both hands along the sides of the Hare, lifting the front quarters slightly and then tucking the hindquarters as you pass over them gives the young Hare the idea of being high on the front legs."
To pose a Belgian Place the Hare on a piece of carpet facing left.
1. Place the back feet out at about 30 degrees on each side to give a good solid base to sit on, and untuck the tail if necessary.
2. Grasp the ears gently in your right hand and place the left hand, palm up and fingers pointing away from you, under the belly.
3. Move the left hand up to behind the front legs extending them fully. Lift with the left hand and at the same time gently raise the Hare with the right hand which is grasping the ears. Lift up and back with as much weight as possible on the rear feet. There is some gentle pull on the ears with your right hand, but you are also supporting the chest with the left hand. See the accompanying photograph for correct hand position.
4. Raise the Hare in this manner until his feet are clearing the carpet and hanging straight. Ease the pressure of the right hand on the ears and lower him slowly onto his tip toes, encouraging the Hare to support himself high on his front legs.
"It will take many, many times to get a Hare to hold this stance at all -- as many as 20 to 25 attempts a day for a week before he learns. If he struggles, don't force him, but set him free and talk soothingly to him. Then start again. You gain the Belgian's confidence by working with him gently, and eventually he learns to enjoy the handling and seems to want to please you."
Mr. Gordon noted that, "If the Belgian Hare is going to respond (and most, but not all, eventually do) it will come after many attempts, and each attempt should follow the same order so that the Hare becomes accustomed to the same routine each time. Once the Belgian Hare will bear his weight on the front legs, the next step is to get him to "hold it" for a longer and longer period of time, talking to him gently, praising his effort, and "radiating your pleasure at his performance. If you "feel with" your Belgians a sense of shared joy in each others existence, these beautiful sensitive animals will respond. The old timers tell me that years ago, a well trained Hare would "hold" for three minutes or more!!"
Head Lift Method
The "Head Lift" method is a variation of the Ear Lift Method and is seen practiced by some judges and breeders/exhibitors that are reluctant or unaccustomed to pulling on a rabbit's ears, no matter how gently. It can also be use on individual specimens that refuse to have their ears grasped.
This method proceeds as follows:
1. Place the Hare facing away from you and to the left with back feet out at about 30 degrees on each side to give a good solid base to sit on, and untuck the tail if necessary.
2. Similarly to the Ear Lift Method, place the left hand, palm up and fingers pointing away from you, under the belly. Instead of grasping the ears, place the right hand along the Hare's left cheek. Place your bent thumb behind the ears and a finger under the Hare's chin. Use whatever finger is suitable to avoid placing pressure on the Hare's throat. Doing so will cause the Hare to struggle.
3. Move the left hand up to behind the front legs extending them fully. Lift with the left hand and at the same time gently raise the Hare's head with the right hand. Lift up and back with as much weight as possible on the rear feet. With you thumb, position the ears in the vertical position.
4. Raise the Hare in this manner until his feet are clearing the carpet and hanging straight, and slowly lower him onto his tip toes until his feet touch and the legs bear his weight. At some point, you will feel his body relax; when you do, slowly withdraw your left had from beneath his belly.
5. You will feel the Hare start to support his head and ease the pressure on your right hand. As he does, remove your right hand slowly in a manner that you do not brush the Hares whiskers abruptly. Doing so will make him flinch.
6. Anticipating that the Hare will hold this pose, stand back smartly and evaluate the animal.
When training the hare to pose, lavish praise on him when he holds a pose, even if very briefly. Sometimes a treat such as a raisin or a black sunflower seed given in reward for a good performance will solidify his training. After repeating this procedure frequently, 20 or more times daily for a week, you will find the Hare holding the pose quickly will little effort on your part. Ideally, he will snap into the pose when placed on the carpet and hold it for a brief period of time, but only few progress to that type of performance.
Body Stretch Method
Some popular Belgian Hare judges are currently using a previously undescribed, but apparently very successful method of posing Hares. This method seems to work on both highly trained animals and those who have had only minimal training. Furthermore, this method appears to induce a Hare to show off its finest attributes, and it can net outstanding and consistent results.
Although there are some variations on the application of this method, it essentially proceeds as follows:
1. Place the Hare on a piece of carpet at a 45 degree angle so that it is facing your right shoulder.
2. Straighten out the tail with your left hand if it is tucked under the body, and place your fingers under the body from the rear.
3. Place your right hand at the left cheek of the Hare, fingers extended. Place the bent forefinger in back of the ears, the bent ring or small finger under the chin, and the thumb on the forehead. Be careful not to put any pressure on the throat of the Hare or it will start struggling.
4. Simultaneously with both hands lift the Hare so that both fore and hind legs barely touch the rug. The Hare will extend its fore and hind legs to the maximum to try to maintain touch with the rug. Also, with the finger under the chin, tip the head slightly upwards and gently pull the head so that the Hare stretches out its body. Position the hare so that most of its weight will be placed on the hind legs when lowered to the rug.
5. Gently lower the Hare to the rug, tapping its front feet on the rug to encourage it to stand on its toes. Some will gently message the Hare's forehead with the thumb of the right hand to quiet the animal before releasing it; however, I have not found this particularly useful.
Slowly slip the left hand from under the hind end, and as the Hare relaxes, remove your right hand from its head and step back to evaluate it.
If at any time the Hare starts to struggle during posing, release it and start over again. This method seem to work best if the handlers actions are assertive but not abusive. Also, watch the palm of your right hand because it is in a vulnerable position should the Hare decide to bite.
The particular advantage of this method is that it will encouraged the Hare to both stretch and position its body, both front and rear, well off the rug.
One breeder doesn't start training hares until they are 10 weeks old. They were told that it is better to let their bones strengthen and I can see the sense in this. This breeder is probably in a small minority who don't start training Hares from a young age. However they find that it is no hindrance to the speed they learn.
As pointed out at the beginning, this is only a sampling of methods in use to pose Hares. There are probably other methods available and combinations of methods that will induce a Hare to assume the desired pose. However, it is important to note that a Hare will not pose without some effort be expended on the part of the breeder/exhibitor. With the many posing methods practiced by various judges, a breeder can only hope to expose his animals to enough of a variety of methods so that it will respond to the judges handling no matter what technique he uses. However, it means a lot of work by the breeder if he wants his animals to excel. It would be beneficial for both breeders and judges alike if some agreement, formal or informal, could be reached on a "standard" procedure. I have no propositions or suggestions on how such an agreement could be arrived at.
A few additional recommendations from the 4-H Rabbit Showmanship  
1.  Wear long sleeves to protect your arms from getting scratched.
2.  Handle your rabbit with care.
3.  Handle your rabbit often.
4.  NEVER lift or carry a rabbit by its ears.  This is painful for the rabbit.  Lifting by the ears causes damage to the ear veins.   Also, without the entire body being  supported, when a rabbit kicks to free itself, it may cause bone fractures in its  back or hind legs, and cause injury to nerves or tendons.     
5.  NEVER lift a rabbit by its legs.  This is painful, as well as can cause injury as  mentioned in No. 4.   
6.  NEVER lift a rabbit by the scruff of its neck without supporting the entire body  weight, as injuries can occur as mentioned in No. 4.
7.Put a rug or piece of carpet on the table or area where you are handling your  rabbit, so it can get a foothold when being worked with.  Smooth surfaces cause  a rabbit to slide, making it hard to handle, groom, and pose.  A rabbit will not  feel secure on smooth places, and may become afraid.      
8. Handle your rabbit during the cool part of the day.   
9.Handling rabbits when it is too hot can cause unnecessary stress and heat stroke.   
10.  Carry your rabbit by tucking its head under your arm while supporting its body  between your side and your same arm.  The rabbit’s eyes should be covered by  your elbow.  Support the hindquarters with your free hand.   

Show Preparation 
1.   Start grooming your rabbit at least six weeks before the show.   
2.   Groom in the cool part of the day.   
3.   Use a table covered with a rug or piece of carpet as a grooming stand. 
4.   Moisten your hands and rub them through the rabbit’s fur (from head to tail)  until it is damp.   
5.Once the fur is damp, stroke the rabbit from head to tail several times to remove    dead fur.    
6.   Do not rub the fur backwards (from tail to head) as that can break the guard  hairs.   
7.  Repeat steps 4 through 6 for several days.   
8.  Then continue to groom your rabbit daily by stroking the fur from head to tail  without dampening the fur.  This makes the fur shiny and tight.   
9.  Daily grooming improves the appearance of your rabbit, and tames it, making it  easier to handle.   
Showmanship is a combination of: (1) your appearance; (2) knowledge about  rabbits; (3) handling and showing your rabbit, including knowing its faults  according to the ARBA breed standard; and (4)sportsmanship and show ring  ethics.
Rabbit Training
Training Your Rabbit: Reality 101
by Dana Krempels, Ph.D.

Word of the Week:  Morning

Plant of the Week:  Chickweed


© Copyrighted

Sep 19, 2017

International Rabbit Day

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First we are going to look at what is rabbit day.
International Rabbit Day is an international day which promotes the protection and care of rabbits both domestic and wild. International Rabbit Day is held on the fourth Saturday or Sunday of September; in 2017 it will be held on Saturday September 23rd.
The holiday was established by charitable organizations in order to attract much attention of the world public to the problems of the death of a large number of rabbits as a result of neighborhood with people.
In huge quantities these humble animals are used by mankind in various fields of activity: for food, as a raw material for fur processing production, felt and knitting industries. And we shouldn’t forget about numerous scientific researches and diagnostic laboratories, where they are taken as experimental ones.
Before we answer the question “What is the meaning of International Rabbit Day 2017?” I can’t but mention that in the world there are about 200 breeds of rabbits, and among them about fifty – are fluffy and kept as decorative as pets. On this day fans of rabbits are united into various clubs and institutions. The initiative people organize exhibitions and competitions of their eared pets.
What does National Rabbit Day mean? Frankly speaking, it is up to you to decide whether to celebrate this holiday or not.
However, all over the world on this day the specialists come forward with a request for humane treatment of rabbits during their breeding and regulating their numbers. They also call for a reduction in the use of fur from rabbits and their meat in public catering. These men and women take care of these creatures’ well-being and health.
For the House rabbit society, when they celebrate International Rabbit Day, we think about the many ways that rabbits bring joy to our lives, and also the many ways in which they are harmed, by hunting, eating, medical experimentation, product testing, fur-farming, and living isolated lives in outdoor hutches. House Rabbit Society's mission states that "ALL rabbits are valuable as individuals, regardless of breed purity, temperament, state of health, or relationship to humans. The welfare of all rabbits is our primary consideration. In line with our mission, we are against the exploitation of rabbits...Domestic rabbits are companion animals and should be afforded at least the same individual rights, level of care, and opportunity for longevity as commonly afforded to dogs and cats who live as human companions."
Are you looking for some fun ways to celebrate this special occasion? Here are a few ideas to get you started:
⦁ Spend time with your rabbit. This sounds so simple, but it’s so important! Take some extra time to enjoy your bunny’s company on this special day.
⦁ Share the joy. Rabbits have the universal talent of making people smile. Show someone your bunnies.
⦁ Host a bunny party. Hop to it and invite your friends to a rabbit-themed party with bunny décor, fun games and plenty of carrot cake for guests and carrots for your bunny. Ask each guest to bring a donation for your local small animal rescue.
House Rabbit Society's chapters will be holding a number of events to promote International Rabbit Day this year. We hope that you'll join us by attending one of them!

International rabbit day is another chance to tell people how much joy this living being can bring to the house, and an ideal occasion to please wonderful long-eared pets. No mater how you will celebrate International Rabbit day, I hope that you reach out to friends and neighbors and let them know about your positive experiences with rabbits! Be sure to share the joy. Rabbits have the universal talent of making people smile, so be sure to spread some bunny sunshine by sharing cute photos on social media and put those cute faces in front of all your friends and family.


© Copyrighted

Sep 18, 2017

Enderby Island rabbit

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Jeff Hittinger.

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Enderby Island Rabbit Breed
The Enderby Island Rabbit, which is also referred to as the Enderby Rabbit, is a breed that descended from the rabbits that were taken from Australia to be released on Enderby Island in October of 1865. The animals survived in isolation on the island for almost 130 years, during which they became a distinct breed.
We are going to look at the history of the Enderby Rabbit, so be prepared to take a remarkable journey of hope, survival, fortitude, lifesaving, rescue, destruction and preservation. This story is like no other in the world of domestic rabbits.
Whales were plentiful in the waters that surrounded the Auckland's and the shores would prove to be rich with sea lions, but at the same time shipwrecks were abundant in the rough and dangerous waters around these six volcanic islands. Castaways would attempt to survive for weeks and months, in hopes of a rescue ship finding them. Back in Australia, the Acclimatization Society of Victoria was formed in 1861, with the aim of introducing exotic plants and animals to suitable parts of the colony and to procure animals from Great Britain and other countries. Shortly after the organization was founded, a gift of 4 silver-grey rabbits was presented to the Society in 1864.
In a letter dated 3 October, 1865 Jas. G. Francis, Commissioner of Trade and Customs advised Commander William Henry Norman, of the H.M.C.S. VICTORIA I to search the Auckland Islands for possible persons in distress and 'With the view of making provisions, to a certain extent, for any persons who may hereafter be wrecked or in distress upon these islands, the Acclimatization Society have put on board a number of animals, which will be good enough to let loose on the island." There would be 12 rabbits on board ship that set sail Wednesday, October 4, 1865.
So Enderby Island rabbits are descendants of English Silver Greys, (not the Champagne de Argente as previously reported in various papers and scientific journals).
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In some of the research, I found that Bob Whitmann in his research of the breed had locate Mrs. Margaret Levin, of Queensland, Australia who is the great-great-granddaughter of Com. Norman.- She became fascinated with his research project and has provided pictures of the ship, the commander, her crew and best of all, copies of the journal and logbooks of this historic voyage. It should be noted that Margaret was also a rabbit breeder while living in Victoria.
From Com. Norman's Journals. "Saturday, 14th. - No traces of pigs or other animals being observed near here; landed four goats, sent by the Acclimatization Society. Some small patches of English grass growing about the old settlement. Later in the day, one of the men reported having seen a dog. This deterred me from landing some rabbits and fowls as I had intended." There is an error in his journal as he write Monday. 18th and this would have actually been Wednesday. 18th "At 4:30 a.m. started for Enderby Island, and anchored in the sandy bay referred to yesterday, at 5 a.m. Sent on shore ten goats and twelve rabbit; these at once took to the English grass, on which I have no doubt they will thrive well. Weighed again at 7:30a.m., and steamed slowly round the island." The H.M.S.C. VICTORIA I returned to its home port, Hobson's Bay, at 1:30 p.m. Monday, November 27, 1865, having found no castaways. Now it should be noted that this was not the first time that rabbits were let released on Enderby Island. The British "EREBUS" and "TERROR" expedition, of Sir James Clark Ross. These rabbits were killed off by the Maoris who did not leave the island until March 1856.
Enderby Island is 1,700 acres in size, cold, windy and with high humidity. Except for the coastal cliffs and rocks, along with a few acres of sand hills, the island is pretty much covered with a dense blanket of peat. The 12 rabbits would thrive and multiply, burrowing into the sandy hillsides and dry peat. In 1867, the survivors of the GENERAL GRANT caught many rabbits, as did the survivors of the DERRY CASTLE in March of 1887.
During the next 100 years, the rabbits of Enderby would be up and down in population. In 1874, H.M.S. BLANCHE found the island "over-run with black rabbits". 1886 in a report to the Royal Society of Victoria it was reported that the rabbits were fast dying out or rather starved out, having eaten most all the grass and reverting to thickly set mossy plants. By 1894 the HINEMOA reported "rabbits swarm, and greatly reduce the value of the pasturage ... one of the party shot over twenty in the course of short excursion.
25 head of cattle and many rabbits were reported by Oliver in 1927. In 1932 the pastoral lease of the island ended and in 1934 the New Zealand (NZ) government made the island a reserve for the preservation of native flora and fauna.
The NZ National Parks and Reserves Authority approved the Auckland Island Management Plan on January 12, 1987 to eliminate all man introduced animals from the islands. A study by B.W. Glentworth in 1991, showed a rabbit population of between 5,000 to 6,000 rabbits. Rabbits were destroying that native vegetation at an alarming rate and playing havoc with the sea lion pup population. The numerous rabbit burrows along Sandy Bay is an important breeding ground for this threatened sea lion species, as pups would become trapped in the burrows and die. It is estimated that over 10% of the pups would die trapped in the burrows.
The Canterbury Chapter of the Rare Breeds Conservation Society of NZ (RBCSNZ), having heard of the rabbit's eradication plan, began setting up a project to rescue a breeding population of the Enderby Island Rabbit through the dedicated efforts of Mrs. Catreona Kelly as Project Manager. Michael Willis and Dr. Dave Matheson, D.V.M. of the Rare Breeds Society along with Wayne Costello and Trevor Tidy from the NZ Department of Conservation (DOC) would travel on board the naval diving ship MANAWANUI, arriving on Enderby on Tuesday 15, September, 1992 at 11 :30 p. m .. A permit was secured to trap 50 rabbits in just a very few days. Various modes of trapping were used, baffle traps and funnel nets at the warren entrances, soft-jaw leg hold traps, proved to be of little use, but 200 meters of wing netting would be the most successful. Rabbits would be trapped from four locations, which were given warren names; Enderby, Stella, Rata and Base. By September 19th, 50 rabbits had been captured, 15 does (females) and 35 bucks (males). Dive teams ferried the rabbits on inflatable Zodiacs back to the main ship in rather difficult swell conditions. Of special note, it was during this recovery, that the last two surviving members of the Enderby Island cattle breed were discovered. The cow, named lady and her calf, which soon died would make world history, as Lady is the largest mammal ever cloned, first cow cloned to have calve, and the first attempt at cloning to save a rare breed, well it's a story all to its own. The 49 rabbits (one died of a back injury) would arrive at Somes Island in Wellington Harbor on September 25th at 6 p.m. to begin a one-month quarantine period, which ended on October 28, 1992. There would be 3 kits (young) born during this period. Each rabbit was carefully inspected, handled, identified with an ear tag and given a permanent tattoo. Rabbits were split into three different destination groups, one for Wairarapa, and another for New Plymouth and the rest for Christchurch. All rabbits born were carefully recorded in the stud book by Mrs. Kelly. All rabbits were the property of the D.O.C. however ten dedicated caregivers would be entrusted with the rabbits, under contract, with the RBCSNZ. In 1998 private ownership of the Enderby Island rabbits would begin as the numbers of rabbits increased.
The eradication program took place from February 9 through May 8, 1993 with a team of four people and a specially trained rabbit-tracking dog named Boss. The rabbits would be killed with a green dyed cereal pellet containing Brodifacoum, which was sowed using a helicopter. The last Enderby Island rabbit would be caught and destroyed on April 12, 1993 ending a 127 year period of natural selection.
Enderby Island rabbits are the world's rarest breed of rabbit, with less than 300 animals in existence. Most are black, but there are few known cream colored ones and even fewer blues. The breed evolved from the English Silver Greys, and not the Champagne de Argente as previously reported in various papers and scientific journals.
A brief background on the silvers from Bob Whitman who had been a collector of old rabbit books for 30 years. In his research some of the earliest works state that the Silver came from Siam and brought to England by traders, other works say that Silver Greys existed thousands of years ago in India and were brought to Europe by Portuguese sailors early in the 17th century. Gervase Markham in 1631 wrote that rabbits with silver tips to their hairs were being kept in warrens in England. It is well documented that Silvers appeared in the warrens of Lincolnshire, England amongst wild rabbit and were known as Sprigs, Millers, Lincolnshire Silver Greys, Chinchilla Silver Grey, Riche and more simply put Silver Grey. The breed was first shown in England in 1860. A buff colored Silver Grey doe took first honors at the Crystal Palace Poultry Show in the "Foreign Class" in 1863. Mature weight at the time was 6 to 9 pounds. Thousands of them were being raised in the warrens of 1850s for table purposes in the larger cities, and the skins were bought up for exportation to Russia and China. The first English breed standard was set up in 1880. The Champagne de Argente was not introduced into the Britain until 1920 and weighed a hefty 9 to 11 pounds.
English breeders have perfected the silver breed to have an even silvering over the entire body, including the head, feet and tail. The fur is sleek, with a fly back coat. In one of Bob Wittman's early books, Manuals for the Many the Rabbit Book, circa 1855, there is a wood engraving that screams Enderby Island Rabbit. I quote, "The head and ears are nearly all black with a few white hairs. These white hairs are more numerous on the neck, shoulders, and back; but on all the lower parts, such as the chest or belly, the number of white hairs is greater than those of a blue or black color."
So there you have it, a very condensed version of a remarkable story. Some 250 plus generations, of natural selection during a course of 127 years of near total isolation on a sub Antarctic island called Enderby, where a nucleus of 12 rabbits would evolve to become their own breed called Enderby Island.
Overall Description
The Enderby Island Rabbit is a rare and endangered breed.The Enderby Island Rabbit has a medium length body that features a slight taper from the front to the hindquarters, and the back will also be slightly arched.
The head, which is well set upon the shoulders, should be medium in size and it should be in proportion with the rest of the body. There is not a visible neck, and the ears are carried in the shape of a “V”. The eyes are bold. The legs and the feet are fine to medium boned, and the nails will match the body color.
In general, when looking at an Enderby Island Rabbit, you will notice that the body is fine-boned and slim. The head will be small, and the ears will be delicate and upright.
Body to be medium in length, with a slight taper from the hindquarters to front, with a slightly arched back. Leaning towards a racy look. The head is to be medium in size and in proportion to the body. It is to be well set in the shoulders and show no visible neck. The ears are to be in proportion and firmly set on head. They are to be carried in a "v", not necessarily together. The feet and legs are to be medium to fine in bone and good length. The Nails are to match the body colour.
Litters are rather small with 2, 3 and 4 kits, with a record being 8
Although descended from the Silver Greys which weighed between 8 and 9 lbs the Enderby island rabbit has evolved to be a little smaller with the average weight ranging from 3 to 4 lbs.
The coat of the Enderby Island Rabbit is soft and short.
The body is rather heavily silvered in most animals, with about 80% silvering. The extremities, i.e., the head ears, feet and tail are much darker and only lightly silvered, with a pronounced butterfly marking on the nose.
The coat is unlike the Silver breed, being more open, longer and soft in texture. The youngsters can be rather slow to silver and may require 6 to 8 months to complete the cycle. Adults become more silvered over the years.
Faults: Coat too harsh, woolly, thin or short
Serious Fault: White hairs in armpits
Disqualifications: White patches on colored fur or colored patches on white fur.
Enderby Rabbits can come in a few different colors, but the majority of them will be a distinct silver-grey with a dark slate blue undercoat. The ears, tail, and head will be darker and are often black.
Slate–Undercolor showing a dark slate blue. silvering on body, medium preferred.
Champagne– Under showing a lighter shade of slate blue. Silvering on body seen a medium to heavy. The whole evenly and moderately interspersed with longer, jet black hairs and silver tipped hairs. Head, ears, feet & tail can range from almost black with light silvering. To less of the base color showing through the points, due to an increased amount of silvering in the body
Crème - Undercolor orange to go down as far as possible, body color creamy white, the whole evenly and moderately interspersed with longer orange hairs and silver tipped hairs. Darker markings on head, ears, feet & tail permissible with less silvering than the main body. White underbelly is permissible.
Evenness and Brightness of Silvering - The evenness of silvering is more important than the degree of silvering. Silvering is to be evenly distributed over the body with exception of head, feet and tail showing more of the base color. A diamond shape of un-silvered fur on the forehead permissible until fully mature.(mask to have silvering)
Under 5 months - Slate/Champagne kits are born black. Creme kits are born a fawn color. Silvering starts to show from about 6-8 weeks and can take up to 6 months to come into their full coat. Solid patches of the base color will be seen on the juvenile coat. Under 5's should be judged for their general type and evenness of silvering that is coming through at the time of showing. A diamond shape of un-silvered fur on the forehead permissible until fully mature.(mask to have silvering).
Acceptable colors for this rabbit breed include slate, champagne, and crème. Champagne and slate rabbits are actually born black, and crème rabbits are born featuring a fawn color. The body will become heavily silvered (roughly 80% silvering) in most Enderby Rabbits, but the feet, tail, ears, and head will be lightly silvered. I suppose you could say there are two varieties of Enderby Island. They come mainly in the silver-grey but a very small percentage are born cream or beige-colored – a shade produced by a recessive gene
You will notice the Enderby Island Rabbit’s distinct silvering begin to appear on the coat at around 6 to 8 weeks. It could take up to 6 months or more for it to come into the full coat. Also, the juvenile coat of the Enderby Rabbit will feature solid patches in the base color. And as the rabbits age, they will become even more silvered.
Care Requirements
The coat of an Enderby Island Rabbit will become heavily silvered.If you are planning on bringing an Enderby Island Rabbit into your family, you should have enough room for a large enclosure that will keep your pet safe and comfortable. Your rabbit should be able to stand up, turn around, and stretch while in his cage, and he should be able to come out of the cage regularly in order to play and interact with you.
You can keep your Enderby Island Rabbit indoors or outside, as this breed is hardy and accustomed to cold weather, but be sure to protect him from predators. Indoors, make room for your pet to run around and exercise outside of the cage, and give him an area where he can get access to fresh air and sunshine. If you want to let your rabbit spend some time outside, you can place your rabbit in an exercise pen, lawn enclosure, or extension hut for safety.
Feed your Enderby Rabbit a diet that consists of pellets, hay, and vegetables. You can include grass hays like orchard, oat, and timothy hays, and you can purchase pellets designed for rabbits. Fresh foods, such as dark, leafy greens, should also be provided. Limit the amount of starchy veggies and fruits that your rabbit eats, and always provide fresh, clean water. It was noted that the breed had adapted to eating seaweed.
Keep your pet’s environment as stress-free as possible because stress alone could lower your rabbit’s ability to resist disease. Like other rabbits, the Enderby Island Rabbit might be susceptible to ear mites, conjunctivitis, bloat, hairball obstructions, and intestinal problems, such as coccidiosis.
Rabbit Care & Handling
These rabbits can be very affectionate, especially when a treat or food is on offer. They are very neat and tidy rabbits too and you will usually find, especially does have a tendency to keep their nest area in ship-shape condition.
They do love being outside and have not really been adapted for indoor environments, the breed being evolved from a very cold, sub-antartic island.
Their diet is the same for any other rabbit but just be careful not to overfeed as they can be a little greedy and do not carry excess weight well as they will be unable to groom themselves properly.
Enderby Rabbits are prone to being skittish, but you can reduce the amount of nervousness that your pet feels by simply providing him with plenty of attention and gentle handling. When an Enderby Island Rabbit is properly socialized, he will be affectionate towards the people that he has grown to trust. Bond with your pet by grooming him and giving him treats. Eventually, your rabbit might show you how much he loves you by licking and kissing you.
They can be quite skittish and nervous and on the look out for predators all the time. This makes them want to naturally burrow and hide.
Also keep in mind that, like all rabbits, the Enderby Rabbit is a social creature that is happiest when it is with other rabbits, so if you have the space for two or three rabbits, or you don’t have the time to dedicate to interacting with your rabbit, consider getting more than one.
For several years all animals remained the property of the Rare Breeds Conservation Society of New Zealand with breeding programmes being undertaken by individual caregivers. Some animals are now available for purchase by private enthusiasts, and some have even been exported to North America.
Today the Enderby Island rabbit as a breed is not only rare but also endangered. The breed is endangered due to the large number of hybrids formed with individuals crossing the Enderby with other domestic rabbit breeds.
The Enderby is not recognised by the BRC (British Rabbit Council) or the ARBA, (American Rabbit Breeders Association).
Through the determined and dedicated efforts to keep the breed alive Sitereh and Chris Schouten of Nature's Pace near Christchurch, the Enderby Island rabbit was given breed status by the Rabbit Council of New Zealand in April, 2002 when it was accepted into their book of Standards. It should also be noted that Sitereh, is now the official recorded keeper of all Enderbys.
The Enderby Island Rabbit Club of NZ has been created to protect, further and coordiante the interests of all Enderby Island Rabbit Breeders and to assist and extend the exhibition of Enderby rabbits.
For a full run down on points for judging, you can purchase a copy of the standards from RCNZ
THANK YOU RBCSNZ for saving this breed.
Breeders, Clubs & Organizations
Enderby Island Rabbit Breeders
The following names and contact details are in New Zealand and are all Enderby Island specialized breeders:
Elaine & Chris Gilberd, Warwickzfarm, Main South Road, Dunsandel, R D 2., LEESTON 8151. (Canterbury) Phone: (03) 325 4116. Fax: (03) 325 4539. E-mail: warwickzfarm (at)
Ava Hunt, 182 Drummond Oreti Road, R D 3, WINTON 9783. Phone: (027) 275 4713. E-mail: ava.hunt (at)
Lorne and Pamela Kuehn, Waitangi Estate, Kaituna, R. D. 2, CHRISTCHURCH 8021 Phone/ Fax (03) 329 0822 E-mail lpkuehn (at)
Suzanne Shillito, Perrymans Road, R D 2, CHRISTCHURCH. Phone/Fax: (03) 325 3380, E-mail shillito (at)
Chris & Sitereh Schouten. Phone: (03) 327 4211 E-mail cands.schouten (at) For details see Natures Pace.
Wee Dram Farm, 492 Oxford Road, Fernside, R D 1, RANGIORA. Phone: (03) 310 6443 E-mail: weedram (at)

How the Rattlesnake learned to bite
After the people and the animals were created, they all lived together. Rattlesnake was there, and was called Soft Child because he was so soft in his motions.
The people like to hear him rattle, and little rest did he get because they continually poked and scratched him so that he would shake the rattles in his tail.
At last Rattlesnake went to Elder Brother to ask help. Elder Brother pulled a hair from his own lip, cut it into short pieces , and made it into teeth for Soft Child.
"If any one bothers you", he said "bite him".
That evening Ta-api, Rabbit, came to Soft Child as he had done before and scratched him. Soft Child raised his head and bit rabbit. Rabbit was very angry and scratched him again. Soft Child bit him again. Then Rabbit ran about saying that Soft Child was angry and had bitten him. Then he went to rattlesnake again, and twice more he was bitten.
The bites made rabbit very sick. He asked for a bed of cool sea sand. Coyote was sent to the sea for the cool, damp sand. Then Rabbit asked for the shade of bushes that he might feel the cool breeze. But at last Rabbit died. He was the first creature which had died in this new world.
Then the people were troubled because they did not know what to do with the body of rabbit. One said, "If we bury him, Coyote will surely dig him up".
Another said, "if we hide him, Coyote will surely find him."
And another said, "If we put him in a tree, Coyote will surely climb up."
So they decided to burn the body of rabbit, and yet there was no fire on Earth.
Blue Fly said, "Go to the sun and get some of the fire which he keeps in his house," So Coyote scampered away, but he was sure the people were trying to get rid of him so he kept looking back.
Then Blue Fly made the first drill. Taking a stick like an arrow, he twirled it in his hands, letting the lower end rest on a flat stick that lay on the ground. Soon smoke began to rise, and then fire came. The people gathered fuel and began their duty.
But Coyote, looking back, saw fire ascending. He turned and ran back as fast as he could go. When the people saw him coming, they formed a ring, but he raced around the circle until he saw two short men standing together. He jumped over them, and seized the heart of the rabbit. But he burned his mouth doing it, and it is black to this day.

Hanford’s Storybook Set to Open Phase 1
Posted on September 10, 2017 by Nancy Vigran
Volunteers have been working with fervor to compete as much as possible of the Children’s Storybook Garden and Farm History Museum Phase 1, prior to its soft opening on September 23.
Located at the corner of Harris and Tenth in downtown Hanford, Storybook was the brainstorm of Judy Wait, a retired Hanford teacher. She combined her teaching skills with her love for gardening, and in 2011 with her husband, Larry, took off on a trip to visit children’s gardens around the country.
Children’s Storybook Garden and Farm History Museum motivator and director, Judy Wait, shows off Peter Rabbit’s Burrow and Mr. McGregor’s House, just two of the many houses, tunnels, barns and more for children to play in when they visit. Nancy Vigran/Valley Voice
Six years later, with some 70-80 regular volunteers and so many in the local community, her fairytale has become a reality, not that she ever doubted it would.
“I’m a believer,” she said. “I knew it would happen – it shows how much this was wanted.”
The garden and museum have been, and continue to be, developed through a non-profit organization of the same name. The original one-acre property purchase was made possible through a loan – now paid-off through a $200,000 donation through a private donor who wishes to remain nameless. Prior to that a donor-loaner, another private individual, helped ease payments by making them for the organization, allowing funds for progress on the museum and gardens. That donor-loaner has also been repaid in full.
The Victorian Burr Home, to become the museum, gift shop and kitchen, was donated by Bill Clark. And, through the donations of so many others including in part, Allen Laird Plumbing, Mike Crain Heating and Air, Randy Mc Nary Construction, Dan Veyna – Sierra Landscape & Design, Zumwalt & Hansen Engineering, Home Depot, Bettencourt Farms, Joe Robinson Concrete and Willie Williams Masonry, Storybook remains debt free.
“It’s very grass roots,” said Kate Catalina, a long-term volunteer. “Everything is through volunteers and local support, given with love.”
Sponsorships of individual gardens and or building areas have played an important part, as well.
Peter Rabbit’s Burrow is covered with sweet potato vine. Entrance to the burrow is obvious, but the exit comes out through the vine. Nancy Vigran/Valley Voice
With Phase 1 comes Peter Rabbit’s Burrow, Mr. McGregor’s House, Charlotte’s Dairy Barn, the Woodland Log Cabin and Garden, a Salsa Garden, the Teaching or Kitchen Garden, Nolan’s Critter Creek and Pond, the Topiary Garden, a Pizza Garden, the Three Little Pigs homes and Monet’s House. Each garden will have its own unique features to explore, and a book box holding books representing the inspiration for each, will be placed there for reading.
The Teaching Garden will be planted with fall and winter crops by the children in the first field trips. Following groups will help tend to the garden and later harvest, clean and prepare the crops.
The Victorian Burr Home is furnished with antiques donated by the community.
“We’re trying to set up as in its heyday,” Catalina said.

The Tank House, which came along with the Burr House, is also refreshed and will be utilized in teaching water conservation.

Storybook is managed and run through its volunteers. However, an educational director and teaching assistant have been hired, each with her own set of experiences.

“We were lucky to get these two really special people,” Wait said. “What sold us on them, was that you could just tell they love kids and love gardening, and would love this children’s garden.”

Student volunteers are also welcome and encouraged through the Green Teens Club, ages 13-18. They will learn to be docents and readers in the gardens, and will receive community service hours. There is already a 4-H club tending to some of the gardens, as well as members of World Link Volunteer, a foreign-exchange group.

Upon completion of Phase 1, Phase 2 will start to come together early next year, with completion of a new bathroom facility. Also in Phase 2 will be the building of the Stone Cottage, the Secret Garden and Celebration Garden. Completion of Phase 2 will allow for Storybook to be available for weddings and other small outdoor gatherings.

“I just feel like it is all coming together,” Wait said. “And, it’s beautiful as it is happening.”

The Victorian Burr Home, which has become the Storybook Museum, was donated to the project by Bill Clark. Freshly painted and with updated plumbing and electricity, as well as heating and air conditioning, the museum houses various antiques donated by members of the community, and will eventually also house a gift shop. Nancy Vigran/Valley Voice

Field trips for many Hanford schools have already been arranged. Any school within the county and beyond, as well as clubs and other groups are welcome to schedule a trip. Storybook will also be open to the public starting with the soft opening. The hours, to start, are Tuesday – Sunday, 10am – 4pm. Storybook will be closed on Mondays.

Storybook will also feature a variety of special occasions including its first Happily Haunted Halloween Light Show in October. Some type of children’s event and adult event will eventually be held each month including multi-cultural events, Wait said.

Sponsorship for areas of the gardens and buildings are still needed. Monetary donations of $50 can be applied to a foot of fencing, or a brick becoming a border on a walkway.

Kings County Board of Supervisors Chair Craig Pedersen, who grew up in Kings County, said the board is excited about the project.

“A place where children have the opportunity to explore and grow is a good thing,” he said. “Anything we can do to try and help, we’ll do.”

For more information and to volunteer or donate, view, or call, 559-341-4845.


Joe Chianakas Pre-Releases The Final Book In His Famous Rabbit In Red Series
WASHINGTON, IL - The Rabbit in Red series continues! Joe Chianakas will soon release the final entry in the internationally acclaimed trilogy. So, prepare to read "Bury The Rabbit." The release date is actually October 28th, but Joe is set to take part in a pre-release celebration in honor of Zeek's Comics & Games 2nd anniversary this weekend. He and Zak Kalina, owner of Zeek's Comics & Games, join us now to tell us all the details.

If you can't make it to this pre-release event, don't worry. You can meet Joe at Barnes & Noble on Saturday, October 28th at 1:00 pm.



Rare footage reveals Alice in Wonderland was released as a 52-minute silent movie 100 years ago where she encounters the rabbit, caterpillar and the Queen of Hearts

Read more:
Rare footage has emerged of a 102-year-old silent film adaptation of Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

The charming clip from the 52-minute retelling of the classic story, released in 1915, shows Alice going down the rabbit hole and meeting familiar characters such as the White Rabbit and the pipe-smoking caterpillar.

Alice, played by Viola Savoy, is also seen swinging a flamingo as a mallet in the peculiar croquet scene, and standing as a witness at the trial to investigate who stole the Queen of Hearts' tarts.

The scenes make up a silent film released in 1915 by writer and director, WW Young. It is notable for depicting much of the 'Father William' poem that appears in Lewis Carroll's classic 1865 novel.

His motion picture was a precursor of a world famous cartoon.
These scenes (including Alice and the pipe-smoking caterpillar, pictured) make up a silent film by writer and director, WW Young. It is notable for depicting much of the 'Father William' poem that appears in Lewis Carroll's classic 1865 novel, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland


Girl sews 'Bunnies of Hope' to provide comfort for patients

A Mechanicsville woman says her daughter spent the summer hand sewing "Bunnies of Hope."
Karen Wharam Schricker says her mother was diagnosed with breast cancer in May. Her daughter sewed and donated over 100 bunnies that have encouraging names and scriptures on them.

The bunnies were placed in waiting rooms of radiation and oncology units.

"She wanted them to have something to hold on to, feel a small bit of comfort, and to know someone cared," said Schricker.


Drones used to target Lincolnshire hare coursers

Lincolnshire Police's Operation Galileo is also using off-road vehicles to tackle coursers.

More than 2,000 calls were made to the county's police during the 2015-16 hare coursing season.

Chief Constable Bill Skelly said the introduction of drones would prove useful in gathering evidence to put before the courts.

More on this and other local stories from across Lincolnshire

Last season, farmers said some areas of the county resembled the "Wild West" after an escalation in the level of violence used by coursers.

Mr Skelly said evidence gathered by drones would help "bring about a better result for our rural communities... and the right convictions for the worst offenders".
However, Alister Green, from the National Farmers Union, said "the proof will be in the pudding".

He said he hoped the use of drones, along with other measures, would help act as a deterrent.

Traditionally offenses start to rise in the autumn after crops have been harvested, and continue until the end of the season in spring.

Last year, coursers from as far afield as Sussex and North Yorkshire were dealt with by the force.
Three arrests

Hare coursing has been illegal throughout the UK since 2005. The Hunting Act 2004 makes it an offense to hunt wild mammals with dogs.

Lincolnshire Police has previously described the coursers as the "scourge of rural England", and said it was doing everything within its power to deal with those involved.

On Tuesday, a vehicle and four dogs were seized, as police made three arrests at Braceby, near Sleaford.

The force said the season had started earlier this year due to the early harvest.
Hare coursing
Since 2005, hare coursing has been illegal throughout the UK. The Hunting Act 2004 makes it an offence to hunt wild mammals with dogs
The dogs - usually greyhounds, lurchers or salukis - are on a slip lead, threaded so it can be easily released
The coursers will walk along the field to frighten the hare into the open
The dog catches the hare and kills it by "ragging" it - shaking the animal in its teeth
The dead hare is usually left in the field or thrown in a ditch



Venezuelan president's plan to beat hunger: breed rabbits – and eat them

Venezuela’s government has urged citizens to see rabbits as more than “cute pets” as it defended a plan to breed and eat them – even as the opposition says this would do nothing to end chronic food shortages.

The “rabbit plan” is an effort by the government of Nicolás Maduro to boost food availability. Authorities have also taught citizens to plant food on the roofs and balconies of their homes.

Maduro’s adversaries dismiss such ideas as nonsensical, insisting the real problem is a failed model of oil-financed socialism that was unable to survive after crude markets collapsed.
Hunger eats away at Venezuela’s soul as its people struggle to survive
Read more

“There is a cultural problem because we have been taught that rabbits are cute pets,” the urban agriculture minister, Freddy Bernal, said during a televised broadcast with Maduro this week. “A rabbit is not a pet; it’s two and a half kilos of meat that is high in protein, with no cholesterol.“

Maduro’s critics lampooned the idea.

“Are you serious?” asked Henrique Capriles, a state governor and two-time opposition presidential candidate in a video to response to Bernal. “You want people to start raising rabbits to solve the problem of hunger in our country?”

Rabbit consumption is common in Europe and to lesser extent in the United States. The animals are more efficient than pigs and cattle in converting protein into edible meat, according to the United Nations food and agriculture organization.

But raising rabbits in significant quantities in contemporary Venezuela would be difficult.

The country’s constant shortages, resulting from stringent price and currency controls, would probably leave the would-be rabbit industry struggling to find materials ranging from feed to metal and wire for breeding cages.

Maduro says the country is a victim of an “economic war” led by adversaries and fueled by recent sanctions imposed by the administration of Donald Trump.


Vice president's pet rabbit hops into book deal
The precocious pet rabbit of the vice president of the United States is hopping into a book deal.
Marlon Bundo, the Pence family rabbit with his own Instagram account, announced Friday that he is the star of a new book.
"Marlon Bundo's 'A Day in the Life of the Vice President,' " due out March 19, will chronicle the BOTUS' (Bunny of the United States) day alongside "Grampa" Mike Pence.
In the book, I follow Grampa around all day, as a BOTUS should, while he goes about his duties as Vice President!" an Instagram post from the first rabbit read.
The book was written by the vice president's daughter, Charlotte Pence, with watercolor illustrations by second lady Karen Pence, an award-winning artist.
Charlotte Pence adopted Marlon Bundo, named for actor Marlon Brando, for a college filmmaking project. Bundo has since gone viral, appearing at official White House events and frequently posting updates in first person on social media.
"Marlon has become a national celebrity!" a press release for the book reads.
A portion of the proceeds will benefit A21, an organization focused on combating human trafficking, and two art therapy programs, a key aspect of the second lady's platform.
Marlon Bundo lives alongside the vice president and second lady and a veritable menagerie at the Naval Observatory.
When the Pences traveled from Indiana to Washington days before the inauguration, they disembarked with cats Pickle and Oreo, plus rabbit Marlon Bundo. In the absence of a pet in the first family, Bundo has become an icon in the rabbit world.
Days before the election, the family lost their beloved 13-year-old beloved beagle, Maverick.
Less than a year later, cat Oreo joined Maverick in pet heaven.
"Rest in peace Oreo. You touched a lot of hearts in your little life," Karen Pence tweeted alongside photos of the black and white cat. "Our family will miss you very much."
But Marlon Bundo and Pickle weren't the only pets for long; one week later, the vice president, second lady, and daughter, Charlotte, traveled to their home state of Indiana, where kitten Hazel and Australian shepherd puppy Harley joined the brood.
No word yet on whether the bunny will go on a book tour.



Bill would require pet stores to sell rescue animals
By KATHLEEN RONAYNE Associated Press
California could become the first state to ban the sale of animals from so-called puppy mills or mass breeding operations under legislation sent Thursday to Gov. Jerry Brown by lawmakers.

Animal rights groups are cheering the bill by Democratic Assemblyman Patrick O'Donnell to require pet stores to work with animal shelters or rescue operations if they want to sell dogs, cats or rabbit.

Thirty-six cities in California, including Sacramento, Los Angeles and San Francisco already have similar bans in place, but no statewide bans exist.

"We've actually seen a thriving pet industry based on the model of getting these from shelters," said Democratic Assemblyman Matt Dababneh of Encino.

Brown spokesman Brian Ferguson declined to comment on whether the governor plans to sign it.

Private breeders would still be allowed to sell dogs, cats and rabbits directly to individuals.

Supporters of the bill say it's aimed at encouraging families and individual buyers to work directly with breeders or to adopt pets in shelters. It also would ensure animals are bred and sold healthily and humanely, supporters said.

Few pet stores in California are still selling animals and many already team up with rescue organizations to facilitate adoptions, according to O'Donnell's office.

"Californians spend more than $250 million a year to house and euthanize animals in our shelters," O'Donnell said in a statement. "Protecting the pets that make our house a home is an effort that makes us all proud."

The bill would also require pet stores to maintain records showing where each dog, cat or rabbit it sells came from and to publicly display that information. A violation of the law would carry a $500 civil fine.


Stone Bridge Preserve: Conservation Project Creates New England Cottontail Habitat
In light of its goal to provide diversity in natural habitats, the Conservation Commission on September 8 provided the public with a view of the markedly changed landscape at sections of the town’s Stone Bridge Preserve, where extensive recent tree cutting has created habitat suitable for the New England cottontail rabbit to thrive.
According to the Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection (DEEP), the New England cottontail is Connecticut’s only native rabbit, and differs from the Eastern cottontail, which is “now the predominant species.” Also, “New England cottontails require large patches of shrubland or young forest, often called thickets, with dense, tangled vegetation.” The New England cottontail has been designated by the US Fish and Wildlife Service as “a candidate for threatened or endangered status,” since 2006.
The open space land where the tree cutting occurred lies along Stone Bridge Trail, a narrow dirt road that extends northward from Berkshire Road (Route 34), just south of Nighthawk Lane. The area is adjacent to the Iroquois Gas Transmission System’s cross-country pipeline.
The tree cutting in the heavily canopied forest created a young forest and shrublands known as “early successional habitat.”
As people toured the rolling terrain where hundreds of mature trees have been cut, they remarked that the tree trunks that lay chockablock across the ground reminded them of the damage that is done by hurricanes.
Actually, after loggers cut the trees last winter, they left the tree trunks in piles scattered across the site to deter deer from walking there. The presence of deer damages the new shrubland habitat for the New England cottontail. The habitat that was created also is expected to benefit more than 50 other species.

Forester Jeremy Clark, who served as the project manager for the Conservation Commission, provided a tour of the area. Iroquois provided grant funds for a forest management plan that preceded the habitat project.

Mr Clark said that some “seed trees” were left standing after the cutting to provide seed for new trees to grow in the area.

Lisa Wahle, a biologist who worked on the habitat project, said that the area will be scientifically monitored to gauge the extent to which New England cottontail rabbits have populated the area.

Of the habitat project, the Conservation Commission states on its website, “Newtown is committed to providing diverse habitat on appropriate open space properties that will provide, shelter, food, and protection for threatened wildlife that, without intervention, may become extinct.”



© Copyrighted

Sep 11, 2017

Jackalope Rabbit Breed - Wolpertinger - Skvader - Al-Miraj - Mayan Folktale - Knowledge - Lobelia

Learn more about Rabbit Breeds, history, superstations, news, folk tales, and pop culture. Discover cool facts, Rabbit Care, resources and Rabbit Breed Info at the website

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The jackalope legends of the American Southwest are stories of a more recent vintage, consisting of purported sightings of rabbits or hares with horns like antelopes. The legend may have been brought to North American by German immigrants, derived from the Raurackl (or horned rabbit) of the German folklore tradition.
The jackalope is a mythical animal of North American folklore (a fearsome critter) described as a jackrabbit with antelope horns. The word "jackalope" is a portmanteau of "jackrabbit" and "antelope", although the jackrabbit is not a rabbit, and the pronghorn is not an antelope. Also, many jackalope taxidermy mounts, including the original, are actually made with deer antlers.
Jackrabbits are actually hares rather than rabbits though both are mammals in the order Lagomorpha. Wyoming is home to three species of hares, all in the genus Lepus. These are the black-tailed jackrabbit, the white-tailed jackrabbit, and the snowshoe hare.
The antelope is actually a pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) rather than an antelope, although one of its colloquial names in North America is "antelope". Some of the largest herds of wild pronghorns, which are found only in western North America, are in Wyoming. The adults grow to about 3 feet (1 m) tall, weigh up to 150 pounds (68 kg), and can run at sustained speeds approaching 60 miles per hour (97 km/h).
Tall tales
The jackalope is subject to many outlandish and largely tongue-in-cheek claims embedded in tall tales about its habits. Jackalopes are said to be so dangerous that hunters are advised to wear stovepipes on their legs to keep from being gored.
Jackalope milk is particularly sought after because it is believed to be a powerful aphrodisiac—for which reason the jackalope is also sometimes referred to as the ‘horny rabbit.’ However, it can be incredibly dangerous to milk a jackalope, and any attempt to do so is not advised. A peculiar feature of the milk is that it comes from the animal already homogenized on account of the creature’s powerful leaps. Stores in Douglas sell jackalope milk, but The New York Times questioned its authenticity on grounds that milking a jackalope is known to be fraught with risk. One of the ways to catch a jackalope is to entice it with whiskey, the jackalope's beverage of choice. Once intoxicated, the animal becomes slower and easier to hunt.
The jackalope can imitate the human voice, according to legend. During the days of the Old West, when cowboys gathered by the campfires singing at night, jackalopes could be heard mimicking their voices or singing along, usually as a tenor. When chased, the jackalope will use its vocal abilities to elude capture. For instance, when chased by people, it will call out phrases such as, “There he goes, over there,” in order to throw pursuers off its track.
Reportedly, jackalopes are extremely shy unless approached. If you encounter a jackalope, quickly fall to the ground, and remain calm and still while humming the Roy Rogers song, “Happy Trails to You.”
It is said that jackalopes, the rare Lepus antilocapra, only breed during lightning flashes and that their antlers make the act difficult despite the hare's reputation for fertility.
Whether the jackalope actually exists or is simply a hoax popularized by a Douglas, Wyoming resident in 1939, is still hotly debated today.
For those who believe, the jackalope is said to be an antlered species of rabbit, sometimes rumored to be extinct. One of the rarest animals in the world, it is a cross between a now extinct pygmy-deer and a species of killer-rabbit. However, occasional sightings of this rare creature continue to occur, with small pockets of jackalope populations persisting in the American West. The antlered species of rabbit are brownish in color, weight between three and five pounds, and move with lighting speeds of up to 90 miles per hour.
They are said to be vicious when attacked and use their antlers to fight, thus they are sometimes called the "warrior rabbit.”
History: Origins
Plate XLVII of Animalia Qvadrvpedia et Reptilia (Terra) by Joris Hoefnagel, circa 1575, showing a "horned hare"
Stories or descriptions of animal hybrids have appeared in many cultures worldwide. A 13th-century Persian work depicts a rabbit with a single horn, like a unicorn. In Europe, the horned rabbit appeared in Medieval and Renaissance folklore in Bavaria (the wolpertinger) and elsewhere. Natural history texts such as Historiae Naturalis de Quadrupetibus Libri (The History Book of Natural Quadrangles) by Joannes Jonstonus (John Jonston) in the 17th century and illustrations such as Animalia Qvadrvpedia et Reptilia (Terra): Plate XLVII by Joris Hoefnagel (1522–1600) in the 16th century included the horned hare. These early scientific texts described and illustrated the hybrids as though they were real creatures, but by the end of the 18th century scientists generally rejected the idea of horned hares as a biological species.
The Jackalope was first encountered by John Colter, one of the first white men to enter what would one day be the State of Wyoming.
Thought to be a myth by many, the jackalope is alleged to actually exists in remote areas of Wyoming.
The New York Times attributes the American jackalope's origin to a 1932 hunting outing involving Douglas Herrick (1920–2003) of Douglas, Wyoming. Herrick and his brother had studied taxidermy by mail order as teenagers, and when the brothers returned from a hunting trip for jackrabbits, Herrick tossed a carcass into the taxidermy store, where it came to rest beside a pair of deer antlers. The accidental combination of animal forms sparked Herrick's idea for a jackalope. The first jackalope the brothers put together was sold for $10 to Roy Ball, who displayed it in Douglas' La Bonte Hotel. The mounted head was stolen in 1977.
Mr. Herrick made only about 1,000 or so horned rabbit trophies before going on to other things. His brother kept churning out jackalopes.
Mr. Herrick grew up on a ranch near Douglas and served as a tail gunner on a B-17 during World War II. He worked as a taxidermist until 1954, when he became a welder and pipe fitter for Amoco Refinery until his retirement in 1980.
Once he (and soon his son) began to produce jackalope mounts, it seemed to take only moments for the world to embrace this weird icon of the West. By the time Herrick senior passed away at the age of 82, the two men had fashioned thousands.
The jackalope became a popular local attraction in Douglas, where the Chamber of Commerce issues Jackalope Hunting Licenses to tourists. The tags are good for hunting during official jackalope season, which occurs for only one day: June 31 (a nonexistent date as June has 30 days), from midnight to 2 a.m. The hunter must have an IQ greater than 50 but not over 72. Thousands of "licenses" have been issued. In Herrick's home town of Douglas, there is an 8-foot (2.4 m) statue of a jackalope, and the town hosts an annual Jackalope Days Celebration in early June.
Before discovery of uranium, coal, oil and natural gas doubled the town's population to about 7,500 in the mid-1970s, Douglas specialized in selling jackalope souvenirs. The Herricks fed the increasing demand for the stuffed and mounted trophies. Tens of thousands have been sold.
Proud city fathers later added a 13-foot-tall jackalope cutout on a hillside and placed jackalope images on park benches and firetrucks, among other things.
Building on the Herrick's success, Frank English of Rapid City, South Dakota has made and sold many thousands of jackalopes since retiring from the Air Force in 1981. He is the only supplier of the altered animal heads to Cabela's, a major outdoor-theme retail company. His standard jackalopes and "world-record" jackalopes sell for about $150.
Stuffed and mounted, jackalopes are found in many bars and other places in the United States; stores catering to tourists sell jackalope postcards and other paraphernalia, and commercial entities in America and elsewhere have used the word "jackalope" or a jackalope logo as part of their marketing strategies.
Folklorists see the jackalope as one of a group of fabled creatures common to American culture since Colonial days. These appear in tall tales about hodags, giant turtles, Bigfoot, and many other mysterious beasts and in novels like Moby-Dick. The tales lend themselves to comic hoaxing by entrepreneurs who seek attention for their products, their persons, or their towns.
But here’s the kicker: rabbits with horns are real as rain!
Dr. Richard E. Shope, discoverer of the vaccine for HPVIn a strange twist of fate, around about the time that Herrick was becoming the Frankenstein of the bunny world, Dr. Richard E. Shope was hard at work in his lab. He had seen prints and drawings of horned rabbits going back to the 1500s and wondered if there was anything to them. References to horned rabbits may originate in sightings of rabbits affected by the Shope papilloma virus, named for Richard E. Shope, M.D., who described it in a scientific journal in 1933. Shope initially examined wild cottontail rabbits that had been shot by hunters in Iowa and later examined wild rabbits from Kansas. They had "numerous horn-like protuberances on the skin over various parts of their bodies. The animals were referred to popularly as 'horned' or 'warty' rabbits."
He had a hunch that a virus caused rabbits (and other animals) to sprout crusty protrusions that looked like horns. He even had samples of the “horns,” and his tests showed they were made of keratin, the same stuff that our hair and fingernails – and animal horns -- are made of. Turns out Dr. Shope was right. His experiments proved that the horns appearing on rabbits were created by cells infected by the Shope papilloma virus (you discover it, you get to name it, I guess). And they could appear anywhere on the animal, not just the head. In addition, a version of the virus can produce the same effect in humans, called “cutaneous horn.” So yes, there are horned human beings trotting around!
Shope’s discovery lead to research into the development of the human papilloma virus vaccine, which is based on the rabbit virus.
Legends about horned rabbits also occur in Asia and Africa as well as Europe, and researchers suspect the changes induced by the virus might underlie at least some of those tales.
In Europe actually various species of rabbit who have become unfortunate victims of Shope papilloma virus, which causes cancerous horny growths upon the animal. Cases in humans are almost unknown, although we have one example within the collection.
This rabbit specimen shows one single large horn from the top of the cranium, and several smaller horns protruding from its spine. Analysis of this specimen did show however that the growths did not afflict the animals ability to live a normal life, were not cancerous and there is evidence that the virus would easily be transmitted to its young. According to Merrylin, a colony of rabbits infected with a unique strain of the virus were found in Lucerne, Switzerland, and all animals lived healthy lives despite their horns, which were apparently “strangely uniform.”
Merrylin hypothesised that it would be possible to consider this as a benign inherited mutation caused by the virus, because the growths themselves were not malignant or life threatening, and appeared in all generations.
In Central America, mythological references to a horned rabbit creature can be found in Huichol legends. The Huichol oral tradition has passed down tales of a horned rabbit and of the deer getting horns from the rabbit. The rabbit and deer were paired, though not combined as a hybrid, as day signs in the calendar of the Mesoamerican period of the Aztecs, as twins, brothers, even the sun and moon.
Official recognition
In 2005, the legislature of Wyoming considered a bill to make the jackalope the state's official mythological creature. It passed the House by a 45–12 margin, but the session ended before the Senate could take up the bill, which died. In 2013, following the death of the bill's sponsor, Dave Edwards, the state legislature reintroduced the bill. It again passed the House but died in the rules committee of the Senate. In 2015, three state representatives put forth the jackalope proposal again, this time as House Bill 66, and again it passed the House but died in a Senate committee. One of the co-sponsors, Dan Zwonitzer, said, "I’ll keep bringing it back until it passes."
In 2014, the Wyoming Lottery adopted a jackalope logo for its lottery tickets and marketing materials. Lottery officials chose the fictitious animal, which they named YoLo, over the bucking horse and other state symbols.
In popular culture
The town of Douglas, Wyoming, has declared itself to be the Jackalope capital of America because, according to legend, the first jackalope was spotted there around 1829.
In 1965, an eight foot concrete statue was erected in downtown Douglas and today billboards, and jackalope images can be seen all over Douglas -- on park benches, fire trucks, motel signs, and a 13-foot-tall jackalope cutout on a hillside. The city is also very good about warning visitors of the "vicious” animal’s propensity to attack, so tourists will see a number of posted warning signs throughout the town: "Watch out for the Jackalope."
Jackalope Country, now plans to build yet another giant jackalope. Towering over I-25, the giant fiberglass jackalope will stand 80 feet above the plains.
The student magazine of the Santa Fe University of Art and Design in New Mexico is called The Jackalope. On the other side of the world, The Hop Factory craft beer cafe in Newcastle, Australia, uses a leaping jackalope as its logo. In 1986, James Abdnor, a senator from South Dakota, gave U.S. President Ronald Reagan a stuffed jackalope (rabbit head with antlers) during a presidential campaign stop in Rapid City.
Many books, including a large number written for children, feature the jackalope. A search for "jackalope" in the WorldCat listings of early 2015 produced 225 hits, including 57 for books. Among them is Juan and the Jackalope: A Children's Book in Verse by Rudolfo Anaya. The WorldCat summary of Anaya's book says: "Competing for the hand of the lovely Rosita and her rhubarb pie, Juan rides a Jackalope in a race against Pecos Bill." A short story, "Jackalope Wives" by Ursula Vernon, has been nominated for a 2014 Nebula Award.
Musicians have used the jackalope in various ways. R. Carlos Nakai, a Native American flute player, formerly belonged to a group called Jackalope. In the late 1980s, it performed what Nakai called "synthacousticpunkarachiNavajazz", which combined "improvisation, visual art, storytelling, dance and dramatic theatrical effects." Nakai said he wanted people to dream as they listened to the music. Jakalope is a Canadian alternative pop/rock group formed in 2003 by Dave "Rave" Ogilvie. The band Miike Snow uses the jackalope as its logo. Band member Andrew Wyatt said during an interview in 2012 that the logo was meant to signify experiment and adventure. Of the 225 Worldcat hits resulting from a search for "jackalope", 95 were related to music.
Jackalopes have appeared in movies and on television. A jackalope named "Jack Ching Bada Bing" was a recurring character in a series of sketches on the television show America's Funniest People. The show's host, Dave Coulier, voiced the rascally hybrid. In 2003, Pixar featured a jackalope in the short animation Boundin'. The jackalope gave helpful advice to a lamb who was feeling sad after being shorn.
Jackalopes have appeared in video games. In Red Dead Redemption, the player is able to hunt and skin jackalopes. Redneck Rampage, jackalopes, including one the size of a bus, are enemies. Jackalopes are part of the action in Guild Wars 2.
A low-budget jackalope mockumentary, Stagbunny, aired in Casper and Douglas in 2006. the movie included interviews with the owner of a Douglas sporting goods store who claimed to harbor a live jackalope on his premises and with a paleontologist who explained the natural history of the jackalope and its place in the fossil record.
Beginning in 1997, the Central Hockey League included a team called the Odessa Jackalopes. The team joined the South Division of the North American Hockey League before the 2011–12 season. An Odessa sports writer expressed concern about the team's name, which he found insufficiently intimidating and which sounded like "something you might eat for breakfast."
Jackalope Brewing Company, the first commercial brewery in Tennessee run by women, opened in Nashville in 2011. Its four craft beers are Thunder Ann, Rompo, Bearwalker, and Leghorn.
Scholarly interpretations
Folklorist John A. Gutowski sees in the Douglas jackalope an example of an American tall tale publicized by a local community that seeks wider recognition. Through a combination of hoax and media activity, the town or other community draws attention to itself for social or economic reasons. A common adjunct to this activity involves the creation of an annual festival to perpetuate the town's association with the local legend.
Gutowski finds evidence of what he calls the "protofestival" pattern throughout the United States.
Common to these tales, Gutowski says, is the recurring motif of the quest for the mythical animal, often a monster. The same motif, he notes, appears in American novels such as Moby Dick and Old Man and the Sea and in monster movies such as King Kong and Jaws and in world literature such as Beowulf. The monster motif also appears in tales of contemporary places outside the United States, such as Scotland, with its Loch Ness Monster. What is not global, Gutowski says, is the embrace of local monster tales by American communities that put them to use through "public relations hoaxes, boisterous boosterism, and a carnival atmosphere... ".
He traces the impulse and the methods to the promotional literature of colonial times that depicted North America as an earthly paradise. Much later, in the 19th century, settlers transferred that optimistic vision to the American West, where it culminated in "boosterism". Although other capitalist countries advertise their products, Dorson says, "...the intensity of the American ethos in advertising, huckstering, attention-getting, media-manipulating to sell a product, a personality, a town is beyond compare."
The Jackalope also appears to have a European cousin, in Germany, known as the wolperdinger, and in Sweden, a related species called the skvader. Illustrations of horned hares go back as far as the 16th century in scholarly European works.
In the Bavarian Alps, a strange-looking creature with antlers, fangs, wings and a tail roams quietly through the forests - according to folklore, that is. This mythological creature is what Germans call a Wolpertinger - a hybrid species that you've probably never seen before.
Some kids in Bavaria grow up believing in the Wolpertinger and may even search for the rare animals when walking through the woods. Bavarians have done a pretty good job at making the myth believable: tourist shops sometimes sell stuffed animals that look like Wolpertinger and the Deutsches Jagdt- und Fischereimuseum in Munich even has a permanent exhibit on it.
It is not known exactly when or where the myth of the Wolpertinger originated, but the museum in Munich suggests that it may have come from a town called Wolterdingen, where glass makers created shot glasses in the form of animals and called them Wolterdinger. This could in fact be true, since different regions have different names for the creature, ranging from Woipertinger to Woiperdinger to Wulpertinger.
Bavarian folklore tells of the wolpertinger (also called wolperdinger or woiperdinger), a mythological hybrid animal allegedly inhabiting the alpine forests of Bavaria in Germany. These mythological creatures are known by every Bavarian as being mischievous.
Germans don't have a clear definition. A Wolpertinger is basically a creature made up of many different animal parts. For example, it could have a squirrel's body, a rabbit's head, deer antlers and wings. Some might have the head of a fox; others may have the feet of a duck or a pheasant.
Stuffed "wolpertingers", composed of parts of actual stuffed animals, are often displayed in inns or sold to tourists as souvenirs in the animals' "native regions". The Deutsches Jagd- und Fischereimuseum in Munich, Germany features a permanent exhibit on the creature.
Images of creatures resembling wolpertingers have been found in woodcuts and engravings dating back to the 17th century. According to folklore, the hybrid animals are shy and difficult to catch. They primarily eat other small animals, herbs and roots. But no matter how hard you try, the chance of finding a Wolpertinger in Germany are about as slim as finding a jackalope in the United States.
The best way to catch a Wolpertinger, according to legend, is to be a beautiful young woman (or be in the company of one), since Wolpertingers have a weakness for female beauty. The woman should go out into a forest at night while the moon is full and find a secluded nook where a Wolpertinger is likely to be. Hopefully, the creature will soon reveal itself. When it does the woman should expose her breasts. This will cause the Wolpertinger to instantly fall into a stupor, allowing it to easily be bagged.
In popular culture
Wolpertingers feature in the MMORPG RuneScape as creatures that can be summoned. It is depicted as a combination of a rabbit and a wolf.
Wolpertingers are the main characters in the novel Rumo by Walter Moers. The novel depicts them as anthropomorphic dogs with small horns.
Wolpertingers and Skvaders appear in "Adventure Path #61: Shards of Sin" for the Pathfinder Roleplaying Game as encounters and also as new familiar options for spellcasters.
A wolpertinger features on one of the special animal tiles in the Winter Edition of Carcassonne.
The wolpertinger features as a monster in Here Be Monsters. The game can also be found on Facebook.
Wolpertingers are an obtainable pet in the MMORPG World of Warcraft during the Brewfest event.
Wolpertingers are an obtainable mount in the MMORPG Tibia.
Wolpertinger is the German translation for jackalope in the game Guild Wars 2.
The Wolpertinger is a monster encountered in the jungle in the text-based MMORPG Improbable Island.
Wolpertingers are common background creatures in the Land of a Thousand Fables adventure in The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt – Blood and Wine.
The San Francisco storytelling group Odd Salon uses a Wolpertinger (named Harvey) as their mascot.
Wolpertingers are usually found in the forests of Bavaria. (It is common for Bavarian pubs to display stuffed wolpertingers.) Variant regional spellings of the name include Wolperdinger, Woipertinger, and Volpertinger. They are part of a larger family of horned mammals that exist throughout the Germanic regions of Europe, such as the Austrian Raurackl (which is basically identical to the wolpertinger), the Thuringian Rasselbock (which looks more like the American jackalope), and the north Hessian Dilldapp (kind of hamster-like). They're also related to the Swedish Skvader, as well as being a European cousin of the Jackalope. Also in other cultures, you can find such animals just like the “Jackalope (or Jackrabbit)” in the USA, the “Skvader” in Sweden and the “Dahu” in France.
You can find a stuffed specimen in the Deutsches Jagd- und Fischereimuseum (German Hunting and Fishing Museum), located in Neuhauser Str. 2 near Marienplatz (city center) and Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady).
So if you’re in Munich make sure to have a look at one of the Wolpertingers. Either in the Hunting and Fishing Museum or in traditional Bars and Pubs.
skvader The skvader is a species of winged hare indigenous to Sweden. According to legend, this unusual animal was first discovered by a hunter named Håkan Dahlmark in 1874. Eventually a stuffed specimen of the creature was put on display in the Historical Preservation Society in Sundsvall where it remains to this day.
Visitors report that the animal looks rather like a cross between a hare and a wood grouse cock. A statue of a skvader was also erected in a small park in Sundsvall in 1994. Although the skvader is much beloved in Sweden, the term itself is often used colloquially to mean "a bad compromise."
The skvader [ˈskvɑːdər] is a Swedish fictional creature that was constructed in 1918 by the taxidermist Rudolf Granberg and is permanently displayed at the museum at Norra Berget in Sundsvall. It has the forequarters and hindlegs of a European hare (Lepus europaeus), and the back, wings and tail of a female wood grouse (Tetrao urogallus). It was later jokingly given the Latin name Tetrao lepus pseudo-hybridus rarissimus L.
The name is a combination of two words, and this is the explanation provided by the Svenska Akademiens ordbok (Dictionary of the Swedish Academy): "The prefix skva- from 'skvattra' (quack or chirp), and the suffix -der from 'tjäder' (wood grouse)".
The skvader originates from a tall tale hunting story told by a man named Håkan Dahlmark during a dinner at a restaurant in Sundsvall in the beginning of the 20th century. To the amusement of the other guests, Dahlmark claimed that he in 1874 had shot such an animal during a hunt north of Sundsvall. On his birthday in 1907, his housekeeper jokingly presented him with a painting of the animal, made by her nephew and shortly before his death in 1912, Dahlmark donated the painting to a local museum. During an exhibition in Örnsköldsvik in 1916 the manager of the museum became acquainted with the taxidermist Rudolf Granberg. He then mentioned the hunting story and the painting and asked Granberg if he could re-construct the animal. In 1918 Granberg had completed the skvader and it has since then been a very popular exhibition item at the museum, which also has the painting on display.
A strikingly similar creature called the "rabbit-bird" was described by Pliny the Elder in Natural History. This creature had the body of a bird with a rabbit's head and was said to have inhabited the Alps.
A road sign on the approach to the museum warns drivers for skvaders on the road.
The skvader has since then often been seen as an unofficial symbol for Sundsvall and when the province Medelpad was to be given a provincial animal (in addition to the provincial flower) in 1987, many locals voted for the skvader. The final choice was a kind of compromise, the mountain hare, which is the front-end of the skvader.
Other uses
The term "skvader" is nowadays used colloquially in Swedish to mean "a bad compromise" or "a combination of contradicting elements".
"Skvader" also became the nickname in the 1950s and 1960s for a combination bus and lorry (truck) which was commonly used on small bus routes in Norrland; the front-end was a bus taking passengers and the back-end was an open loading bay, often used for delivering milk from small farmers to the nearest dairy.
"Skvaderns" is also an herbal liqueur made with herbs from the forest Lunde Skog, the place Skvaderns first were shot at.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Al-mi'raj (Arabic: المعراج al-mi'raj) is a mythical beast from Arabic poetry said to live on a mysterious island called Jezîrat al-Tennyn within the confines of the Indian Ocean. Its name can be broken up several different ways, though is generally seen truncated as Mi'raj, Mir'aj or just Miraj. Its name is also synonymous with Muhammad's ascent into heaven.
Al-mi'raj is a large, harmless-looking yellow rabbit with a single, 2-foot-long (0.61 m), black, spiraling horn protruding from its forehead, much like that of a unicorn.
Despite its docile appearance, Al-Mir'aj is actually a ferociously territorial predator known to be able to kill animals and people many times their own size with a few stabs of its horn. It also has an immense appetite and can devour other living things several times its size without effort. Al-Mir'aj frightens other animals and they will always flee from its presence due to this.
The people of the island were so terrified of Al-Mi'raj eating them and their livestock that they would turn to witches to ward them away as soon as the rumor of a Miraj met their ears. It was reported that only a true witch would charm the Miraj, rendering it harmless so the people could remove the Miraj from the area.
It is possible this myth originates from observations of the effects of any one of several diseases in rabbits that can create horn-like growths upon the bodies of animals, most commonly Fibromatosis and Papillomatosis.
Papillomatosis is the result of a virus infecting the skin, causing a large, red, swelling growth on the skin of the subject. These red marks may have appeared to be where horns had broken off or were shed. Fibromatosis is a similar virus which infects the skin and causes the flesh of the rabbit to mat with hair, hardening into long, hard horn-like protrusions. Both diseases could account for the appearance of wild, fierce (with pain) rabbits with "horns" as infected specimens have been found, catalogued and are well documented.

Now this is a MAYAN tale about the rabbit

Translated and edited by Fernando Peñalosa and Janet Sawyer

Once when the rabbit, that is, the mayor, still had his antlers, he met a deer.
The rabbit said to the deer: "Brother, look at the cap [antlers] Our Father gave me."
"Come here, brother," said the deer, "Lend it to me," said the deer to the rabbit. "You're too small, it doesn't fit you, but I'm big.Maybe your cap will fit me, I'm going to try it on my head."

The rabbit handed his cap to the deer and the deer put it on his head:. "Look brother, how nice it looks on me. I'm going to dance so you can see. Then I'm going for a walk and afterwards I'll come back here to you and I'll give you your cap back," said the deer to the rabbit.

The deer went off and didn't come back with the rabbit's cap.

The rabbit was waiting for him, just waiting and crying because he didn't have his cap any more. It occurred to him to get up from where he was crying and go notify his king. He came before the king: "Father!" said the rabbit to the king.

"What have you come to tell me, my son?" the king asked the rabbit.

"My brother went off with the cap you gave me, father. My brother, the deer told me he was just going to try it on, and I gave him the cap you had given me, father."

"'Why did our father give it to you?' the deer asked me. 'Our father should have given it to me, because I'm big. Your cap fits me well,' my brother said. I thought he was my brother. So I gave it to him, but he just went off with it any way. He left, and I just sat waiting for him to come back with my cap. He didn't come back and I got tired of waiting for him so long. That's why I have come to ask you, father, to give me another cap in place of the one my brother took, and also make me taller because my uncle deer said I was too little."

"'That cap doesn't fit you,' he told me, father. That's why I want to grow as big as my uncle deer."

"All right, I'll make your taller, my son. I'll make your body grow. If you do what I say, I'll give you what you ask for," said the king to the rabbit.

"What shall I do for you, father?" asked the rabbit.

"Now I'm telling you that if you want to be as big as your brother the deer, I'm going to grant your wish," said the king to the rabbit. "Now, go and bring me fifteen loads of skins. If you bring them to me I'll make your body grow and I'll give you your cap back."

"All right," said the rabbit, and went off to the fields, to the mountains and to the sea. The rabbit bought himself a guitar. When he came to a plain he sat down to rest. He had been playing music with his guitar for a while when an old snake came up to him.
"What are you doing, brother?" the snake asked brother rabbit.
"I've come to play music for you, uncle," said the rabbit to the snake.
"Oh, your song** is sad, uncle," said the snake to Uncle Rabbit.

"Yes," said the rabbit to the snake.

"May I dance a little?" the snake asked Uncle Rabbit.

The rabbit answered: "Of course you may dance. That's why I came to play a song for you. But I would just like to ask you, uncle, where is your weak spot? Because my marimba stick*** might reach your weak spot. Show it to me, so I can see where it is," said the rabbit to the snake.

"All right, brother," said the snake. "Here's my weak spot, right at the end of my tail."

"All right, brother, now that I've noticed where your weak spot is, you can dance without worrying," Uncle Rabbit told the snake. The rabbit needed to collect skins, but the snake didn't suspect what the rabbit was planning to do to him.

"Dance! Go ahead and dance. Enjoy your dance," said the rabbit to the snake, " because that's why I came to play near your house. Dance, enjoy, and don't be afraid. Here, come close to me."

When he saw him nearby, the rabbit thought: "He's mine now. I know where his weak spot is." The snake danced and came near the rabbit.

"Bring your tail near," said the rabbit to the snake. The snake raised his tail near the rabbit. The rabbit saw that the snake was near him and he killed him. Then he skinned him and went off with his skin.

The rabbit came to a mountain and began to play his guitar once more. Shortly after he had come to the mountain a big old lion approached Uncle Rabbit. He was playing his music when the lion arrived.

"Hey, uncle, why have you come here to play?" the lion asked the rabbit.

"I've just have come to play, brother," the rabbit said. "Do you like music?"

"Yes, I like music." said the lion.

"Do you like to dance?" the rabbit asked the lion.

"Yes, I like to," the lion answered. "If you'll play a song for me, I'll be wanting to dance," said the lion.

"I'm going to play some music for you, because the reason I came to your house was to play music. Dance, enjoy your dance. Don't be afraid, Good, dance, only tell me where your weak spot is. I'd just like to ask you where your weak spot is. Dance, enjoy your dance," said the rabbit to the lion.

"All right, brother, here's my weak spot, right here, on the back of my neck."

"All right brother," said the rabbit. "Dance uncle, dance, dance, dance. Don't be afraid, come closer, come here beside me. I know where your weak spot is, so I won't hit you there. I know where it is. Try to dance a little bent over."

The lion became careless while he was dancing, and the rabbit hit him on the head. The lion died, the rabbit skinned him and took away two more skins, two large skins.

The rabbit walked, and walked and walked. He took his skins to a place on the beach, and played there once more. An alligator heard the rabbit playing a song and came up to him: "Is that you playing, Uncle Rabbit?" the alligator asked.

"Yes, I'm the one who is playing for you," said the rabbit, "for I want you to dance. I thought maybe uncle would like a song. So I came to play a song for you."

"Oh, is it true what you say? I like songs and I would like you to play one for me," said the alligator.
"All right, I'll play you a song, but you have to dance."

"Yes, I'll dance, for I really like to," the alligator told Uncle Rabbit.

"I'd like to ask you where your weak spot is. Just tell me where your weak spot is. Don't worry, just show me where it is. If my marimba stick hits you, you could die," said Uncle Rabbit to the alligator.

"All right, brother, my weak spot is here, right at the end of my tail," said the alligator.

"All right, so dance. Dance with all your might and stretch out your tail." While he was dancing the alligator became careless and the rabbit hit his weak spot. The alligator died and the rabbit skinned him.

The rabbit left the beach and came near a plantation where there was sugar cane, where there were bananas, where there were oranges, where there were sapotes. Near the plantation there was a house with monkeys and coatis, as well as two other households. He came to one of the houses bringing bananas.

"Ah," the monkeys said to him "do you have bananas, uncle?"

"Here, have some." said the rabbit to one of the monkeys.

"All right," said the monkey. The monkey ate the bananas. Then the rabbit said: "Here you're just starving, but I have a plantation nearby where there are a lot of good things to eat. There are bananas, there is sugar cane, there are oranges, there are sapotes," said the rabbit to the monkeys.

"All right, uncle, give us some," said the monkeys to the rabbit.

"There's a lot of food, and it's just going to waste, because there's no one to eat it," said the rabbit to the monkeys. "Tomorrow we'll go to my plantation, all of you and your families, and if there are some others they can come with us too. Aren't there some other friends of ours here?" the rabbit asked the monkeys.

"Oh, if you please, there's another family of our friends that are hungry; they have no food," the monkeys told the rabbit.

"Tomorrow you're all going to go with me," the rabbit said to the monkeys.

The next day all the monkeys and all the coatis set off for the plantation and arrived there. "Eat, brothers, enjoy the food," said the rabbit to all of them.

"All right," they said and they were happy. That day passed.

"Are you all satisfied?" the rabbit asked them.

"Yes, we're fine, brother."

"So let's go. Each one of you can take something along," the rabbit said to them.

"All right, uncle," they said and set off. They came to a plain.

"We're going to rest," the rabbit said to them. They rested on the plain. The monkeys were playing with the coatis and didn't know that the rabbit was plotting against their lives.

The rabbit said to them: "Bring two nets, brothers."

"What are you saying uncle, are we going to play?"

"I want you to make me two nets," the rabbit said to them.

"Why?" they asked.

"I'm going to weigh you, so we can see who weighs the most," said the rabbit.

"All right," they said, and got into the nets. "All you monkeys, get in there, and all you coatis get in over there. Push your snouts out through the net so you'll be able to breathe and won't suffocate."

"All right," the fools said.

The rabbit closed up the nets and went to look for a club, saying: "When I come back you'll get out of the nets." But when the rabbit came back with the club he was ferocious, and struck them on the snout:

"Now uncles, you're going to pay for the bananas you ate." He killed the uncles in the two nets. All those that were in the two nets died, and he skinned them all. He used an armadillo as a pack animal, the armadillo carrying the skins for him. He had collected them as the king had ordered, so that he would increase his height and give him back his cap.

He returned and came before the king with fifteen loads of skins. The king didn't believe the rabbit was going to succeed, and so he didn't realize he was bringing all those skins. When he came before the king with the skins, the rabbit said: "See, father, I have brought the skins."

The king was astonished. "Did you really go and get them?" he asked. "I don't believe you."

"No father, they're here."

"Let's see them," the king said.

"Here they are, father." He took them out of his net one at a time and the king saw him take out the alligator's skin, the lion's skin, the big snake's skin, the monkeys' skins and the coatis' skins.

"Oh," said the king," getting angry, "What do you want in exchange for these skins?"

"I want you to make me taller and give me my cap back."

"Oh," said the king, "what a shameless rabbit you are. In spite of everything you want to be big. You actually killed your own brothers. You actually killed them. You're so small. If you were larger, if I made you bigger, you'd kill all your brothers. Look here, you killed the lion, the alligator, and the snake, even though you're real little.
"Well, now, you're going to have to forgive me, my son, but this is the punishment I've decreed: Bring me your ears so I can stretch them. You shameless thing, you already killed your brothers who are bigger than you. Now never come back here again. You're going once and for all, I'm just going to make your ears grow."

Word of the Week: Knowledge
Plant of the week: Lobelia


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Sep 6, 2017

Californian rabbit

Today only the New Zealand white surpasses the Californian in its popularity as a commercial rabbit. The Californian also contributed its genes to a specialized modern commercial breed called the Altex, which we covered in one of the first episodes.

Now we covered the Himalayan rabbit Breed a while ago, and The Himalayan plays an important part in many other breed's history, especially the Californian's, which looks like a large, meaty version of it. The Californian was made by crossing Himalayans with New Zealands and a few other breeds (some Californian breeders say it is just Himalayan and New Zealand, while others say the Standard Chinchilla was mixed in too). The Californian was added to many other breeds (like Champagne d'Argents and some lines of Cinnamon) to improve body type, so Himalayan marked sports pop up sometimes.

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Californians unlike many breeds we have covered that were named for a place they were not actually from, the Californians were indeed created and bred in California.
The year was 1923. George S. West was a Kansan who had moved to Lynwood in Southern California. Being a rabbit fur buyer, he heard the stories from the breeders of up to a half of each NZ litter being ‘woolies’ - New Zealands with recessive wool coats due to the angoras that had been used in the early part of the 1900’s to improve the density of the New Zealand fur.
Also being a commercial rabbit breeder with some pre-veterinarian and genetics training, Mr. West was ideally suited to take on the challenge of a breeding program designed to create the ‘perfect’ meat rabbit with dense desirable fur.
Standard Chinchilla rabbits and Himalayans were chosen due to the various qualities of the fur. Five years of persistent breeding finally produced a small, chinchilla-colored male prototype with all the correct fur traits. This buck was then line-bred with Mr. West’s several hundred recessive-angora-free New Zealands in order to put commercial meat bodies inside those pelts.
Interestingly, despite heavy demand for Mr. West’s new "Cochinelle" rabbits, as they were called initially, he refused to relinquish any breeding stock except to two well-trusted Southern California breeder friends of his. The two breeders together with Mr. West pursued the vision for the breed for another couple years. The three breeders, Mr. West, Mr. Wesley Dixon of Glendale and Mr. Roy Fisher of Pomona, together were instrumental in perfecting the Californian as we know it today.

The first Californian rabbit was shown at South Gate, California in 1928. The 1932 ARBA Convention in Pittsburgh, PA. was the first convention that the Californian was shown. The breed was given a working Standard in 1939. On March 7, 1948 a special meeting was held in Bakersfield, California to complete a new Standard that had been presented at the 1947 Milwaukee, WI. Convention for discussion.

The national Californian Specialty Club was founded in 1946, and the name changed to Californian Rabbit Specialty Club in 1959 to eliminate any confusion as to 'what' was Californian.

In 1946, A. O. Kelly Jr., of University City, Missouri, started the organization of the Californian Specialty Club. The club was started to stimulate the improvement of the Californian rabbit and make it prominent on the show table.

In early 1947 a Constitution and By-Laws was adopted and application made to the American Rabbit Breeders Association Fifty members from sixteen states were in the original group. In 1948 Wesley Dixon was elected President and by 1952 the club had grown to 290 members from 30 states and Hawaii.

The Standard as drawn up and approved at the meeting was mailed to the membership for approval. The Standard was approved, presented, and accepted by the ARBA at the Long Beach Convention in 1949. Prior to 1955 some other changes were made in the Standard and again a clarification was made concerning smut on the usable portion of the pelt. Our standard was rewritten in 1965 under chairman William A. Schaefer of Windsor, Connecticut. The Standard was updated again in 1980 with points allotted for condition. The 1991-95 Standard had some minor word changes and the 1995-2000 standard was updated with wording and some changes in weight classifications. The "New 2011-15 ARBA Standard of Perfection" will be available at the ARBA Convention in November held at Minneapolis, Minnesota

The Californian has the consummate commercial meat rabbit body. It is very muscular, full in the shoulders, and as deep as it is wide in the hindquarters. The usable pelt is completely white, while the points retain the Himalayan coloration.
The Californian rabbit has big ears (although not as large as the ears of Flemish Giants) and is large in size, weighing around 10 to 12 pounds. This breed's coloration is similar to the Himalayan, with a white body and colored points. The variety (color) is normally white with spots and they don't normally have any other color to them. The does usually get up to 12 pounds and the bucks only get up to 10-11 pounds.
Senior bucks should weigh 8-10 pounds (3.6 - 4.545 kg), with 9 pounds (4 kg) being ideal.
Senior does should weigh 8 1/2 - 10 1/2 pounds (3.86 - 4.7 kg), with 9 ½ pounds (4.3 kg) being ideal.
The UK standard offers no upper weight limit, however lists 9 1/2 pounds (4.309kg) as the desirable weight.
This rabbit breed has a commercial body type and should ideally weigh between 8-11 lbs. They also have a muscular body with full shoulders and hindquarters, which are as deep as they are wide. Their coat is usually completely white with Himalayan-like markings. Their ears are broad and medium in length, and should point straight up.
The Californian rabbit breed’s coat is dense and coarse and not soft, so petting them probably feels better for the rabbit than for a human. Its fur is short and the undercoat should be dense. You may find they tend to shed its coat more in the spring than other season of the year. To keep as much of their fur out of your home as possible, simply groom them with a bristled brush outdoors 1-2 times per week when they are shedding the most. Otherwise, once a week or once every two weeks should be more than enough.
The only color accepted by the ARBA when it comes to Californian rabbits is white with markings as dark as possible. They have black/near-black markings on their nose, feet, ears and tail and must have pink eyes (like that of an albino rabbit). Cals are pure white except for their ears, nose, feet, and tail, which are black, blue, chocolate, or lilac.
While in the US Californians are accepted in black points only, in the UK, Californian Rabbits are accepted in black, blue, chocolate, and lilac varieties.
The Californian color is caused by the ch gene, often called the Himalayan gene. This is just one step up from albino; color is restricted to the points. The pointed white color is temperature sensitive: cold makes it darker and heat makes it lighter. (Notice that the points are farthest away from the internal heat source of the rabbit.) Californian rabbits in cooler climates will naturally have darker point color, so some breeders in the south actually have “chiller room” rabbitries in which to grow out their show rabbits!
Californians have red eyes and very dark, almost black, points - nose, ears, feet and tail. Any color on the usable portion of the pelt is a disqualification from the show table. This can be tricky, since the pigment is temperature sensitive - colder climates may induce ‘smut,’ or coloration, where it does not belong. A molt can, however, remove the tinted fur, which will grow back white once again under correct conditions.

Feed and housing
Commercial rabbit pellets are often recommended, though this is a disputed claim amongst rabbit rescue shelters and commercial breeders. Pellets are high in fat and protein needed for a healthy rabbit.Feed 1/2 cup of pellets per 5 pounds of body weight every day. Ensure a steady supply of fresh water or the rabbit may not eat the feed ration. For rabbits under 8 months of age, feed unlimited plain grass pellets. House rabbits may be fed 2 cups of fresh rinsed greens, (NO iceberg lettuce) vegetables (stay away from greens high in iron) should be given daily, and fresh fruit sparingly. Free choice hay, such as timothy-grass, should be unlimited and changed daily. Alfalfa hay should not be offered free choice to rabbits over 8 months of age because it is too rich in calcium. Fruits and vegetables can also be used as incentives or treats to reward your bunny whenever they complete a task or obey a command (such as sitting, staying, or using their litter box). make sure to research what kind of fruit/leafy green/vegetable you’re planning on feeding them, as some are not recommended for rabbits.
Outside housing should protect the rabbit from wind and rain/snow. Most breeders use wire cages to keep rabbits clean and healthy. Cages are typically 30 inches by 30 inches in size, with nursing does and grow out pens being 30 inches by 36 inches. 14 gauge GAW wire is ideal, as the thicker diameter provides more support for heavy breeds. A resting mat, such as a sheet of wood or slotted plastic, can be placed in the cage to reduce chances of sore hocks. The floor wire should be 1" x 0.5" welded wire, and the walls should be either 1"X 1" or 1" x 2". Never use hardware cloth for flooring as this is too rough on feet and will cause sore hocks. Poultry netting should also be avoided as it is often insecure. Avoid using treated wood, cedar, or painted wood as this can be toxic to rabbits. Intact rabbits should be kept in individual cages once they are over 4 months of age to prevent fighting and accidental breeding.
Despite being used mainly as a show or meat rabbit, they do well with human interaction and can make excellent pets. This particular breed does well either in indoor or outdoor enclosures, as their coat is dense enough to handle cold temperatures (even with snow), so long as their outdoor enclosures are protected from the elements (sun, rain, snow). Outdoor enclosures should also be covered on three sides to protect rabbits from cold drafts in the winter, as well as provide ventilation and shade at the same time during the hotter months.
Indoor enclosures should be made of wire, be large enough for them to stretch out in and have a plastic bottom. The bottom should be laid with good-quality bedding (some owners like using small amounts of horse bedding, which is perfectly acceptable), should be spot-cleaned every day and completely replaced every week.

Many pet rabbits do very well in the home. They can be litter box trained and are quite fastidious groomers, they can also be trained to wear a harness and leash. Be aware that rabbits love to chew so make sure all wires are safely hidden or in protective plastic covers and understand that some of your furniture, books and baseboards may be nibbled. They can be contained in an exercise pen to prevent damage to your house.
Now we have covered House rabbits in depth on a previous episode, but as a few pointers:
Unlike other pets such as dogs and cats, rabbits are a little bit tricker to litter train. With lots of time, patience and rewards, rabbits can be potty trained but it takes much longer than other pets. Instead of using just one litter box, try to spread a couple around the house so they won’t be tempted to do it in a corner because they cannot hold it in. When rabbit parents find that their bunny tends to do their business where they are not supposed to (such as their favourite corner in the living room), they put a litter box in that particular area and sometimes, that is enough to make the rabbit understand that this is where they need to do the deed.
Like most rabbits, your Californian should be given a couple of toys to make sure they aren’t bored, as boredom can lead to the destruction of your personal property such as shoes, your room’s baseboard and basically anything else that they can sink their teeth into (much like puppies). Toys can include a few balls, a paper towel roll or anything that is bunny-safe purchased from your local pet store.

If you choose to cage your rabbit, make sure the cage is at least 2 feet by 2 feet by 4 feet. If the cage has a wire bottom make certain you give the rabbit a plank or sea grass mats to stand on so his feet won’t get damaged from being on the wire all the time. It is preferred that the bottom wire of the cage be 1/2 x 1/2 - large enough for the bunny berries to go through, but small enough to keep their feet and nails from being caught in the wire. Provide a hide box or shelter and plenty of straw for bedding. The rabbits are wonderful pets, with a very nice easy-going temperament. They enjoy empty oatmeal boxes, a juice can (paper) with the ends cut off and stuffed with hay, a bell hanging from the top of their cage. You should also provide chewing material, such as untreated pieces of lumber or small twigs from trees.
The Californian rabbit does not have any particular disease of health issue, but it can develop sore hocks should they be kept in an enclosure with a wire bottom (which is not recommended for any rabbit, for that matter). Having said that, rabbits are susceptible to a few problems which differ from cats or dogs. Should you keep your rabbit mostly outdoors, for example, flystrike can happen, especially in hotter months. This occurs when flies lay their eggs in soiled parts of your rabbit’s fur (mostly near their bottoms) and once the eggs hatch, their main source of food is your rabbit while it still lives. This causes excruciating pain for your rabbit and can even be lethal – be sure to take your rabbit to your local vet to get them treated should you suspect this is happening.
Also check your rabbit’s mouth every two weeks or so for overgrown teeth, as rabbit’s teeth never stop growing. Should their diet be low in hay, teeth can continue to grow into their faces and jaws, which can also be very painful. Thankfully, veterinarians can usually treat any infection due to overgrown teeth and can also shave those teeth down to a manageable length. Finally, every rabbit should also be periodically checked for ear mites, as it is a common problem especially among rabbits who are mostly kept outdoors.

The Californian Rabbit makes a great pet because of its mild temperament. Californian Rabbits do well with human interaction and also make excellent pets.


While mostly bred as meat or show animals, many love having the Californian as a pet rabbit because of their mild temperament. While they may seem shy and sometimes even quiet, with proper socialization (which means lots of time outside of their enclosure, interacting with their human families), their personalities will bloom and you will soon find out that your Californian loves to play and be active but also loves to sit back and cuddle when the time is right. This makes them great first-time pets for couples, singles, seniors or families with children of any age, so long as they are careful when holding or petting the rabbit. Always make younger children sit on the ground when they are petting rabbit (even ones as large as this one), as if they happen to fall or flip over, they won’t get as hurt since they are already near the ground.
In the United States breeds are as widely raised, as easily recognized, or as all-around useful as the Californian. Each year hundreds, maybe thousands, of Californian trios take Grand Champion meat pen at fairs around the country. They are often finalists on the Best in Show table, and are widely raised for their meat and fur value both by large scale rabbitries and back yard breeders. You have to put your hands on a quality Californian to fully appreciate its smooth, solid build and fine coat.
Californians weigh slightly less than New Zealands. Since both breeds are heavily utilized for the meat industry, commercial production breeders frequently cross-breed these two breeds to achieve hybrid vigor and a reduced time to market. The result of cross-breeding are offspring with points that are significantly lighter in coloration.
If available, the Altex "terminal cross" can also be used. You can learn more about terminal crosses of Altex Rabbits on our episode that covers this specific breed.
Californians should be judged “from the hind end forward.” The hindquarters pack the most meat, so it carries more points in the Standard than the midsection or shoulders. The body type should be as deep and full as possible. Looking at the rabbit from the side, you should see no dips in the smooth curve of the topline rising behind the ears and arching down to the tail. Your hands should not catch on the hips or feel any pinbones when you rub a Cal from front to back. The fur is to be a flyback that conforms to the ARBA commercial fur standard. Californians should be pure white with dark markings called smut on the “points” – nose, ears, feet, and tail. The eyes are ruby red. Color on the “usable portion of the pelt” is a disqualification, because furriers preferred an all-white pelt. Color of the points is to be “as near black as possible” – but black is not the only showable point color! Most people don’t realize this, but blue and chocolate pointed Californians do appear in litters and can be shown, but are faulted for point color other than black.
Now Id did find a club dedicated to the Califonian:
Purpose of the CRSC
The purpose of the Club shall be to promote and improve the breeding of Californian rabbits; to encourage the exhibition of the Californian; to advance and protect the interests of the public as well as those of the breeders by the dissemination of authentic and reliable information concerning their value for food, fur and show; and to cooperate with other organizations in the promotion of Californian rabbit breeding in general.

Our breeders have become more skillful over the years. As a result the competition has attained a very high level. The Californian rabbit has won Best in Show at ARBA Convention four times. Mark and Clyde Henry of Michigan in 1975, Brian Rice of Indiana in 1981, Trudy Hannon of California in 1982 and J.R. Wilson of South Carolina in 1988. Will you be the next to "WIN!" this honor?

During the 1981-82 show season the sweepstakes contest winners posted over 24,000 points. The runner up during this time period totaled over 20,000 sweepstakes points, third place had over 17,000. This was a sensational occurrence and has not been accomplished since that time.

The Californian Rabbit Specialty Club formally recognized it's youth members before any other Specialty Club. Our youth members have enjoyed the same privileges as the adults since 1958. A youth sweepstakes contest is held annually (starting July 1st - June 30th) each year with excellent competition by our youth members.

Californians are an excellent rabbit breed. They produce large litters of 8-12 kits. Californians are a breed developed for show and meat purposes.

Plant of the week: Laburnum
Word of the week: Kidney

How The Rabbit Killed The Lion

A Tibetan Folk Tale

"To your foe do not give a promise, for he carries a sword.(Tibetan Proverb.)"
Illustration For The Tibetan Folk Tale How The Rabbit Killed The Lion

A long, long time ago, before the mountains were melted, and the trees were burned, and the animals all died, the sun was so hot that the mountains all ran down level with the plains. Then the king of beasts on the earth was the lion, and every morning all the animals had to come and kotow to him. One day there was a rabbit in a nice soft bed of grass, feeling so comfortable that he didn't want to go and kotow to the king. He didn't see any use of it, didn't know exactly where the lion was, and he was having too good a time anyway. All of a sudden the king stood before him looking like a thunder cloud. He spoke and said, "You little split-nosed rascal, here you are having a nice time eating grass, and have not come to kotow to me. All the other animals have made obeisance this morning. You do not value your life at all, do you?"

The rabbit thought, "If I don't tell this lion a lot of big lies, he will surely kill me, so I must tell them to save myself." Very politely, he said, "This morning when I got up to go to make my obeisance to you, I came to a stream of water, and in it was a big she-devil and I was afraid, and ran up here a few minutes ago to hide in this grass."

The lion asked, "Did that devil harm you?"

"No," answered the rabbit, "she didn't hurt me, she only yelled as I went by and my heart seemed as if it would break into two pieces, and that was enough for me. She asked, 'You little short-footed fellow, where are you going so fast?' I answered, 'I'm going to make my obeisance to the king of beasts.' Then she said, 'Well, we are going to see about that, son, and find out who is greater, he or I. I've hunted every place for this lion and can't find him, so when you go to kotow to him, you tell him for me, that I want him to come here where I am in this water, and we will see who is to be the ruler of the beasts.' So if you have anything to say to her I'll go take the message, as it would not do for you to go down there."

The lion answered, "I haven't anything to tell you, but I have something to say to that devil, and I'll go down and say it myself. There isn't anything on earth or any devil that can be bigger or think themselves bigger than I am, or more able to rule the beasts, for I'm the biggest there is. If she whips me, I'll be the same as a dog and let her rule."

The rabbit thought, "I'm in for it now, I'll lead him down and let him see for himself." He led him to the stream, and when the lion saw his reflection his hair all bristled up and his tail lashed from side to side. The rabbit, dancing up and down, yelled, "There she is, there she is." Whereupon the lion flew into a great rage, jumped into the water to fight and drowned himself.


© Copyrighted

Aug 28, 2017

This week we are going to explore rabbits and water.


Now about three weeks ago I installed an new automatic rabbit watering system with 1/2 inch PVC and nipple waterers all hooked to a float system hooked to a garden hose. The result of my efforts is a bit of an experiment involving some creativity in providing a constant source of water for my rabbits, while not requiring that I tend to their water needs manually every day. Before I explain that system, we are going to discuss water and other systems to water your rabbits.

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Although it seems almost like an afterthought when you consider rabbit care, potable and abundant water is vital for a rabbit to remain healthy. Rabbits should have constant access to water. The amount they drink varies greatly depending on the environment and their diet. A medium sized rabbit will drink around 50-300ml per day. Rabbits fed fresh foods or allowed to graze on grass will obtain much of their water requirement from this and may drink up 50% less than rabbits only fed on dry foods. Rabbits may also drink more in hot weather.
Rabbits require a lot more water than comparable species. For example, in one day a 5-pound rabbit drinks as much water as a 24-pound dog. In fact, the average rabbit consumes between 50 and 150 milliliters of water per kilogram (2.2 pounds) of body weight per day.
The rabbit's body is made up of 50 to 75 percent water. Water forms the basis of blood and digestive fluids, and is contained in tissue, fat and bones. The rabbit's body can’t store extra water, and needs a fresh supply every day to make up for losses from the lungs, skin, urine and feces. Water is vital for most bodily functions, including:
⦁ Maintaining the health and integrity of every cell in the body.
⦁ Helping eliminate the byproducts of the body’s metabolism, such as electrolytes and urea.
⦁ Moistening mucous membranes, such as those of the lungs and mouth.
⦁ Lubricating and cushioning joints.
⦁ Aiding in digestion and preventing fecal impaction.
⦁ Carrying nutrients and oxygen to cells.
⦁ Keeping the bloodstream fluid enough to flow through blood vessels.
⦁ Serving as a shock absorption inside the eyes, spinal cord and in the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus in pregnancy.
Rabbits cannot endure water deprivation for more then 24 hours (even less during hot weather) without serious health consequences.
Simply put, rabbits must have access to fresh, clean water at all times in order to thrive.
Rabbits should be given pure water to drink, from the same source as you'd use for drinking water. This may seem boring to humans used to a wide range of beverages but it is the most natural and healthy option. Be wary of vitamins added to the water which may encourage your rabbit to drink excessively and are generally unnecessary if your rabbit eats a healthy diet. If you do use them and find your rabbit empties it's bowl/bottle after vitamins are added then refill the with plain water until the following day. Excess water and excess vitamins can effect your rabbits health.
The only exception to this rule is for sick rabbits at risk of dehydration when a small amount of pure unsweetened apple or carrot juice added to the water may encourage drinking.
What kind of water is best?
Most people offer their rabbits tap water. It is fresh, contains important minerals, and is generally safe to drink if you live in the US. If you suspect or fear bacteria or excessive amounts of chlorine, nitrate, or lead in the water (either due to the region you live in, a recent warning, or old pipes that may leak), filtering it before offering it to your bun can help reduce any risks. Water that has been sitting in the pipes for a while is also more likely to be contaminated, so letting it run for a minute or two before filling the bowl is a good idea. Also, using water from the “cold” tap is better, because there is a greater probability that hot water contains pollutants from the hot water tank.
If you live in a region with “hard” water full of calcium and have a rabbit that has kidney or bladder issues, you might want to filter the water or switch to bottled water instead. Volvic, Pure Life, or Deer Park are generally low on calcium and nitrates and are widely available brands.
If you are worried for yourself or your bunnies, testing the water is easy. Your water supplier might do it for you free of charge. Just give them a call! If not, there are testing kits available online as well as online service providers. According to the EPA, you should receive an annual report about your water in the mail. You might also be able to read about it online.
Some pet stores offer special water or nutrients that can be added to water. These are not recommended, because they are unnatural and contain way too many (synthetic) vitamins and minerals to be considered healthy. Unless your vet recommends one due to health issues, these should be avoided.
Rain water collected outside, either consumed from a puddle or brought inside in a bowl is not a good idea. This water contains dirt and harmful substances that have not been filtered. Well water is slightly better, because it mostly contains ground water filtered by layers of rocks and soil. However, it is difficult to control and keep harmful substances out for sure.
Water Temperature
Rabbits are very sensitive to sudden changes in temperature, so it’s best to offer water at room temperature.

Rabbit Water Bottles
A 600ml water bottle should provide adequate water for two small-medium rabbits for 24 hrs. If you've got multiple rabbits or the drink a lot, I'd suggest multiple bottles rather than bigger ones. It's also a good idea to consider a second bottle in summer, to provides a back up in case the water runs out and also if the bottle is knocked off. This is particularly useful if you work or are out during the day and unable to check on your rabbits.
There are two common types of spout on water bottles. The standard type are composed of a metal tube with several balls inside. Gravity locks the ball in the end of the tube until the rabbit it licks it pushing the ball up and allowing water to fall past. The most popular brand is Lixit (32oz $5 via Amazon).

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These bottles are cheap and readily available, but they can be prone to leaking and some rabbits also find them frustrating and will bite & pull at the ends.
The other variety have a non drip sippy spout. These are also quieter so great if your rabbit is near your bedroom at you don't want to be woken in the middle of the night. This style bottle are generally made with wider tops that make filling and cleaning easier too. They do tend to be more expensive to purchase but are very durable. Ferplast sippy bottle ($15 Amazon) are the most readily available.

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Attaching a Water Bottle
Most bottles are sold with a simple wire with hocks bent at the end to attach them to the cage/hutch mesh. Whilst these work they can be difficult to get on and off and position correctly to secure the bottle. A bottle spring, which is a spring with a hook each end which can be pulled back to slide the bottle in and out, makes changing water easier.
Bicycle Water Bottle Cage
If you need to attach a bottle in an area when there is no mesh the you can use bottle holders designed for cyclists. You will need to take a bottle with you to test to get the correct size.

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Keep in mind that attaching the bottle on the inside where you rabbit has access means that they are susceptible to chewing.
Bottles can be cleaned using a bottle brush.

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A more thorough cleaning can be done using sterilizing tablets sold for use on babies bottles. This type of cleaning should be done on any second hand bottles before use.
In winter water bottles are prone to freezing. There are a wide range of insulated bottle covers available designed to prevent this. They all do basically the same thing, just double check they will fit the style of bottle you have. The Scratch n Newton Snug ($15 via Amazon) is a little more expensive than some but it's the most versatile I've found.

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It will fit round and square bottle of various sizes easily and it comes with a piece of stretchy elastic with hooks for attaching the bottle to the hutch mesh (which I find much easier to use than the standard bent wire bottle attachments). If you are on a budget, you can also make your own using bubble wrap and an old wool sock.
Although the covers protect the bottle, the spout can also freeze, so check the bottle regularly to make sure water still comes out.
Check the sipper tubes regularly to ensure that the water flow is unobstructed and free-flowing when touched. Check also for leaks underneath the bottle; a leaky bottle is often a sign that the sipper mechanism is clogged.
Algae requires light for growth so you can prevent build up by placing an opaque cover over it. This does have the draw back of making it difficult to see the water level at a glance.
Even though nothing can fall into a bottle and soil the water, it is much more difficult to clean, so bacteria and algae will often develop and soil any fresh water that gets added immediately.
Water Bowl
In the wild, rabbits will drink from water sources on the ground, so a water bowl is the most natural way of offering water to a bunny. A water bowl is undoubtedly a more natural way to drink and many rabbits will use them in preference to a bottle. The downside with water bowls is very easy for them to become soiled with bedding and litter, and can also be knocked over.
Studies have shown that a rabbit with access to both a water bowl and a water bottle will prefer the bowl. It’s much easier to drink out of, because the water doesn’t come out one drop at a time. Also, a bottle forces the rabbit to tilt the head up in an unnatural position, making it highly uncomfortable.
Bowls work best if your rabbit is indoors or you have room to place a bowl away from lose bedding/food or you are available to change the water regularly during the day. You can also provide both a bottle and a bowl so your rabbit has the option and a back up if they knock over their bowl. Which is what I started with in the beginning.

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Using a water bowl presents several problems. If a rabbit’s dewlap is constantly wet from leaning over the water bowl, it could develop a skin infection. Breeds with pronounced dewlaps should definitely use a sipper tube. Water bowls are also more prone to contamination with fecal material or urine. The bowl must be checked, cleaned and replenished several times per day (as necessary). If you use a bowl for your rabbit’s water, choose one that heavy enough to prevent the rabbit from tipping it over.
Heavy ceramic bowls are the most rabbit-proof as plastic ones are often picked up and thrown around as toys. Ceramic might not be the snazziest colored bowls but they are easy to find, chunky and come in a range of sizes. One is 5" across and holds about 550ml but you can upgrade to dog sized if you need to hold more water. Be wary of placing ceramic bowls on a high level eg a second floor where they can be nudged over a ledge or down a ramp and get broken.
Some rabbits love to throw their bowls around or manage to quickly fill it with bedding, hay, or other material. In those cases, try placing the bowl on a slightly elevated surface away from bedding and hay. Choosing a heavy water bowl filled with water should prevent the rabbit from throwing it around. Or you could also get a bowl that can be attached to a cage wall. The really good ones come with a special holder, so you don’t have to unscrew the whole thing when you need to clean and refill the bowl.
If you do find you rabbits knocks their bowl over (or throw it) then a bowl that clips to the side of the cage (called Coop Cups - usually sold for birds) might work better for you.

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They either come with hooks or two plates that fit each side of the mesh and screw together. The bowl lifts out of the fixings so it's easy to change the water.
it is recommended that your rabbit's water bowl should be made of ceramic or metal, because plastic bowls can scratch easily, and those scratches can become homes for unhealthy bacteria.
Manual watering can be effective provided the rabbit caretaker is diligent and consistent in the task of providing ample clean water. If you are responsible for the care of more than a few rabbits, you will soon become aware of the time consuming task of providing quality water on a daily basis. Many pet-store types of water bottles must, on a daily basis, be completely disassembled and carried to a sink to be washed and refilled before being reassembled and hung back in place on the rabbit's cage. This process, when repeated more than a few times, can becomes tedious. Similarly, crocks or bowls must also be removed daily to be cleaned and refilled.
The task of keeping bottles and crocks free from slime molds and bacteria can be a challenge. They become prone to contamination from dirt and bacteria each time they are handled. If the bottles are clear or translucent in color, photosynthesis will occur and they will eventually grow algae if not regularly cleaned. Even if a bottle-brush is used, it may be difficult to consistently ensure the bottle is 100% clean. Crocks and bowls must also be similarly sanitized.
Furthermore, all of these manual methods provide a relatively limited supply of water. If they are amply sized, they may be adequate. However, the rabbit is dependent on the consistency of you to remember to refill the reservoirs. Even the most diligent rabbit caretakers may encounter an intervening factor that may break their consistent routine. Although it is a good practice to have a back-up water bottle on the cage as a reserve water supply, this does make for additional water containers to deal with.
When one must care for more than a few rabbits, it may be time to consider a more fail-safe method of providing continuous clean water. An automatic watering system can overcome all of the drawbacks of manual watering. It is less time consuming, more sanitary, less likely to be contaminated, and more consistent.
An automatic watering system feeds low pressure water through tubes or pipes to miniature valves or drinking fountains (founts) that are attached to each cage at the proper drinking height. The rabbit licks or nibbles the small pivoting rod, which is the actual valve stem or lever. This opens the internal o-ring seal, and clean, fresh water will drip or dribble into the rabbit's mouth. When the rabbit is finished, the spring-loaded stem returns to position, which seals and closes the system off from contamination.
I started with the traditional rabbit water bottles until I could build the system that I wanted.
The first watering I used was a combination of bottles and bowls. The first winter I swapped bottles and bowls in the morning and in the evening. As you can image with a few rabbits this was labor intensive, but not to troublesome.
As I had more rabbits I used a five gallon gravity fed nipple water system. In the summer it worked great. In the winter I wrapped the lines with reflective tape, and added 36 feet of electric heat tape used to keep pipes from freezing. I then wrapped it in pipe insulation.

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It worked, but I did have to reconfigure it because the nipples froze. I had to undo some of it and make sure that the heat tape was close to the nipples, but not too close that the rabbit could chew on it.
The water delivery can be accomplished through common 1/2” PVC pipes or with flexible vinyl tubing. Both utilize opaque tubing or pipes so that daylight cannot enter and cause algae growth. For the same reason, clear tubing or pipes are never used.
The flexible tubing offers the benefit of being able to be assembled much quicker and reconfigured readily as needed. The tubing can be easily cut with scissors and slipped over barbed fittings. This method is best for stacking cages, cages of irregular sizes or locations, or cages where the setup may need to be moved or reconfigured.
By far the quickest method of installing an automatic watering system is to use a flexible tubing along with the Fount and Bracket assembly. The Barbed Fount slips through the bracket and inserts into the tubing. The bracket snaps onto the cage 4 to 6 inches above the cage floor, such that the fount protrudes into the cage. In this way, a complete system can be set up in a matter of minutes using only a pair of scissors. If the tubing is difficult to slip over the barbed fittings, particularly in cold weather, the tubing can be brought to room temperature or warmed slightly to make the job easier. I have used boiling water to soften the tubing to get it over a larger T. When finished, inspect the installation to ensure that no rabbit can bite the tubing and it cannot be easily bumped into or tripped on by the caretaker. If the tubing makes a very sharp 90° turn, use an elbow connector to prevent it from kinking.

The PVC pipe uses tees. This system works best in permanent setups that are not likely to be moved or changed regularly. It is considered the more heavy duty of the the two piping methods.
Using the PVC pipe is a fairly straightforward process. The pipe will be cut into sections and glued to Tees. It is recommended that each joint be cleaned with PVC primer, then glued using clear PVC glue. Use the glue dauber to thoroughly wet the inside of one end of the tee, but not so much that it runs. Then use the dauber to apply glue using at least four complete revolutions around the end of the pipe to be inserted. Care should be taken to ensure that all of the tees are oriented in the right direction. A very quick adjustment must be made as the glue will set very quickly.
The most recent for me is a 1/2 inch pipe with nipples into the cages. I used a toilet tank fill valve assembly to autofill a five gallon bucket with water. Don't make the filler hole too close to the side or you won't have room to install the toilet filler. Install the toilet filler valve with the parts that come in the package, just like you would for a toilet.
From there, I used PVC pipe to go into the rabbit hutch. The waterers seem to be 1/8 male tapered pipe threads, so I used a drill bit and tape to thread some PVC end caps. The waterer nipples are then screwed into these, and it seems to work pretty well. I drilled and tapped the end caps at a bit of an angle to make it easier for the rabbits to drink from them. I'd say it's about a 15 degree angle...and they seem to still seal well. The bucket is on the roof above the hutch to give head pressure. There are shut off's so I can drain the bucket or lines as needed. So far, the rabbits seem to take to it pretty well. And it makes keeping them well watered almost no effort at all.
When first turning on the water for the system it is a good practice to open up the drain valves at the end of each row slightly to allow air to escape. The next step is to walk along the row of cages and depress the stem on each fount, holding it long enough to allow any air bubbles to escape.
Check for any leaks and correct. If a fount is found to be dripping, press the valve stem all the way in and let go quickly so as to reset it. If the fount continues to leak it may be necessary to disassemble it and check to make sure that a piece of pipe or other debris did not become lodged against the o-ring. If you should have more than a few leaks, take each leak separately on a case-by-case basis and try to resolve it.
Approximately once a month, it is a good practice to open up the drain valve at the end of each line and allow it to flush for a couple of minutes. In doing so you will allow any settlement or other debris that has been captured in the pipe or tubing to flow out of the system. It is also a good idea to randomly check a few founts on a daily basis to ensure the water is flowing freely. If the fount has too much pressure, it may drip on its own or spray water when it's pressed; adjust the water pressure accordingly. Look for any founts that might be dripping or leaking, and correct them. It is also a good practice to periodically clean the tanks with a diluted bleach solution.
Over time, the founts should develop a hard water mineral buildup, which can be cleaned by soaking them overnight in a vinegar solution.
Although the problems with automatic watering are few and far between, it is not a panacea. It will require some time in planning, sourcing water to the site, and initial trouble shooting, as well as periodic maintenance. Like any automated system, one cannot set it up and simply forget it. The maintenance of the system includes daily visual inspections, periodic adjustments, and periodic line flushing.
Of course, the payoff for all of this is hours upon hours of labor savings over time. Plus, it drastically reduces the risk of a rabbit being without water, or having unsanitary water. Surprisingly, the acquisition cost of an automatic watering system is often not much more than the cost of new water bottles or crocks. With the proper mindset toward system maintenance, automatic watering has relatively few drawbacks or risks compared to manual watering.
Word of the Week: Kindness
Plant of the week: Bindweed


THERE was a frightful drought. The rivers after a while dried tip and even the springs gave no water.
The animals wandered around seeking drink, but to no avail. Nowhere was water to be found.

A great gathering of animals was held: Lion, Tiger, Wolf, Jackal, Elephant, all of them came together. What was to be done? That was the question. One had this plan, and another had that; but no plan seemed of value.

Finally one of them suggested: "Come, let all of us go to the dry river bed and dance; in that way we can tread out the water."

Good! Everyone was satisfied and ready to begin instantly, excepting Rabbit, who said, "I will not go and dance. All of you are mad to attempt to get water from the ground by dancing."

The other animals danced and danced, and ultimately danced the water to the surface. How glad they were. Everyone drank as much as he could, but Rabbit did not dance with them. So it was decided that Rabbit should have no water.

He laughed at them: "I will nevertheless drink some of your water."

That evening he proceeded leisurely to the river bed where the dance had been, and drank as much as he wanted. The following morning the animals saw the footprints of Rabbit in the ground, and Rabbit shouted to them: "Aha! I did have some of the water, and it was most refreshing and tasted fine."

Quickly all the animals were called together. What were they to do? How were they to get Rabbit in their hands? All had some means to propose; the one suggested this, and the other that.

Finally old Tortoise moved slowly forward, foot by foot: "I will catch Rabbit."

"You? How? What do you think of yourself?" shouted the others in unison.

"Rub my shell with pitch,[1] and I will go to the edge of the water and lie down. I will then resemble a stone, so that when Rabbit steps on me his feet will stick fast."

"Yes! Yes! That's good."

And in a one, two, three, Tortoise's shell was covered with pitch, and foot by foot he moved away to the river. At the edge, close to the water, he lay down and drew his head into his shell.

Rabbit during the evening came to get a drink. "Ha!" he chuckled sarcastically," they are, after all, quite decent. Here they have placed a stone, so now I need not unnecessarily wet my feet."

Rabbit trod with his left foot on the stone, and there it stuck. Tortoise then put his head out. "Ha! old Tortoise! And it's you, is it, that's holding me. But here I still have another foot. I'll give you a good clout." Rabbit gave Tortoise what he said he would with his right fore foot, hard and straight; and there his foot remained.
"I have yet a hind foot, and with it I'll kick you." Rabbit drove his bind foot down. This also rested on Tortoise where it struck.

"But still another foot remains, and now I'll tread you." He stamped his foot down, but it stuck like the others.

He used his head to hammer Tortoise, and his tail as a whip, but both met the same fate as his feet, so there he was tight and fast down to the pitch.

Tortoise now slowly turned himself round and foot by foot started for the other animals, with Rabbit on his back.

"Ha! ha! ha! Rabbit! How does it look now? Insolence does not pay after all," shouted the animals.

Now advice was sought. What should they do with Rabbit? He certainly must die. But how? One said, "Behead him"; another, "Some severe penalty."

"Rabbit, how are we to kill you?"

"It does not affect me," Rabbit said. "Only a shameful death please do not pronounce."

"And what is that?" they all shouted.

"To take me by my tail and dash my head against a stone; that I pray and beseech you don't do."

"No, but just so you'll die. That is decided."

It was decided Rabbit should die by taking him by his tail and dashing his head to pieces against some stone. But who is to do it?

Lion, because he is the most powerful one.

Good! Lion should do it. He stood up, walked to the front, and poor Rabbit was brought to him. Rabbit pleaded and beseeched that he couldn't die such a miserable death.

Lion took Rabbit firmly by the tail and swung him around. The white skin slipped off from Rabbit, and there Lion stood with the white bit of skin and hair in his paw. Rabbit was free.


Game of Thrones: The Surprising Inspiration for Daenerys’s Stunning Winter Coat
The show’s Emmy-winning costume designer, Michele Clapton, tells all.
Joanna Robinson

For several seasons of Game of Thrones, we’ve watched Emilia Clarke’s Daenerys Targaryen, Mother of Dragons, the Unburnt, and Breaker of Chains, kick around the dusty corners of Essos in cool and light gowns befitting a desert queen. Since she came to Westeros, she’s been dressing much more sensibly for the blustery cliffs of Dragonstone. But in Season 7, Episode 6, winter officially came for Daenerys’s wardrobe—and it was fabulous. Though much ink has already been spilled about the dramatic white fur coat Daenerys wore beyond the Wall, costume designer Michele Clapton reveals to Vanity Fair a surprising fashion inspiration that most fans might have missed.

Cosplayers hoping to emulate Dany’s frosty look have their work cut out for them. Clapton explains that the coat is made of “fake leather strips, a long pile high-quality fake fur and a short pile white fake fur, and towards the hem we used rabbit fur. It is all stitched together in strips and then mounded onto a corset-style base.” That white fake fur—which moves bewitchingly on the wind throughout the episode—contrasts with a dramatic gold panel that runs all the way down the queen’s back.

That contrast of white and gold prompted some fans to wonder if Dany’s coat was meant to be a clever homage to her soon-to-be-lost dragon, Viserion. In the novels, Viserion (named for her brother Viserys) is sometimes called “the white dragon.” As George R.R. Martin wrote, in the voice of Dany: “The cream and gold I call Viserion. Viserys was cruel and weak and frightened, yet he was my brother still. His dragon will do what he could not.”

“Rabbit: The Autobiography of Ms. Pat” (Dey Street Books; $25.99) reveals comedian Patricia Williams’ remarkable life journey, from growing up in a tough Atlanta neighborhood to becoming an in-demand performer.

The Insurance Provided by Ethiopian Livestock
08/25/2017 11:40 am ET

Livestock plays a vital role in the lives of millions of rural poor smallholder farming families in sub-Saharan Africa. The importance of animals to farming fortunes really cannot be overstated.

On small farms all over Africa, animals fulfill a number of roles - providing drought power to plow the land, manure to fertilize the soil, transport to carry goods to market. Animals also supply milk and meat, an essential protein and nutrition source for families.

Indeed, for rural poor families, animals act as a form of ‘on-the-hoof family savings’ – they may also be sold to provide households with funds to cover costs such as children’s education, or when cash is needed for a family event, such as a wedding or funeral.
When we think of animals, we don’t usually think ‘insurance’, but here, livestock is a form of household insurance that may also be sold when harvests fail to produce sufficient food.

In One Ear: Bunny brigade
Bunnies here, bunnies there, bunnies everywhere
By Elleda Wilson
The Daily Astorian
Published on August 25, 2017 12:01AM

Once again, Portland has been out-weirded. Valdez, Alaska, is in the news for an unusual problem: It’s been overrun by rabbits, the Alaska News Dispatch reports, although no one seems to know how or why it happened — it’s not exactly a rabbit-friendly environment, after all.

One of the stranger rumors of how the rabbit bloom came about is that groups of rabbits were set free in the 1980s to entertain tourists. Maybe even several times. That one kind of takes the cake as far as theories go.

No matter how they arrived, the rabbits are there to stay. Some residents hate them, their poop, and their veggie garden raids, and some love them, coddle them and feed them all winter. Since the city code doesn’t yet address feral domesticated rabbits as “deleterious exotic wildlife,” it’s a full on bunny bonanza in Valdez. For now.

Denver goes down the rabbit hole

By Avery Anderson on August 24, 2017

Take an unexpected trip down the rabbit hole with “White Rabbit Red Rabbit” the most unique and original theatrical production currently in Denver.

Although the title makes one think of “Alice in Wonderland” and her adventures that is not what this production is.

This show by Iranian playwright Nassim Soleimanpour is a conversation between the actor, audience and Soleimanpour himself. As the show unfolds he tells the story of a red rabbit and white rabbits and how they relate to the audience.
Soleimanpour has never seen his play performed as he does not have a passport and is forbidden to leave the country. Luckily though, his work was able to make it out and is now traveling the world.
Frequent theatergoers might be shocked at the unconventional instructions of the show. Usually patrons are instructed to turn off their phones and stay in their seats; Not at “White Rabbit Red Rabbit.” The audience is asked to leave their phones on as they will need them and are called up during the show to help the actor perform.
The largest difference between Soleimanpour’s play and others is that once an actor has performed in the show they can never do it again. Meaning that every performance has a new actor who has never seen the show or read the script before.
Once the whole audience is seated, the actor for the night is handed a sealed envelope with the script inside. When the show begins they are able to open the script and perform as they read.
Pipedream Productions is staging this interesting and ever changing show with some of the best local talent that Denver has to offer. Those who have already performed include Anthony Adu, Adrian Egolf and Emma Messenger. Still to take the journey are Andrew and Kelly Uhlenhopp, Chloe McLeod and many more.
The show ran for nine months in New York City with actors such as Darren Criss (American Horror Story), Nathan Lane (The Producers) and Whoopi Goldberg (The View).
Emma Messenger was able to perform this show beautifully the night I attended. She kept the audience engaged and incorporate her iconic satirical humor and facial expressions, making the audience laugh and feel at ease.
If you want a night at the theater with a full scale production then this is not it. “White Rabbit Red Rabbit” is, in essence, an improvised script reading. There are some set pieces and a couple of stage direction notes for the actors, but it is up to the performer to create the world with just one glance. If you want something that is unlike anything you have seen before then take a trip down the rabbit hole.

© Copyrighted

Aug 21, 2017

I would like to thank you for letting me take a week off from podcasting. As you may or may not know I like near Charlottesville Virginina, I will be briefly discussing what happened in Charlottesville this weekend past. I live in Greene county Virginia Susan Bro who is the Mother of Heather Heyer, works at my local 4H office. My children are active with 4h. I have had conversations with her many times about many topics. She is a friend. We have discussed house rabbits because she has had them in the past for many years. She is a sweet lady, and this past week has been a painful week. I know that this is probably not the venue to pour this out, but I feel that I need to.
People say that this could never be in my backyard… This was in my backyard. To quote my wife “If this could happen in Charlottesville, this could happen anywhere.”
We had a Japanese exchange student staying with us through4H, and we had planned to go to Charlottesville this weekend past. It was a Pre-planned outing. It was the last weekend she was staying with us, and there is a Virginia store on the downtown mall, about a block from Lee (Emancipation) Park. We knew about the protests and being from the school of “don’t do stupid things with stupid people in stupid places”, Charlottesville fell into two of the three categories… We went over the mountain to the Route 11 potato chip factory in Mt. Jackson, then to Harrisonburg and Staunton. We went to a glass blowing factory, and we saw live music.
I hoped that they had the police in place to keep anyone from getting hurt, especially anyone that my wife or I might know. I received a notification about a car hitting protesters. We went to the "Virginia Store" for made in Virginia items for our Japanese student to take home to Japan.
We came back home on a scenic drive through the Shenandoah National Park. Along the ride, my wife says that Susan posted a message about loosing her daughter standing up for what she believes in.
My wife works at the University of Virginia and they found out about the plans for the torch-lit march through social media, and were told the route that was planned by speaking to the march leaders. This is not the route they took. They marched to where the few students that are able to move in early were. The marchers were despicable to the students that were on grounds. The students were moved to a basement to get away from the “Peaceful” march. One of the teachers has had a stroke this week. He was hit in the head with a tiki-torch (Probably a brain bleed of some sort). This was Friday nights activities in Charlottesville.

I believe that the Saturday event was designed to push the protesters (Antagonists) together.
I had spent a few days feeling angry, and angry at the news for still creating divides. My wife was on edge. I went to a yoga class and stopped reading the news for a few days. To quote the judges father on night-court “I’m feeling much better now".

If you want to see something beautiful, check out the candle-lit walk that the faculty, staff and students participated in last Wednesday. There were at least 2000 people that participated in this walk. It was promoted only by word of mouth. This was not promoted through social media for fear of the Nazi's and KKK showing up again. A youtube link to the candle-lit walk is in the show notes.

Now for our One Eared Rabbit breed:

One Eared Rabbit Breed
Most of the info about this breed is from Domestic Rabbits and Their Histories by Bob D. Whitman.

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Now it is possible rather then a gene mutation it might be more likely that the mom "over-groomed" it as a newborn. Sometimes when cleaning the blood off of the babies, the mom will accidentally get carried away and chew off an ear, tail, or foot.
England appears to be the native home of the "Unicorn of the Rabbit World" which was being bred true to form during the later part of the 18th century. I have been able to find next to nothing on this unusual rabbit, other then a small passage in John Sheail's book, "rabbits and their history" published in 1971.

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Sheail mentions that the one eared rabbit bred true, and the population slowly increased. However little commercial value could be placed on such a rabbit, and that little notice was taken by the authors of the time. From all indications, it would appear that the One Eared rabbit breed was produced in the Warrens of the day, and was probably of the wild agouti coloration. I have not been able to location any further information on this most unusual mutation. There is a picture of a pair of of One Eared rabbits in the February 1959 issue of the National Rabbit Raiser Magazine. Claude Holbrook of Evansville, Indiana, who raises rabbits for a hobby, got a surprise when he looked into a nest box recently. "Two of the new litter had but one ear - right in the middle of their forehead.". So as rare as the legendary Unicorn may be, so is the One Eared rabbit.
A pet rabbit that its owner, 9-year-old Kathy Lister of Trimdon Grange in County Durham, England, had very aptly named Unicorn is most extraordinary . Due to a genetic fluke, Unicorn had been born with just a single ear. Yet whereas there are numerous reports on file of individual mammals of many different species in which one or other ear is missing, Unicorn’s condition was rather more special. For unlike typical one-eared individuals, her single ear was not laterally positioned, but arose instead from the centre of her head, standing upright like a long furry horn!
Born in spring 1981, Unicorn was a Flemish Giant doe bred on James’s farm, and she subsequently became the much-loved pet of his daughter Kathy. In more than 35 years of rabbit breeding, this was the only one-eared rabbit that James had ever observed. In autumn 1984, Unicorn escaped from her pen, but three days later she was found, recaptured, and placed in a new hutch. Over the next month, she grew steadily fatter, and 31 days after her original escape Unicorn gave birth to a litter of five offspring. As she had never been introduced to any of the farm rabbits, it is clear, therefore, that during her brief period of freedom Unicorn had encountered and mated with a wild rabbit.
Of her five offspring, four were normal, but the fifth displayed its mother’s remarkable median-ear condition. Regrettably, however, all five offspring died shortly afterwards during a very severe thunderstorm, so no details of their sex are known. Happily, Unicorn survived, and lived for a further two years, but she did not give birth to any further litters, so the unidentified mutant gene presumably responsible for her median ear and that of one of her offspring was lost forever when she died in November 1986.
Judging from the 4:1 normal:mutant ratio of offspring, it is likely that the median-ear condition was induced by a recessive allele (gene form), and that Unicorn was homozygous for it (i.e. possessing two copies), thereby enabling the condition to be expressed by her. If so, then it must also be assumed that her wild mate was at least heterozygous (possessing one copy) for this same mutant allele, in order to explain the birth of the single median-eared offspring in her litter. Yet if this mutant allele is indeed present in the wild population, one might have expected it to have been expressed far more frequently (especially in animals that are famous for breeding...well, like rabbits!). Could it, therefore, be associated with some debilitating trait too, so that individuals expressing it are more vulnerable in some way to predation?
The most obvious affliction to be expected that may prove detrimental to survival in the wild is some form of hearing impairment – an occurrence that normally accompanies most ear-related mutations. Yet Kathy had observed that when Unicorn was called, she would turn towards the direction of the voice, thus suggesting that her hearing was not severely impeded (although by having only one ear, it meant – inevitably - that Unicorn’s hearing could only be monoaural, not stereo).
Tragically, however, in the absence of further litters from Unicorn upon which to base breeding observations, little more can be said of her apparently unique mutation. So it is likely that its identity will remain undiscovered, unless this remarkable ‘unicorn ear’ condition reappears one day in some other rabbit farm.
Through the 2012 edition of Ripley's Believe It Or Not, there is a second unicorn rabbit. Owned by rabbit breeder Franz-Xaver Noemmer, from Egglham, Germany, it was born in February 2010, and has snow-white fur.

Now a Book about a one eared rabbit that I found while researching one eared rabbits.

Podkin One-Ear (The Five Realms #1)
by Kieran Larwood

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Podkin One-Ear is a legend: a fearsome warrior rabbit whose reputation for cunning and triumph in battle has travelled the ages. But how did he become such a mighty fighter? The answer may surprise you... When a travelling bard arrives at Thornwood Warren on Midwinter night, he is warmly welcomed. In return for food and lodging, he settles down to tell of how Podkin One-Ear - and soon the rabbits are enthralled to hear the story of how one lost little rabbit overcame the cruellest enemy imaginable, and became the greatest warrior their land has ever know.

Another popular one eared rabbit is Bongo!

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Life in Hell is a comic strip by Matt Groening, creator of The Simpsons and Futurama, which was published weekly from 1977 to 2012. The strip featured anthropomorphic rabbits and a gay couple. Groening used these characters to explore a wide range of topics about love, sex, work, and death. His drawings were full of expressions of angst, social alienation, self-loathing, and fear of inevitable doom.

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Bongo is Binky's illegitimate son, the product of a drunken night of "jungle passion." He was introduced in a 1983 storyline in which his mother, Hulga, left him to Binky so she could seek her fortune in New York. Bongo's defining physical attribute is his one ear, which Groening admits is solely so that the casual viewer can tell him apart from Binky. Bongo made an appearance in the Futurama episode "Xmas Story", where he is seen being sold in a pet shop. He also appeared in The Simpsons episode "Treehouse of Horror XII" as one of the rabbits that Homer catches in the trap. He appears in The Simpsons again in another episode as a plush toy in Lisa's room, though he is called Madam Bunny. He is shown as a plush toy in "The Fool Monty" where Mr. Burns is eating it in Bart's closet. He has a cameo in "Simpsorama" as one of the rabbit-like creatures rampaging New New York, where he writes on a wall "Crossovers are hell"

Word of the Week: Sanitary
Plant of the week: Coltsfoot

Now we had an episode about Rabbit Jumping, and the sport has been mentioned a few times in the news recently.
Rabbit jumping debuts at Northwest Montana Fair
Onlookers draped themselves over the fence surrounding the bunny jumping competition Thursday at the Northwest Montana Fair. Handlers and their rabbits were spread out beneath the shade of a canopy, some taking time for an extra snuggle with their competitors while others kept a close eye on the competition.
Before them was a line of jumps, ranging in height from roughly 3 inches to about a foot.
There were roughly 20 competitors who participated in the fair’s first bunny jumping contest. The sport ranks competitors based on speed and how clean their runs are. The event was spearheaded by Glacier View 4-H leader and Glacier Rabbit Breeders founding member KelleySue Bain, who wanted to raise awareness about the burgeoning sport.
“Most people don’t even know about it or don’t know that it’s available here,” she said.
Rabbit hopping, also known as Kaninhop, originated in Sweden in the 1970s and has a sizable following in Europe — there are more than 4,000 rabbit hoppers in the U.K., Germany and Scandinavia, according to National Geographic.
She hosted the club’s first contest in April and introduced rabbit hopping to fairgoers in Missoula last week. Bain has another competition set for Sept. 16, which will also feature rabbit agility, but noted that the contest will be low-key, at least for now.
“We’re still trying to keep it really fun because everybody is so new, so we’re not making it really serious yet,” Bain said.
“Rabbits are very easy to train and they’re very smart. Some people clicker train them and can get them to do all kinds of tricks. You can get them hopping pretty quickly — at least a little bit,” Bain said. “Sometimes you’ll get a rabbit that just doesn’t want to do it, but definitely the majority of them want to do it once they get comfortable.”
Competitors come in different shapes and sizes too. Bain said the September show, which will also take place at the fairgrounds, will be open to youth and adult contestants.

Hop to it! Wisconsin State Fair competition includes rabbit obstacle course
WEST ALLIS — Donna Towell said she had never heard of rabbit hopping — at least not as an official sport — until some of her Waukesha County project members saw a story in a rabbit magazine.
“They came to me with this article, and I thought, this is cool, so I made the straight-line course and introduced it at the Waukesha County Fair,” Towell explained. “It really took off from there.”
Six years ago Towell and her rabbit project youngsters introduced Wisconsin State Fair visitors to the sport with demonstrations, but for the past three years, the event has been offered officially for both junior and open competition.
Five courses are offered at the state fair: straight-line, crooked, high jump, low jump and agility.
“That’s like an obstacle course hopping up, over and through,” Towell said. “They have a platform, a teeter-totter, a bridge, an A-frame, a tire and then jumps.”
Rabbit hopping will be featured this year at the American Rabbit Breeders Association convention Oct. 1-5 in Indianapolis. More information can be found at

Czech university announces new type of rabbit fever
A Czech university has announced the discovery of a new strain of rabbit fever. The discovery has been announced by the University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences in Brno after the sudden deaths of scores of rabbits across the country in July. They found a previous version of the fever as well as a newer once which often lasts longer but appears to have a reduced death toll of up to 70 percent compared with the 90 percent death rate of the older fever. A vaccine against the new version is expected to be ready in August.

Uni graduate finds riches keeping rabbits at interactive bunny farm
A bunny-loving Agriculture Science graduate has managed to make a small fortune from turning his hobby of rabbit-keeping into a booming business.
Opening a bunny petting zoo, Arnab Village (Rabbit Village), in Kampung Purakagis, Ranau, Sabah, he’s managed to earn RM300,000 (US$75,000) in ticket sales after a year of operation. It’s become a legitimate attraction on the Sabah tourist trail, conveniently nestled between hot springs, fish spas and tea plantations.
He tells The Sun that his farm carries 8 species of rabbits, New Zealand White, Standard Rex, Mini Satin, Lion Head, Netherland Dwarf, Lop Ear, Anggora and the local breed.
He started with RM5,000 (US$1,250) of capital for facilities and landscaping, and has been consistently upgrading throughout the year. His last phase will see a restaurant built on the premises. Let’s hope there’s no rabbit on the menu. That would be a bit creepy.
Starting with 400 rabbits, he hopes to reach 1,000 by next year. Considering rabbits have a reputation of ahem multiplying profusely, we’re sure he’ll hit those targets soon enough, and then some.
Fancy holding a bunny? Arnab Village will set you back RM3 for children and RM5 for adults if you’re a local (US$0.75-US$1.25). Expect to pay RM5 for children and RM10 for adults (US$1.25-US$2.25) if you’re an international visitor.

A few Rabbits in the movies:
'Rabbit': Film Review | Melbourne 2017
'Rectify' star Adelaide Clemens anchors a psychological thriller about a young woman searching for her twin sister.
If Get Out was transplanted to Australia and had its sense of humor confiscated by customs, the result would surely look something like Rabbit. Making its debut in Melbourne but filmed in the leafy suburbs and surrounds of Adelaide, this debut feature from director Luke Shanahan is arresting to look at but exhaustingly portentous, with hometown stars Adelaide Clemens (Rectify) and Alex Russell (the upcoming Only the Brave) gamely committing to the helmer's own script, which withholds any sense of narrative clarity until the closing minutes.
Nominally interested in cryptophasia, the phenomenon of twins who develop their own language, this nothing-but-mood piece showcases strong work from its two promising leads and striking location photography.
The film begins with a bedraggled Clemens running through the woods, pursued by a hoody-wearing man in black. She runs into the arms of an elderly woman, who welcomes her into her home before restraining the girl with the help of several accomplices. Cut to Germany, where Australian student Maude (Clemens again) wakes up from the same recurring nightmare — or is it a vision of something that actually occurred? Maude's identical twin Cleo has been missing for over a year, and she returns home to figure out if the dream is trying to point her in her sister's direction. She's joined on her quest by Ralph (Russell), as Cleo's fiancé, and an obsessive cop (Jonny Paslovsky) who thinks Ralph had a hand in the girl's disappearance.

How Porgs are bringing the cuteness back into Star Wars
Read more:
There can be little doubt that the galaxy far, far away has delivered some of cinema’s most astounding moments, riveting plot twists and memorable characters.
We’ve had the terror of Darth Vader, the innocence of Luke Skywalker, the sliminess of Jabba the Hutt and the wisdom of Yoda.
Star Wars changed the landscape of modern cinema in so many ways, but not all of it was about being cool. Sometimes it was about being cute. Think back to the original trilogy.
In the original 1977 movie we were first introduced to cuteness in the form of Artoo Detoo.
The cutest character in the original (with the Mousedroid a close second), he almost stole the show and ignited a following that endures to today, with the R2 Builders doing such an amazing job of recreating the little droid that their work is seen in the modern Disney era of Star Wars films.
The Empire Strikes Back was a darker film that introduced Master Yoda to the series. While he wasn’t conventionally cute, he gained a rabid following of his own.
However, the third film was the one that really smashed the cute button. Arriving in the film as our heroes land on the forest moon of Endor, tasked with destroying the shield generator and allowing the Rebel fleet to attack the second Death Star, we first met the frankly adorable ewoks.
Hated by some, George Lucas referred to the Ewoks as the little rabbit by the side of the road who helps the hero when they are in trouble. The ewoks were certainly that: helping the Rebellion defeat the Empire on the ground while the fleet took on the Empire in space.
Marvel’s comic series also had their fair share of cuteness in the form of the hoojibs. Basically telepathic rabbits, the hoojibs assisted the rebellion as they fought the Empire and became firm favourites with the readers.
The Force Awakens smashed box office records in 2015 and brought with it a new level of droid cuteness – BB-8.
This diminutive astromech droid well and truly stole the show as he fought alongside Rey, Finn and his master Poe Dameron in their battles against the First Order.
Early images and footage from The Last Jedi have revealed what are quite possibly the cutest characters ever to grace the screen in a Star Wars film – the Porgs.
How Porgs are bringing the cuteness back into Star Wars
Looking very much like puffins, these wide-eyed, open-mouthed, bird-like creatures live on the world of Ahch-To.
If you thought the ewoks were marketable (and they were, the fuzzy denizens of Endor were a marketing phenomenon back in the mid 80’s) then you’ve seen nothing yet.
With Star Wars fandom online already delirious over the Porgs (seriously, check it out, fans and the staff at the official Star Wars site are losing their minds) there’s every chance these creatures will be the toy of the year, just as BB-8 was a couple of years ago.

I would like to thank those that purchased through the Amazon link at the website. It looks like we had a few books, disc golf, and headphones.

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Aug 7, 2017

Wachtebeke Rabbit Breed

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Now we mentioned the Wachtebeke rabbit we covered the St. Niklass rabbit and Beveren Rabbit Breeds.
This dual purpose rabbit was created in Belgium by Mr. M. Pulinchx in the later 1800's.  He also Raised the chinchilla leporide Belgian hare as mentioned in the American Poultry Journal from 1901.  

Breeders in St. Niklaas were finding marked, blue and white rabbits amongst the kits in their nest-boxes. They tended to have face blazes, perhaps a white necklace, and various spots and white feet.  None of this was surprising to anyone.
There were at least two local Belgian breeds with such markings. The Wachtebeke (now extinct) hailed from Wachtebeke, a Belgian town not far from Sint Niklaas. The Wachtebeke rabbit had a blaze, white feet and a thin white collar extending from the chin and chest to ring the neck like a one-centimeter (less than a half-inch) thin necklace of white.
The Brabancon was a highly esteemed meat rabbit raised extensively in the Brabant region of Belgium. It had similar markings, however the white necklace was a lot wider.

The Wachtebeke rabbit is a rare color blending  of the old Barbancon which is the forerunner of the Dutch Breed and the Flemish giant and weighed in at 8 to 10 lbs.  The head and ears are blackish and the back becomes more and more brown-grey toward the tail.  It had white markings, with an even thin line collar around the neck and front of the throat.  Front feet and legs carried white sock marks, just as the "New style" Dutch Rabbit of the late 1800's It was known for it's excellent mothering abilities and large litters just as the dutch are known for today.  This breed has long been extinct.

Word of the week: Luck

Plant of the week: Groundsel

Jul 31, 2017


Learn more about Rabbit Breeds, history, superstitions, news, folk tales, and pop culture.  Discover cool facts, Rabbit Care, resources and Rabbit Breed Info at the website

If you would like to support the project, you can support through Patreon for one dollar a month.  Patreon is an established online platform that allows fans to provide regular financial support to creators.  
you can also support the podcast, and help keep the lights on, whenever you use Amazon through the link at Hare of the Rabbit on the support the podcast page. It will not cost you anything extra, and I can not see who purchased what.

Chifox are a British creation which was began by a Mr. O. Millsum back in 1916.  Millsum was breeding Beverens for commercial purposes when he came upon the idea of creating a breed with a long coat of fur that resembled the fur of the true Arctic Fox.  Millsum was one of the founders and president of the National Chinchilla Rabbit Club, and it is said that he built the largest rabbitry in the British Isles for the breed, but resigned as president and sold his Westwood strain of Chinchillas to concentrate on his Chifox breeding program.  Mr. Millsum was most secretive in his breeding program, but authorities believe that Chinchilla, Beveren, Silver Fox (Silver Martens) and Angora were all used in the breed's genetic makeup.  After ten years of breeding , Millsum's goals were nearing fruition, as he had produced the Chifox in white, blue, sable, silver, smoke, chinchilla grey, and squirrel grey.  Two pelts were shown to expert furriers in January 1928, and their remarks were that the fur was quite suitable for trimmings of dresses, coats, and evening cloaks, and more!  The only fur of the time that came close to the Chifox was the Siberian Hare know in the trade as Foxaline.  However, only the flank portions could be used effectivly.  The major drawback to the hare fur was the very poor wearing qualities, being paper-thin and brittle.  Chifox were shown for the first time to the general public at the British Fur Rabbit Society Show held at the Royal Horticultural Hall in Westminster on December 1928, to an amazing reception by both fanciers and the fur trade.  The coat was to be approximately two and a half inches in length, and not at all woolly, nor did the coat have a tendency toward matting.  Texture of the coat was like any normal fur rabbit.  This beautiful rabbit is now extinct.

Word of the week: Pretension
Plant of the week: Cauliflower

Rabbit and Fox

Native American Lore

    One winter Rabbit was going along through the snow when he saw Fox. It was too late to hide, for Fox had caught Rabbit's scent.

    "I am Ongwe Ias, the one who eats you!" barked Fox. "Yon cannot escape me!"

    Rabbit began to run for his life. He ran as fast as he could around trees and between rocks, making a great circle in the hope that he would lose Fox. But when he looked back he saw that Fox was gaining on him. "I am Ongwe Ias," Fox barked again. "You cannot escape."

    Rabbit knew that he had to use his wits. He slipped off his moccasins and said, "Run on ahead of me." The moccasins began to run, leaving tracks in the snow. Then, using his magic power, Rabbit made himself look like a dead, half-rotten rabbit and lay down by the trail.

    When Fox came to the dead rabbit, he did not even stop to sniff at it. "This meat has gone bad," he said. Then, seeing the tracks that led on through the snow he took up the chase again and finally caught up with Rabbit's old moccasins.

    "Hah," Fox snarled, "this time he has fooled me. Next time I will eat the meat no matter how rotten it looks." He began to backtrack. Just as he expected when he came to the place where the dead rabbit had been, it was gone. There were tracks leading away through the bushes, and Fox began to follow them.

    He hadn't gone far when he came upon an old woman sitting by the trail. In front of her was a pot, and she was making a stew.

    "Sit down, grandson," she said. "Have some of this good stew."

    Fox sat down. "Have you seen a rabbit go by?"

    "Yes," said the old woman, handing him a beautifully carved wooden bowl filled with hot stew. "I saw a very skinny rabbit go by. There was no flesh on his bones, and he looked old and tough."

    "I am going to eat that rabbit," said Fox.

    "Indeed?" said the old woman. "You will surely do so, for the rabbit looked tired and frightened. He must have known you were close behind him. Now eat the good stew I have given you."

    Fox began to eat and, as he did so, he looked at the old woman. "Why do you wear those two tall feathers on your head, old woman?" he asked.

    "These feathers?" said the old woman. "I wear them to remind me of my son who is a hunter. Look behind you--here he comes now."

    Fox turned to look and, as he did so, the old woman threw off her blankets and leaped high in the air. She went right over Fox's head and hit him hard with a big stick that had been hidden under the blankets.

    When Fox woke up his head was sore. He looked for the stew pot, but all he could see was a hollow stump. He looked for the wooden soup bowl, but all he could find was a folded piece of bark with mud and dirty water in it. All around him were rabbit tracks. "So, he has fooled me again," Fox said. "It will be the last time." He jumped up and began to follow the tracks once more.

    Before he had gone far he came to a man sitting by the trail. The man held a turtle-shell rattle in his hand and was dressed as a medicine man.

    "Have you seen a rabbit go by?" asked Fox.

    "Indeed," said the medicine man, "and he looked sick and weak."

    "I am going to eat that rabbit," Fox said.

    "Ah," said the medicine man, "that is why he looked so afraid. When a great warrior like you decides to catch someone, surely he cannot escape."

    Fox was very pleased. "Yes," he said, "I am Ongwe Ias. No rabbit alive can escape me."

    "But, Grandson," said the medicine man, shaking his turtle-shell rattle, "what has happened to your head? You are hurt."

    "It is nothing," said the Fox. "A branch fell and struck me."

    "Grandson," said the medicine man, "you must let me treat that wound, so that it heals quickly. Rabbit cannot go far. Come here and sit down."

    Fox sat down, and the medicine man came close to him. He opened up his pouch and began to sprinkle something into the wound.

    Fox looked closely at the medicine man. "Why are you wearing two feathers?" he asked.

    "These two feathers," the medicine man answered, "show that I have great power. I just have to shake them like this, and an eagle will fly down. Look, over there! An eagle is flying down now."

    Fox looked and, as he did so, the medicine man leaped high in the air over Fox's head and struck him hard with his turtle-shell rattle.

    When Fox woke up, he was alone in a small clearing. The wound on his head was full of burrs and thorns, the medicine man was gone, and all around him were rabbit tracks.

    "I will not be fooled again!" Fox snarled. He gave a loud and terrible war cry. "I am Ongwe Ias," he shouted. "I am Fox!"

    Ahead of him on the trail, Rabbit heard Fox's war cry. He was still too tired to run and so he turned himself into an old dead tree.

    When Fox came to the tree he stopped. "This tree must be Rabbit," he said, and he struck at one of the small dead limbs. It broke off and fell to the ground. "No," said Fox, "I am wrong.

    This is indeed a tree." He ran on again, until he realized the tracks he was following were old ones. He had been going in a circle. "That tree!" he said.

    He hurried back to the place where the tree had been. It was gone, but there were a few drops of blood on the ground where the small limb had fallen. Though Fox didn't know it, the branch he had struck had been the end of Rabbit's nose, and ever since then rabbits' noses have been quite short.

    Leading away into the bushes were fresh rabbit tracks. "Now I shall catch you!" Fox shouted.

    Rabbit was worn out. He had used all his tricks, and still Fox was after him. He came to a dead tree by the side of the trail. He ran around it four times and then, with one last great leap, lumped into the middle of some blackberry bushes close by. Then, holding his breath, he waited.

    Fox came to the dead tree and looked at the rabbit tracks all around it. "Hah," Fox laughed, "you are trying to trick me again." He bit at the dead tree, and a piece of rotten wood came away in his mouth. "Hah," Fox said, "you have even made yourself taste like a dead tree. But I am Ongwe Ias, I am Fox. You cannot fool me again."

    Then, coughing and choking, Fox ate the whole tree. From his hiding place in the blackberry bushes, Rabbit watched and tried not to laugh. When Fox had finished his meal he went away, still coughing and choking and not feeling well at all.

    After a time, Rabbit came out of his hiding place and went on his way.

Jul 24, 2017

Rabbit Jumping or Kaninhop


Learn more about Rabbit Breeds, history, superstations, news, folk tales, and pop culture.  Discover cool facts, Rabbit Care, resources and Rabbit Breed Info at the website
If you would like to support the project, you can support through Patreon for one dollar a month.  Patreon is an established online platform that allows fans to provide regular financial support to creators.  
you can also support the podcast, and help keep the lights on, whenever you use Amazon through the link at Hare of the Rabbit on the support the podcast page. It will not cost you anything extra, and I can not see who purchased what.

Rabbit jumping is a growing sport that is becoming increasingly popular all around Scandinavia. Rabbit jumping exist in other parts of the world as well but it is often not as big and organized as in Scandinavia. The goal is to jump cleanly over a set course within an allotted time. Rabbit show jumping or Kaninhop is modeled after horse show jumping, only on a much smaller scale to suit rabbits. Competitions have been held in several European countries. The cool thing about Rabbit Hopping is that it doesn't matter if your rabbit has a pedigree as long as your arm or if it was bought from a pet shop, it can still do it and WIN!!! Rabbit jumping is perfect for someone who want to spend time with their rabbit and do something fun together!
Rabbit jumping as a sport started in Sweden in the late 1970’s when the first rabbit club started to have competitions in rabbit jumping. In the beginning the rules were based on the rules of horse jumping however, over time the rules changed to better fit rabbits. In the start a lot of breeders were very skeptical of rabbit hopping and thought it was a short craze.
In 1986 the sport started spreading all over Sweden. Back then it was held separately in two different parts of Sweden with no contact between each other. In 1987, the first national championship for "straight line easy course" was held in Stockholm, Sweden. In 1991 they met and merged the two groups as a subgroup to the Swedish rabbit breeders association. Rabbit jumping grew bigger still and could not develop as fast as needed. This lead to the formation of the organization we have today.
September 3rd 1994 the Swedish Federation of Rabbit Jumping was established. The Swedish Federation of Rabbit Jumping is nationwide. Today they have about 800 members in about 20 affiliated clubs, which are all arranging competitions in rabbit jumping. There are competitions arranged almost every week somewhere in the country. The main task of the federation is to develop the sport and make sure the competitions are fair. They also make sure there are two Swedish championships held every year and an opportunity each year to educate judges for the sport. Another important thing they work with is to have a good connection and cooperation with other countries.
Germany joined the other countries in starting their own rabbit hopping club in 2000. Organizations were established in Norway (2002) and Finland (2004). Training and participation with translations for a new set of rabbit hopping rules came from the judges committee in Denmark.
2001 brought forth the Rabbit Hopping Organization of America. The rules and guidelines for rabbit hopping were established for all Americans with the help of the judges committee in Denmark and with personal assistance from hopping judge Aase Bjerner.
The American Hopping Association for Rabbits and Cavies (AHARC) was chartered with the American Rabbit Breeders Association in 2013. The rules and guidelines for this association were molded after R.H.O.A. and Denmark. The AHARC held the very first official national competition in the United States during the 2011 ARBA Convention in Indianapolis, IN. The performance competition for rabbits during 2013 ARBA convention in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania was a Mid Atlantic Rabbit and Cavy event. AHARC had the first national performance event for cavies during the 2014 ARBA TX convention.
The American Hopping Association for Rabbits and Cavies is the national performance club in the U.S. for rabbits and cavies (guinea pigs) chartered by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA).
Their Purpose is to help others learn about the performance sports of Rabbit Hopping, Rabbit Agility and Cavy Agility. They are a resource and place for people to locate information about performance events all over North America.

AHARC is in the process of developing Rules and a Guidebook for their members. The Rules Committee is currently headed by Tammy Steele. Please contact Tammy at with any questions.
National Specialty Club - This has been an amazing and interesting adventure. Most people don't realize how much work and commitment is required to start up a national level club. Being welcomed under the ARBA umbrella in 2013 as a National Specialty Club was a rare and long awaited opportunity


Rabbit Agility was developed by the Canadian Hopping Club and by Dell Robins from Minnesota independently of each other. They call theirs a Rabbit Obstacle Course. However they do not use weave poles for their courses.


The Canadian Rabbit Hopping Club, like a lot of things, had a very humble beginning. During their 2005/2006 4-H year members Amanda Greening (entering her 2nd year in the 4-H rabbit project) & Krysta Turner (entering her first year) were looking for a fun activity to round out their project. That's when they found a website from Denmark & a magazine on the sport of rabbit hopping, which is like dog agility, but just with jumps. Although they did not have Dutch rabbits, generally the rabbit of choice, they thought it looked like fun.
The first order of business was to build jumps to use, which were made as part of the project. They also needed to get the rabbits used to wearing harnesses and being on a leash. To train them to jump, first you have to lay a pole on the ground near the base of the jump, so they get used to the idea that they are supposed to go over it. Then you put the poles in the jump cups, gradually raising them as the rabbits get better. The girls use film canisters to make the jump cups.

The bunnies performed in some fun shows & at Achievement Day, but the first really big live performance was at 4-H on Parade, our big year end show for 4-H. The demonstration was run in a space beside the dairy show & about half way through they had emptied the stands from the dairy show. It was there they were also noticed by a representative of the Calgary Stampede, who requested them for 5 demos, including in front of the main Grand Stand Stage during the 2007 Family Day breakfast. Since then, they have performed at pet stores, the S.A.R.B.A. Easter event in Airdrie, Calgary Pet Expo, Chestermere rabbit show, & will be back at 4-H on Parade & performed in Edmonton on Canada Day 2008! Since this time, they have made many more appearances, to see a full list, check out our events & performances link.

There are lots of new members & even more new rabbits! Check out our Meet the Stars link for a list of all the rabbits & their trainers! Each rabbit even has it's own story & song & some even have their own music video!

We have added new equipment, going for more toward agility, with an "A" frame, tunnel, pause table, hoop jumps, bunny walk, teeter totter & most recently, the high jump & long jump.

In the summer of 2011, Amanda saw previews for a Canadian version of the popular show America's Got Talent. She sent off the application & on September 14, 2011, Amanda with some club members & bunnies auditioned in Edmonton, Ab. for Canada's Got Talent. On October 18, 2011 the club performed in front of the live studio audience.
Interesting CGT facts: In September over 3000+ auditioned in Edmonton for the show! Out of those, 80 made it to the stage in Calgary on October 18 & 19, 2011. From those 80, we were one of only 18 shown on national TV on March 5, 2012!
While the club did not advance to the next round, we did not receive any X's & got a standing ovation from the studio audience.

Since CGT, the club has taken a huge step forward from it's humble beginning of two girls looking for a new 4-H rabbit project!


2013 saw the beginnings of The Rabbit Hopping Society Of Australia also with the assistance of Aase and Rasmus Bjerner.
In 2015 Freya Pocock Johansson founded Rabbit Hopping New Zealand.I (Freya Pocock Johansson) introduced Rabbit Hopping to New Zealand in the beginning of 2015 at The Christchurch Pet Expo, and have gone on to hold many successful demo days and practices in Christchurch, thanks to Lynette Peebles who also hosted them! Thanks to Kathy Davis, we also now have Rabbit Hopping on The North Island!!!
Inspired by equestrian jumping events, rabbit enthusiasts in the Czech Republic recently organized a bunny hop competition as an early Easter celebration. A rabbit, a symbol of Easter, jumps over an obstacle during Rabbit Steeple Chase at the Old Town Square’s Easter market on April 14, 2014 in Prague, Czech Republic.

There are federations both in Norway (since 2002) and Finland (since 2004). Denmark, Germany, UK, and USA also arrange rabbit jumping although they don’t have any federations. Hopefully the sport will grow and get even bigger all over the world.
About rabbit jumping
Some basic rules
There are four different types of rabbit jumping; straight course, crooked course, high jump and long jump.

In straight course the rabbits are divided into 4 classes: Easy class, where the course has 8 - 12 jumps at max. 25 cm (9.8 inch.) high at a distance of 180 cm (70.9 inch.) between the jumps. Medium class with 10 - 14 jumps at max. 35 cm (13.8 inch.) at a distance of 200 cm (78.7 inch.) between the jumps, Difficult class also with 10 - 14 jumps and a distance of 200 cm (78.7 inch.), but with a max. at 40 cm (15.7 inch.) high. At last the Elite class with 12 - 16 jumps at max. 50 cm (19.7 inch.) at a distance of 220 cm (86.6 inch.) between the jumps.
At crooked course there are also 4 classes and the highs are the same as at straight. The jumps are placed in an other way; more like show jumping for horses. You follow the numbers at the jumps.
High jump takes place by letting the rabbit hop over a jump, which can be put up to about 100 cm (39.4 inch.), and you gradually put one more rails on, till the last rabbit goes out. Each rabbit has 3 trials at each high. The world record today is 99½ cm (39.2 inch.) made of the rabbit "Tøsen" with the handler Tine Hygom from Horsens, Denmark. It was made at the cattle show in Herning June 1997. The rabbit id dead now.
Long jump takes place at a jump, where you start at 60 cm - 80 cm (23.6-31.5 inch.), an the length is put out till the last rabbit goes out. Each rabbit has 3 trials at each length.


A crooked course is a lot like a show jumping course for horses with turns and loops while on a straight course the jumps are placed on a straight line.
The goal is, as said before, to jump cleanly through the course. For every jump knocked down you will receive one fault. There is always one judge counting the faults and one person taking the time of the race from start to finish. If the rabbit doesn’t jump straight over the jump but askew you receive one fault. The same happens if you lift the rabbit over a jump that isn’t already knocked down. If the rabbit jumps the course in the wrong order or exceeds the time limit it will be excluded and will not receive a placing. It is important that the rabbit jumps out of free will and isn’t forced. The rabbit has to be in front of the owner.
The tracks have 8-12 obstacles (depending on the level of difficulty) that the leader (något annat) is supposed to help the rabbit through with as few faults as possible. The obstacles needs to be passed in the correct order for the equipage not to be excluded for taking the wrong way. The height of the obstacles also depends on the level of difficulty. There are four different levels to compete in and the heights of the obstacles in each of them are 30, 38, 45 and 50 cm.
A rabbit has 2 minutes to complete the course, if the time runs out before the course is completed, the rabbit is disqualified.
In straight track the obstacles are placed in a row and in the winding track in a logically turned order, but not in a distinct pattern like an L, S or something like that (it should look almost like a horse jumping track). For each obstacle that is knocked down the rabbit and the leader (the ekuipage) gets one fault. You are also penalized with one fault if you choose to lift the rabbit over an intact obstacle, if the rabbit jumps over it the wrong way, that is adrift (criss-crossing or in between the bars, if the rabbits go over the start marker before it is allowed, and after three corrections. A correction is when the leader gives the rabbit a new run-up for an obstacle. Corrections are not taken into account at the lowest level of difficulty.
The winning rabbit is the one with fewest number of faults. If two or more rabbits have tied for the same placing the one with the shortest time will be the winner. When winning or earning a placing (the number of placings depend on the number of participants) the rabbit will gain one promotion point with which the rabbit climb in the levels. In Sweden they call it a “promotion stick”. If the rabbit doesn’t receive any faults at all it will automatically receive a promotion stick.
In straight and crooked course there are four official levels; easy, medium, difficult and elite. Older rabbits can compete in the veteran level and beginners can choose to compete in the unofficial mini level. The levels differ in height and length of the jumps but also in number and technical difficulties of jumps.
The mini course is just an introductory course. In order to progress from easy to medium, etc. a rabbit has to earn promotion points. Rabbits are placed according to the number of faults they have (such as knocking a rail down) time only comes into play if 2 placing rabbits have tied for the same placing.
High jump and long jump have different rules. Here the winner is the rabbit who jumps the highest or the longest. There is only one jump in high- and long jump but it is higher respectively longer than in straight- and crooked course. The rabbit can have three tries at one height/length. If two rabbits have tied for the same placing the one with the fewest amount of tries wins the competition. There are only two levels in high- and long jump; non-elite and elite. To gain a promotion stick the rabbit has to jump either 60 cm = 23.62 inches high respectively 160 cm = 62.99 inches long.
In the elite level the rabbits compete about certificates, when the rabbit has gained three certificates in a specific course it will be a champion.
One important rule in all courses is that the jumps must be constructed so that they can be knocked down in any direction without hurting the rabbit. You are not allowed to beat or kick the rabbit or to lift the rabbit only using the leach. The rabbit must be held in a harness with a leach, necklaces are not allowed as they can hurt the rabbit’s neck. And remember, only the rabbit is to jump, the human walks beside the jumps and not over them.

In the tracks there is as mentioned four different levels of difficulty. Higher levels includes more difficult obstacles in the tracks. All equipage starts out in the lowest level of difficulty, and for each placing they get what we call an "upgrade point". When the rabbit has three upgrading points in the same level of difficulty it has qualified for the next following level. The number of placings in each given class is based on the number of starting rabbits. For every five starting rabbits one place is given. For example if there is 10 starting rabbits two places are given, if there are 26 starting rabbits six places are given. However the rabbit must finish the track with less than two faults per round to get an upgrading point. The most common is that one basic round and a final is arranged, which means that you can have up to at total of 4 faults and still get an upgrading point. If the rabbit completes two rounds without any faults it will receive a upgrading point no matter of the placing number.
The lowest level of difficulty is called "easy" and this is the class were all rabbits begin. The maximum height is 30 cm (11,81 inches) and the track has at least 8 obstacles. After collecting three upgrading points the rabbit qualifies for the next level which is "harder than easy". Here the maximum height of the obstacles is 38 cm (14,96 inches) and the track should contain 10 of them. Like before, the rabbit has to collect three upgrading points until it's qualified for the next class which is called 'difficult'. This level has a maximum height of 45 cm (17,72 inches) and there should still be at least 10 obstacles. You must collect five upgrading points in the difficult level before you are qualified for the most difficult class, which is called 'Elite'. The elite has a maximum height of 50 cm (19.96 inches) and the track has 12 obstacles.

The length of the obstacles are adjusted to fit the class, but there is a maximum length in the easy class that is 45 cm (17.72 inches) and for the other 80 cm (31,15 inches). There are also regulations for the shortest length between the obstacles. That is 250 cm (98.43 inches) in all the classes, but in the higher levels even a further distance is preferred to give the rabbits as many good possibilities as possible. In 'difficult' and 'elite' there must be a water obstacle. This is special in the way that it counts as one fault if the surface of the water is touched. The width of the obstacles, which is the length on the bars, should not be less than 60 cm (23.62 inches).

In addition to the obstacles, there must be a low start and finish obstacle. These obstacles are not included in the track together with the other obstacles, they are only used for the purpose to know when to start and stop the time. In all the classes you need to finish within a maximum time limit, the most common is two minutes. The leader will be noticed when there are 30 and 10 seconds left.

There are some different judgings, A-F. The most common is judging C which means that all ekuipages makes one round and that a pre-decided number of them will make it to a final round. Judging D is also. That means that all the ekuipages that completes the first round are allowed to start in the second round.

This was a short description of the most important rules in the two tracks, so now let us move forward to the long and high jump. In these two events the rabbit jumps over a single specially made obstacle.

In the high jump it is all about jumping as high as possible. The obstacle increases in height after every round. The rabbits have three attempts on each height. If the rabbit fails all three attempts the ekuipage is eliminated. The rabbits that performed the jump correctly continue to the next round, in which the height of the obstacle is increased. You cannot clear the same height more than once. If all the rabbits that is still in the competition fails at the same height, the winner is the rabbit that has used the least attempts to clear the previous height. If those results are also the same you have to look at the height before that and so on until you can separate them to get a winner. If not there have to be a "re competition" between those ekuipages that ended at the same result.

Long jump has the same system of declaring a winner, but here the rabbit must jump as far as possible.

In high and long jump we have a different upgrading system than in competition in tracks. There are only two classes, 'not elite' and 'elite'. The rabbits starts in not elite. To receive an upgrading point in these events a limit of 60 cm (23.62 inches) in high jump and 160 cm (5,2 feet) in long jump must be cleared. To advance to elite in either of the events, the ekuipage have to collect three upgrading points respectively.

When you have reached the elite level in all events, there are no longer any competitions for upgrading points. Instead, the winner of the class receives a certificate, if the class has more than 10 starting rabbits. To receive a certificate in high jump the rabbit must also clear a height of at least 70 cm (27,56 inches) and in long jump 180 cm (5,9 feet). If a rabbit receives three certificates in the same event taken in at least two different clubs, the owner can, regardless of the number of certificates received in the other events, ad the title champion to its name. If the rabbit becomes a champion in two events you ad Great Champion, in three events Super Champion and in all four events Grand Champion.

The most important factor in rabbit jumping is the safety of the rabbits. The obstacles are not allowed to be built in a way that the rabbits under any circumstances can hurt themselves. Nails cannot be used to put the bars on. You are not allowed to beat or kick the rabbit, and you can of course never lift it only by its leach. No stressing sounds or acts is allowed and if the rabbit needs to be guided, this should be done by gently using the hands, never the feet or just the leash. The hand holding the leash must be behind the rabbit at all times. The leader of the rabbit cannot go over the obstacles; he or she must pass next to them.


To be allowed to participate in a competition the person must have turned 7 years old and the rabbit must be at least 4 months old. In high- and long jump the rabbit must be 12 months old.
All breeds and crossbreeds are allowed to participate, the only important thing is that the rabbit is healthy! All breeds are allowed to compete; however, there may be problems with smaller and larger breeds. (Rabbit size is usually determined by weight: small rabbits are considered under 2 kilo/4.4 lbs and giant over 5 kilos / 11 lbs) Small rabbits, such as the Polish and Netherland dwarf sometimes have problems jumping over long obstacles due to their size. However, there are examples of small rabbits that still made it to the highest Scandinavian classes. Smaller rabbits can overcome weaknesses through style and will.
Larger rabbits such as the Flemish Giant and French Lop will put a lot of weight on their front legs in the landing while jumping high over higher obstacles, which may cause injury. Generally, long-haired Angora type breeds, if not clipped, are excluded from competing because of the difficulties their coats cause with agility and vision. Neither English Lop should be entered as they risk injury to their ears.
The ideal jumping rabbit has long legs and a long back, which will help it see over longer obstacles and correctly judge the height or length in order to get over. In the case of with slender bone, such as the Belgian Hare, the legs should be strong and muscular so high jumps will not hurt them. In Scandinavia, where rabbit show jumping has a strong base, most are crossbreeds, bred with good jumpers as parents, similar to the method of breeding show dogs.

How to teach your rabbit to jump
It is best to start with a young. It is good to buy a young at 8 weeks at a breeder, who is a member of a breeding organization.
The very first thing you have to teach your rabbit is to walk in a harness and leash. It might be a little cat´s harness or a special harness for rabbits with an eye behind in the back piece. It must not just be a necklace, because then the rabbit might be choked. It might take time to get it used to the harness, but don´t be in too great a hurry. It is very important, that nothing happens, that might frighten the rabbit, when it is in harness. Let it have a good experience, when it is in the harness. Then it will gradually look forward to come out into the harness for a walk. If you have more rabbits, it is best to have one harness for each rabbit. Some rabbits will bite in the harness, if it smells of an other rabbit. When the rabbit has got used to the harness, you can start teaching it, that you are the one, who decides, where you are going. When your rabbit is good at walking in the harness, you can start letting it hop over small jumps. As long time as the young is little, you must not let it jump too much and not too high. Just about 5 minutes at 0 - 5 cm. (0-2 inch.) (0 cm is when the bar is just lying at the grass).
It will be good with some milk cartons or some small wood blocks with 100 cm. (40 inch.) between the cartons or blocks. After some weeks you can put one more carton upon the first. When you add the high, you have to add the length. If you already have a rabbit jump, you start with one bar or two bars. If the rabbit don´t want to jump, you can try to lift it once or twice, maybe it will jump by itself the next time. Teach your rabbit from the beginning just to hop the one way. Then it is easier to teach it just to go forward on a course. That´s what it´s about in an event. If your rabbit gets tired, you must let it get a rest and then try later the same day or the next day.
To calm or encourage your rabbit it is important, that you talk with your rabbit the whole time both at training and at events. Don´t tell it off, if it doesn't go like you want. You don´t achieve anything by that. At straight course, there has to be the same distance between the jumps. In this way the rabbit gets a fluent run through and has a better chance to make the jumps.
When the rabbit is 4 month, it can start training at an easy course (25 cm (9.8 inch.) high) and it can start in an event. Here in Denmark the handler has to be a member of the Breeding Organization of Denmark. Maybe you can try to train in an organization before being a member.
All breed and mixed rabbits can learn to hop, but do not hop with very big and heavy rabbits. Don't over train your rabbit. By training once or twice a week it will quickly get used to hop and become a clever hopping rabbit. If you have got a rabbit, who in spite of your best attempts, will not hop, you must let it be a pet rabbit. If you force it, it might be aggressive and maybe you will get sour.
It is hard to say, if it is best to hop with a male or a female. We have had best luck with the females. Our males are often more interested in sniffing and peeing and mating our legs. The females might be a little lazy, when they are in heat, but else they are very willing to hop. If it is very hot and very cold it is better not to hop.
Rabbit hopping is fun for children and grown ups, and it is a different good and exciting way to have rabbits and to be a rabbit.
If you have a little fenced area in your garden, your rabbit can have fun of running there too. It also will give it more exercise.

Before you start teaching your rabbit to jump you must teach it how to walk in a harness. When the rabbit feels safe and brave walking in the harness you can start with low jumps (about 5 -10 cm = 2-4 inches). Put the rabbit in front of the first jump and give it some time to think. You might have to help it the first time by lifting the rabbit or by push loosely at its backside. Praise and let the rabbit walk to the next jump. When the rabbit has learned to jump – walk – jump you can add some more jumps and after a while you can increase the difficulty. Think about not to hurry and not practice too much. Otherwise the rabbit might loose interest.
You can build jumps out of things you have at home as long as the rabbit can’t get hurt when jumping it. Remember that the jumps must be constructed so that they can be knocked down in any direction without hurting the rabbit.
Most rabbits can be taught to jump but not all of them like it. You should never force a rabbit to jump.
World records
The Guinness Book of World Records makes note of the world record for the highest rabbit jump which is 99.5 cm (39.2 in), which was achieved by Mimrelunds Tösen (The Lassie of Quivering Grove) who was owned by Tine Hygom (Denmark) in Herning, Denmark on 28 June 1997.
However, June 13, 2013 this record was beaten by Snöflingans (Super Champion) Majesty of Night "Aysel", owned by Tarkan Sönmez (Sweden) at 100 cm (39.4 in). A video of this can be found on YouTube.
The record for longest jump is 3m (118.1 in), held by Yaboo (owner: Maria B Jensen, Denmark)and was set on June 10, 1999.
The world record in high jump is held by a Swedish rabbit called Aysel. She has jumped 100 cm (39.37 inches). Her owner is Tarkan Sönmez.
The world record in long jump is held by a Danish rabbit, he is called Yaboo and the longest jump was measured to 3 m (9.84 feet).
In conclusion
At events, there is always great attendance from the spectators. People of all ages have a good time by looking at rabbit hopping. Even radio, TV, newspapers and magazines find, that rabbit hopping is a good subject and now and then they bring photos or on-the-spot report.
Of course now and then people, who think it is cruelty to animals, are passing by, but they have hardly ever understood, that the rabbits are hopping of joy.
The critics do not think about, that all what we do, are be built on the natural movements of the rabbits.
Rabbit jumping is a fun sport for both owner and rabbit. In Scandinavia it is growing and getting more popular. We wish that with this podcast we will inspire rabbit owners all over the world to try rabbit jumping safely!
The more you do with your rabbit, the more fun you have with it. If you make rabbit hopping there will by itself come a very close tie between the handler and the rabbit.
About 3,000 are expected to take part in the rabbit version of Hickstead. The Swedish rabbit jumping team is among 3,000 animals taking part at the Great Yorkshire Showground, in Harrogate.
You are very welcome to contact the committee for The Swedish Federation of Rabbit Jumping if you have any questions.


Plant of the Week: Barley

Word of the Week: PrePaid

Jul 3, 2017

On this weeks episode, we will be covering the Arctic Hare. The Arctic Hare is the largest Hare found in North America.

We have Inuit folktales about the Arctic Hare, as well as a poem about the arctic hare. Our plant of the week is Oats, and the word of the week is Blow! We will then conclude with the news. This episode is close to an hour, so we have a long episode this week, but I will not have an episode next week. I have some projects to work on the homestead, and it takes about 8 hours to put together an episode with research, recording, and editing.

If you like to be first, and who does not like to be first, we have a few chances for you to be first. You could be the first person to rate and review the show on whatever platform you are listening, such as Itunes. You could also be the first to support the podcast through Patreon/Hare of the Rabbit.

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It looks like there was several purchases this month.

Arctic Hare
The Arctic Hare is the largest hare found in North America.
The Arctic hare (Lepus arcticus), or polar rabbit, is a species of hare which is highly adapted to living in the Arctic tundra, and other icy biomes. The Arctic hare survives with shortened ears and limbs, a small nose, fat that makes up 20% of its body, and a thick coat of fur. It usually digs holes in the ground or under snow to keep warm and sleep. Arctic hares look like rabbits but have shorter ears, are taller when standing, and, unlike rabbits, can thrive in extreme cold. They can travel together with many other hares, sometimes huddling with dozens or more, but are usually found alone, taking, in some cases, more than one partner. The Arctic hare can run up to 60 kilometres per hour (40 mph).
The Arctic hare can achieve very fast speeds when the Arctic hare feels threatened. If the Arctic hare senses danger, the Arctic hare will stand on its hind legs and survey the area. If the Arctic hare feels threatened, the Arctic hare is capable of taking off at very fast speeds as the Arctic hare moves by hopping off its back legs in a similar way to a kangaroo. The Arctic hare runs erratically and leaps while running away from a predator to try and escape.
The Arctic hare is a vital component in the Arctic circle food chain, being one of the few smaller mammals able to thrive in such a harsh environment. The Arctic hare is therefore common prey for bigger animals of the Arctic tundra, such as Arctic wolves, foxes and polar bears.
Known predators of the Arctic hare are the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), gray wolf (Canis lupus), Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis), ermine (Mustela erminea), snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus), grey falcon (Falco rusticolus), rough-legged hawk (Buteo lagopus), and humans (Homo sapiens).
The Arctic wolf is probably the most successful predator of the Arctic hare, and even young wolves in their first autumn can catch adult hares. Arctic foxes and ermines, which are smaller, typically prey on young hares. Grey falcon carry hares to their nests, cutting them in half first; grey falcons use hare bones and feet in the structure of their nests on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut. Peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) also prey on Arctic hares in the southern end of the hares' range. The Snowy owls mainly targets young hare; the French common name of the species derives from Anglo-Saxon harfang ("hare-catcher").
Four groups of parasites have been known to use Arctic hares as a host: protozoans (Eimeria exigua, E. magna, E. perforans, and E. sculpta); nematodes (including Filaria and Oxyuris ambigua); lice (including Haemodipsus lyriocephalus and H. setoni) and fleas (including Hoplopsyllus glacialis, Euhoplopsyllus glacialis, and Megabothris groenlandicus. Fleas are more common than parasitic worms.
Range and habitat
The Arctic hare is predominantly found on the hillsides and rocky areas of Arctic tundra, where there is no tree cover. This species lives mostly on the ground, but will occasionally create dens or use natural shelters during times of cold weather. During winter, the Arctic hare has been known to move into forested habitats.
The Arctic hare is distributed over the northernmost regions of Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands and Northern Canada, including Ellesmere Island, and further south in Labrador and Newfoundland. The Arctic hare is well-adapted to the conditions found in the tundras, plateaus and treeless coasts of this region, including cold weather and frozen precipitation. The Arctic hare may be found at elevations between 0 (sea level) and 900 m.
In Newfoundland and southern Labrador, the Arctic hare changes its coat color, molting and growing new fur, from brown or grey in the summer to white in the winter, like some other Arctic animals including ermine and ptarmigan, enabling it to remain camouflaged as their environments change. However, the Arctic hares in the far north of Canada, where summer is very short, remain white all year round.
Hares are a bit larger than rabbits, and they typically have taller hind legs and longer ears. Like other hares and rabbits, arctic hares are fast and can bound at speeds of up to 40 miles an hour. In winter, they sport a brilliant white coat that provides excellent camouflage in the land of ice and snow. In spring, the hare's colors change to blue-gray in approximation of local rocks and vegetation.
The Arctic hare is one of the largest living lagomorphs. On average, this species measures from 43 to 70 cm (17 to 28 in) long, not counting a tail length of 4.5–10 cm (1.8–3.9 in). The body mass of this species is typically between 2.5–5.5 kg (6–12 lb), though large individuals can weigh up to 7 kg (15 lb).
One of the world’s largest hares, the Arctic hare (Lepus arcticus) has a distinctive, uniformly white summer coat, aside from the tips of each ear, which are black. The thick white fur provides both warmth and camouflage against the Arctic hare’s snowy surroundings. After the spring molt, the fur of southern populations is replaced with a shorter grey-brown fur. More northerly populations also molt into shorter fur, but retain the white coloration year-round.
The time of shedding fur and the molting patterns vary with latitude. Not much is known about the molting pattern but it has been assumed that the annual molt starts in June. During his research at Sverdrup Pass on Ellesmere Island (now in Nunavut), biologist Dr. David Gray saw hares begin losing their winter coats in April, when temperatures still hover around -30°C (-22°F). Nursing females seem to molt later than other Arctic hares.
The molt into winter or summer pelage is dependent on the number of daylight hours. When the Arctic hare detects a change in the number of daylight hours, hormones are released which trigger the molt.
In mid-summer, when their camouflage is not as effective, Arctic hares are wary and difficult to approach. In the High Arctic, where summers are short (six to eight weeks), a sandy brown or grey wash appears on the nose, forehead and ears, and occasionally on the back. The predominant color, however, remains the snowy white of winter, which makes High-Arctic Arctic hares starkly visible against a snow-free background and therefore more vulnerable to predators. In the more southern reaches of their range (including Baffin Island, Nunavut), where the summer is somewhat longer, the white coat changes to brown with blue-grey tones, while the tail and parts of the ears and legs remain white.
Arctic hares can be active all winter because of the insulating quality of their fur coat. A short, thick and warm under-fur is protected by the longer, silky top fur. A hare with fat for 20% of its body weight could live for 15 days at -24°C (11°F) on that stored fat alone because of this excellent insulation.
The female Arctic hare is larger than the male, and also begins to molt earlier in spring. Otherwise, males and females look so similar that they are difficult to tell apart at a distance. During the breeding season and the nursing period, males and females can be more easily identified by their behavior.
The arctic hare lives in the harsh environment of the North American tundra. These hares do not hibernate, but survive the dangerous cold with a number of behavioral and physiological adaptations. They sport thick fur and enjoy a low surface area to volume ratio that conserves body heat, most evident in their shortened ears.
The Arctic hare is mostly solitary. However, during winter months, this species may demonstrate ‘flocking’ behavior, sometimes gathering in large groups of up to 3,000 individuals. This unique behavior may offer the Arctic hare protection from predators such as the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) making it harder for predators to catch an individual without being seen. The ‘flock’ are synchronized with each other and are able to move, run and change direction at the same time.
The Arctic hare is always white in the far north where there is snow all year round. In parts of the Arctic circle that have seasons, the Arctic hare will go from white to a blue-grey color in the summer but is known to keep its white tail all year.
The Arctic hare has long claws which helps the Arctic hare when digging through icy and snowy conditions when the Arctic hare is searching for food or if the Arctic hare is digging a den. The paws are heavily padded with thick, coarse fur which helps the Arctic hare to walk on the surface of snow without sinking. The well adapted claws and incisors enable the Arctic hare to dig through snow and feed on the plants beneath.
Distress calls are made by hare and rabbit species when they are caught by predators, but all other communication is thought to be done by scent marking. The glands which secrete the scent are found underneath the chin and in the groin area.
Food can be scarce in the Arctic, but the hares survive by eating woody plants, mosses, and lichens which they may dig through the snow to find in winter. In other seasons they eat buds, berries, leaves, roots, and bark.
An omnivorous species, the Arctic hare’s diet is mostly composed of woody plants such as Arctic willow (Salix arctica), as well as grasses, herbs, berries, buds, shrubs and lichens. An opportunistic feeder, the Arctic hare may also eat small animals and carrion. This species has an acute sense of smell, which enables it to locate and dig for food in the snow.
Arctic hares feed primarily on woody plants, and willow constitutes 95 percent of their diet year-round. Arctic hares predominantly consume such as saxifrage, crowberry, and dwarf willow, but can also eat a variety of other foods, including lichens and mosses, blooms, other species' leaves, twigs and roots, mountain sorrel and macroalgae (seaweed). Arctic hare diets are more diverse in summer, but still primarily consists of willow, dryas and grasses. Arctic hare have been reported to occasionally eat meat, including fish and the stomach contents of eviscerated caribou. They eat snow to get water.
Arctic hares are sometimes loners but they can also be found in groups of dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of individuals. Unlike many mammals, arctic hare groups disperse rather than form during mating season. Animals pair off and define mating territories, though a male may take more than one female partner.
The breeding season of the Arctic hare begins in April or May, with the male pursuing the female and biting her neck, which often draws blood. The gestation period is around 53 days, with females usually giving birth to a litter of between 2 and 8 young hares, or ‘leverets’, in June or July. The female Arctic hare gives birth in a depression in the ground, which is lined with grass, moss and fur or sheltered under rocks.
Arctic hare leverets are born at an advanced stage of development, with fur and open eyes. The female returns to feed the leverets every 18 hours with highly nutritious milk, eventually leaving them to fend for themselves when they are fully weaned after 8 or 9 weeks.
Two to eight young hares grow quickly and by September resemble their parents. They will be ready to breed the following year. The leverets stay within the mother's home range until they are old enough to survive on their own.
There is little information on the lifespan of Arctic hare. Some anecdotal evidence suggests they live three to five years in the wild. Arctic hare do not survive well in captivity, living only a year and a half at most.
Traditionally, the arctic hare has been important to Native Americans. These fairly plentiful animals are hunted as a food resource and for their fur, which is used to make clothing.
Arctic hare threats
The Arctic hare is threatened by habitat loss in the southern part of its range, as well as by unrestricted hunting in certain areas. It may also come under threat in the future due to climate changes (whether those changes are man made, solar min/max changes or changes in the earths axis). However, the Arctic hare is not currently believed to be at high risk of extinction due to any of these factors.
Some parts of the Arctic hare’s range have seasonal limits on the harvest levels of this species. There are not known to be any other specific conservation measures currently in place for the Arctic hare.
There are nine recognized subspecies of the Arctic hare:
⦁ Lepus arcticus andersoni,
⦁ Lepus arcticus arcticus,
⦁ Lepus arcticus bangsii,
⦁ Lepus arcticus banksicola,
⦁ Lepus arcticus groenlandicus,
⦁ Lepus arcticus hubbardi,
Lepus arcticus labradorius,
⦁ Lepus arcticus monstrabilis, and
⦁ Lepus arcticus porsildi.
The subspecies vary in range, molting behavior and appearance, with northern populations remaining white year-round.;jsessionid=9111F3DC840DAB947DC1538CECB74E3A?method=preview&lang=EN&id=13762

Hares in Newfoundland
One of the most interesting biological stories takes place on the island of Newfoundland. Before settlement, only Arctic hares could be found on Newfoundland. Its predators included the now extinct Newfoundland wolves and a very small population of Canada lynx.
Its population was small, mainly because Arctic hares use open habitats and they are always somewhat vulnerable to predation.
The small population of lynx that lived in Newfoundland were always at a bit of disadvantage. They are mostly adapted to eating snowshoe hares, which are creatures of the dense forest. However, before the 1860’s, there were no snowshoe hares on Newfoundland.
The Canada lynx that lived on the island had to live like bobcats– eating what prey species availed themselves. Bobcats and Eurasian lynx are better at hunting deer species than the Canada lynx, but the Canada lynx on Newfoundland occasionally hunted caribou, especially the young of the year.
But because there were no easily captured snowshoe hares for the Canada lynx to eat, their numbers remained quite small. The Canada lynx doesn’t do well as a bobcat.
In the 1860’s, the government of Newfoundland discovered it had a problem. Lots of people were going hungry. The forests and sea were not producing enough to feed them.
To rectify this problem, the Newfoundland government introduced the snowshoe hare, which is staple in the diet of many rural residents of the mainland. The hares fed the people, and they adapted well to Newfoundland’s environment.
And they spread. In the early 1900’s, there were tons of them on the island. They soon reached what ecologists call the “carrying capacity” and then many of them starved.
Then something else happened.
Arctic hares began to disappear, and the caribou numbers began to drop.
What caused the numbers of those species to drop?
Well, it has something to do with the Canada lynx.
Well, as I said before, the Canada lynx is a snowshoe hare specialist. On the mainland, its population is directly linked to snowshoe hare populations. It lives almost exclusively on them, and it is very well adapted to hunting them.
When the population of snowshoe hares began to take off in Newfoundland, the native Canada lynx population could stop living like bobcats. They could return to their ancestral habits of hunting the snowshoes, the species they evolved to eat.
Things were fine until the snowshoe hares reached their carrying capacity and their population dropped off.
Then, the larger population of Canada lynx that had developed from eating those large number of snowshoe hares had to find something else to eat.
They slaughtered the Arctic hares, even though Arctic hares are much harder for the Canada lynx to hunt. With so many Canada lynx in Newfoundland looking for food, the poor Arctic hares had no respite from the predation. The predation was so intense that Arctic hares can be found only in remote areas the northern part of the island, where one cannot find Canada lynx or snowshoe hares.
On the mainland, Canada lynx, snowshoe hares, and Arctic hares are not found in the same spots. Arctic hares are always found to the north of prime Canada lynx and snowshoe hare habitat. It is likely that Canada lynx are the main reason why Arctic hares have a rather clearly demarcated southern limit to their range. They simply cannot live where Canada lynx and snowshoe hares do, because the Canada lynx will eat the Arctic hares when the snowshoe hares have their population crash.
Yes, snowshoe hares have a ten year cycle in which the population hits its carry capacity within ten years and then has a massive die off. Then it rebuilds after that die off until it hits its carry capacity ten years later. The Canada lynx is at the mercy of these ten year cycles. And so, it seems, is the Arctic hare.
The introduction of the snowshoe hare in Newfoundland had been a major disaster for the Arctic hare, even though the two species do not necessarily conflict with each other. They don’t even live in the same habitats, with Arctic hares preferring the open tundra and snowshoes preferring the forest. It is the rather strong predator-prey relationship that exists between the snowshoe hares and the Canada lynx that ultimately affected the Arctic hare.
Now, that is only part of the story.
Why did the caribou drop off?
Well, it is a very similar story.
When the Canada lynx population exploded with the introduced snowshoe hares, they generally left the moose and caribou alone. Canada lynx will eat snowshoe hares before they’ll touch any species of deer.
When the snowshoe hare population collapsed, the caribou and moose population began to suffer almost as badly as the Arctic hares.
The caribou population collapsed through the 1950s until there were just a few hundred caribou on the island.
It turned out that many of these caribou were dying as calves from a bacterial infection. Large numbers of calves were found dead. They had strange puss-filled marks on their throats, which were cultured and found to have the Pasturella multocida bacteria in those puss-filled marks. It was this bacteria that was killing them.
The caribou of Newfoundland prefer to calve in low-lying swampy areas on the island. They try to keep their calves out of the elements so they do not succumb to illnesses or the elements.
So why were they getting this bacterial infection? And what about the strange marks on the caribou calves’ throats?
Well, remember the earlier story about the Canada lynx and the snowshoe hares in Newfoundland?
It turns out that the Canada lynx were not only preying on Arctic hares when the snowshoe population crashed. They were also preying caribou calves. However, as I said before, Canada lynx are pikers when it comes to hunting any species of deer.
They often made a mess of it.
As you are aware, cats often kill by a bite to the throat. Canada lynx kill biting the throats of their prey. However, when they tried to kill caribou calves, they really didn’t do too well. They really don’t have the teeth of a big cat to really suffocate a large prey species like a young caribou. When they would have a young caribou on the ground biting its throat, the mother caribou would have time to run back and drive the lynx off its calf.
With that many lynx making failed attempts to kill young caribou, it didn’t take that long for lots of calves to get infected with nasty bacteria. And thus, they died.
Now, the discovery that Canada lynx were causing Arctic hare and caribou populations to drop was a major revelation in population ecology. The biologist who made this discovery was A.T. Bergerud.
Bergerud’s discoveries were a major afront to the accepted theory in wildlife management at the time. Before Bergerud, the accepted theory was that of Paul Errington. Errington’s theory is the classical predator-prey relationship. Prey species produce many offspring, usually far more than the habitat can handle, but these prey species are kept in check because they are eaten by the predators. The ones the predators catch are called the “doomed surplus.” Predators play a vital role keeping these prey species at healthy numbers. Because natural predators take the animals that are part of this doomed surplus, natural predators do not make prey species go extinct or make their populations drop precipitously.
Bergerud’s theory is quite different from that. It suggest that there are conditions in which predators actually can make a population drop really quickly.
I don’t think that it entirely negates the classical wildlife management theory on predator-prey relationships. However, there are exceptions to every rule, and the Canada lynx and snowshoe hare are pretty exceptional species. Not very many predators are so closely linked with a single prey species. It is also rather unusual to find a prey species with such clearly defined cycle to its population dynamics as the snowshoe hare.
And Newfoundland is a pretty strange place. It is an island that never had snowshoe hares on it. When prey species are introduced to an environment where they don’t have many predators, they will reproduce at an astounding rate. The doomed surplus doesn’t become doomed, and the population explodes until the ecosystem can handle no more. The small population of Canada lynx had been eking out an existence as a generalist predator until the snowshoe hares appeared like manna from heaven.
Yes, it is an unusual situation, but it proves that exceptions exist to every rule. And that’s why predators sometimes need to be managed to protect the prey species.

Arctic Hare stories from Voices of the Inuit from the Canadian Museum of Nature
Inuit—Stories of Long Ago
Oral Tradition: Between the Physical and the Spiritual Worlds
According to Inuit tradition, human beings could travel between the physical and spiritual worlds. Humans could also transform into animals and animals could transform into human beings. As well, there were invisible spirits that were capable of changing into any form.
Inuit saw the world as having infinite possibilities. The titles of the stories varied from region to region. Even the names of main characters in stories sometimes varied according to different regions of the Arctic. Many legends were for entertainment and amusement, there were also stories that taught lessons to the listeners.
According to Inuit tradition, there was nothing but water when the world began. Suddenly, stones and rocks came down from the sky. Land was created! There was only darkness, and humans and animals lived together as one species. The animals and human beings took on each other's forms and shapes. Words were created and, because these words had never been used before, they contained very powerful magic. Whenever anyone used words, strange things would happen. For example, when Tiriganiaq, the fox, met Ukaliq, an Arctic hare, the fox said, "Taaq, taaq, taaq! 'Darkness, darkness, darkness!'" said the fox. It liked the dark when it was going out to steal from the caches of the humans.
"Ulluq, ulluq, ulluq! 'Day, day, day!'" said the hare. It wanted the light of day so that it could find a place to feed.
And suddenly it became as the hare wished it to be; its words were the most powerful. Day came and replaced night, and when night had gone day came again. And light and dark took turns with each other.
-Rasmussen 1931
Many other things, such as the concepts of good and bad, were created by the magical powers of words.;jsessionid=49726EB7BBC409F8674F9AE248C20BBF?method=preview&lang=EN&id=14008
Inuit Oral Tradition
The stories told here about the Arctic hare originate in the oral tradition of Inuit culture. They were written down -- probably for the first time -- in the 20th century.
The Story of 'The Marriage of the Fox and the Hare'
"The tale of 'the fox and the hare' tells how a hare married a female fox, promising to provide her with all the prey she needed to eat. Sadly, however, he was unable to live up to his job and, full of shame, told her that they should separate since he was unable to look after her. Full of tears, she left him, mourning the loss of her hare husband".
-Randa 1994
The 'Two Rabbits Outsmart an Owl' Story
"An Owl saw two Rabbits playing close together, and seized them, one in each foot; but they were too strong for him and ran away. The Owl's wife shouted to him, 'let one of them go, and kill the other!' but he replied, 'The Moon will soon appear, and then we shall be hungry. We need both of them.' The Rabbits ran on; and when they came to a boulder, one ran to the right side, while the other ran to the left side, of it. The Owl was not able to let go quick enough, and was torn in two".
-Boas 1901
The Story of 'The Fox and The Rabbit'
"Once upon a time a Fox met a Rabbit, and asked him if he had recently caught any seal. The Rabbit became angry on account of this question, and said to the Fox, "Yes, if you just follow my tracks backward, you will find one I have just killed." The Fox went along the Rabbit's tracks, but, instead of finding a seal, he only found the place where the Rabbit had spent the time sleeping in the sun by the side of some rocks. He ran away and whenever he met an animal, he would tell him that the Rabbit was a great liar".
-Boas 1901

The Arctic Hare Poem
By well-wisher

Now where is the hare?
Is it here or there?
With its coat so white,
it keeps out of sight.

And if not for that magic coat,
it’d be prey to fox or stoat,
the Arctic wolf or snowy owl
or polar bears out on the prowl.

Yet the hare can see what’s unseen;
smell willows underground
with twitching nose and, with its keen
ears, hear the slightest sound.

You glimpse a black tipped ear;
its eyes, jewels in the snow
but then it disappears.
Now where did that hare go?

Vitakraft Sun Seed recalls rabbit and macaw foods
The products may be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes
Vitakraft Sun Seed of Weston, Ohio, is recalling certain Sunseed Parrot Fruit & Vegetable diet and Sunseed SunSations Rabbit Food.
The products may be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes.
There have been no report of any illnesses to date.
The following products, sold in Arizona, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Nevada, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, are being recalled:
87535100597 SS PARROT FRT/VEG. 25# 104082 5/22/2019
87535360564 SS Sunsations Rabbit Food 3.5lb 6/C 104246 6/5/2019
70882077713 MJR PARROT FOOD 4LB 6/CA 103980 5/17/2019
70882077713 MJR PARROT FOOD 4LB 6/CA 103981 5/18/2019
73725732119 ALT Small Animal Apple Slices 1oz 24/CA 103435 4/28/2019
73725732119 ALT Small Animal Apple Slices 1oz 24/CA 103118 4/13/2019
73725749989 NG GUINEA PIG ENTRÉE 4lb 6/C 103440 5/1/2019
73725749989 NG GUINEA PIG ENTRÉE 4lb 6/C 104434 6/8/2019
73725749989 NG GUINEA PIG ENTRÉE 4lb 6/C 103439 5/1/2019
73725750019 NG RABBIT ENTRÉE 4lb 6/C 104436 6/8/2019
73725750019 NG RABBIT ENTRÉE 4lb 6/C 103442 4/27/2019
73725750019 NG RABBIT ENTRÉE 4lb 6/C 103444 4/27/2019
73725750019 NG RABBIT ENTRÉE 4lb 6/C 103443 4/27/2019
82514158955 DFS Premium Blend Macaw 5lb 5/C 104094 3/16/2020
82514158955 DFS Premium Blend Macaw 5lb 5/C 103741 2/19/2020
82514158955 DFS Premium Blend Macaw 5lb 5/C 103876 2/24/2020
What to do
Customers who purchased the recalled products may return them to the place of purchase for a full refund.
Consumers with questions may contact customer service at 1-800-221-6175, Monday through Friday between 8:30am and 5:00pm (EST).

Rabbits are hopping all over
Lately, it seems, the city of Boston has been overrun by a collection of entitled youngsters, occupying the trendiest neighborhoods, adhering to strict vegetarian diets, and fornicating at a rate that would make Hugh Hefner blush.
Yes, exactly: rabbits.
No matter where you look these days, you’re bound to spot these cotton-tailed city dwellers making themselves comfortable in the city’s backyards, pathways, and streets. In recent weeks alone, they’ve been spied hopping near grassy lots in Southie, hiding under cars in Somerville, and strutting past red-brick townhomes in the Back Bay. They can regularly be found canoodling in Cambridge.
“It seems like there’s always a bunny around,” says Michelle Kweder, a Harvard Law School employee and Somerville resident who insists she is no longer surprised when she stumbles upon one.
Whether there’s been an actual surge in the number of rabbits is difficult to determine; due in part to their short lifespans, keeping tabs on the number of wild rabbits in any region can be nearly impossible.
Anecdotally, though, there seems to be a rash of rabbit-human run-ins around town, and one theory is that it’s simply that time of year.
The mating season for cottontails stretches from March to September, says Marion Larson, information and education chief for the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife, and each spring — as residents and homeowners inevitably spend more time outdoors — they’re bound to run into what she calls the “very prolific rabbit.”
“It’s a seasonal phenomenon,” says Larson.
Still, the rabbit has found itself in the news from time to time. In 2015, for instance, the federal government removed the New England cottontail rabbit from the list of endangered species. And some locals insist that the rabbits occupying their yards are more than temporary guests.
“These aren’t just random wanderers,” says John Byrne of Medford, who counted at least five or six rabbits during a recent bus commute to Somerville. “I can’t fairly call them tenants, because they don’t pay rent. But as far as they’re concerned, they’re home.”
They’ve become such a fixture during twice-daily walks with his dog, says Al Weisz, a Somerville-based architect and engineer, that he now notices when he doesn’t spot one.
“It’s the exception rather than the rule when I don’t see a rabbit,” he says.
But while the rabbits’ presence within city limits — and in the various surrounding suburbs — might seem curious, it’s not all that surprising.
For one thing, they don’t require much territory, according to Marj Rines, a naturalist with the Massachusetts Audubon Society. The two local rabbit species — New England cottontail and Eastern cottontail — can exist in a habitat as small as a half acre, she says, meaning that a single block of Commonwealth Avenue in the Back Bay would likely provide all the space and vegetation the small creatures would need.
For another thing, rabbits have developed something of a reputation for their rate of reproduction.
As Larson puts it: “When they say ‘breed like rabbits,’ it’s true.”
While some might worry about the bunnies’ penchant for mischief, others insist that concerns about the creatures have been overblown.
“In terms of the wildlife that we deal with, they’re relatively benign,” says Amanda Kennedy, director of animal care and control for the city of Boston. “And even the amount of damage they can do in your garden is typically less than what you’ll see for a skunk or squirrel.”
Which isn’t to say that they’re completely harmless.
“I was startled by one last weekend,” says Byrne. “I was doing some work in the yard, and there was a rabbit just sort of sitting on a dirt patch, kind of just blended right into the ground. I didn’t know it was there, and [then] he moved, and I just kind of recoiled a bit.”
Indeed, like squirrels before them, rabbits seem to be growing quite comfortable in the city’s streets.
“What’s surprising is how close me and my dog can get to it,” says Kweder. “This morning, the rabbit looked a little bit nervous, but also totally held her ground.”
For the most part, though, it has been a fairly peaceful cohabitation.
And despite their less-than-stellar reputations with gardens, the rabbits hordes have been kind enough to leave the city’s most prominent one unscathed.
“They’ve been all over Twitter, I’ve seen people posting pictures — but not us, unfortunately” says Susan Abell, director of communications and outreach for the Friends of the Public Garden.
“Or maybe,” she added, “fortunately.”

The urban rabbit is the unofficial mascot of Chicago
Three years ago my wife and I rented an old bungalow in Avondale, and when we moved in, we discovered the street was lousy with rabbits—the eastern cottontail, to be exact, one of the most common species in the U.S. On one side of our house lay a weedy area that the rabbits used for cover, and on the other side stood a grassy open plot that they treated as their personal country club. When I came home at night, there would always be one in our front yard, giving me the hard stare, twitching its nose if I spoke, and hopping away if I made a move askance. I remember some epic stare downs with those guys, and they always won.
After a while we came to think of the rabbits as our friends and neighbors, and we looked forward to seeing them when they came out to forage at dusk. Periodically we'd sit down for ceremonial viewings of the misbegotten 1972 horror movie Night of the Lepus, set in an Arizona town that's been overrun by rabbits after the townspeople have gotten rid of its coyote population. Stuart Whitman and Janet Leigh are scientists who inject rabbits with a hormonal formula to stunt their breeding, and after one of the rabbits gets loose, authorities begin to find mutilated bodies of livestock and people. Eventually the scientists discover that their serum has created a mutant species of marauding bunnies the size of bears. Cheapo special-effects shots show live rabbits loping around miniature sets, though an actor in a rabbit suit fills in for the attack scenes.
Chicago rabbits may not be quite as big, but their numbers have risen dramatically since the 1990s, when Mayor Daley's various greening projects began to invite more woodland creatures into an urban environment. Drawn by the elevated heat level of the city, rabbits began spreading from parks into grassy areas like expressway ramps, and even made their way into the Loop. They eat any kind of vegetation, laying waste to people's gardens. When there's no greenery available, they'll chew the bark off a tree trunk.
Similar greening projects have brought population explosions in other cities. As a graduate student at University of Frankfurt and a doctoral candidate at Goethe University, ecologist Madlen Ziege has made comparative studies of rural and urban rabbits and finds that city rabbits are a lot like us. Out in the country, rabbits live communally in large, sprawling burrows, with multiple exits that offer escape from predators; as they move into the city, where predators are less common, their burrows become smaller, simpler, more private, and more uniformly spaced. Ziege has also discovered that urban rabbits establish communal latrines that they use to demarcate their territory from that of rival bunny gangs.
During the winter I'd come home after dark, find rabbits sitting in our snowy front yard, and marvel at what tough bastards they were. But according to Mason Fidino of the Urban Wildlife Institute at Lincoln Park Zoo, 70 percent of Chicago's rabbits die every winter. The population keeps growing only because they breed like crazy: with a gestation period of four weeks, females typically deliver 16 to 20 offspring a year. Apparently rabbits do nothing but eat, mate, defend their turf, cause property damage, and die. So, you know— typical Chicagoans.

Skype, Facetime, or Rabbit?: What’s The Best Way To Remotely Binge with Your Pals?
Rabbit: The Perfect Place to Co-Watch YouTube Videos
There is actually a company that has realized people want to watch content together from across the web, and they’ve kind of figured it out. Rabbit is essentially a free screen sharing site. Each user has a chat room, which is where you can watch anything from Hulu to YouTube by logging onto your account through a webpage on the site. From there, you can invite up to 25 of your friends to your chat room.
I tested rabbit with my best friend and her husband, and the two biggest issues I found with the service had to do with quality and privacy. The video quality of Rabbit is not good by any stretch of the imagination. It’s a choppier version of whatever video you’ve already found (I later found out that Rabbit has a high definition option that I was not using). Also, the way it interacts with paid services that already have your credit card information, like Netflix and Hulu, gives me pause. Since you have to re-enter your paid account information into Rabbit’s site, it’s unclear if the service has any additional privacy measures in place to protect that info. Even reading through Rabbit’s privacy policy didn’t remedy my concerns, and I’m not the only one who has been suspicious of the site. However, if the site’s privacy policy doesn’t concern you, Rabbit only requires one user to have an account. All of the other options on this list are contingent on both users having a Netflix or Hulu account.
That being said, Rabbit features text chat and audio chat while letting you successfully watch TV with 25 of your closest friends. No other option does that while perfectly syncing the video with all users. In my test trial, we found that the service works well for a branch of content that’s short, accessible to everyone, and is already all over the place quality-wise — YouTube videos. You’d be hard pressed to find a better service that lets you dive into the oddities of YouTube together.
UPDATE: After speaking to a representative from Rabbit, it seems as though there is a way to switch the streaming quality of the service. For this article, I was unknowingly streaming YouTube videos in Rabbit’s lowest quality setting, but there is a high definition option available in the bottom toolbar.
The same spokesperson also clarified Rabbit’s privacy policy. According to this representative, the site scrubs its service after users watch videos. Because of this, the site cannot see users’ private information. Basically, if you use Rabbit to log into Netflix, Rabbit will not be able to see the information you enter. Knowing this information, it now seems as though Rabbit is the ideal site for streaming with your friends.

Clevedon hospital rabbit goes missing
Bigwig lived in the garden outside The Little Teapot café at the North Somerset Community Hospital in Old Street.
The rabbit, named after a character in Waterhship Down, is believed to have been taken from the hospital in early June.
Matt Croughan, clinical lead at the minor injury unit, said: “This is a hare-raising story of a kidnap and we are hoping Bigwig will hop back to us soon.
“But joking aside, we would really like whoever removed Bigwig to return him.
“He was a great addition to our beautiful garden, which is tended by volunteers, and it seems a shame someone has chosen to deprive the hospital of our Bigwig.”
The hospital’s inpatients unit is currently closed to undergo a refurbishment, and is expected to reopen in September.

Vancouver City Council weighs limits on rabbits, hens, cats
City may put cap on pets per household
Residents of Vancouver may soon be limited in how many cats, hens or rabbits they can keep on their property.
On Monday, Vancouver City Council voted to advance an ordinance that would prohibit residents from keeping more than five adult cats, five adult hens or five adults rabbits on their property. Residential properties larger than 10,000 square feet would be allowed an additional hen or rabbit for each 1,000 square feet, under the ordinance.
According to a staff report, the city’s current code limits the number of adult dogs allowed on private residences to three and prohibits roosters and peacocks. The ordinance, which has been in the works since earlier this year and will be heard and voted on July 10, is intended to discourage hoarding while also addressing noise, odor and property destruction concerns.
The council was provided with two different versions of the ordinance and opted for one that allows residents to have up to 10 adults cats if they are participating in a foster program run by a nonprofit.
During the meeting, the council heard from Sherry Mowatt, a resident of the Hough neighborhood, who said that she has a flock of a dozen hens. She said she cares for them responsibly and expressed concern about the ordinance. Bryan Snodgrass, principal planner in the city’s Community and Economic Development Department, explained that people like Mowatt would effectively be grand- fathered in.
But Councilor Alishia Topper expressed reservations about the ordinance, specifically how the number of animals the measure allows for was chosen “randomly,” and how it could adversely affect responsible animal owners.
“It’s like we are penalizing the people who are being good because of the people who are behaving poorly,” she said. Topper suggested creating some sort of permit for people to own more animals.
Councilor Ty Stober said that the ordinance was crafted partially in response to a resident who was raising in a “suspect fashion” rabbits and chickens on their property.
“We are a city,” he said. “We are not unincorporated Clark County.”

From donut sandwiches to rabbit sausage, these are the weirdest foods in Lawrence
Lawrence is a place that lends itself to weird and unusual pieces of Midwestern culture. A massive part of that, undoubtedly, is the food throughout town.
Foods from almost any place in the world, or from any culture, can find a niché in Lawrence. The Kansan found some of the most unique dishes in the Lawrence community and learned the stories behind them.
Harold’s Chicken, Whiskey and Donuts, located at 918 Massachusetts Street, serves a Grilled Do-nut Burger and a Grilled Glazer Sandwich, both served on glazed donuts.
Harold’s was created for lovers of chicken, whiskey, and donuts. So it’s no surprise that one of the restaurant's weirdest and most popular food items includes two other menu options.
The Grilled Glazer Sandwich is made up of a piece of fried chicken, cheddar cheese, Harold’s secret sauce and, to top it off, it all goes in between two glazed donuts.
Harold’s also has a Double Do-nut Burger which has two hamburger patties, cheddar cheese, Harold’s secret sauce and it’s placed between two glazed donuts.
Katie Chamberlin, assistant manager at Harold’s, said that these two items are some of their top sellers. She said the taste of the burger patty and do-nut bun is a good combination of sweet and salty.
“People are surprised,” Chamberlin said. “They would never ordinarily order something like that, but almost everyone loves it.”
Customers also receive a side with their sandwich or burger, including fries, mac and cheese, or mashed potatoes and gravy.
Luckily for customers, these menu items are around all year long.
Hank's Rabbit Sausage and Toast
Hank’s Charcuterie has been and Lawrence for three years. Its seasonal menu items might catch customers' eye of people dining in, especially an item on its current menu: rabbit sausage and bone marrow toast.
Jamie Everett, chef de cuisine at Hank’s, said that the idea to place the item on the menu occurred after the restaurant served it at an event and the response from people was really good.
Everett said that the dish includes bread from 1900 Barker Bakery, wooly rind cheese, spicy spring greens mustard vinaigrette, rabbit jus, and rabbit sausage.
“We get in local rabbits, break it down, and grind it up with a little bit of pork fat, roasted garlic and herbs, slice it real thin and sear it off in a pan,” he said.
Everett said that the rabbit sausage has a very mild flavor and that a lot of people say it tastes like chicken.
As for the bone marrow, Everett said that they roast meat bones off and save the marrow and put it on top of the dish, which adds a savory flavor.
“Everybody loves it,” Everett said. “We sell quite a few and there is nothing super game-y in it.”
One of Wake the Dead's interesting cocktails.
Contributed Photo/Wake The Dead
Wake the Dead's Death Star Sandwich and bizarre cocktails
Wake the Dead likes to follow the motto "coffee until cocktails."
Dante Colombo, manager of Wake the Dead, said that they want people to have coffee until they are ready for something stronger.
But Wake the Dead doesn’t just serve drinks, they also serve breakfast for dinner, including the Death Star Sandwich.
The Death Star Sandwich is an egg sandwich with a twist. It includes egg, fontina cheese, a choice of ham or bacon, lettuce, tomato, and the chef’s special sauce. The whole thing is placed between a un-glazed do-nut.
Deanna Vierling, an employee at Wake the Dead, said that the sandwich is really popular among customers.
“I have had a few people tell me they get it every time they come in, but a lot of people are like oh I have to try it,” she said.
As for unique drinks, Wake the Dead also has Cereal Killer Cocktails, with flavors including fruit loops, frosted flakes, and cinnamon toast crunch.
Vierling said that the cinnamon toast crunch cocktail is the most popular and that it tastes a lot like the leftover milk from the cereal.
“I have had people order them and they will drink one and say, ‘This is really good, it’s really sweet so I’m not going to stick with it but I’m really happy I tried it,’” she said.
Colombo said a lot of their menu items are based off of the concept of doing something fun that Lawrence hasn’t seen before.
“We are one of Lawrence’s only downtown do-nut shops, but we wanted to focus a large part of our food menu on donuts,” he said.
Colombo said that it’s a fun place and fun idea.
“We wanted something that was Instagram-able and kind of fun so we wanted to play off the bar vibe and keep the energy rolling,” he said.

"Is The Order a Rabbit?" Hops Into Japanese Theaters in November
Limited theatrical release was originally scheduled for Spring of 2017
The Rabbit House cafe is back in business, because the Is The Order a Rabbit? ~Dear My Sister~ special episode once again has an official theatrical release date for a limited run at 40 movie theaters in Japan beginning on November 11, 2017. The special was originally scheduled to debut in Spring of 2017, but the release was delayed due to unspecified "production circumstances".
The main staff for the special episode includes:
Director: Hiroyuki Hashimoto
Original work, screenplay: Koi, Hiroyuki Hashimoto
Character design: Yousuke Okuda
Music: Ruka Kawada
Animation production: production doA
Additionally, it was also announced that the official theme song CD for Is The Order a Rabbit? ~Dear My Sister~ will be released on November 11, 2017, and that a new character song CD will be released in October of 2017.
The original Is the Order a Rabbit? manga by Koi is serialized in Houbunsha's Manga Time Kirara Max seinen manga magazine. The previous two seasons of Is the Order a Rabbit? are directed by Hiroyuki Hashimoto and feature animation by White Fox and Kinema Citrus. Crunchyroll describes the series as follows:
Kokoa arrives in a new town in spring to start high school. She gets lost and pops into a coffee shop called "Rabbit House", which turns out to be where she will live. All the characters are so cute - tiny but cool Chino, soldierly Lize, gentle and Japanese Chiyo, sophisticated but down-to-earth Sharo. They are joined by Chino's class mates Maya and Megu, and a regular at the shop, Mr. Blue-Mountain Aoyama. Everything is so cute every day at Rabbit House!

Warrior rabbit is a winner for Kieran
A ONE-EARED rabbit has won Island author Kieran Larwood the Blue Peter Book Award.
The book, Podkin One-Ear, has also been named Waterstones’ Book of the Month.
The adventure tale, inspired by The Hobbit, is the legendary tale of Podkin, ‘a fearsome warrior rabbit whose reputation for cunning and triumph in battle has traveled the ages’.
Kieran is an early years leader at Wroxall Primary School.
He won The Times children’s fiction competition in 2011 with his debut novel, Freaks.
The Blue Peter Book Award celebrates children’s books published in the past year in two categories — the best story and the best book with facts.
Around 400 children were sent a copy of the short list, asked to read them and select their favourite.
Kieran said: “It was quite special to win something judged by a young audience. It really was amazing — I was thrilled because I didn’t expect to win.”
Podkin One-Ear is the first in a trilogy, with the second book due out in September.
Kieran has been signing books at Waterstones across the country and will be signing an exclusive edition copy, with a special cover, tomorrow (Saturday) from 2pm to 4pm at Waterstones, Newport.

Bunny Park revamp to enter next stage
The estimated cost of Phase 1 was R3.7 million.
Phase 1 of the Bunny Park’s revamp will be concluded at the end of June, reports the Benoni City Times.
According to Themba Gadebe, Ekurhuleni metro spokesperson, the second phase will commence on July 1 and last until the end of June next year.
The facility will remain closed to the public until at least the end of Phase Two.
“About R8 million has been set aside for the second phase of revamping of the park,” Gadebe said.
“This will include the upgrading of the gazebos, installation of playground equipment, upgrade of the bunny shelters and installation of new park furniture.
“Work in the park during the second phase will also include construction of mini-bridges, a new pump house, fencing around the animal shelters and the addition of gabions.”
The estimated cost of Phase One was R3.7 million.
It was focused on dredging two of the park’s three dams and connecting them through canals, to ensure the water doesn’t become stagnant.
Gadebe said after the construction period, vegetation will be planted and allowed to grow before any animals are brought back to the park.
The material dredged from the dams will be used as a natural fertilizer for the vegetation.
The cows, sheep, goats, some birds and one pig were moved to temporary foster homes by mid-May, where they will remain for the duration of the revamp.

Local breeder's rabbits win best in show thanks to tender, loving care
ABINGDON, Va. — Nina Cipriani has had hare-raising experiences ever since she was a child.
Known in the community as the “rabbit lady,” the Abingdon woman learned a lot about rabbits when she was growing up in town. Her first pet rabbit was Butterscotch, a New Zealand Red.
“I’ve always had at least one rabbit since then,” she said.
Now, her Abingdon farm, Rattle Creek Rabbitry, is home to 45 of the cute and fluffy animals, most of which are Rhinelander and Jersey Wooly show rabbits.
Each year, Cipriani is a judge of rabbits entered in the agricultural show at the Washington County Fair in Abingdon. She also speaks to students about raising rabbits at local 4-H meetings during the school year.
Cipriani’s granddaughter, Hattie Galbreath, is carrying on the family tradition.
The grandchild recently received Best in Show in the youth category at a competition where she showed a retired Jersey Wooly, a calm and good beginner rabbit for children.
“Now, she has two rabbits of her own. It’s a good start for her,” said Cipriani.
Throughout her life, Cipriani has gone different directions with rabbits.
She raises them for their wool. Cipriani collects wool from her Angora rabbits by clipping or brushing them every three months. She has spun yarn from the rabbit wool and plans to make something from the yarn.
She raises rabbits for their meat. “It’s one of the healthiest meats you can eat. The majority of my New Zealand white rabbits are sold to people to produce a healthy meat source for their families,” she said.
But raising pet and show rabbits has got to be a favorite hobby for her.
The couple spends at least an hour each day feeding and watering the rabbits, two hours each week grooming and one day every two weeks focusing on cleaning and maintenance.
Cipriani and Charlie Sutherland, a friend in Blacksburg, Virginia, discussed how there were no rabbit shows in the area. Within six months, the friends developed the Southwest Virginia Rabbit Association (SWVARA), an incorporated chapter with the American Rabbit Breeders Association.
Their first show was held a year ago in a small metal building in Christiansburg, but since then the shows have been moved to a spacious livestock arena at Virginia Tech.
Cipriani said anyone interested in learning more about rabbits can visit the upcoming SWVARA show on Nov. 11 at the livestock arena in Blacksburg, Virginia.

Jun 26, 2017

⦁ This week we are going to explore the French Lop Rabbit breed.
⦁ Item of the Week: Holmes window fan
⦁ The plant of the Week: Sweeds and Turnips
⦁ Word of the Week: Alleys
⦁ Folktale: Rabbit and Dear race
⦁ And finally end with the rabbit news of the week
If you would like to support the podcast, you can support through Patreon for one dollar a month. Patreon is an established online platform that allows fans to provide regular financial support to creators
you can also support the podcast, and help keep the lights on, whenever you use Amazon through the link at Hare of the Rabbit on the support the podcast page. It will not cost you anything extra, and I can not see who purchased what.

If you’d like to get “more bunny for your money,” there’s not much better choice than the French Lop. If this breed can be described in one word, it is “cuddly.” This is the only lop-eared beed that is placed in the “giant” size category, and Frenchies are gentle giants indeed. Although French Lops are not widely bred due to the space and feed they require, a number of people keep “just one” as a cuddle bunny.
By breeding together the English Lop and the Flemish Giant or French Butterfly rabbit back in the 19th Century, fanciers developed the hugely popular French Lop rabbit. The French is different from it’s English cousin as it’s bigger and its drooping ears are shorter. It also weighs slightly more. The lovely French Lop usually weighs in at around four-and-a-half kilograms, but can weigh more and can live to be more then five years old.
French Lops are 1 of 5 lop-eared breeds that the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) recognizes. They are the largest breed of lop, weighing in at 11 lbs. minimum when they reach their adult age class. Some can weigh as much as 16 lbs., while 12-13 lbs. seems to be an average weight within the breed.

The French Lop rabbit was first bred in France around 1850 by a Frenchman named Condenier. There were several other breeders that bred the Lops during this time period, however the credit is given to Condenier as the originator of this breed. The French Lop breed resulted from a cross between the English Lop and the Butterfly rabbit of France. The Butterfly rabbit is still bred in France and can be seen at the Grand Prix Show in Paris. This rabbit closely resembles our Flemish Giant of today, but is shorter in body and weighs approximately 15 pounds. The French Lop Rabbit was first breed in France and established in France as a rabbit for meat during the mid-19th century. Between the period of 1850-1910 there was great popularity of both the French and English Lop on the continent of Europe and in England. In fact, they were referred to as the "King Of The Fancy". Mr. Woodgate of England contributes the downfall of the French and English Lops due to the fact that they obtained such perfection during this period that they lost their challenge to the breeders. The French Lop increased in popularity in neighboring countries such as Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. In 1933, it was reported that ten French Lop Rabbits were brought over from the Netherlands and exhibited in the UK, although it was not until the 1960s that French Lop Rabbits became a popular mainstream rabbit breed in the UK. French Lop Rabbits were imported into the United States in 1970-1971. As rabbit fancying became more popular the breed was further developed to have a thickset body that was heavily boned and a large bulldog shaped skull. The French Lop bred today differs greatly from its original form in that it functions more as a companion and exhibition animal today, than as a meat and fur producing animal of the past.
Overall Description
Giant and cuddly, French lops are the largest breed of lop rabbits. In fact they are the only lop considered a “giant” breed. They are gentle giants with a commercial body type and glossy rollback fur. The French Lop is a very large rabbit, typically weighing around 10-15 pounds, they don't have a maximum weight in the show standard. With lop ears of between 5 and 8 inches long that hang down below the jaw, and an almost cubic appearance with a short thickset body and large head. The front legs are short and straight and the hind legs are carried parallel to the body. The French Lop has a dense, soft coat that comes in two color varieties: solid and broken, and within these categories can be found a number of different rabbit colors. The French Lop comes in many colors and these can either be solid, or broken – where they can display a mixture of white and another color. Colors include white, blue, black, agouti, chinchilla and sable, among others. The fur is short, dense and very soft. Their ears are usually 5-8 inches long and hang just below the jaw, but aren’t as long as the English Lop’s. French Lops also have a thick body and a large head with a wide forehead and chubby cheeks. Their ears are well-shaped and fall open without folding over.
French Lop bodies should be shaped more or less like New Zealands, and should feel like boulders. They are prone to becoming a little flabby and developing a “skirt” – that is, a roll of skin and fur around the lower hindquarter. The coat is a long and glossy rollback, which means that the fur slowly and gently returns to its original position when stroked against the grain. The head is set moderately high on the shoulders and is broad and bold. Ears are topped with a fluffy crown. Maximum ear length is not desired on this lop breed like it is on the English. Ear carriage and shape are important. Ears should be horseshoe shaped and fall open without folding or rolling.
French lops have a rollback coat, which needs little grooming. Simply brushing it once a week should be enough to remove loose fur. When they are molting more grooming may be necessary. Again, many color varieties available which include Black, White, Brown, Blue, Agouti, Chinchilla, Opal. Sooty Fawn, Siamese Sable, Orange, Fawn, Steel and Butterfly.
The French Lop has a good climate tolerance for all climates
Important Things to Look out for When Buying Show Stock:
Things to Avoid:
A long, narrow, or flat body. Hindquarters that are chopped or undercut. Junior does with large dewlaps. Long, narrow head or flat crown. Pointed muzzle. Blemished ears, ears with poor carriage, narrow, folded, or thin ears. Ears that turn out away from the rabbit’s cheeks. Weak ankles. Broken patterned rabbits with unmatched toenails. Fine bone is a disqualification. Fur that is silky, long, harsh, thin, or very short.
A French Lop is able to live outside and inside; a large waterproof hutch that shelters the rabbit from any rain, snow, or heat is acceptable with a run attached. French Lops do not handle heat well, so make sure they have adequate protection like a frozen water bottle or a fan. If kept inside, a hutch or a cage can be used. It is infinitely preferable to keep rabbits in pairs - you should only ever consider getting a single rabbit if you can spend several hours a day with them. The rabbits should have a large run for exercise and mental stimulation - lack of exercise can contribute to obesity, gut stasis and behavioral issues.
Due to their relatively larger size in comparison to other breeds, the French Lop may require a large hutch/run to move around freely. They fare well in both outdoor and indoor cages but keep in mind they are still rabbits and not dogs and they will chew and you need to bunny proof. A large wooden hutch should be provided for the French Lop – he’s a big rabbit and will need plenty of space in his home to hop, stretch out and stand if he chooses to. The hutch should be placed out of direct drafts and full sun and could be placed in a light, well-ventilated shed if there is one available. If not, his hutch should be fully waterproof and should have a mesh front with a cover to keep out any wind or driving rain, and he should also have a covered area where he can build his nest and escape for some peace and quiet. If your rabbit is going to be kept in the house he can have the run of the place providing anything important is kept out of the way. Take the time to litter train him and he will be clean too, although he will appreciate somewhere quiet to rest where he will not be disturbed. French Lops can be very lazy creatures and sometimes he will appreciate a place where he can observe the action, rather than take part in it. He will also love a nice warm lap to sit on too.
They can live perfectly well indoors or outdoors but it must be remembered that this is a rabbit and not a dog or cat. They will chew indiscriminately so anything you treasure, including shoes, mobile phones, clothes and cables and wires, should all be kept well out of the way. He can be litter trained, but as a rabbit, it will not be easy and will take time and patience. That said, it can be done!
It is recommended that the French Lop receive a standard intake of a high quality, high protein pellet. It is common for some owners to provide treats, although in very limited quantities, which can include a slice of strawberry, or other healthy foods. Commercial treats are available in the pet stores in shops and can be occasionally used, although even more sparingly, since they typically feature a higher sugar and starch content.
Some of the vegetables that rabbits enjoy are romaine lettuce, turnips, collards, kale, parsley, thyme, cilantro, dandelion, and basil. The green, leafy tops of radish and carrots also are excellent sources of nutrients—more than the vegetable itself. New vegetables should be introduced slowly due to the delicate digestive systems of rabbits. It is recommended that cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage be avoided, as they cause gas and can lead to gastrointestinal stasis, which can be fatal. Vegetables such as potatoes and corn should also avoided due to their high starch content. Research what kind of fruits, vegetables and greens are rabbit-friendly and if you’re not sure if a particular food can be eaten, the rule of thumb is simply not to give it to them. Stop, research, and/or ask your veterinarian if it is bunny-safe before feeding. French Lops also require an unlimited amount of fresh water, usually provided for in a water crock, tip-proof ceramic pet dish, or hanging water bottle.
A proper diet is also important to ensure other digestive problems don’t develop. For example, if your rabbit develops diarrhea because of a poor diet, their soiled coat can attract flies in the warmer months (especially if it is outdoors) and if the rabbit is unable to groom himself properly, the flies can lay eggs in his fur (near the bottom). When those eggs hatch, they will begin to eat your rabbit while they are still alive, causing them extreme pain- this is called fly-strike. To avoid this, make sure your rabbit eats a balanced diet and check their fur for any flies that may have landed on soiled fur.
The ideal age for the female French Lop rabbit to start breeding is 9 months. It is recommended that they should not have any more litters after the age of three years. The French Lop rabbit can produce large litters, usually between 5 and 12 with a gestation period of between 28 and 31 days. On average they give birth at 30–32 days.
The French Lop does not have any health issues particular to its breed, however As with most rabbit breeds, there are some conditions which affect the species as a whole that are the biggest threat to your pet’s otherwise good health. Dental issues are the number one cause of illness in rabbits so it’s vital that you keep a close eye on the quality of your rabbits teeth. By feeding a diet that’s high in fiber and roughage, your rabbit’s continuously growing teeth will be kept worn down. They can suffer with overgrown teeth and enamel spurs and if these are allowed to develop your pet could find it difficult to eat or may develop injuries in his mouth that may become infected. Prevention is better than cure so providing a diet that’s high in good quality hay and fibrous green vegetables is essential if you are to avoid dental problems. A good diet is also crucial to the health of your rabbit’s digestive tract and if the diet is not adequate, he can easily develop diarrhea.
The French Lop also has a tendency to become a little overweight, which most rabbit parents don’t notice because of its already large size. Being overweight can cause a multitude of other health issues so always be aware of how much you are feeding your gentle giant. Watch the French lop’s condition, they tend to get a little flabby. They can develop a “skirt” of loose skin around their hindquarters.

This is a bunny that simply loves to be adored, and he’ll return that adoration tenfold. The French Lop is renowned for its gentle, docile demeanor and he will tolerate handling and other animals and children very well. Providing your animal is socialized and handled correctly from a young age he will make an affectionate and playful companion and will be fantastic with children. It should be remembered that because he is a larger rabbit he can be strong and will not make a suitable pet for a first-time owner. Their hind legs are very powerful and the can kick out if startled, which, if you are holding him at the time, could cause injury. They are known to have a placid and relaxed temperament, and can tolerate other species. When socialized well at a young age they are a wonderful family pet, and are very gentle with children. Rabbits are highly social animals and should always be kept with a companion - however care should be taken when introducing them as adults. Neutered rabbits will be less likely to fight - male-female pairs tend to be strongest. Like all rabbits, they may go through a "teenager" stage, where they are reaching sexual maturity and might become aggressive. It's less common in the French Lops though than other breeds.
Apart from their distinctive appearance, French Lops are also distinguished by their endearing and gentle temperaments. Bred for decades to be an easily handled breed, their large, imposing frames are misleading as most French Lops are very docile in nature, they are usually quite fond of interaction with humans and are much less active and more relaxed than a great number of other rabbit breeds. The French Lop thrives on human interaction and loves to be picked up and petted. This large breed of rabbit makes for a wonderful pet due to their calm, docile temperament. These gentle giants have a huge personality each different than the other rabbit. At first glance, it can be mistaken as a small dog but make no mistake about it, this rabbit is just as cuddly as any dog you’ve ever had. They thrive on human interaction and love to be picked up and petted, making them ideal for couples who want to take the next step into pet parenthood or singles who would like some animal companionship. As a good natured and social animal, the breed will thrive on interaction with people as well as with other rabbits. They can be quite playful and will enjoy some simple toys to keep them occupied. The French Lop does tends to have large litters, sometimes with as many as twelve offspring. The average lifespan of a French Lop rabbit is about 5 to 7 years.
Rabbits tend to be bred for one of four things: meat, fur, show, or pet use. Even though this is a large breed of rabbit, they are gentle and easily handled. This makes them good for pets or show rabbits as well as meat production.
At a minimum of eleven pounds, it is occasionally mistaken for a small dog at first glance. Unlike some other giant breeds, the French Lop has commercial body type rather than semi-arch. Although perhaps slow to grow out, the French Lop yields a good amount of meat and can even be shown in market pen classes. The French Lop rabbit was mainly developed as a meat rabbit breed. And was a very popular meat rabbit breed in the mid 19th century. The breed is very suitable for commercial rabbit farming business for meat production.
French lops are most commonly used as show rabbits, though with their large, commercial type they can also be used for meat. In fact, they can be shown in the meat classes. French lops also make good pets, as long as you keep in mind that these rabbits are at least 11 pounds, and will need roomy cages. Today it is a popular meat rabbit breed and also raised as pets and show animal. The French Lop is a large breed of rabbit that makes for a wonderful pet, due to their calm, docile temperament.
The American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) maintains the breed standard for all of the recognized rabbit and cavy breeds for it's international membership. Recognized breeds are eligible for Registration and Grand Champion recognition.
The AMERICAN RABBIT BREEDERS ASSOCIATION, INC. is an organization dedicated to the promotion, development, and improvement of the domestic rabbit and cavy. With over 30,000 members throughout the United States, Canada, and abroad, its members range from the pet owner with one rabbit or cavy to the breeder or commercial rabbit raiser with several hundred animals. Each aspect of the rabbit and cavy industry, whether it be for fancy, as a pet, or for commercial value, is encouraged by the organization.
The British Rabbit Council (BRC) is a British showing organization for rabbit breeders. Originally founded as The Beveren Club in 1918, its name first changed to British Fur Rabbit Society and finally to The British Rabbit Society. Today, the BRC among other things investigates rabbit diseases, maintains a catalog of rabbit breeds, and sets rules for about 1,000 rabbit shows annually in the UK. Owners of house rabbits are also encouraged to join the organization to learn how to care optimally for their pets.

“Presented” means that they are there on exhibit for the ARBA committee to see and vote on if they would like to accept the new breed.
The breed is recognized by both the American Rabbit Breeders Association and the British Rabbit Council. The French Lop Color Guide allows many colors, but this breed is shown in only two classifications: solid pattern and broken pattern.
Today the French Lop shares a national specialty club with the English Lop, and that’s fitting enough, since they were brought to this country along with the English Lop in the early stages of the American rabbit fancy. The breed was first developed in France, as the name suggests. The first record of it being shown is in 1850, by a breeder named Condenier. It is not one of the most popular breeds, but also is not in danger of extinction at this time.
Learn About the History and Objectives of the Lop Rabbit Club of America.
In April of 1971, the National Lop Rabbit Club of America was formed and later became known as the Lop Rabbit Club of America. The object of the LRCA is to popularize, promote and improve the breeding of the Lop rabbits, to encourage fanciers and exhibitors with the help of this club's services which are at their disposal.
Our American Standard has for years recognized both Lop breeds. Through the great efforts of many early Lop breeders, the Lops have gained enormous popularity and recognition in this country. The original stock was imported from Switzerland, Holland, Belgium and Germany during 1970-1971. The future of our French and English Lops in America looks bright and promising.
The Lop Rabbit Club of America invites you to join our organization. We are one of the most progressive Rabbit Clubs in America.
As a member, you will receive our Official Club Guidebook, plus the Lop Digest which is published quarterly. Most importantly, you will be able to enjoy the breeding and exhibiting of two of the most unique and irresistible breeds of rabbits known to man - The French and English Lops
Have I Missed Anything? If you know something about the breed standard, history or status of this rabbit, please let me know. Do You Have a Story About This Particular Breed? What do you love about them? Do you have any tips or tricks up your sleeve for what might make this breed happiest? Perhaps you're a breeder of this type of rabbit. Let us know, and maybe we can set up an interview?

Every week I would like to bring you an item on Amazon that I personally use or has been purchased by many members of the audience, and I have researched enough to recommend.
This weeks item is a window fan!

I have had a Holmes window fan for over ten years. It has a temperature setting so that you can set it to come on at a specific temperature. I have used it in the window to draw in or out air, and I have used it in a door way to move air from one room to another. This could be used in a room with a rabbit to draw cool air through from outside, or if you have a rabbit barn with a window, this Holmes window fan could be used to draw some air through. This Holmes window fan is cost effective and draws in fresh, cool air from the outside or exhausts stale, hot air from inside. The Holmes window fan can do both simultaneously because each of the two fans can be set independently to draw in or exhaust out, allowing the unit to exchange inside and outside air. Operable either manually or automatically—with its thermostat turning the fans off and on to maintain a selected temperature—the unit has a one-touch electronic control and two speeds so it can be adjusted to specific conditions. It's designed to fit double-hung, vertical-slider, and casement windows.

Plant of the week - Sweeds and Turnips
Word of the week: Alleys
Our FolkTale:
Rabbit is the trickster figure in many Southeastern Indian tribes. The Rabbit Trickster is generally a light-hearted character who does not engage in serious wrongdoing and features in many children's stories; however, like most tricksters, he is prone to humorously inappropriate behavior, particularly gluttony, carelessness, and an overinflated ego. In the folklore of some Southeastern tribes, it was Rabbit who stole fire and brought it to the people.
In the beginning the deer had no horns, but his head was smooth just like the doe's, He was a great runner and the rabbit was a great jumper, and the animals were all curious to know which could go farther in the same time. They talked about it a good deal, and at last arranged a match between the two, and made a nice pair of antlers for a prize to the winner. They were to start together from one side of the thicket and go through it, then turn and come back, and the one who came out first was to get the horns. On the day fixed all the animals were there, with the antlers put down on the ground at the edge of the thicket to mark the starting point, While everybody was admiring the horns the rabbit said: "I don't know this part of the country; I want to take a look through the bushes where I am to run.". They thought that was all right, so the rabbit went into the thicket, but he was gone so long that at last the animals suspected he must be up to one of his tricks. They sent a messenger to look for him, and away in the middle of the thicket he found rabbit gnawing down the bushes and pulling them away until he had a road cleared nearly to the other side. The messenger turned around quietly and came back and told the other animals. When the rabbit came out at last they accused him of cheating, but he denied it until they went into the thicket and found the cleared road. They agreed that such a trickster had no right to enter the race at all, so they gave the horns to the deer, who was admitted to be the best runner, and he has worn them ever since. They told the rabbit that as he was so fond of cutting down bushes he might do that for a living hereafter, and so he does to this day.


Carla Wilson 1949 - 2017
Carla Wilson, 68

Portland - Carla Wilson, age 68, a resident of Portland, passed away on Tuesday, June 20, 2017 at IU Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis.

Carla was born February 7, 1949, in New Castle, Indiana, the daughter of Noel and Kathleen (Williamson) Myers. She graduated from Wes-Del High School in 1968. Carla worked at the Pennville Library for many years and was also an ARBA Rabbit Judge for many years. She was a member of the Hickory Grove Church of the Brethren; she was also a member of the American Rabbit Breeders Association, Indiana Rabbit Breeders Association and also a Jay County and Delaware County 4-H Leader. She married Larry Wilson on September 20, 1969.

Survivors include her loving husband: Larry Wilson - Portland, Indiana; 2 sons: Kelly (wife Jennifer) Wilson - Portland, Indiana and Aaron (fiancé Nicolle Courtney) Wilson - Muncie, Indiana; 1 daughter: Linsy (husband Cody) Zigler - Lynn, Indiana; 2 brothers: Dave (wife Kaye) Myers - Orlando, Florida and Ron (wife Linda) Myers - Fayetteville, North Carolina; 1 sister: Emma Lou Bocook - Munising, Michigan; and 5 grandchildren.

Visitation for Carla Wilson will be held on Thursday from 4-8 p.m. at the Williamson and Spencer Funeral Home in Portland.

Funeral services will be held on Friday at 11 a.m. at the Williamson and Spencer Funeral Home in Portland with Pastor Earl Doll officiating the service. Burial will follow in Gardens of Memory Cemetery in Muncie, Indiana.

Memorials may be directed to Hickory Grove Church of the Brethren. Envelopes will be provided at the funeral home.

Online condolences may be sent to
Published in The Star Press on June 22, 2017



Hundreds of Animals Still Recovering After Being Found in Fresno Moving Truck
FRESNO, Calif. -- Nearly 1,000 animals are still being cared for after being found in an old moving truck in South West Fresno on Friday.

Fresno Humane Animal services officials said many of the animals are recovering but some may have a long road ahead.

Kendyll Lyons, a kennel worker at Fresno Animal Humane Services has been working long hours to make sure the hundreds of birds, bunnies, quail and others at Fresno Humane Animal Services survive.

"We have had the occasional bunny, the occasional rabbit but never anything like this," said Lyons, kennel worker, Fresno humane animal services.

On Friday, Fresno Humane Animal Service employees said they recovered 955 animals from a moving truck in Southwest Fresno.

"It was 107 degrees inside when we got there and certainly that is not as hot as it has been. Thank goodness for that," said Brenda Mitchell, Fresno Humane Animal Services Board President.

The animals were transferred to Fresno Humane Animal Services' air conditioned warehouse, where they have been closely monitored.
But, even with the care from animal experts, officials said 10 have died since Friday.

"I don't know if it is related to those conditions but certainly their age and the fact that they are fragile little creatures," said Mitchell.

Officials said they could lose even more animals. Many of the birds have injuries, feather loss and officials said many of the rabbits are too young to be without their mothers.

"I would be very surprised if some of the little rabbits made it," said Lyons.

The workers said they will continue taking care of each one until they are fully recovered.
Officials said when their investigation is complete they will start finding homes for all of these animals.



A 'Furfest' in Wytheville
The fur was flying at Wither’s Park Thursday morning as adults and children gathered, along with dogs, a cat, even a rabbit, for the annual Chautauqua “Furfest” pet show.

Border collie Greeley Joe was top dog, taking home the People’s Choice and Best in Show Awards.

Greeley Joe’s owner, Cora Chrisley, 15, said she started training the 1-year-old pup when he was about 6 weeks old.

“Just whenever we would play or during potty time,” she said. Nothing special. He takes to it really well.”

Already, Greeley Joe can sit, lie down, shake hands, circle, catch a Frisbee and fetch (which he loves).

The Best in Show Award is awarded in memory of Marsha Jones, a Wythe Arts Council member who promoted the pet show for years before she died in 2007. Her family has continued to sponsor the Best in Show Award in her memory. Jones’ young family members, Cali and Beach Molinary, attended the show.

Nearby, Debbie Yates watched her 6-year-old granddaughter, Kyla Yates, play with her rabbit, Cocoa, who took home second place for the cutest pet. They also entered golden retriever Nellie in the show, who snapped up third place in the “best trick” category. She shakes hands.

“We came just for fun and to watch; we love the festival,” Debbie Yates said. “I thought it would be good for her (Kyla) to participate. She did real well walking her out there. I think it builds self-confidence, don’t you?”

Patty Hall’s Pomeranian, Shadow, won honorable mention in the “cutest” category. Hall’s friend, Ann Harrison, arrived too late to enter her Shih Tzu, Gizmo. They were at the pet show with 10-year-old Gaige Dawson and Hall’s daughter, Christi Armbrister, who was visiting from Fort Walton Beach, Florida.

“We just came to watch,” Harrison said. “It’s so neat and wonderful to see all the dogs and we saw a rabbit and a cat and some sweet people.”

Here are the Furfest results:

Look Alike:

First place: Chloe (Annette Gilliam)

Second Place: Greeley Joe (Cora Chrisley)

Best Trick:

First place: Greeley Joe (Cora Chrisley)

Second place: Chloe (Annette Gilliam)

Third place: Nellie (Debbie Yates)

Honorable Mention: Copper (Oscar Montgomery)


First place: Baby (Payton)

Second place: Chloe (Annette Gilliam)

Third place: Bo (Jackie Alley)

Honorable Mention: Copper (Oscar Montgomery)


First place: George (Cora Chrisley)

Second place: Lanie (Lili Belle)

Third place: Romeo (Zachary Coley)

Honorable Mention: Roscoe (Maranda/Mariah Wall)

Best Costume:

First place: Keni (Oscar Montgomery)

Second place: Roscoe (Maranda/Mariah Wall)

Third place: Baby (Payton)


First place: Benji (Joe and Marsha Turpin)

Second place: Cocoa (Kyla Yates)

Third place: Peanut (Blair Jackson)

Honorable Mentions: Shadow (Patty Hall), Nellie (Debbie Yates), Bo (Jackie Alley), Addison (Cora Chrisley)

People’s Choice: Greeley Joe (Cora Chrisley)
Best in Show: Greeley Joe (Cora Chrisley)
To reach Millie Rothrock, call 288-6611, ext. 35, or email



Colorado's Iconic Rabbit Ears Peak just lost a chunk of its ear
STEAMBOAT SPRINGS, COLO. (AP) - An iconic sight near Steamboat Springs is missing something.

Rabbit Ears Peak looks a little different after losing a chunk of one of its ears.

Steamboat Pilot & Today reported Thursday the western ear of Colorado's iconic landmark is significantly skinnier and pointier following what appears to be an erosion event at the top of the rock formation.

The Rabbit Ears are remains of pyroclastic materials, which are layers of extruded rock and ash. It's a popular landmark and hiking spot for tourists and locals alike.

Dr. Barbara EchoHawk, a professor of Geology at Metro State University, says Rabbit Ears Peak is the result of volcanic explosions from 30 million years ago.

Check out the before and after here.

Because of the way the magma erupted in a vent from the ground, Dr. EchoHawk says there are some large and some smaller pieces of volcanic rock.

During its formation, these pieces were broken by steam eruptions, causing cracks in the rock, that eventually, naturally, will crumble and fall away as these cracks line up with other joints in the rock.

Even the rabbit ears themselves are just smaller, leftover pieces of the original formation.
Dr. EchoHawk says more erosion can be expected in the future as the rock and its cracks freeze, thaw, freeze and thaw.
U.S. Forest Service District Ranger Chad Stewart says he made a point to look at Rabbit Ears Peak on a drive he took this week after he was informed of the possible change in the rock's appearance.
The piece that broke off was at a height that would not be easily accessible to humans.
Stewart says there are also no rock climbers permitted to operate at the rock formation, making this scenario more unlikely than natural erosion



On View | 'Bunny Attack: An Exhibit of Illustration and Photography
Dreams, nature and dark emotions stimulated the creativity displayed by artist Bunny Attack at Bos Meadery, 849 E. Washington Ave., Suite 116. “Bunny Attack: An Exhibit of Illustration and Photography” will be on view through the end of June.

“It is through a quiet observation that most of my work comes to life,” Bunny Attack said in her artist’s statement. “Introverted and imaginative, I spend my life in a state of observation and interpretation; I am mostly drawn to the colors of the fading day, the patterns and details presented in the natural world, the stories that come to life via melodies, harmonies and lyrics in my favorite music.”

Bunny Attack’s works in the exhibit include black-and-white illustrations featuring anthropomorphic animals, sullen self-portraits, and double-exposed film photography that all carry a dark and mysterious theme. Part of her earlier collection “The Dangers of Living,” all the black-and-white work was composed once she had developed a personal style she was happy with and was able to really focus on creating detailed illustrations.

“The newest works have more color, and are a bit more playful, although still being on the darker side of things,” Bunny Attack said in her press release.

Bunny Attack has no formal art education other than a couple of photography classes.

“Drawing has been a favorite (pastime) for as long as I can remember, and in high school I picked up a love for photography,” said Bunny Attack in an email. “It took time and much trial and error to develop the style I have now, and I’m happy with the work I’ve produced thus far and am excited to experiment more and advance in my techniques.”


William Shatner From Captain Kirk to ... Bunny Handler!!!
William Shatner may have explored new worlds where no man has gone before, but now he's in Sweden ... running around with rabbits.
The legendary "Star Trek" actor is in Stockholm shooting for his new comedy/reality show "Better Late Than Never" ... and showed off his skills as a bunny handler. Spoiler alert -- he wasn't great at it.
Rabbit show jumping is big in Sweden -- kind of like the Westminster Dog Show in the U.S.
Shatner and his fellow cultural icons on the show -- Henry Winkler, Terry Bradshaw and George Foreman -- all took part in the rabbit racing and looked like they had a blast. As usual, host Jeff Dye was their guide.


Jun 19, 2017

Today we are going to explore The Himalayan Rabbit Breed.
But first we are going to cover Rabbit Awareness Week which is from June 17th - 25th, 2017
This is the 11th year for Rabbit Awareness Week and the 2017 campaign is focusing on the importance of hay! #HoptoHay
RAW is run by a collaboration of organizations: The Rabbit Welfare Association & Fund, The Blue Cross, PDSA, RSPCA, Wood Green, Burgess Pet Care and Agria Pet Insurance. This team pick a new theme each year and aim to provide information to both veterinary professionals and the general public about key aspects of rabbit care.
Many veterinary clinics sign up to RAW and offer a range of events and promotions – you can visit the RAW website to see who has signed up and whats on offer.
Rabbit Awareness Week (RAW) is an important week for rabbits. Over the past 11 years we have made it the biggest and best campaign about rabbit care and welfare in the UK!
The UK is a nation of self-confessed pet lovers with recent research showing that rabbits are the 4th most popular pet in the UK with 0.8 million rabbits (PFMA Pet Population 2016 report). So we need to keep driving the messages about welfare for rabbits – especially for those pet owners who have got rabbits or are thinking about getting one!
Every year Burgess Pet Care, together with its partners Agria Pet Insurance, RSPCA, PDSA, The Blue Cross, Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund (RWAF) and Wood Green The Animals Charity join forces to focus on a different aspect of rabbit care and welfare.
During the RAW week thousands of vets and practices across the UK offer free health clinics for local rabbits and their owners. So it doesn't matter if your rabbits have never been to the vet before, it's the perfect opportunity to get them health checked by the experts!
Hundreds of retailers and rescue centers will be running fun and educational events to also spread the word about how to get the most out of pet rabbits by keeping them happy and healthy.
I feel that raising rabbit awareness should continue all year long and throughout many countries, so I urge you all to embrace RAW and continue it longer than just the suggested week.
Together we aim to improve the lives of the UK's rabbits and stop them getting a RAW deal!

you can also support the podcast, and help keep the lights on, whenever you use Amazon through the link at Hare of the Rabbit on the support the podcast page. It will not cost you anything extra, and I can not see who purchased what.

Although the Himalayan's name suggests that it originated in the Himalayas, it is unknown exactly where its origins lie. It strikes one strange that one of the very oldest rabbit breeds remains so unique today. Indeed, several of the earliest-developed breeds still seem one-of-a-kind. The Himalayan breed is even has a body type category all to itself! In the United States, there are several breeds with commercial, compact, or full-arch body type, but no other with cylindrical! The Himalayan is one of the oldest rabbit breeds we have today. They have been around for so long, we are not sure when they first appeared, or where they originated. Though some say they are indeed from the Himalayan mountain area, records of these rabbits are found is several regions of the old world.
Much of the history condensed from articles about the Himalayan Rabbit's History, written and compiled by Carl "Eli" Shepherd.
The Himalayan’s first appearance happened so long ago that its record has been lost. Some say it did indeed come from the Himalayan mountain area in the middle east, but the truth is that there are timeworn writings of it occurring in many areas of the old world.  Himalayans may have come to America during the “Belgian Hare boom” around 1900. They were one of the earliest breeds recognized in the United States.
1857 seems to offer the earliest mention of white rabbits with black points called “Africans.” The description bears no resemblance to today’s Himalayans, other than color. The source of these Himalayan-pointed “African” rabbits was nowhere near China or Africa – they were sports from crosses of tame Silver-Gray rabbits with local wild English Silver-Gray warren rabbits and some unspecified black rabbits, possibly also sourced from the warrens as the Silver-Grays were known to throw recessive black offspring.
The History of the Himalayan rabbit is very vague. There are many thoughts and theories of Himalayans. Actually there is no sound solid proof of where the Himalayan rabbit actually came from. There is little tangible evidence to indicate that it even came from the Himalayan Mountain area as many claim. Records indicate that this rabbit is known by over 20 names, which cause one writer to comment that "It is the most Christian rabbit having so many names." This rabbit is called, in various parts of the world, the Russian, the Chinese, the Egyptian, the Black Nose, and on and on. Himalayans are one of the oldest breeds of rabbit known throughout the world, dating back to ancient times in countries like China, Tibet, and Russia. It is one of the few breeds that was not man-made by crossing different breeds of rabbit. It is known as one of the oldest established breeds with a wider distribution throughout the world than any other rabbit. Himalayans, for the most part, will breed true to type and color.
It is believed at some remote time in its history, that its ancestors were Silver rabbits in part. As in some litters of today, at birth, soon seem to be white slightly tinged all over with silver gray, and some are almost a solid gray. The Silver-gray or the Solid gray gradually leaves the baby rabbit and its coat becomes snow white, with its extremities, (nose, ears, feet & tail) gradually darkening until they reach a rich, velvety Black, Blue, Chocolate or Lilac.
History of the Himalayans in the United States
Around the turn of the century, or real early 1900's, Himalayans were shipped into the united States from England, along with what he called the "Belgian Hare Boom." Most breeders of other breeds also had some Himalayans. As at that time, Himalayan fur was the best of all rabbit furs. Back then, they were known as the Ermine fur of rabbits. This was before Rex and Satin fur came along. Many raised them for their valuable fur, as well as to show. Eventually, breeders began to raise them to show, and they also became popular as pets.
The American Pet Stock Association recognized black Himalayans in 1912. Later, the American Rabbit and Cavy Association granted a charter to the American Himalayan Association in 1931. The club name was later changed to the current “American Himalayan Rabbit Association.”
History of the Blue Variety.
Let the records on Himalayans reveal that Black Himalayans are the only naturally occurring variety.
Other Varieties (colors) have been created by crossbreeding other breeds of rabbits to create the desired variety or color. The 2nd Variety of Himalayans were Blues. There are no accurate records on who or how the first Blue Himalayans were developed. Breeders in England worked for many years to create Blue Himalayans with many problems to attempt to correct to achieve the true Himalayan type on Blues. Their progress on Blues is very vague.
What we do know is Blue Himalayans were accepted at Tampa, Florida, on October 30th, 1962 by AHRA members. Only four AHRA members were present at this meeting. A motion by R. Hanson, that the Blue Himalayan be accepted by AHRA. Motion was seconded by Francis Riffle. And from that day on we have had Blue Himalayans as the second variety.
Interest in Blue Himalayans was not very strong for many years. A few dedicated breeders kept Blues alive. Blues were very scarce and very seldom seen in many parts of the United States.
It was reported that Don Lovejoy imported a pair of Blue Seniors and a Blue Junior Doe from England in 1963. No one seems to have any information on these imported blue Himalayans. A 1976 Himmie News stated that Diane Ford of California was to try for a Blue Himmie by crossing a Blue Havana doe. No records on how this venture turned out. Over the years there were several breeders who opposed the Blue variety very strongly. Especially one long time, well known breeder from Maryland. Lack of interest in Blues and a few breeders opposed to the Blue variety. A proposal was put to the AHRA membership to eliminate Blues as a variety of Himalayans in the early 1980's. This vote was very close. Blues survived only by a few votes. The Blue variety survived mainly due to the efforts of Ron Smelt of California. Due to Ron Smelt's efforts to save the Blue Variety, two additional varieties of Himalayans have been introduced by Ron Smelt of California. Which are Chocolate and Lilac marked Himalayans.
History of the Chocolate & Lilac Himalayans
By: Ron Smelt (A.H.R.A. Hall of Fame member).
He started with showing and breeding Himalayans in 1976.  At that time only Black Himalayans were obtainable in his area. Some of the active show people were David Holland, Dorothy Bayliss and Leonard Weir and Diane Ford, who were in the process of getting out of the breed.
He liked the Himalayan a lot and inherited the breed from Diane Ford. It was the perfect sized rabbit for him with the space he was able to give it. He liked the unique type and what he called an sophisticated look to the breed.
He realized right away that England showed the Himalayan in four varieties. Black, Blue, Chocolate and Lilac. Here in the US only in Black and Blue. He thought it would not be unpleasant to have all four colors showing against each other in the US. He felt that with the four colors would create interest and as a result competition. During this time he also was told by the late Don Lovejoy, that the Himalayan was a dying breed. He did not want to except this and felt that his goal was to try and create interest in this breed and so the mission was set for him to do my part and find a way. He realized that this quest to have the Chocolate and Lilac Himalayans become excepted would be a long one. He felt that he needed support of others who were interested in the idea of having four colors in the standard. Several people he talked to felt that the only good Himalayan was a black Himalayan. A few persons supported him in his quest. Some only liked the Chocolates and did not care for the idea of Lilac Himalayans. The first few years were difficult ones.
In the late 70's he corresponded with a Himalayan breeder Mr. Fred Nellis who lived in England. He told him how they got the Chocolate gene introduced into the Himalayans was with the use of the English Spot. English Spots from time to time produced Solid colored animals. An English Spot breeder by the name of Linda Bell of California called him up one day and said she had a chocolate doe for him. This was bred to a small black 3 1/2 lb. buck from Dorothy and George Bayliss. This cross produced all solid black offspring. They were bred together and the first Chocolate marked appeared. These then were bred to other black Himalayans and then mated to each other and the rabbits were beginning to look like Himalayans. Some of these early chocolates were rather large and lacked the refined look. Through line breeding a smaller, finer boned chocolate Himalayan developed. (In 1992 Chocolates Passed first ARBA Showing, Columbus, OH)
The Chocolate Himalayan was then bred to the Blue Himalayan and from in-breeding the first Lilac Himalayan appeared. These lilacs were dark lilacs, you can tell the difference when you put them next to a blue. When presenting them to the Standards Committee, they did not like the color, it was too dark and too close to the blue. So what to do? He had reached a brick wall. He had locked in the dark Lilac color into his himmies.
At the same time Judy Ball, a Mini Rex breeder, was also trying to get the Lilac Mini Rex accepted by the ARBA Standards Committee. The Standards Committee liked her color Mini Rex Lilacs. An idea went into his head to introduce this color liked by the Standards Committee into the Lilac Himalayans. He knew that he would be introducing a Non-Himalayan gene as well as Mini Rex fur into the Himalayans, and in line breeding and in-breeding this Rex gene would materialize some where down the road. He made a difficult decision and was afraid that his present dark Lilac Himalayans would not pass the Standards Committee since he was told the lighten them, and so he did. The first cross was his purchased Mini Rex Lilac Buck (from Judy Ball) bred to a Lilac Himalayan Doe. All the babies were Lilac, and to his surprise two of them were Himalayan marked, the rest solid. He lucked out again with the two Himalayan-marked Lilacs were buck and doe. They both turned out to be rather coarse and so lacked refinement. They produced lighter Himalayans, and the color he was looking for. The Lilacs became the 4th Himalayan color to be recognized.
With selective breeding and culling refinement in the Lilac Himalayan returned, with an added bonus of better fur quality. Now the problem of the Non-Himmie gene and the rex gene will be floating around in some of these himmies, but he feels we can cull this out since there were only a few of these Lilacs passed on to other breeders.
These past fifteen years of trying to have Chocolate Himalayans and Lilac Himalayans accepted into the ARBA Standards Committee have been fun with some heart-ache and lots of challenges and he is so glad to have been able to do it.
As we have covered in some of the breeds where one breed is crossed to create another, The Himalayan also plays an important part in many other breed's history, especially the Californian's, which looks like a large, meaty version of it. The Californian was made by crossing Himalayans with New Zealands and a few other breeds (some Californian breeders say it is just Himalayan and New Zealand, while others say the Standard Chinchilla was mixed in too). The Californian was added to many other breeds (like Champagne d'Argents and some lines of Cinnamon) to improve body type, so Himalayan marked sports pop up sometimes.
Overall Description
Description and Standards

Himalayans are long and snaky in body, the only rabbit breed with this body type, which is described as “sophisticated” by Mr. Smelt.
They are mainly white, with color limited to the points – ears, nose, paws and tail. The eyes are red. They are small, weighing up to 4.5 pounds (2 kg) according to standards in the USA and UK.
The Himalayan generally breeds true in type and color. But occasionally, some newborn Himalayan kits are tinged with silver, and others are nearly solid gray. Not to worry - the pigmentation eventually leaves the baby kit, and its coat turns snow white. At the same time, its points darken to nearly black (or blue, chocolate, or lilac).
The Himalayan rabbit is medium-sized breed of rabbit easily mistaken for the Californian rabbit. The body is white with colored points, recognized colors are black, blue, chocolate and lilac. They are one of the oldest and calmest breeds. Adult Himalayans weigh 2 1/2 to 4 1/2 pounds (1 to 2 kg) with an ideal weight of 3 1/2 pounds. They are the only breed that is classified in shows as cylindrical. They are judged in a stretched-out position. They are posed stretched out, and their body is to be 3.5 head lengths.
The Himalayan is posed with the body fully extended – stretched out as far as it will go while all four feet remain flat on the table. European Himalayans and American Himalayans have different poses. On most breeds, the top line of the body should be very round, but on a “Himie” it should be flat as possible. When looking at a posed Himalayan from above, the side body lines should be straight also, with little or no taper from the hindquarters to the shoulders.  Fur is a fly-back. All Himies are white with red eyes and colored markings on the points. Markings include an egg-shaped “smut” on the nose, colored “boots” on the feet, and colored ears and tail. The markings are black, blue, chocolate, or lilac, but the body is always pure white. The Himie color is found as a variety in a number of other breeds, such as Mini Rex and Netherland Dwarf. It’s called Californian in the Cal, Satin, and Rex, and pointed white in Jersey Woolies, lops, and angoras. The color can vary with the surrounding temperature: points become darker in colder climates and lighter in warmer ones. In fact, a rabbit can even develop a dark spot if it lies against a cold metal object such as a feed cup on a winter night.
Color differences:
The black color variety is the only one in the Himalayan that was not produced by crossbreeding. Other acceptable colors are blue, chocolate, and lilac. This breed is born solid white, but its colored markings develop with age.
A Himalayan rabbit’s fly-back fur is short, soft and doesn’t need much maintenance in order to keep its healthy sheen. Should you find your Himalayan rabbit is shedding more than usual (such as during spring), simply brush their fur 2-3 times per week or as required. Otherwise, a weekly brushing with spot-cleaning using a damp cloth should more than sufficient.
The Himalayan rabbit is well known for its markings, which are similar to the Himalayan cats'. The Himalayan rabbit’s body is always white with different colored markings. The markings include colored “boots”, an egg-shaped marking on its nose and a colored tail and ears. The markings can be black, blue, chocolate or lilac. This coloration is due to a heat-sensitive enzyme on the Himalayan’s body that creates a brown pigment melanin. This enzyme is active on the parts of the body where the Himalayan rabbit is discolored, such as their ears, nose, feet and tail.The markings change with age and environment. The colder weather may darken markings, enlarge markings, and also add markings around the eyes and genitals (vent smut). These markings are not a disqualification because it is not on the usable portion of the pelt. If the markings spread into the usable portion of the pelt, such as into the belly or on the pin bones, it is a disqualification. Warmer weather may lighten markings, shrink markings, and cause white hairs in markings (known as "frosting"). In extreme warm weather, a Himalayan may even develop light or white toenails. Chocolate and lilac Himalayans usually have bigger markings than blacks and blues, and are more likely to develop disqualifying markings, known as "smut". Himalayans may develop smut after just ten minutes of contact to cold objects. Baby Himalayans are especially sensitive to temperature. Most babies in the warmth of the nest will look the same as albino babies (because Himalayans can only produce eumelanin under a certain temperature and they cannot produce pheomelanin at all.) If a nest gets too cold or a baby falls out, they will get dark bands on their fur. This varies from looking to off-white to looking chinchilla-colored, and it causes confusion among many novice breeders. Because of their constantly changing colors, most Himalayan breeders do not look at markings as a factor when making breeding plans. A baby who was chilled in the nest box is often called "frosty," which is not to be confused with frosted pearl.
Himalayans are known for having a double copy of the ch gene. They also have a black color, which is probably caused by a double copy of the a (self) gene. Then there are the variations with the B gene (chocolate) and the D gene (dilute). A Himalayan with bb will show up as chocolate, a Himalayan with dd will show up as blue and a Himalayan with both bb and dd will show up as lilac.
The Himalayan gene (ch) has been bred into many other breeds, they lack marking modifiers so they often show up with smaller, lighter markings.
Things to Avoid:
Rabbits with short, close coupled type, or an arch or taper in the top or side lines. Heavy hips, large bone, or large rabbits. Fat rabbits or animals with pot bellies are faulted. A dewlap is a disqualification. Full, bulldog type head, or pinched muzzle. Thick ears, ears shaped like spoons, or ears that are spread apart. Unmatched toenails are a disqualification. Fur that is long, harsh, uneven, or hutch stained is a fault. Eye stains are a minor fault. Smut (dark color) is a disqualification on any useable part of the pelt, and white spots in any marking is a disqualification. Markings that have stray white hairs, are not clean cut, are frosty, brassy, or are unequal.
Himalayans commonly have an extra set of teats.
Like other rabbits, the Himalayan will benefit from a diet that consists of high-quality hay and Pellets and the rest of a healthy mix of fruits, vegetables, leafy greens and pellets. There are plenty types of pellets and hay available on the market, some with higher protein content than the other depending on your budget. Be aware of what kid of fruits, leafy greens and vegetables you have in your home as some are rabbit-safe and others are not. In fact, most leafy greens are unsafe as they can cause digestive issues, especially if you feed your rabbit a large amount of it. Feed your rabbit greens that are high in fiber and nutrients, such as romaine lettuce, and be aware of what kind of fruits you’re feeding (nothing that is too high in sugar).
The Himalayan rabbit is not susceptible to any particular health issues like Wool block. They do require regular checking in a few places such as their ears (for mites), their coat and backsides (for flystrike) and their teeth (for overgrown teeth).
Overgrown teeth can protrude into your rabbit’s face and jaw and be painful. Symptoms include a loss of appetite, droppings and overall less movement from your rabbit.
When a rabbit’s coat is soiled with feces, urine or other unpleasantness, flies may like to call your rabbit’s bottom their home. They can lay their eggs and once the eggs have hatched, they will eat your rabbit’s flesh while they are alive in order to get the nutrients to grow. This is painful for your rabbit and can cause death. If you believe your rabbit may have contracted fly-strike, take them to your local veterinarian immediately for treatment.
Himalayans are a unique breed. There is no other breed as gentle and easy to handle. Their gentle, loving nature puts them in a class unto itself. Their small size and weight allows for smaller cage space and lower feed bills than many other breeds of rabbit. These rabbits are remarkably docile and loving, making them a wonderful choice for 4-H projects or a child’s pet. The Himalayan rabbit is gentle and patient, making them the perfect pet for families with young children or seniors. Himalayans are known for their easy-going and docile temperament. This coupled with their small size makes them an excellent choice for children wanting to start raising and showing rabbits.
This rabbit’s small size makes it ideal for smaller hands to carefully pick up. In fact, this breed of rabbit is not known to scratch or bite humans, making them the perfect pet for families with young children or seniors looking for a furry companion to add some color to their life. They are generally calm-natured animals who don’t mind being picked up, petted and handled and unlike other high-energy rabbits, Himalayans are not particularly active.
Having said that, they do require plenty of time out of their enclosures not only to socialize and bond with their human family but also to stretch their legs and catch some sunshine.
Rabbits are not impossible to litter train, however they are significantly more challenging than training, let’s say, a dog or a cat. They have the tendency to “go” anywhere they please. To remedy this requires plenty of patience…and lots of litter boxes. Place a few litter boxes around your home where you find your Himalayan tends to do the deed and with lots of hard work (and rewards!), you should be well on your way to litter-training your little rabbit.
Make sure their enclosure is large enough so they can comfortably stretch out of their full size and although Himalayans are relatively small, they are long so make sure you purchase the correct enclosure size.
Rabbits tend to be bred for one of four things: meat, fur, show, or pet use. Himalayans are popular both as show rabbits and as pets. They have fine bone and a skinny body, and, unlike many other breeds, were never raised primarily for meat. This breed's main purpose is for showing, but in its past, it was raised for its white pelt.
The American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) maintains the breed standard for all of the recognized rabbit and cavy breeds for it's international membership. Recognized breeds are eligible for Registration and Grand Champion recognition. The AMERICAN RABBIT BREEDERS ASSOCIATION, INC. is an organization dedicated to the promotion, development, and improvement of the domestic rabbit and cavy.
The British Rabbit Council (BRC) is a British showing organization for rabbit breeders. Today, the BRC among other things investigates rabbit diseases, maintains a catalog of rabbit breeds, and sets rules for about 1,000 rabbit shows annually in the UK.
Today all four varieties are recognized in both the UK and the USA. The Black variety, however remain a popular variety. Himalayans are easy to find in most areas and breeders are easily found online
Have I Missed Anything about the Himalayan? If you know something about the breed standard, history or status of the Himalayan rabbit, please let me know. Do you have a story about the Himalayan Breed? What do you love about them? Do you have any tips or tricks up your sleeve for what might make this breed happiest? Perhaps you're a breeder of the Himalayan rabbit. Let me know, and maybe we can set up an interview?

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Plant of the Week:  Carrot
Word of the Week:  Catnip

A Rabbit Story
The voice of the wolf is a sign to the sheep.
Tibetan Proverb.

ONCE upon a time there were two neighbor families, one family composed of an old mother bear and her son and the other of an old mother rabbit and her son. The children kept the house while the two mothers went out to dig roots. The rabbit's claws were sharp and quick and she got the most. This made the old bear mad so she killed the rabbit and took the dead body and roots home, although she couldn't dig very many, as her claws were dull. The little rabbit waited and waited and could not understand why his mother didn't come home. Finally he slipped over to the old bear's house to see what he could discover. He peeped in and saw that the old bear was cooking his mother, and she and her son sat down and ate her all up. He felt dreadfully bad and began to think of revenge, and said to himself: "Some day I will get even with them."

One day the old mother bear went out to carry water, and while she was gone the little rabbit heated an arrow red hot and shot the little bear in the ear and killed him. Then he took his mother's sack which the old bear had stolen with the roots in it and carried it away with him. As he went up the mountain he met a tiger and said to him, "There is a bear coming after me, Mr. Tiger, won't you save me and find a place for me to hide?" "All right, you crawl in my ear and that bear will never find you."

The old mother bear returned, bringing her kang of water, and found her son dead. She said, "The young rabbit has done this. I shall follow him and kill him." So, going after the rabbit, she came upon the tiger and asked, "Have you seen a fellow with gray fur and long ears any-where? If you don't tell me the truth I will kill you." The tiger answered, "Don't talk to me that way, for I could kill you without very much trouble." And the old bear went on. The rabbit sat there in the tiger's ear eating some of the roots he had in his sack and the tiger could hear him munching away, and asked: "What are you eating?" "My own eye-ball," he answered. The tiger said, "Give me one, they seem very good." The rabbit handed him a root, the tiger ate and said, "That's very good. Let's take my eye-balls out and eat them, and if I am blind, since I saved you from this bear, you will take care of me and lead me around, will you not?" The rabbit said, "I will do that all right." So he dug out the tiger's two eye-balls and handed him some roots to eat in place of them. Then he went on leading the tiger, who now was blind, right up to the side of a big steep cliff, where he told him to lie down and go to sleep. Then he built a big fire on the other side of the tiger, who got so hot that when he moved away he fell over the cliff and killed himself.
The rabbit now went to a shepherd and told him, "There is a dead tiger up there, you can go and cut him up." Then he went to the wolf and said, "The shepherd is gone and you can go kill some sheep." Then he went to the raven and said, "You can go and pick the little wolves' eyes out, as their mother is gone to kill a sheep." Now the rabbit had done so much harm he thought he had better run away. He went into a far country and I expect he still dwells there.


Campaign aims to put Hungarian rabbit, popular abroad, on local plates

Hungaryʼs government and rabbit farming professionals launched a national campaign to boost consumption of rabbit meat on Friday, Hungarian news agency MTI reported.
István Nagy, state secretary at the Agriculture Ministry, said that while Hungary is Europeʼs biggest exporter of rabbit meat, it is on the bottom rung when it comes to domestic consumption of the healthy meat, which is low in cholesterol and fat, as well as being easy to prepare.
Hungarians consume just 200-300 grams of rabbit meat per capita each year, while residents of Mediterranean countries eat more than 2 kg, he added.
Róbert Juráskó, who heads the Rabbit Product Council, said healthy, easy to digest rabbit meat should be on Hungarian familiesʼ tables at least once a week.

St. Louis Families Would Be Permitted 8 Chickens, Rabbits Under New Proposal

A bill introduced at the Board of Aldermen last week would allow St. Louis families to keep up to eight chickens or rabbits on a normal-sized city lot — a sizable increase to what's currently permitted.
Under existing city ordinances, St. Louis residents are allowed no more than four pets total, and chickens and rabbits have no special classification. If you have three dogs and one chicken, for example, you've reached the cap.

But the new bill, sponsored by Alderwoman Cara Spencer and Christine Ingrassia, carves out a framework for small farm animals, namely chickens and rabbits, that is separate from pets. It would also allow one Vietnamese potbelly pig per household, although other large farm animals and roosters both remain expressly prohibited.

The new regulations are part of a broader effort to encourage urban farming within St. Louis.

The alderwomen worked with the Missouri Coalition for the Environment, seeking to bring the city's ordinances that affect urban agriculture in line with best practices in other cities. The coalition's survey, which involved more than 850 people, found broad support for such reforms locally.

An additional proposal from Ingrassia and Spencer would allow St. Louis residents to sell eggs, honey and produce from the property where they are grown, without costly business licenses.

Says Ingrassia, "It's all about letting people have easier access to food, and to make the city more sustainable." Selling home-grown produce won't make anyone rich, she acknowledges. "But if you can make a few extra bucks, that's a good thing."

Last year, a proposal to increase to six the number of chickens owned by city households couldn't attain passage at the Board of Aldermen. Spencer, for one, believes this year may be different.

"With the new energy on the board and more progressives on it, we should be able to get this passed," she says. She urges all of those interested in the issue to contact their alderman or woman to seek their support.


Sharon J. Mixdorf (1962-2017)
DENVER -- Sharon Jane Mixdorf, 55, of Denver, died at home Saturday, June 10, from complications of breast cancer.

She was born June 6, 1962, in Marshfield, Wis., daughter of Stanley and Joan Welch Fait. On May 30, 1992, she married Eric Mixdorf in Marshfield.

She graduated from Marshfield Columbus High School in 1980. Sharon lived in Marshfield, Waterloo and Denver and worked as a pet and dog groomer for 22 years, most recently at Brookside Veterinary Hospital in Cedar Falls. She was a member of the Bremer County Genealogical Society, Pet Pals, Iowa State Dutch Rabbit Club, Iowa State Rabbit Breeders Association, Collie Club of America, American English Spot Rabbit Club and was a life member of the American Rabbit Breeders Association and the American Dutch Rabbit Club. Sharon also was the director of the Upper Midwest Dutch Rabbit Club, the secretary of the Waterloo Area Rabbit Breeders Association, and was the Rabbit Show secretary at the National Cattle Congress Fair.

Survived by: her husband; her mother of Marshfield; five sisters, Nancy (Leon) LeClair of Two Rivers, Wis., Linda (Dan) Neve of Marshfield, Mary Lou (Rich) Volk of Arpin, Wis., Patty (Jim) Shaw of Marshfield and Kathy (Tony) Kuhlka of Hewitt, Wis.; a brother, Michael (Gayle) Fait of Marshfield; two sisters-in-law, Pat Bitel and Brenda (Patrick) Wellner; four brothers-in-law, Darrell Gates of Pittsville, Wis., Richard (Kathy) Mixdorf, David (Rhonda) Mixdorf and Brian (Esther) Mixdorf; and numerous nieces and nephews.

Preceded in death by: her father; and her twin sister, Karen Gates.

Services: 2 p.m. Friday, June 16, at Trinity Lutheran Church, Waterloo, with burial in Garden of Memories. Visitation will be from 4 to 7 p.m. Thursday, June 15, at Parrott & Wood Chapel of Memories, Waterloo.

Memorials: may be directed to the family.

Condolences may be left at

Sharon enjoyed reading, camping, swimming, canoeing, rabbit shows and exotic animal swaps.


New Species of Cottontail Rabbit Identified: Sylvilagus parentum

new species of cottontail rabbit (genus Sylvilagus) has been described from the lowlands of western Suriname by Portland State University Professor Luis Ruedas.
The Suriname lowland forest cottontail (Sylvilagus parentum). Image credit: UOL / IUCN.

The Suriname lowland forest cottontail (Sylvilagus parentum). Image credit: UOL / IUCN.

Prof. Ruedas made the discovery after studying rabbit specimens at the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden, the Netherlands.

The specimens were collected in the 1980s by Dutch scientists during the fieldwork in Suriname.

The researcher studied the anatomy of the specimens and determined they were larger and shaped differently than other rabbits throughout South America.

He named the newfound species the Suriname lowland forest cottontail.

The scientific name of the species, Sylvilagus parentum, honors Prof. Ruedas’ parents, Patricio Ruedas Younger and Paloma Martín Daza.

“The rabbit discovery in South America could affect how animal species are identified as unique, which is an important step when determining if a species is endangered,” Prof. Ruedas said.

“It could also lead to conservation efforts in Suriname, where environmental degradation is threatening the rabbit’s habitat.”

Sylvilagus parentum is relatively large for a South American cottontail.

The species measures 15.3 inches (39 cm) in head and body length and 10 inches (2.5 cm) in tail length.

The length of the ears is about 2.4 inches (6 cm).

The average mass is around 3.3 pounds (1.5 kg).

The new species is described in a paper recently published in the online edition of the Journal of Mammalogy.


Luis A. Ruedas. A new species of cottontail rabbit (Lagomorpha: Leporidae: Sylvilagus) from Suriname, with comments on the taxonomy of allied taxa from northern South America. Journal of Mammalogy, published online May 17, 2017; doi: 10.1093/jmammal/gyx048


A new species of cottontail rabbit (Lagomorpha: Leporidae: Sylvilagus) from Suriname, with comments on the taxonomy of allied taxa from northern South America
Of the 19 currently recognized species of Sylvilagus Gray, 1867, 15 inhabit North America, and only 5 are recognized in South America: S. brasiliensis Linnaeus, 1758 (throughout most of the continent); S. varynaensis Durant and Guevara, 2001, restricted to the southern lowlands of Venezuela (states of Barinas, Portuguesa, and Guarico); S. andinus (Thomas, 1897) from the Andean páramos of Ecuador and potentially in a sporadic manner to the Colombian and Venezuelan páramos; and S. tapetillus Thomas, 1913, from the coastal plain in the region of Rio de Janeiro. In addition to these, putative subspecies of S. floridanus, primarily a North American taxon, nominally are recognized from the grassland plains areas of northwestern South America east of the Andes. While S. varynaensis and S. tapetillus are monotypic, S. brasiliensis contains at least 37 named taxa in synonymy, distributed in various habitats; S. andinus requires further study. As a result of the recent description of a neotype for S. brasiliensis, it is now possible to assess species limits and begin the process of illuminating formerly obscured biological diversity in South American cottontails. Here, I describe a new species of Sylvilagus from the lowlands of western Suriname, and excise S. sanctaemartaeHershkovitz, 1950 from synonymy with S. brasiliensis.

Jun 13, 2017

This week we are going to explore the Havana Rabbit breed.

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When I hear the name Havana rabbit I picture a rabbit that came from Cuba, but as we have discovered several times the breed is named for a place that it does not originate from. The Havana rabbit originates in Holland, not the Caribbean as you might expect. They get their name from the fact that the chocolate variety closely resembles the color of the deep brown Havana cigars, not because the breed hails from Cuba. When you think Havanas, think cigars, not Cuba. The rich dark brown coloration of the original Havanas was reminiscent of Havana cigars to the early breeders, hence the name was applied to the newly developed breed.  The Havana Rabbit had its beginnings in a small Dutch village near Utrecht, Holland (not Cuba), in 1898, by total accident.

Havana Journey: A rabbit farmer named Mr. Honders tossed a newly acquired common farm rabbit into the stable with his other communal rabbits. The black and white doe was bred by who knows which of the bucks in the farmer’s warren, and soon gave birth to a litter of brown and white rabbits with modified Dutch markings.
The Havana’s journey began with breeders’ vision, work, and dedication since it first arrived on the rabbit scene in 1898. The rabbit breed known as ‘The Mink of the Rabbit Family’ includes an evolution defining its type today into the lovely compact breed known for its intense color and luxurious fur. I thought this would be an appropriate time to trace the Havana evolution to its breed standard today.
Because of their unusual chocolate color, the farmer retained these offspring for further breeding. Being chocolate, their eyes had the typical ruby glow in them when viewed in bright light. It was anything but usual to Mr. Honders. He named these new rabbits “Fire-Eyes of Ingen” (Ingensche Vuuroog). The rabbits were a dark reddish brown, and weighed around 7.5 pounds.
For a brief historical overview, the Chocolate variety of the Havana was the first, and appeared in a litter of a Dutch marked doe in Ingen, Holland in 1898. These new rabbits were first given the name of Ingensche Veuoraoz, “Fire-eye from Ingen,” because of the unusual ruby glow to the eyes when viewed in good light. The breed soon became known as “Havana” after the rich chocolate color of Havana cigars. Havanas were soon being bred in France, Switzerland, and Germany and Chocolate Havana of widely different types were displayed at various shows in Europe.
In the first decade of 1900, the new chocolate rabbits quickly made their way through Europe via Switzerland and Germany. They varied wildly in type, size, and quality. Little by little, Havanas began to look like Havanas, as breeders used out-crosses to correct faults and enhance fur quality.
They showed up in the UK in 1908. England’s National Havana Club formed in 1920. The breed also made its way to the USA in 1916. The Havana breed made its way to the United States and was accepted into the ARBA in 1916 as the ‘Standard Havana’. Havana quickly became popular due to their eye appeal and their mink-like fur quality and texture, which placed Havana pelts in great demand. The Havana Rabbit Breeders Association was established in 1925. The Havana Club in the US was formed in 1920. At the time, the rabbit was still 7+ pounds, and reportedly difficult to breed.
Over the next 30 years, Havanas took two shapes - large and small. The heavyweight variety never caught on, but the medium-sized Havana we know today was well-received.
Lee Own Stamm originated the Blues in 1965 and the Blacks in 1980.
The Havana of today evolved from a much different type. Havana breed is based on intense color and mink-like fur, and the emphasis of those features becoming more intense over the years. The compact body type, however, has evolved over the decades to the standard we depict today.
In the 1914 ‘Rabbit Culture and Standard,’ The Complete and Official Standard of all the Rabbits (1), “Havanas were one of the latest varieties listed… The correct color listing was described as dark brown to dark chestnut brown and blood red brown changing with the varying light.” The development of two distinctly different sizes of Havana were being exhibited, with one a smaller, neat, short-coated variety and “… larger ones often exhibit a dewlap and are somewhat coarse and awkward looking.” The 1914 standard reflects the importance of color with 30 points and type with 30 points; however fur was only allotted 10 points and was to be short, fine and silky.
In the 1926-27 and 1928-29 editions of The American Rabbit and Cavy Breeders Association Guidebook and Standard, the Havanas were listed as “one of the most beautiful fur breeds and a very useful rabbit for their skins require no dying but can be used in the natural state as the rich chocolate color is very attractive...” Havana Rabbit Club Standard continues to emphasis color with 30 points, and the coat was to be short, fine and silky and cut severely for white hairs. Type was still being determined as the breed tried to meet the demand for beautiful pelts. Senior weights were 4 ½ to 7 pounds exhibiting quite a range.
The 1930’s appeared to be a period when the Havana was being defined as to type. The Standard Havana description began to change to make room for a new variety. There were now 2 varieties, chocolate in color, known as the Standard and the Heavyweights. The Heavyweights were later called the American Havana, with an ideal weight of 9 pounds. The emphasis was for a larger fur pelt which was in high demand at the time; however they lost much of the body type and quality of fur and the Heavyweights were dropped from the standard by the 1940’s.
Meanwhile, in 1930, Mr. Walter Huey discovered a new mutation of Havana with an entirely new coat mutation. Initially, these ‘Havanas’ were known as Satin Havana and shown in competition against the Standard Havana; however there was a storm of protest. From this protest came the acknowledgment that the coats were an entirely new coat mutation and we had the start of the Satin breed with the White Satin.
Satin Havana Mutation
In 1934, the Satin mutation occurred in Indiana. For a short time, they were recognized as a variety of Havanas, however they were unfair competition since the satin shine was so striking.
By 1946, breeders of satinized rabbits organized a national club for a dedicated Satin Rabbit breed.
1940’s - 1980’s
The Standard Havana continues to be recognized for its coat which is often called near mink.
The most recent variety is broken, achieving acceptance in 2008 thanks to the efforts of Brad and Katie Boyce. Brad and Katie Boyce presented the Broken, which was accepted in 2008. Julie Spier presented the Lilac, which was accepted in 2016, providing the breed with the five varieties accepted in the standard and shown today.
The flatter body type of the time is reflected in the standard description: “The body shall be cobby type, rather flat and compact, with full, meaty shoulders, tapering slightly to broader and higher haunches. Avoid snaky and too-rounded type, high, rounded hips, or hips cut in under. The head should have a short neck, having full appearance of head being joined directly to shoulders.” The emphasis is on the bold eye reflecting the origin of the breed and on meaty shoulders and broader hindquarters.
The breed is ancestral to several others, including the Fee de Marbourg, Perlefee and Gris Perle de Hal.
The Havana of today embraces the compact body type in its definition. General type of the competitive Havana is rather short and compact, tapering slightly from hindquarters to shoulders. Top body line should be a continuous curve from the ear base with a high point over the center of the hips and falling in a smooth curve to the base of the tail. Judging continues to emphasize the breed’s best characteristics: color and fur with 45 points, and a compact type with lots of depth balancing width for 45 points. Eye appeal of an animal that is full, smooth, and well rounded, displaying intense color with lots of luster and mink-like texture of fur is the standard to strive for.
Havanas are small-medium sized rabbits with short, deep bodies and deep, rich color. Their lustrous fur gives them the nickname “the mink of the rabbit family.” Although they don’t often catch the fancy of pet owners, their beautiful type is a joy to the practiced eye of judges and breeders.
The Havana rabbit is a compact breed that should not exceed 6.5 lbs. They have short, rounded bodies. The top line should form a half-circle that rises over the hips before or down to the tail. They have short, straight legs with dark-colored toenails, short ears which are relatively close together, medium-sized eyes and a short head with full cheeks.
Approximate Size:
4 1/2 to 6 1/2 pounds
Havanas are recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association in four color types: chocolate, blue, black, lilac, broken and which is best described as a mix of colors that looks like a Dalmatian. Their average weight is between 4.5 pounds (2.0 kg) and 6.5 pounds (2.9 kg).
This breed of rabbit has short, soft, fly-back fur that does not much need maintenance to keep in tip-top condition. To keep their shedding to a minimum, indoor rabbits can be groomed once a week with a slick brush and when shedding time comes around (around Spring), increasing their brushing to twice a week.
In any show breed, there’s the ideal type – that wonderful, deep, smooth, sleek body – and then there’s what representatives of the breed really look like. No matter what the standard says, how close does that breed come to meeting it, on average? In some breeds, the real and the ideal are rather a long ways from each other. But there are a few breeds that have been developed to the point where the average show breed is a fine representation of the standard, and the best ones are nearly perfect. One of those breeds is the Havana.
It’s no wonder that Havanas are often honored with the Best in Show award at local, state, and even national levels. There’s nothing particularly flashy about this breed, such as might grab a pet owner’s attention, but to the trained eye of a judge, a top notch Havana is simply breathtaking. The body type is incredibly short and deep, approaching a “half basketball” shape when viewed from the side. When viewed from the top, the hindquarters evenly taper to the shoulders. Ideally there should be no flat or narrow spots in the body type, no squared hips, no pinched hindquarters. The head and ears are of medium length and balance with the body. Although type is important, the coat and color are to be given strong consideration as well. Havanas have fly-backs – fur that returns very quickly to its usual position when the rabbit is stroked from tail to head. Havanas do not have a Satin sheen, but their fur does carry an unusually high luster. There are currently four recognized colors: black, blue, chocolate, and broken. The solid colors are all of a dark, rich shade.
Havanas have short, fly-back coats which need minimal grooming. A quick brushing once a week should be enough to keep your rabbit looking his best. You can also go over their coat with slightly damp hands to remove static. Havanas may need more frequent grooming when they are molting.
Things to Avoid:
A long, narrow, or flat body. Flatness over the shoulders. Narrowness over the loin. Hips that are pinched or undercut. Roughness over the spine or hips. Long head or long neck. Unmatched toenails are a disqualification. Color that looks faded, light, rusty, mealy, or has scattered white hairs.
Care Requirements:
Like any other breed of rabbit, Havana bunnies require a diet consisting of pellets. The rest of their diet is made up a healthy balance of hay, leafy greens, fruits and vegetables. Be aware of what kind of leafy greens you feed your rabbit, as some of them (like iceberg lettuce) contain no great amount of vitamins or nutrients and contain laudanum, which can be harmful in large quantities. Also be careful of what kind of vegetables you decide to feed your rabbit, as some of things are harmful, and some fruits contain too much sugar.
Havana rabbits do well whether they are indoors or outdoors, provided they are given plenty of room in their enclosures to stretch their legs and catch some much-needed sunshine. Outdoor enclosures should be made of wood or wire and need to be raised off the ground in order to provide protection from wildlife. Indoor rabbit enclosures should be made of wire and have bedding that should be spot-cleaned every day for cleanliness and completely changed out at the end of every week.
The Havana rabbit is not known to be susceptible to any particular health issues, but like any other rabbit, measures must be taken in order to raise a healthy, happy rabbit. Remember to check their mouths once every week or two for ingrown teeth, which can grow into their jaw and faces and cause a lot of pain. The best way to prevent overgrown teeth is to have a proper diet with hay, as the hay will naturally file down their teeth.
Should you rabbit live outdoors, be aware that they will be more susceptible to fly-strike. Fly-strike is an extremely painful condition in which flies lay their eggs in a rabbit’s fur near dirty areas. When the eggs hatch, they begin sustaining themselves by way of eating your rabbit from the inside out. In order to avoid fly-strike, always check your rabbit for dirt or feces stuck on their coat. Always make sure your rabbit’s enclosure and coat is clean and that your rabbit’s eating habits remain constant.
Should you decide to spay or neuter your rabbit, some owners notice that their rabbit tends to be less aggressive. However the Havana rabbit is not known to be hostile, so neutering them may do nothing to their personality. Does can be spayed once they are 4-6 months old while bucks can be neutered as young as 3 and a half months old.
The Havana Rabbit is known for having a relaxed, friendly personality. However there are also examples that have been known to have a bit of an attitude so it’s well worth researching the lines you’re thinking of purchasing from to make sure that all of his relatives have been even tempered. As long as he’s been allowed to get used to humans and other pets from an early age your Havana rabbit should be calm and able to cope with human interaction without getting stressed. It’s vital that anyone who’s going to be charged with looking after the rabbit knows exactly how to handle it as they can struggle if they feel vulnerable or uncomfortable when picked up. Despite his small size, he will be very strong and can kick and scratch, potentially injuring himself or his handler. Most rabbits are active in the morning and the evening and he will be grateful for boxes, tubes and toys to play with. Rabbits are sweet creatures who easily bond with their human family so long as they are given time and space to properly socialize on their own terms. While not the most energetic rabbit breed by any means, these medium-sized rabbits are perfectly capable of running around indoors or out and letting out a little mid-air hop. Should you decide to engage in some one-on-one playtime, you may find that your particular rabbit enjoys some ear or head scratches and some gentle back petting. Because of its medium size, the Havana rabbit makes a great pet for families with children of any age. Because it isn’t too high energy, it makes an attractive pet for seniors looking for a fuzzy companion in their lives. Some rabbits need to be entertained with many toys (whether it is a store-bought one or something as simple as a toilet paper roll is entirely up to you), others don’t need much to keep them happy. It all depends on your particular rabbit’s personality.
When it comes to potty-training your rabbit, you may find it is significantly more difficult than training another pet such as a cat or dog. While more challenging, it is definitely not impossible to litter-train rabbits but they do require much more patience and time than other animals. Many pet parents have found that placing several litter boxes around the house works best, as your rabbit won’t have to travel to the other side of your house to do the deed and risk not making it. If you would like more info on a House rabbit, you can check out the house rabbit episode.
Rabbits tend to be bred for one of four things: meat, fur, show, or pet use. Havana rabbits are usually show rabbits, and are very popular as such. They come very close to their breed standard, often winning top honors at local and national shows. Often referred to as the ‘mink of the rabbit family’.
The American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) maintains the breed standard for all of the recognized rabbit and cavy breeds for it's international membership. Recognized breeds are eligible for Registration and Grand Champion recognition.
The AMERICAN RABBIT BREEDERS ASSOCIATION, INC. is an organization dedicated to the promotion, development, and improvement of the domestic rabbit and cavy.
In the USA, Havanas weigh 4.5 - 6.5 pounds. They have a compact body type, and are useful for show and pets. And additionally, their fur has a special glossiness, which makes it great should you also wish to utilize their pelts.
One is not limited to Chocolate. Four additional varieties have been accepted in the US: Blue, Black, lilac and brokens.
The British Rabbit Council (BRC) is a British showing organization for rabbit breeders. Today, the BRC among other things investigates rabbit diseases, maintains a catalog of rabbit breeds, and sets rules for about 1,000 rabbit shows annually in the UK.
In the UK, Havanas are dark chocolate “with a purplish sheen.” The glossy normal fur is approximately 1 inch in length. Havanas should weigh 2.722 kg (6 pounds) with a half-pound latitude permitted either way.
Have I Missed Anything about the Havana? If you know something about the breed standard, history or status of the Havana rabbit, please let me know. Do You Have a Story About The Havana? What do you love about them? Do you have any tips or tricks up your sleeve for what might make the Havana happiest? Perhaps you're a breeder of the Havana rabbit. Let me know, and maybe we can set up an interview?

Plant of the Week: Wheat

Word of the Week: Brilliant

Every week I would like to bring you an item on Amazon that I personally use or has been purchased by many members of the audience, and I have researched enough to recommend.

Today’s HOTR Amazon Item of the week is the

This weeks item is a Headlamp:

This weeks item is a NiteCore Cree Headlamp. I use this NiteCore Cree Headlamp to check on my rabbits outside. This is Purpose-designed for hiking, climbing, camping and general outdoor recreation. It is All metal high-performance dual-beam headlamp Aluminum "unibody" construction is highly rugged and provides excellent cooling performance. It Utilizes a premium CREE XM-L2 (T6) LED Powered by a single 18650 lithium-ion battery for up to 565 lumens of output. High-efficiency circuit provides up to 400 hours of run-time. It produces an extremely wide beam. This is probably the best NiteCore Cree Headlamp I've found to-date.

What I like about the NiteCore Cree Headlamp:

It's bright - for most stuff, the 2 highest settings are way more than you'd want for anything that's within a few yards of you. It'll also blind anyone you're looking at. Easy to use control buttons. Built in red lamp which is useful for retaining your night vision. I think the red light level is just about right - you're really not going to see anything more than a few yards out with it, but it's meant to preserve your night vision. It would be nice if you could adjust the brightness, but that would just be a nice bonus. This has long battery life - I usually use this at the 2nd dimmest level as that's enough for most projects, and I get many many hours. I usually re-charge it once a month, and I use it several times a week or more.

The only real issue is the strap isn't the greatest. I usually have to have it on a little tighter than I'd prefer for longer usage duration to keep it from falling off if I'm sideways or upside down. If you're not contorting yourself in crazy positions it probably won't be an issue. You can also put the NiteCore Cree Headlamp on over a hat.

Rabbit Dance an Oneida legend
retold by Desiree Barber
Long ago, two hunters went hunting deer for their village. They hunted for a very long time without seeing any signs of deer, but they didn't return to the village for they knew they had to provide food for the winter.
Suddenly, they heard a very loud thump! They stopped and listened to see if there would be another thump, and sure enough, they heard it again! This time the thump was louder, "THUMP!"
One hunter said to the other, "What is that?"
The other hunter said, "I don't know, but IT sounds very close!"
So, both hunters got on their bellies and crawled to a nearby clearing surrounded by bushes. In the center of the clearing they saw the biggest rabbit they had ever seen!
The first hunter started to aim his bow and arrow at the huge rabbit, but the second hunter stopped him and said, "Let's wait to see what he is going to do."
Both hunters waited and watched the huge rabbit as he lifted one of his big back legs and thumped it three times on the ground. Then, out from every direction hopped regular sized rabbits. The hunters watched very closely not wanting to miss anything.
The little rabbits gathered around the big rabbit, and the big rabbit began to thump his back leg in a pattern as the little rabbits danced. The hunters watched in awe as the rabbits danced. Then the big rabbit thumped his leg in the directions in which the hunters lay. The huge rabbit looked in that direction and leaped into the sky. Then all the rabbits quickly hopped away.
The hunters watched still in awe. They realized they had to go back to the village and tell the people what they had seen and heard. They ran all the way to the village and asked if they could speak to the elders. After they told their story, one of the elders said, "Show us how the beat and the dance went." The hunters showed them exactly what the rabbits did.
Another elder said, "The rabbits gave this dance to tell us to show them respect and appreciation for what they give to us. We will name the dance after them, and we will dance it at our socials to show them our gratitude."
So this is the way it was then and is now. That is how the rabbit dance came to be.


It is the law in Hawaii to keep rabbits contained and off the ground if they are outside. Environmental impacts not withstanding, rabbits also pose a threat to human health. Tularemia, aka “rabbit fever,” can be a serious disease for both humans and animals.
Several years ago, a researcher working with sparrows at a rabbit farm on Maui fell ill.
He was fev-erish and tired, then started getting sores on his skin. Doctors weren’t sure what it was and although he was never officially diagnosed, he responded to treatment for tularemia, a disease caused by a bacteria carried by rabbits, rodents and other animals.
Officially, tularemia has never been documented in Hawaii. It’s difficult to culture the bacterium and handling it poses a significant infection risk to lab workers.
“If not here, there is a real threat that tularemia could, at any time, be introduced into Hawaii. It affects so many animal species, and once here, mosquitoes and other blood-sucking arthropods could spread it, “says Fern Duvall, head of Maui’s Native Ecosystem Protection and Management program with the Department of Land and Natural Resources.
On the Mainland, where tularemia is widely present, the disease is rare among people. They are exposed to the disease if they handle infected animals, or if bitten by ticks or another insect that fed on an infected animal. When bacteria come in contact with the skin, they cause ulcers that spread through the body, eventually reaching the lungs. If the bacteria are inhaled, the results can be deadly.

Occasionally, there are serious localized outbreaks of the disease. The summers of 2000-01 saw 19 cases of tularemia on Martha’s Vineyard, Mass., and one proved fatal. The Centers for Disease Control came to investigate. An unusually high number (14 out of 19) had pneumonia (the bacteria had entered the lungs) and many involved landscapers. What the CDC suspected was that lawnmowers or other cutting tools struck the carcasses of dead, infected rabbits and the bacteria went airborne.
In 2015, there were outbreaks in Colorado, Wyoming, South Dakota and Nebraska. The CDC theorized these outbreaks may have been triggered by increases in rabbit populations, which grew in response to more vegetation, caused by higher than normal rainfall.
Vegetation, rainfall and landscapers are plentiful in Hawaii; what we don’t have are populations of rabbits running wild — at least not yet.
According to state law, people can keep rabbits but they must be contained. If kept outside, rabbits must be in a cage off the ground. The penalties for noncompliance may reflect the seriousness of the threat: loss of your pet, fines or even jail time.

Duvall says the natural predators of rabbits in Hawaii — cats, rats or mongoose — are unlikely to keep populations of wild rabbits in check. Rabbits evolved with a multitude of predators: weasels, coyotes, bobcats, owls, hawks, snakes, foxes and raccoons. To survive high mortality rates, they breed like, well, rabbits. The female (doe) can become pregnant with her first litter at 3 months of age, and again just a month later, within days of giving birth. One pair of rabbits can produce 100 kits (baby rabbits) per season, and up to 1,000 in a lifetime.

“We know they can become invasive,” explains Duvall. In 1989, six illegally released rabbits quickly became 100 at Hosmer Grove in Haleakala National Park. On Laysan, a small island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, free-roaming rabbits ate the island bare in the early 1900s, likely causing the extinction of three bird species — Laysan millerbird, Laysan apapane and Laysan rail.

Beyond environmental impacts, rabbits running wild increase the risk of tularemia. “Rabbits are more often in contact with people,” explains Duvall. Whether as pets kept outdoors or released to the wild, more rabbits means more rabbit-human interactions. Other pets can be affected: dogs, cats and livestock can get tularemia from ticks or direct contact with an infected animal. Early treatment with antibiotics is critical.

You can help protect Hawaii. If you have a pet rabbit, spay or neuter it. If you raise rabbits, keep them contained. If you see a rabbit running wild, report it. Call the Maui Invasive Species Committee at 573-6472.

Irish R&B Trio Hare Squead’s New Video Is Just The Thing For A Rainy Summer Day

Ireland's imaginative rap and R&B group Hare Squead presents a new video for their soulful track “Pure." Before this release, the Dublin trio appeared on Goldlink's recent At What Cost album, crooning on the song, "Herside Story". In their latest visual, the three artists find themselves on a mental journey, on what seems to be a long day of looking for escape. They play pool and carouse through the city in a G-Class Benz, singing “I just want to leave sometimes/ You should let me breathe sometimes.”

“This song represents more of a serious side," Hare Squead told The FADER over email. "We recorded it in a haunted studio in a village in Ireland where Michael Jackson used to record. We were very inspired by old antiques and eerie fields and that had a play on the whole vibe of the track. The meaning of the track is something personal, each of us has a different interpretation. Overall, we could say the meaning of the song is about how fresh love and pure intentions get twisted and messed up as we struggle and fail to understand one another. It's not a summer song. Play it on that one day it rains in the summer.”

Peter Sallis, voice in 'Wallace and Gromit,' dies at 96
And with him, one of the great characters in animation.

Peter Sallis is one of those actors you probably know more by his voice than his face. He was one of England’s many go-to workhorse actors, appearing on stage and on screen, but usually in minor roles. (These include tiny parts in “Saturday Night and Sunday Morning,” the Timothy Dalton “Wuthering Heights” from 1970 and 2005’s “Colour Me Kubrick.”) But his most famous turn was a biggie. He was the voice of Wallace, the absentminded, cheese-loving inventor of the beloved “Wallace and Gromit” stop-motion animation series — one of the great British exports of the ’80s through the early 2010s. It’s reported that Sallis has died. He was 96 years old.

Sallis’ passing leaves us bereft of one of movies’ and television’s most soothing sounds. Hearing him say, in his Northern English drawl, “Cracking good cheese, Gromit,” caused a Pavlovian chill in fans of the franchise, which spanned four award-wining shorts, a television show (2010’s “Wallace and Gromit’s World of Invention,” Sallis’ last credit) and, sadly, only one (delightful) movie: 2005’s “Wallace and Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit.”

Apart from supporting characters — including Ralph Fiennes and Helena Bonham Carter in “Were-Rabbit” — Sallis was often the only voice you heard on “Wallace and Gromit.” After all, Gromit was his dog, who, of course, never spoke. He didn’t need to; he had one of the most expressive faces in animation, even if it was often used for Buster Keaton-style deadpan, regular there to show his loving exasperation with his owner/flatmate.

A rare kind-hearted mad scientist, he was always coming up with harebrained contraptions that got him and Gromit into trouble. In our favorite “W&G” product, the Oscar-winning short “The Wrong Trousers,” Wallace’s oversized, mechanical trousers are commandeered by a devious penguin (posing as a chicken, with a latex glove over his head, natch), who wants to rob a bank.

We’re speaking of the “Wallace and Gromit” franchise in the past tense. That’s because we’re not sure if it will continue after Sallis’ passing. Aardman, the peerless stop-motion animation house that made the series (as well as “Chicken Run” and the “Shaun the Sheep” series), did retire their characters in 1996, only to repeatedly revive them, as a world without more “Wallace and Gromit” just seemed to grim to bear. And now that he’s gone, it is. Still, it would be surreal and sad to hear someone taking over for Sallis — much like the disconnect when you hear someone voice Kermit after Jim Henson’s death: The voice is similar, but something’s off.

Instead, we can honor Sallis’ legacy by gorging on the “Wallace and Gromit” work we do have. Friends from England tell us it’s tradition there to spend Christmas Day watching a big movie — “Gone with the Wind,” or the original “Star Wars” trilogy” — as well as the original three “Wallace and Gromit” shorts. Might as well make that a tradition here as well.

Rabbit in the Moon come to Orlando House of Blues this summer

The psychedelic duo will be performing at the House of Blues on Saturday, Aug. 19. Doors open at 8 p.m.

Since their reunion at Ultra Music Festival in Miami in 2016, following a six-year hiatus, singer-performer Bunny and producer David Christophere have been making more regular appearances together.
Tickets for the show go on sale Friday, June 2.

Unicorn drinks, rabbit pizza on Stampede menu

CALGARY — The annual reveal of new foods coming to the Calgary Stampede has been released, and the list includes both the sickeningly sweet and the simply weird.
The Unicorn White Hot Chocolate offers white hot chocolate surrounded in rainbow sour poppers, sprinkles, sugary stars, a ribbon rainbow tail, and blanketed with a fluffy cotton candy cloud.
Cereal Monster Sandwiches consist of a massive amount of ice cream crushed between two marshmallow squares, while the Cookie Dough-ne offers raw cookie dough in a waffle cone that is surrounded by cotton candy.
From the fryer, there's deep-fried Jell-O, pork belly and something confusingly called Butter Chicken Bear Balls, which is described as "golden deep-fried balls smothered in a delicious butter chicken sauce ... and topped with a candy-coated anise."
Canadian bacon Pickle Balls are a hot dog and pickle wrapped in bacon, fried in batter and served on a stick, while the World’s Hottest Pizza delivers its flavor punch by simply packing on the ghost peppers.
If unconventional meat is your thing, try the rabbit pizza, crispy chicken feet on a stick or the Angry Chicken sandwich, smothered in both chipolte aioli and sweet and sour sauce.
And no Stampede would be complete without a not-routine poutine, and this year the prize must go to the Tropical Bobster, consisting of lobster and mango salsa atop crispy fries.
The Calgary Stampede runs from July 7 to 16.
By The Canadian Press

Photo Magic
Minot Camera Club awards winners in ‘Year-End Competition

Along with winning first place for “Prairie Storm,” Zeltinger was voted winner of the Eileen McEown Outstanding Member Award.
Submitted Photo “Have You Seen a Rabbit?” by Minot photographer Erich Linser earned first place in the monochrome division.
Submitted Photo “Have You Seen a Rabbit?” by Minot photographer Erich Linser earned first place in the monochrome division.
As Zeltinger captured the ferocity of a lightning storm, Kyra Hansen, of Minot, seized the magic of “Fireflies” in the artistic division.
“Kyra is an up and coming photographer,” Nordstrom said. “She has an incredible eye for catching pictures and adds a unique artistic quality to them. Kyra has a bright future.”
For the fourth year in a row, Hansen was awarded Outstanding Photographer of the Year.
While Hansen caught the mesmerizing “Fireflies,” Erich Linser, of Minot, tested the curiosity of viewers in his first-place monochrome winner, “Have You Seen a Rabbit?”
“This picture has placed in various North Dakota competitions,” Nordstrom said. “Erich has a special way of capturing the eyes of viewers.”


For Wichita artist, a bunny a day keeps the boredom away
By Matt Riedl

Wade Hampton doesn’t have a bizarre obsession with rabbits.

He just likes their form, artistically – simple as that.
“From an artistic standpoint, I think rabbits are the perfect subject if you’re going to draw an animal,” Hampton said. “I don’t have some weird obsession with rabbits, like I’m running around the yard chasing them.”
As a creative challenge, Hampton is drawing a bunny every day for a year and posting the results on Instagram.

Some of his rabbits are cute – the kind with carrots and flowers included – and some are creepy, with dark circles under their eyes and cigarettes dangling from their mouths.

People have enjoyed the project on social media – whenever Hampton shares his drawings on Facebook, they typically garner upward of 150 reactions.
Not bad for quick daily doodles.
“For me, it’s an experiment,” Hampton said. “I know the majority of them are not very good. That’s not a big deal to me. It’s like publicly putting out a sketchbook.”
Hampton is well-known in Wichita for hosting “home shows,” in which he would invite friends and strangers to his home, where the walls were covered with hundreds of doodles like these, all for sale.

While Hampton said he has decided to stop doing the home shows, he wanted to keep his artistic chops sharp – hence the bunny project.

“I did a bunch of shows a long time ago called Art from the Gut, where you just do a bunch of drawings and you don’t really think about it too much,” Hampton said. “The thinking is that if you don’t think about it too much, some magic can happen.”

About three months into the project, Hampton said Tuesday he’s considering putting on a bunny-drawing show at a gallery later this year. Those plans are still in flux, though, so until then, your primary viewing outlet will be at

“Hand to God, when I did these, it was totally for an experiment. ... You know me: If I wasn’t doing a show, I’d probably do some kind of video where I burn them all and some guy in a rabbit costume dances around it and call it art,” Hampton said. “It’s nice for these pieces to find a home – otherwise, they just sit in a sketchbook until I die. I’d much rather have somebody say I framed this and stuck it on my wall than it sit in my drawer.”
Burgess celebrates National Pet Show success

Burgess Pet Care has announced that this year’s National Pet Show in London has been its most successful yet. The company more than doubled its sales from last year.

Burgess’ team highlighted the welfare needs of small animals and provided information about the benefits of high-quality feeding hay.

Dr Suzanne Moyes MVB MRCVS, veterinary director at Burgess, held a series of presentations aimed at educating small animal owners – and those considering a new addition to the family – about the responsibilities of pet ownership and the best ways to ensure the health and happiness of small animals.

As organizers of this year’s Rabbit Awareness Week (RAW), the National Pet Show provided the team with a fantastic opportunity to raise awareness around the importance of high-quality feeding hay in rabbits’ diets.

Once again, the Burgess team joined forces with Julian Norton, star of Channel 5’s hit TV show The Yorkshire Vet, who was in attendance at the Burgess stand to sign copies of his new book and talk about the importance of feeding hay as part of this year’s RAW campaign.

The #HoptoHay campaign is raising awareness around the fact rabbits should have between 85-90% of feeding hay and grass in their diets every day.

Charlotte Varley, Event Manager at Burgess Pet Care, said: “This year’s National Pet Show in London has been our biggest yet, and we couldn’t be happier with the feedback we’ve had from visitors at the stand. Our sales were more than double of that last year – we even sold out of some product lines by the end of the first day!

“The wellbeing of animals is at the heart of everything we do, and events such as the National Pet Show provide an amazing opportunity to engage with enthusiastic pet owners who share our love of animals, and help them learn more about how they can keep their animals well looked after and happy.

“As we move closer to this year’s Rabbit Awareness Week, we’ll continue to work with our partners to help better the lives of more rabbits and to help more people understand one of Britain’s most misunderstood pets.”

Rabbit awareness week takes place this year between June 17-25 and is supported by a variety of partners, including Agria Pet Insurance, RSPCA and RWAF



South Pasadena bans sale of dogs, cats, rabbits from pet stores
SOUTH PASADENA >> By a unanimous vote, the City Council outlawed the sale of dogs, cats and rabbits from pet stores and other commercial establishments within the city.

The ban received overwhelming support from community members and animal rights’ groups who see it as a step toward shutting down puppy mills, said Councilwoman Marina Khubesrian. “The thank you letters are still pouring in this morning,” she said on Friday.

Recommended by the city’s Animal Commission, the new ordinance was first approved Wednesday night by a 5-0 vote. It must receive approval upon second reading in June and takes effect 30 days after final approval, she said.

Puppy mills usually breed cats and dogs in poor conditions and sell them to pet stores and other retail outlets. But the sale of puppies, kittens and rabbits has become an interstate business facilitated by ads on Internet sites, something the retail ban will not address, the city report states.

“Such an ordinance will assist in reducing the demand for animals bred in substandard facilities,” concluded the report from Arthur Miller, chief of police.

Once in effect, the ordinance will mostly affect Pet’s Delight, which sells puppies, kittens and rabbits. The store, located at 725 Fair Oaks Ave., also sells rodents, reptiles, birds and fish and the sales of these animals are not banned by the ordinance. A woman answering the phone said the store would have no comment.

The Urban Pet, down the street at 900 Fair Oaks, does not sell animals and therefore would not be affected by the new ordinance.

Khubesrian said the city had not heard from Pet’s Delight, adding: “This will not put them out of business.”

The city had not received a response from anyone opposing the change, she said. Dozens of people spoke in favor of the ordinance at City Hall Wednesday night. Khubesrian said the city received 60 to 70 emails in support.

On Thursday, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals sent each council member and police Capt. Mike Neff who helped craft the ordinance vegan chocolates in the shape of rabbits as thank you gifts.

“Cruel puppy, kitten and rabbit breeding mills churn out animals into a world that’s already bursting at the seams with homeless animals, said Tracy Reiman, PETA executive vice president in a statement. “PETA hopes South Pasadena’s progressive example will inspire other cities across the country to ban the sale of animals in pet stores.”

Instead of buying kittens, puppies or rabbits from Internet dealers or pet stores, Khubesrian encourages residents to adopt them from the Pasadena Humane Society, whom the city has a contract, or from pet rescue organizations. The city will encourage more pet adoption events to be held at pet stores, she said.
She said buying from a puppy mill often means the puppy is not healthy and can end up costing the buyer in veterinarian bills.
Licensed pedigree dog and cat breeders will not be affected by the ban, she said. “Pedigree breeders don’t subject the animals to constant litters and the animals are raised in a much more humane environment,” said Khubesrian.

Jun 5, 2017

This week we are going to explore keeping rabbits cool in the Heat.   

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With summer heat on the way, raising rabbits can be very frustrating.  Humans sweat.  Pigs wallow in mud.  Dogs pant.  Rabbits don’t do any of these when they get too hot.  In the wild, rabbits disappear into brush and burrow into the dirt in order to avoid the sun.  Their entire bodies are covered in fur with the exception of their eyes, which means that finding shelter is their only option to keep cool.  If you’ve adopted a pet rabbit, be sure to keep it in a relatively cool environment.  Room temperature is fine, but anything hotter has the potential to overheat your bunny.
Rabbits with thick or long coats of hair, overweight, and young or old are at an even greater risk.  Temperature, humidity and air ventilation are all factors that contribute to heatstroke in a rabbit.  Rabbits are individuals and could respond to these conditions somewhat differently.  It is important to check your rabbits consistently to insure they are comfortable and do not overheat.  Each rabbit will tolerate heat differently and it is important to observe your rabbit daily.  Early detection of heatstroke and proper corrective steps could mean the difference between life and death for your rabbits.
Keeping your bunnies cool during summers brutal heat could be a challenge.  As bunnies don’t possess a natural cooling system like people, they don’t sweat, it makes it even more important for you to ensure your bunny’s health in extreme hot weather.
Before we venture into prevention and treatment, let us look into the signs and symptoms that will help you recognize that your rabbit has or is beginning to get heat stroke.
-The rabbit is fully stretched out. The feet are sprawled apart and the tail is limp.
-Wetness around the nose area
-Eyes are half closed.  The rabbit has a sleepy or dazed appearance.
-The rabbit’s tongue is hanging out.  His breathing is rapid and possibly labored.
-Fast, shallow breathing
-The rabbit is reluctant to move.
-The rabbit refuses to eat or drink.
-Hot ears
The summer heat can cause your rabbits stress and health problems.
-Bucks can go sterile for several months if they are kept in a too hot of environment it takes up to 3 months for them to get back to normal fertility.
-Rabbits can lose condition and eat less food.
-Many times your bucks will go into molts and temporarily lose most of their hair.
-Lastly when a rabbit gets too overheated they can die from heat stroke.
Preventing heat stress is the key. Ways to help your rabbits survive the heat include.  Looking at the makeup of the common domestic rabbit, one sees that he is completely covered from head to toe in a thick fur coat. This leaves no way for the rabbit to perspire. There are virtually no means of which the rabbit can cool his body temperature other than their ears.  The ears of a rabbit act as a temperature control mechanism, to warm themselves up or cool themselves down, they are able to do this because their ears are filled with blood vessels which run close to the surface of the ear.  When the animal is too hot the blood vessels are able to cool the blood down from the cool air around the ear, the blood vessels are also able to warm the blood by the ears being in the sun, warming the ears and in turn the rabbit
Rabbits and heat are never a good combination, and heat stroke is one of the leading causes of death in rabbits. Fortunately it can easily be avoided, even if you do not have air conditioning.
1.  Water,
The first element is plenty of clean cool water.  Cool water is important.  Make sure they have cool water to drink to cool themselves down.  If their water is hot, it not only causes them to drink less, but also keeps them from cooling down when needed.  You may need to change their water 3 or 4 times a day during the hot months.  And if you have an automatic watering system, make sure you have some way of flushing the system to get the hot water out of the lines and cool water in several times a day.  Water is the single most important thing you can give your rabbit during the hot summer days.  In the summer, water can evaporate quickly, so check on your rabbit and the amount of water in its bowls several times throughout the day.  You may want to provide water in both a crock or bowl and a bottle on particularly hot days.  Recent studies have shown that rabbits may drink more water if it is provided in a bowl rather than a bottle.
I recommend spill proof crocks in the hottest part of summer over water bottles as the crockery holds the cool temperature of the water making it less likely that your rabbit will have to drink warm or even hot water.  
2.  Misting.
The second thing you can do to keep you bunny cool is Misting your Bunny.  Misting your bunnies can help them stay cool.  You can do this periodically using a standard handheld spray bottle. Some bunnies can adapt to misting more easily than others.  If your rabbit runs away, discontinue misting (you’re probably stressing him more). Never do misting directly on your bunny’s face as this might cause respiratory problem.  You can mist his ears.  This dissipates a lot of heat.  If your aisles are 4’ to 5’ wide, place the mister down the middle.  If you use “J” feeders, you may need to cover them to keep the feed dry.  Do not let the water mist on the rabbits. Misters will lower the temperature 10-15 degrees in dryer climates.   Some rabbits take to this spraying of water better than others.  Do not drench your rabbit in water because rabbits do not particularly like getting wet.  Misting with too much water too often could lead to respiratory problems in your rabbit.
3.  Ice.
You can periodically provide your bunnies with a bowls or tubs of frozen ice cubes especially during the hottest part of the day.  This could be just another way to keep them hydrated.  Make frozen herb cubes by putting cilantro or other veggies/herbs in ice tray before freezing.
4.  Frozen water bottles.  
Frozen bottles are the best for them to lie against.  Keep in mind that water frozen in a 2-litre bottle stays cold longer than that frozen in a 20-ounce bottle.  Wrap around a paper towel or rag.  Place this in your rabbit’s pen. This will last between four and eight hours before you will need to replace it with a new one. Place the thawed bottle back in the freezer so that you may use it again. Your rabbit will lay next to, or even on this bottle and get great relief from the heat.  Do not fill the bottles all the way (as water freezes it expands which may lead to a busted water bottle).  Fill around 80%.  Put some ice packs underneath your rabbit cage.  This will cool the bottom of the cage.  Never apply ice directly to the rabbit's body.  Doing so may lower your rabbit’s temperature too quickly.  
4.  Creating a Cool Environment and Placement of the Hutch.
Try to place the hutch in a shady area.  Also ensure that shade is incorporated into the construction of the hutch. Another key element  is airflow.  Shady area and less natural airflow is also a wrong spot for the hutch.  An example of such spot could be an open garage.  Make sure your bunnies get plenty of wind & natural airflow.
Monitor the temperature. The ideal temperature for a rabbit is between 55 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit.  They can tolerate temperatures as high as 85 degrees Fahrenheit, if absolutely necessary, but anything higher will increase the risk of heat stroke.  Many days in the summer there are temperatures approaching 80ºF to 95ºF+.  For rabbits outside in a hutch (even in a shady area) this can be a death sentence.  If you keep your rabbit outdoors, pay attention to the temperature.  Summertime is the most common time of the year to be concerned.  Make sure there is enough space for them to stretch out to get cool.  If you don’t have natural shade from trees, try using awnings, sun umbrellas or shade sails to help keep your bunnies out of direct sunlight, especially strong southern exposure or afternoon sun.  A wire covered cage allows air to flow freely from all sides.  If your rabbit is outdoors in a hutch keep them in the shade and allow for cover without compromising ventilation.
You could grown sunflowers, or pole beans on trellises to help shade the rabbits plus feed them!  Natural shade is very helpful.  If you have a shelter of some sort made of wood, which is then shaded by a tree, this is optimal.  Being under a tree will make a big difference vs. being under a wood cover that is being hit directly by sunlight.
If your rabbit is inside, cover any windows with blinds and curtains if necessary.  If this doesn't make a difference, consider moving the cage to a cooler part of the house, such as a basement.  If you have a window air conditioning unit, you can close the doors to that room and keep the bunny there.  If you have central air conditioning, you may want to close some vents and direct the cool air to the rabbit room to manage the electricity bills.  You can also purchase standing air conditioning units for a particular room.  
5.  Keep your rabbit cage well-ventilated.
Use fans to cool your rabbit.  Position an oscillating fan so that it blows in the rabbit cage, but not directly on the rabbit. This will create a breeze to cool your rabbit down.  Make sure that your rabbit can escape the fan if it chooses.  You can build a hiding place for the rabbit with a cardboard box.  Fans can be used but not best to have them blowing directly on rabbits.  Air flow is critical.  Have a fan that is circulating the air. This not only makes the area cooler, but can help with the ammonia smell that can build up and increase in strength during hot days.  And if possible, have the fan set up so that it is pulling the cool air in and not blowing against it.  A circulating ceiling fan above the cage is another option. Used in combination with floor fans, ceiling units can effectively ventilate your rabbit’s area.  Be careful that the rabbit doesn't chew on the cords. This can be quite hazardous.
6.  Make a swamp cooler in the hutch
Staple a burlap bag to the roof of the cage and have it drape over front of the cages. Place a soaker hose upside down close to the front of the roof edge. Set the hose on a timer or turn it on manually. The water will run over the burlap and act as a swamp cooler.  The rabbits will lay closer to the fronts of their cages for the coolness.
Take a normal sized shower towel (roughly 2.5' x 3.5'). Soak it in cool water. Wring it out and place it on top of the cage. Try to to cover the entire cage with the towel. You want to make sure that you don't obstruct the cage's ventilation. Make sure that the towel is not still dripping either. You don't want to soak your rabbit.  Place a cold, damp towel over a fan directed at your rabbit’s pen.  As the water evaporates it will help keep your rabbit cool.  Evaporative systems like swamp coolers work in dryer climates.  
Swamp Cooler Box
Having an air conditioner inside is easy, but your outdoor rabbits would also love some cool AC!  It’s easy to make a homemade “air conditioner” using an inexpensive foam cooler, a small fan, a bit of pipe and duct tape.  Cut a hole slightly smaller than the fan in the cooler’s top, secure the fan to the cooler lid so the fan is blowing directly into the cooler.  On the other side of the lid, cut a hole for the pipe (this is where the cold air will come out).  Fill the cooler with ice or ice packs and turn the fan on.  As the air from the fan gets chilled in the cooler, cold air will come out through the pipe. Perfect for your outdoor rabbits (just make sure to hide the cord from them!)
If your barn is small enough to be closed an ac window unit can be used but again ventilation is stressed.  
7.  Grooming.
Always keep your bunnies well-groomed to remove excess hair.  If you own long-haired bunnies, getting them a shorter “summer cut” may be a good option to help keep them cooler.  Give your bunnies a trim.  Remove as much excess hair as possible to help keep them cool.  Step up your grooming schedule to remove loose hair often. Brush your rabbit's fur. Rabbits shed a lot. Normally, they clean themselves and remove all the excess fur and dander.  If your rabbit is shedding and not cleaning itself properly, this extra fur can act as another layer of insulation. In the winter, this works well for a rabbit. In the summer, it can lead to heat exhaustion.  Brush your rabbit from head to posterior.  Keep your strokes light. You don’t want to remove too much fur or hurt your rabbit.
8.  Ceramic Tiles, Bricks and Carpet.
Ceramic tiles can be provided for them to lay on, or small slabs of marble are one of the best ways to cool your bunnies.  If you place the tile in the refrigerator for an hour beforehand it will provide even greater relief.  Not only are they great for keeping cool, but they are super easy to keep clean.  
Wet piece of carpet.  Carpets cut into small pieces dunked in water will retain water throughout most of the day.  You will have to watch for soiled pieces and change out for clean ones.  
Wet bricks.  Soak them in a bucket of cold water.  The bricks absorb the water and retain the coolness for hours.
9.  Shared space (in-case of multiple rabbits).
Avoid keeping multiple rabbits in the same cage.  When you have multiple rabbits sharing a cage, their shared body heat contributes to a hotter living environment.  If you own more than one or two rabbits, make sure the shared space is large enough for each rabbit to stretch out and lie down at a distance from each other.  
10.  Handling/Feeding your bunny
Limit exercise time to morning and evening hours when it's cooler both indoors and outdoors.  Rabbits should get at least a couple hours of out-of-cage play time a day.  Your rabbit won't feel like running and playing as much if he or she is very hot.  Feed in early morning or late in evening.  Leave them alone during hottest part of day.  Handling your bunny during the heat of the day causes increased stress when heat stress already exists.  Leave them alone during hottest part of day.
11.  Fresh Greens.
Provide plenty of fresh greens.  Wash the greens in cool water to help your rabbits get extra water and make them more appealing.  Soak small carrots, celery stalks, and other vegetables that your rabbit enjoys in water and then place them in your rabbit’s cage.  This way your rabbit will get additional water through its food.
12.  Solar Fan.
Solar panels convert energy from the sun using wafer-based silicon to produce electricity. Making a solar fan is ideal for cooling rabbits. You can customize the system as your needs grow to add more panels and a bigger fan (I am constantly updating and changing these as i perfect the setup). All the fan parts can be bought from your local electronics store or found from old computers.
There is a link in the notes for full directions on building a solar fan.
I have also seen some solar fans on eBay i do not know how sturdy they are but they were very inexpensive and they also had larger more expensive ones .
When you are able to put most of these together; the cages being under a shelter which is under a tree, with cool water for them to drink, frozen 2 liter bottles in their cages, with air flow from a fan and a proper misting system, your rabbits can get through the scorching summer heat.
Treating an Overheated Rabbit
Check for common signs of heat exhaustion. Your rabbit's ears are the most important to pay attention to.  When rabbits overheat, blood vessels in their ears swell and cause a general redness to appear.  This is a great indicator of heat stroke in rabbits.  An overheated rabbit may also have one or more of the following symptoms:
        Wet fur below the nose
        Heavy and fast breathing
        Flared nostrils
        Sprawled out on the floor
        Hot ears and feet
        Inactive and not as alert as usual (lethargic)
        Eyes half closed
What to do:
It is ok to dip its feet in water, but don't completely dunk it in it. Rabbits by nature are not strong swimmers. You may think that a quick dunk will cool them off, but in reality, it may exacerbate your rabbit's condition. Do not submerge your rabbit in icy water.  The shock of the water may cause anxiety, which will elevate your rabbit’s core temperature.
You can lightly mist your rabbit with water, but don't drench it.    Lightly mist your rabbit with water or a rubbing alcohol/water solution.  Mix 1 part 50% rubbing alcohol and 3 parts water in a spray bottle; then spritz the solution on the outside of the rabbit's ears and on the top of the paws.  Wet them well and the evaporation will cool the rabbit tremendously. (The alcohol just speeds evaporation.)
See your veterinarian.  Try calling your vet first. He may ask you to try different cooling measures before you bring your rabbit in for an exam.  They'll probably suggest many of the tips included above.  If you’ve already tried all of these tips, tell your vet so and then proceed to bring your rabbit into the clinic.
-Wet rabbit’s ears with a cool wet towel
-Place cold packs against the body moving around slowly but do not leave there.
-If they are alert water given orally is important
# NEVER drench a rabbit in cold water and NEVER apply ice directly to a rabbit to cool him.
# If you plan to bring your outdoor rabbits inside during summer, do this in the beginning of the season before the hottest weather occurs. Doing so will help you avoid exposing the rabbit to sudden changes in temperature. Rabbits are highly sensitive to sudden temperature change. They become acclimated to heat and do not need to come inside only during the heat of the day.
#NEVER leave your rabbits under direct sunlight for long periods

If you breed during the summer months, you know how hard it is to keep those bucks from going sterile and keep those kits cool. Here are a few tips for those.
-Keep your bucks a close to the ground as possible. The cooler the better.
-Load the bucks up in carriers and bring them inside during the hottest part of the day.
– Bring the nest boxes inside to keep cool. Number or put the name of the doe on the boxes so you know where they go when returned. If the kits are likely to come out and explore while in the house, set them in your bathtub. If they are all the same color, you may want to number their ears so you know where they go later.
-If you need to breed your rabbits in the summer months I recommend that you use all wire nest boxes to help keep your newborn kits cool. Alternatively you can take your nest boxes indoors for the day and bring them back outside in the evening. If neither option works for you, simply be sure to keep your rabbits in a well shaded environment and maybe try running a sprinkler
Traveling with Your Rabbit
Rabbit owners may travel to shows or events with their rabbits in the heat of the summer. This practice can be particularly stressful because airflow in tents or barns at shows may be poor. In addition, the rabbit must adapt to each new environment. Plan ahead when you travel to shows during the summer. Be prepared with plenty of bottles of frozen water, bring extra water dishes, and bring a fan if possible. Also, make sure you have contact information for a local veterinarian in case of heat stroke in your rabbit.
Remember- an ideal temperature for your rabbit is in the fifty to sixty degree Fahrenheit range.  Any day above eighty degrees is a potential problem for your rabbit.  With care and prevention your rabbits will enjoy many productive comfortable summers.
Have I Missed Anything about Heat and your Rabbit?  If you know something different, please let me know.   Do you have a story about heat and your rabbit?  Do you have any tips or tricks up your sleeve for keepig a rabbit cool?  Let me know, and maybe we can set up an interview?
Plant of the Week:
you can also support the podcast, and help keep the lights on, whenever you use Amazon through the link at Hare of the Rabbit on the support the podcast page. It will not cost you anything extra, and I can not see who purchased what.
Plant of the week: Dock

Word of the Week: Climate

Our FolkTale:
Our FolkTale:
Brer Rabbit Falls Down the Well
A Georgia Folktale
retold by S. E. Schlosser
One day, Brer Rabbit and Brer Fox and Brer Coon and Brer Bear and a lot of other animals decided to work together to plant a garden full of corn for roasting. They started early in the morning and raked and dug and raked some more, breaking up the hard ground so it would be ready for planting. It was a hot day, and Brer Rabbit got tired mighty quick. But he kept toting off the brush and clearing away the debris 'cause he didn't want no one to call him lazy.
Then Brer Rabbit got an idea. "Ow!" he shouted as loudly as he could. "I got me a briar in my hand!" He waved a paw and stuck it into his mouth. The other critters told him he'd better pull out the briar and wash his hand afore it got infected. That was just what Brer Rabbit wanted to hear. He hurried off, looking for a shady spot to take a quick nap. A little ways down the road, he found an old well with a couple of buckets hanging inside it, one at the top, and one down at the bottom.
"That looks like a mighty cool place to take a nap," Brer Rabbit said, and hopped right into the bucket.
Well, Brer Rabbit was mighty heavy - much heavier than the bucket full of water laying at the bottom. When he jumped into the empty bucket, it plummeted right down to the bottom of the well. Brer Rabbit hung onto the sides for dear life as the second bucket whipped passed him, splashing water all over him on its way to the top. He had never been so scared in his life.
Brer Rabbit's bucket landed with a smack in the water and bobbed up and down. Brer Rabbit was afraid to move, in case the bucket tipped over and landed him in the water. He lay in the bottom of the bucket and shook and shivered with fright, wondering what would happen next.
Now Brer Fox had been watching Brer Rabbit all morning. He knew right away that Brer Rabbit didn't have a briar in his paw and wondered what that rascal was up to. When Brer Rabbit snuck off, Brer Fox followed him and saw him jump into the bucket and disappear down the well.
Brer Fox was puzzled. Why would Brer Rabbit go into the well? Then he thought: "I bet he has some money hidden away down there and has gone to check up on it." Brer Fox crept up to the well, listening closely to see if he could hear anything. He didn't hear nothing. He peered down into the well, but all was dark and quiet, on account of Brer Rabbit holding so still so the bucket wouldn't tip him into the water.
Finally, Brer Fox shouted down into the well: "Brer Rabbit, what you doing down there?"
Brer Rabbit perked up at once, realizing that this might be his chance to get out of the well.
"I'm a fishing down here, Brer Fox," says he. "I thought I'd surprise everyone with a mess of fresh fish for lunch. There's some real nice fish down here."
"How many fish are there?" asked Brer Fox skeptically, sure that the rascally rabbit was really counting his gold.
"Scores and scores!" cried Brer Rabbit. "Why don't you come on down and help me carry them out?"
Well, that was the invitation Brer Fox was waiting for. He was going to go down into that well and get him some of Brer Rabbit's gold.
"How do I get down there?" asked Brer Fox.
Brer Rabbit grinned. Brer Fox was much heavier than he was. If Brer Fox jumped into the empty bucket at the top, then Brer Rabbit's bucket would go up, and Brer Fox's bucket would go down! So he said: "Jest jump into the bucket, Brer Fox."
Well, Brer Fox jumped into the empty bucket, and down it plummeted into the dark well. He passed Brer Rabbit about halfway down. Brer Rabbit was clinging to the sides of the bucket with all his might 'cause it was moving so fast. "Goodbye Brer Fox," he shouted as he rose. "Like the saying goes, some folks go up, and some go down! You should make it to the bottom all safe and sound."
Brer Rabbit jumped out of the well and ran back to the garden patch to tell the other critters that Brer Fox was down in the well muddying up the waters. Then he danced back to the well and shouted down to Brer Fox: "There's a hunting man coming along to get a drink o' water, Brer Fox. When he hauls you up, you'd best run away as fast as you can!"
Then Brer Rabbit went back to the garden patch. When the thirsty hunter hauled up the bucket full of water, a wet and shaky Brer Fox sprang out and ran away before the hunter could grab for his gun.
An hour later, Brer Fox and Brer Rabbit were both back in the garden, digging and hauling away debris and acting like nothing had happened. Except every once in a while, Brer Fox would look sideways at Brer Rabbit and grin, and the rascally rabbit would start to laugh and laugh 'cause both of them had looked so silly plummeting up and down in that ol' dark well.

Every week I would like to bring you an item on Amazon that I personally use or has been purchased by many members of the audience, and I have researched enough to recommend.

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Today’s HOTR Amazon Item of the week is the <a target="_blank" href="">All Weather Large Rabbit Water Bottle</a><img src="//" width="1" height="1" border="0" alt="" style="border:none !important; margin:0px !important;" />
I believe with some things to always buy the best you can afford.  The <a target="_blank" href="">All Weather Large Rabbit Water Bottle</a><img src="//" width="1" height="1" border="0" alt="" style="border:none !important; margin:0px !important;" /> is easy to install fits most cages. Engineered for superior performance one piece tube/cap assembly with stainless steel double ball point tube. Filling Instructions: Water bottles work on a vacuum lock.  When bottle is filled and first inverted, press the control ball and let water trickle out until vacuum develops before placing bottle in holder.
I have had it drip/leak before until the pressure equalized. I had the same issue the first couple of days, and I had the same issue with my old (smaller) one. The fix is easy.
-When you fill the bottle, make sure to fill it ALL OF THE WAY.
-then when you place it for use, press the ball in with your finger until it stops dripping. Equalizing the pressure will stop most of the dripping.  I have also experienced algae growing the bottles before, so be sure you get a bottle brush.

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